Article explains recent Changes related to GST on Real Estate Section effective from 01.04.2019 unless specified otherwise which include- GST rates for Ongoing Projects (Where option not exercised for old rates and Where option exercised for old rates before 10th May 2019 in prescribed form) and New Projects (01.04.2019 onwards), Meaning of Ongoing Projects,  Important condition of apartment booked before 31.03.2019,  Exercising of Option, How to pay GST @ 1% or 5% in New Scheme, New GST rates notified for some services related to Real estate sector, Valuation of Supply of service by way of TDR/FSI,  Valuation of Un booked Residential or commercial apartments, How to calculate eligible ITC in ongoing projects and other important points-

1. GST rates for Ongoing Projects (Where option not exercised for old rates) and New Projects (01.04.2019 onwards) :

S.No. Category Effective GST Rate Conditions Remarks
a. Residential Projects

a. Affordable

 

1%

 

No ITC

Up to 15% carpet area of commercial space allowed. Rate will be same as for residential units.
b. Non Affordable 5% No ITC
b. Commercial Projects 12% With ITC
c.  Mix Projects (Commercial and residential projects) Where Commercial space exceeds 15%
Commercial 12% Proportionate ITC
Affordable 1%
Non Affordable 5%

 Meaning of Affordable Housing :

a) A Residential House/flat of carpet area of up to 90 Sqm(968.752 sq ft) in Non metropolitan Cities/towns having value up to 45 Lacs .

b) A Residential House/flat of Carpet area of up to 60Sqm(645.835 sq ft.) in Metropolitan cities/towns having value up to 45 Lacs.

Note: Metropolitan cities are Bengalaru, Chennai, Delhi NCR (Limited to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Faridabad), Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai (Whole MMR).

2. Meaning of Ongoing Projects :

a. Commencement certificate is issued on or before 31.03.2019

b. Where commencement certificate is not required , It should be certified by Architect or Chartered Engineer or a licensed surveyor of the respective local body of the city or town or village or development or planning authority, that the project has started on or before 31.03.2019.

c. Completion certificate has not been issued or first occupation has not been done before 31.03.2019.

d. Flats/ units has been partly or wholly booked on or before 31.03.2019.

e. The Construction of the project shall be considered as started before 31.03.2019 if the earth work for site preparation for the project has been completed and excavation for foundation has been started.

3. GST rates for ongoing Projects: (Where option exercised for old rates before 10th May 2019 in prescribed form)

S.No. Category Effective GST Rate Conditions
a. Residential Projects

a.   Affordable

 

8%

 

With ITC

b.   Non Affordable 12% With ITC
b. Commercial Projects 12% With ITC
c.  Mix Projects (Commercial and residential projects)
Commercial 12% With ITC
Affordable 8%
Non Affordable 12%

4. Important condition of apartment booked before 31.03.2019:

a. Part of supply of construction of which has time of supply on or before 31.03.2019 and

b. At least one instalment has been credited to the bank account of the registered person on or before 31.03.2019 and

c. An allotment letter or sale agreement or any other similar document evidencing booking of the apartment has been issued on or before the 31.03.2019.

5. Exercising the option:

a. If Option is not exercised then New rates will be applicable w.e.f 01.04.2019 on all ongoing projects.

b. A builder can exercise option project wise.

c. Option has to be exercised before 10.05.2019

d. GST rates for the period between 01.04.2019 to 10.05.2019 ( period of exercising option) will be as per option exercised.

e. Option form is as per Annexure IV of Notification.

6. How to pay GST @ 1% or 5% in New Scheme:

a. It is to be paid by Cash Ledger only.

b. However amount of ITC attributable to construction of project whose time of supply is on or after 01.04.2019 as per prescribed formula given in notification may be used for payment of above GST liability.

7. Important things to be kept in mind:

a. 80% Inputs and Input services shall be received from registered Persons till the date of completion certificate or first occupation whichever is earlier. If it fall short then at the end of financial year builder has to pay RCM @ 18%.

b. Builder has to maintain project wise account of inward supplies and calculate RCM accordingly.

c. Input Tax credit has to be shown as ineligible credit in FORM 3B.

d. 80% limit has to be calculated financial year wise. A excess in Financial year can not be adjusted against shortfall of next year.

8. New GST rates notified for some services related to Real estate sector:

S.No. Category  GST Rate Conditions

1.The carpet area of the affordable residential apartments  is not less then 50% of the total carpet area of all the apartments in the project.

2.The value of the Apartment shall be the value of similar apartment booked nearest to the date of signing of contract . It should not exceed 45 lacs.

3.If Conditions are not met then builder has to pay the difference amount.

a. Composite Supply of works contract for affordable residential apartments on which GST @ 1% (Simply Construction Contractor)  

12%

a.   Non Affordable 12%
b. Any Goods other than Cement and capital Goods by an unregistered person to a promoter(Say Builder) for construction of the project on which tax is payable by the promoter as recipient of goods u/s 9(4) 18%
c. Cement 28%
d. Transfer of development rights or FSI (including Additional FSI) for construction of a project by promoter 18%
e. Long term lease of land (30 years or more) by any person against consideration in the form of upfront amount (called as premium, salami, cost, price, development charges or by any other name) and/or periodic rent for construction of a project by a promoter 18%
f. Capital Goods As per Regular Rates of item purchased.

Note:

  1. Service by way of transfer of  Development rights(TDR) or FSI (including Additional FSI) or Upfront amount for leasehold rights on or after 01.04.2019 for construction of residential apartments by promoter in a project intended for sale before occupation certificate is exempt subject to certain conditions.

2. For Mixed projects exemption will be restricted to proportionate carpet area of residential project subject to certain conditions.

3. GST to be paid by promoter under RCM on the value attributable to the residential apartments remaining un booked as on the date of issuance of completion certificate. The formula is as under: (Lower of below two:-

(i) GST payable on TDR or FSI * Unbooked carpet area of residential apartment / Total carpet area of the residential apartments in the project

(ii) 5%/1% ( Non Affordable/Affordable) on value of residential apartments remained un booked.

(iii) Time of supply will be issuance of completion certificate/first occupation

10. Valuation of Supply of service by way of TDR/FSI:

Value of Supply of service by way of transfer of development rights or FSI by a person to the promoter against consideration in the form of residential or commercial apartments shall be deemed to be equal to the value of similar apartments charged by the promoter from the independent buyers nearest to the date on which such development rights or FSI is transferred to the promoter.

11. Valuation of Un booked Residential or commercial apartments:

On the date of issue of completion certificate or first occupation as the case may be shall be deemed to be equal to the value of similar apartments charged by the nearest to the date of issuance of completion certificate or first occupation as the case may be.

12.How to calculate eligible ITC in ongoing projects:

For this Notification has given detailed annexure.

13. What are the other important points:

(a) Where % of invoicing is more than the % of completion and difference between % invoicing and % of completion of construction is more then 25% the value of invoicing shall be deemed to be % of completion plus 25%.

(b) Where the value of invoicing issued on or before 31.03.2019 exceeds the consideration actually received on or prior to 31.03.2019 by more then 25% then the value of such invoices shall be deemed to be actual consideration received plus 25%.

(c) Where the value of procurement of inputs and input services prior to 01.04.2019 exceeds the value of consumption of the inputs and input services used in the construction completed as on 31.03.2019 by more then 25% then Actual consumption plus 25% shall be deemed to be value of procurement.

(d) The jurisdictional commissioner Or any other officer authorized in this regard may fix the eligible ITC based on actual per unit consumption based on the documents certified by CA/CWA submitted by the builder in this regard applying accepted principles of accounting.

Remarks:

Those builders who want to continue in old scheme (which is generally more lucrative ) should do extensive working regarding their ITC , Completion stage ,Charging of GST from customer ,Revision of rates etc.

(Author can be reached at rajeshbhauwala@gmail.com)

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Rajesh Bhauwala & Co.
Location: SURAT, Gujarat, IN
Member Since: 12 Feb 2019 | Total Posts: 6
I am practicing since 1997 in the field of Direct Tax, Indirect Tax, Project finance, Subsidy matters. Appearing at ITAT level and having specialisation in handling GST Search matters. Delivered Lectures on Direct Tax and Indirect Taxes at Study Circles, Trade Associations, Public Meetings .Also As View Full Profile

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4 Comments

  1. iqbal says:

    please advice i have paid 3lakh before april 2019 to builder and rest of amount paid by bank after registration(19/04/2019) of flat. what gst rate for after and before amoununt paid

  2. rameshbabu says:

    I have booked ( its under construction ) one flot before 31.03.2019 but not registered. builder is saying i have paid 12%. now we are going to do the registration. Pl suggent what is the GST amount. and notification details as per gst.

  3. bhavesh kachhadiya says:

    i have book flat and make sale agreement before 31/03/2019 and sale deed make after 31/03/2019 so how many rate applicable GST

  4. PRUDHVI RAJU VEMANAMANDA says:

    Hi sir, Good one.

    What will be the position of Input tax credit available as on 31.03.2019 or 20.04.2019 if supplier opts New rates?

    Can we claim a refund of it ?

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