1. To avoid double taxation on the supply of goods which has already been taxed e. Second hand Goods.
2. GST is calculated on the difference between the value at which the goods are supplied and the price at which the goods are purchased e. profit margin unlike GST charged on the transaction value for the goods in normal condition. If there is no margin, then, no GST would be payable on such transaction.
This scheme is applicable only for the persons who is dealing in buying and selling of second hand goods i.e. used goods sold as such or after minor changes which should not change the nature of the goods.
Valuation of Supply under this Scheme:
1. As per provisions of rule 32(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017, where a taxable supply is provided by a person dealing in buying and selling of second hand and where no input tax credit has been availed on the purchase of such goods, the value of supply shall be the difference between the selling price and the purchase price and where the value of such supply is negative, it shall be ignored.
In short, any supply of second hand goods, where no ITC was claimed on the purchase of such goods and the nature of goods is unchanged, are eligible under the GST Margin Scheme, and the tax on such supplies will be levied only on the difference value. There will be no tax if the margin value is zero or negative.
2. As per proviso to rule 32(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017 in case of the purchase value of goods repossessed from a unregistered defaulting borrower, for the purpose of recovery of a loan or debt shall be deemed to be the purchase price of such goods by the defaulting borrower reduced by 5% per quarter or part thereof for every quarter between the date of purchase and the date of disposal by the person making such repossession.
3. In this regard, Notification No. 10/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28thJune 2017 applicable from 01.07.2017 exempts the registered dealers who deals in buying and selling of second hand goods and who pays the central tax on the value of outward supplies of such second hand goods as per Rule 32 (5) of the CGST Rules, 2017, from paying central tax on the intra state supplies of second hand goods received from the unregistered dealers which leviable under section 9 (4) of the CGST Act, 2017.
Example: A company say M/s XYZ Ltd, who deals in buying and selling of second hand cars, purchases a second hand Car (Original price Rs. 3 lakh) for Rs. 2 lakhs from an unregistered person and sells the same after minor furbishing in July, 2017 for Rs. 2,50,000/-. The supply of the car to the company for Rs. 2 lakh shall be exempted and the supply of the same by the company to its customer for Rs. 2.5 lakh shall be taxed and GST shall be levied. The value for GST purpose shall be Rs. 50000/-, i.e. the difference between the selling and the purchase price of the company.
Other Important Points of the Margin Scheme under GST
1. For those registered person who has claimed depreciation under section 32 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 the difference between the consideration received for supply of such goods and the depreciated value of such goods on the date of supply shall be considered as margin and where the margin of such supply is negative, it shall be ignored.
In any other case value of margin for the supplier shall be the difference between the selling price and the purchase price and where such margin is negative, it shall be ignored.
2. Rate Applicable for second hand Motor Vehicle:
Explanation. – For the purposes of this entry, SUV includes a motor vehicle of length exceeding 4000 mm and having ground clearance of 170 mm. and above.
For all other motor vehicles rate of 12% will be applicable.
3. This notification shall not apply, if the supplier of such goods has availed input tax credit.