This E-book / Article Contains following features of Interim Budget – 2019. 1. Standard Deduction and Rebate u/s. 87A 2. Example on Nil Tax for Senior Citizen upto Rs. 7.50 Lakhs Income 3. Example on Nil Tax for Others upto Rs. 7.10 Lakhs Income 4. Example on Extreme Tax Saving upto Rs. 11 Lakhs Income 5. Example on Tax Planning to Claim Maximum Tax Rebate and 6. Example on Long Term Capital Gain Tax with Tax Rebate.

1. Income Tax slabs, rate of surcharge and rate of cess are not changed, but standard deduction available against income under the head of salary (pension also) is proposed to be increased to Rs. 50,000/- from Rs. 40,000. [Applicability A. Y. 2020-21]

2. Rebate u/s. 87A which was available upto maximum of Rs. 2,500/- if the income does not exceed Rs. 3,50,000/- is now proposed to be increased to maximum of Rs. 12,500 with an income threshold of Rs. 5,00,000/-. [Applicability A. Y. 2020-21]

3. Aggregating the effects of above mentioned two points, let’s see certain examples.

For Senior Citizens (60years =< Age <80 Years)

Particulars AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20) AY 2019-20 (FY 2018-19)
Pension/Salary 6,50,000 5,00,000
Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 1,00,000 90,000
Actual Total Income 7,50,000 5,90,000
Less : Std Deduction from Salary/Pension 50,000 40,000
Less : 80C Deduction PPF, LIP etc. 1,50,000 1,50,000
Less : 80TTB Deduction against Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 50,000 50,000
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 3,50,000
Income Tax Slab Limit 3,00,000 3,00,000
Tax 10,000 2,500
Rebate under Section 87A 10,000 2,500
Net Tax (Effective Tax) 0 0

For Very Senior Citizens (Age >= 80 Years)

Particulars AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20) AY 2019-20 (FY 2018-19)
Pension/Salary 6,50,000 6,40,000
Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 1,00,000 1,00,000
Actual Total Income 7,50,000 7,40,000
Less : Std Deduction from Salary/Pension 50,000 40,000
Less : 80C Deduction PPF, LIP etc. 1,50,000 1,50,000
Less : 80TTB Deduction against Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 50,000 50,000
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 5,00,000
Income Tax Slab Limit 5,00,000 5,00,000
Tax 0 0
Rebate under Section 87A 0 0
Net Tax (Effective Tax) 0 0

For Other Individual (Age < 60 Years)

Particulars AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20) AY 2019-20 (FY 2018-19)
Pension/Salary 6,10,000 4,00,000
Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 1,00,000 1,00,000
Actual Total Income 7,10,000 5,00,000
Less : Std Deduction from Salary/Pension 50,000 40,000
Less : 80C Deduction PPF, LIP etc. 1,50,000 1,50,000
Less : 80TTA Deduction against Savings A/c. Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 10,000 10,000
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 3,00,000
Income Tax Slab Limit 2,50,000 2,50,000
Tax 12,500 2,500
Rebate under Section 87A 12,500 2,500
Net Tax (Effective Tax) 0 0

 

Extreme Tax Saving Case-1 Case-2 Case-3
Particulars For Senior Citizens (60years =< Age <80 Years)

AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)

For Very Senior Citizens (Age >= 80 Years) AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20) For Other
Individual
(Age < 60
Years)AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
Pension/Salary 10,00,000 9,50,000 9,35,000
Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 1,00,000 1,00,000 1,00,000
Actual Total Income 11,00,000 10,50,000 10,35,000
Less : Std Deduction from Salary/Pension 50,000 50,000 50,000
Less : Home Loan Interest Section 24 2,00,000 2,00,000 2,00,000
Less : 80C Deduction PPF, LIP etc. 1,50,000 1,50,000 1,50,000
Less : 80TTB Deduction against Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 50,000 50,000 N.A.
Less : 80TTA Deduction against Savings A/c. Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. N.A. N.A. 10,000
Less : 80D Mediclaim Premium to all / Medical Expenditure for Age <= 60 Years (Taken own premium/exp. Plus premium/exp. Of Sr. Citizen Parents) 1,00,000 1,00,000 75,000
Less : 80CCD – NPS (18 to 65 years age) 50,000 N.A. 50,000
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 5,00,000 5,00,000
Income Tax Slab Limit 3,00,000 5,00,000 2,50,000
Tax 10,000 0 12,500
Rebate under Section 87A 10,000 0 12,500
Net Tax (Effective Tax) 0 0 0

Tax Planning Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-4
Particulars For Other
Individual
Age < 60
YearsAY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
For Other
Individual
Age < 60
YearsAY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
For Other
Individual
Age < 60
YearsAY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
For Other
Individual
Age < 60
YearsAY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 5,00,004.99 5,00,005 5,16,410
Income Rounded Off u/s. 288A 5,00,000 5,00,000 5,00,010 5,16,410
Income Tax Slab Limit 2,50,000 2,50,000 2,50,000 2,50,000
Tax 12,500 12,500 12,501 15,782
Rebate under Section 87A 12,500 12,500 0 0
Health & Education Cess @ 4% of Tax 0 0 500 631
Tax + Cess 0 0 13,001 16,413
Tax Rounded Off u/s. 288B (Effective Tax) 0 0 13,000 16,410

Tax Planning: One can observe from the above example that if the taxable income exceeds 5 lakhs, then due to non-availability of rebate under section 87A, tax burden will start from income of Rs. 2,50,001 itself and there will be a huge impact of tax in comparison to marginal income in excess of Rs. 5 Lakhs. So, in such cases, one can check again whether it has taken benefit of all available deductions, if yes, then one may donate to Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund the excess income and make the Tax amount Zero. As we have seen in Case-4, Rs. 16,410/-(marginal income in excess of Rs. 5 Lakhs) is the break even situation.

N.B. : Minimum amount of Contribution to PMNRF is fixed as Rs. 100 by Government.

Section 112A r.w.s. 87A Effect Case-1 Case-2 Case-3
Particulars For Senior Citizens (60years =< Age <80 Years)

AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)

For Very Senior Citizens (Age >= 80 Years) AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20) For Other
Individual
(Age < 60
Years)AY 2020-21 (FY 2019-20)
Pension/Salary 6,00,000 6,00,000 5,60,000
Long Term Capital Gain on sale of equity share in a company or a unit of an equity oriented fund or a unit of a business trust under section 112A 1,50,000 1,50,000 1,50,000
Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 1,00,000 1,00,000 1,00,000
Actual Total Income 8,50,000 8,50,000 8,10,000
Less : Std Deduction from Salary/Pension 50,000 50,000 50,000
Less : Std Deduction from LTCG u/s. 112A 1,00,000 1,00,000 1,00,000
Less : 80C Deduction PPF, LIP etc. 1,50,000 1,50,000 1,50,000
Less : 80TTB Deduction against Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. 50,000 50,000 N.A.
Less : 80TTA Deduction against Savings A/c. Interest from Bank, Post Office etc. N.A. N.A. 10,000
Net Taxable Income 5,00,000 5,00,000 5,00,000
Income Tax Slab Limit 3,00,000 5,00,000 2,50,000
Normal Rated Tax (5,00,000 – 50,000 112A – Slab Limit) * 5% 7,500 0 10,000
Special Rated Tax u/s 112A 5,000 0 5,000
Rebate under Section 87A 7,500 0 10,000
Tax before Cess 5,000 0 5,000
Health & Education Cess @ 4% of Tax 200 0 200
Tax + Cess 5,200 0 5,200

In above table, one can observe that though the taxable income is upto Rs. 5 Lakhs only, yet there arises a tax liability. This is because of Section 112A(6) which says that rebate of section 87A is not available against tax computed u/s. 112A.

4. Increase in limit of number of self-occupied house properties: Till now, in cases, where there are more than one house property, one house property could be selected at choice of assessee to be the self-occupied property and its income was considered as NIL. Now, it’s proposed to amend section 23, whereby two house properties selected by assessee will get such exemption instead of one. Corresponding amendment is also proposed in section 24, whereby interest upto Rs. 2 lakhs is deductible in respect of two such house properties. [Applicability A. Y. 2020-21]

5. Relief to Builders /Property Dealers: In finance bill 2017, relief was given to those for whom house properties are stock-in-trade by inserting sub-section (5) to section 23 which said that Where the property consisting of any building or land appurtenant thereto is held as stock-in-trade and the property or any part of the property is not let during the whole or any part of the previous year, the annual value of such property or part of the property, for the period up to one year from the end of the financial year in which the certificate of completion of construction of the property is obtained from the competent authority, shall be taken to be nil. Now it is proposed in finance bill 2019 to increase the said limit of one year to two years. [Applicability A. Y. 2020-21]

6. Increase in exemption limit of capital gain u/s. 54: New proviso is proposed to be added after section 54(1)(i i) whereby option is given to assessee by which instead of one residential house in India, two residential houses in India can be purchased or constructed, if amount of capital gain does not exceed 2 crores. It is further proposed to give such option only once in the lifetime of assessee. [Applicable from A.Y. 2020-21]

7. Time limit extension for Housing Project Approval: Amendment is proposed in clause (a) to section 80-IBA(2) whereby last date of approval of housing project by competent authority is proposed to be extended from 31/03/2019 to 31/03/2020. [Applicable from A. Y. 2020-21]

8. Relief in submission of Form No. 15G: Clause (i) to sub-section (3) to Section 194A is proposed to be amended whereby the threshold of interest amount for making TDS will be increased to Rs. 40,000/- from current limit of Rs. 10,000/-. So, interest earners will no more be required to submit Form No. 15G in cases, where interest amount does not exceed Rs. 40,000/-. [For your kind information its hereby reiterated that the similar benefit in submission of Form No. 15H was given in finance bill 2018 to senior citizens by increasing said limit to Rs. 50,000/- for them] [Applicable from A. Y. 2020-21]

9. Increase in Rent threshold limit for TDS: Amendment is proposed in first proviso to section 194-I whereby it is proposed to increase rent threshold limit for TDS from Rs. 1,80,000/- to Rs. 2,40,000/-. [Applicable from A. Y. 2020-21]

Disclaimer:  This is not a professional opinion or an advice to any specified person or in general, but simply an analysis by the Author. Author will not be responsible for any loss caused to anyone who acts on the basis of this analysis without obtaining written opinion of author. Budget proposals may change or may be different at the time the Budget is passed by the Parliament and notified by the Government. For a detailed study, please refer to the budget documents available on www.indiabudget.nic.in

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He is Chartered Accountant by profession plus Song Writer, Composer, Piano player and Singer. One of his hobbies is to share technological knowledge . He was President of Bhavnagar C. A. Association for two consecutive terms. His Youtube Channel is "CA. Tejas Andharia" which contains videos on vario View Full Profile

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2 Comments

  1. dvchudasama says:

    Dear Sir,

    This is too much useful guidance given overhear, I know that every year after budget we are getting budget analysis in very easy to language easy to understand.

    Thanks a lot
    Dharmendrasinh Chudasama

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