Case Law Details

Case Name : In re Department Of Printing, Stationery and Publications (GST AAAR Karnataka)
Appeal Number : KAR ADRG 11/2020
Date of Judgement/Order : 18/03/2020
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : AAR Karnataka (257) Advance Rulings (1661)

In re Department Of Printing, Stationery and Publications (GST AAR Karnataka)

Issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) to private persons, for change of name

This category covers the questions bearing number 23, 24 & 25, which deals with issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) to private persons, for change of name. Private individual who intended to change their name approach the applicant for publishing their present and proposed name in the official Gazette. Since the private individual name is not published in the official Gazette, applicant issues No Objection Certificate to the private individual which enable them to publish their name in the newspapers. Presently applicant is charging Rs.100/-, for each NOC and not paying GST on this amount.

The applicant being the Department of Government of Karnataka, issues the No Objection Certificate to the private individuals and collects an amount of Rs.100/-. This activity of the applicant amounts to provision of service by the State Government to an individual. The services provided by the State Government, where the consideration for such service does not exceed five thousand rupees are exempted from GST, in terms of entry number 9 of the Notification No.12/2017 Central tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017. Thus impugned activity of issuing NOC to the private individuals for the consideration of Rs.100/- is exempted from GST.

FULL TEXT OF ORDER OF AUTHORITY OF ADVANCE RULING

1. M/s Department Of Printing, Stationery & Publications, 8th Mile, Mysore Road, R.V. College Post, Bengaluru-560059 bearing GSTIN: 29AAAGD1421R1Z9 have filed an application for Advance Ruling under Section 97 of CGST Act, 2017, KGST Act, 2017 & IGST Act, 2017 read with Rule 104 of CGST Rules 2017 & KGST Rules 2017, in form GST ARA-01 discharging the fee of Rs.5,000/- each under the CGST Act and the KGST Act.

2. The applicant, (The Govt. Press) is an organization, established by Govt. of Karnataka under the control and supervision of the Primary and Secondary Adv- cation Secretariat to cater to the Printing and Stationery requirements of the requirements of the State Government offices namely Governor’s Office, Legislature, Government Secretariat, High Court, and Other Government Departments.

3. The printing and stationery requirements of Government owned bodies are also taken care of by the Applicant on chargeable basis. Applicant also engaged in selling of the Government Publications to General Public through a network of Book Depots. The Applicant has also extended its technical assistance to various other Departments whose printing works, are being executed by the private Besides this they also undertake the Printing works and supply of Stationery to Government of India Departments namely Chief Election Commissioner Office, Census Department etc., on chargeable basis.

4. The Applicant also executes the printing and sale text books as per the indents placed by the Karnataka Text Book Society. The sale of text books are being executed on chargeable basis while the free text books are printed and supplied at free of cost. Steps are being taken for the printing & sale of Pre-University Text Books of smaller quantity through the Book Depots. This department is headed by the Director who is also the Compiler of Karnataka The Gazettes are being published regularly and the Extraordinary Gazettes are also published as and when the necessity arises and these Gazettes are made available in print version manually and also published electronically in the web site www.gazette.kar.nic.in.

3. The following goods are printed and supplied by the Applicant to various Government Departments and Government undertakings in the State of Karnataka on their request for supply. The details, as furnished by the applicant are as under:

SL. NO. NATURE OF SUPPLY Applicants facts of the case
1 Printing 86 Supply of State Budget Documents We are claiming exemption on Printing & Supply of Budget documents to Government of Karnataka.
2 School Text Books We are claiming exemption on the Sale of text books to various Government Departments and claiming exemption on the grounds that it is a sale of text books through Book Depots, Karnataka Text Book society 86 PU Board. However, we are paying taxes on the sale of Text books to Recognized Book sellers @12%.

a) Free Text Books-: Since we supplying the textbooks to Government Departments, we are not raising invoice to the Department but the same is supplied through delivery challan, hence we are claiming exemption.

b} Sale of Text Books to Public-: In this case we arc raising an invoice, hence we are charging tax @12% & Paying it.

3 Karnataka State Gazette and Extra-Ordinary Gazette We are supplying these goods to different Government Departments and a small portion is sold to the General public who have subscribed for it. We are collecting tax on the Printed materials sold to the Public @12%.
4 Proceedings and other publications of Karnataka Legislative Assembly and Karnataka Legislative
Council.
We are claiming exemption on printing & supply of proceedings and publications supplied to Karnataka Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council of Government of Karnataka.
5 Annual Reports, Annual Administrative Reports & Performance Budget Reports to Government & Government undertakings We are charging & paying tax @12% on the supply of Annual Reports to the Government organization and also supplies as Printed material to Autonomous bodies  like   BRTS  Company, Hubli-Dharwad  Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission, Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company, Power Company of Karnataka Limited, BESCOM / HESCOM / MESCOM / KPTCL, Udupi / Bellary Nagarabhivrudi Pradhikara, Higher Education Council. These items are charged and hence paying GST @ 12%.
6 Supply of IAS, KAS Civil lists We are supplying to DPAR of the Government of Karnataka, hence, we are claiming exemption as we are not charging for the supplies Made.
7 Supply of RTC challan and security forms of Transport Department. We are claiming exemption as we are not charging for the supplies made.
8 Supply of different kinds of Modules pertaining to Department of State Educational Research and Training. These Printed materials are supplied to one of the Government Departments and tax is charged at the rate of 12% on the supplies made.
9 Handbooks related to Election work It is supplied to the Election Commission in Karnataka. We are charging and paying tax at the rate of 12% on the supplies made to the Election Commission.
10 Supply of Various Forms/Registers to ESIS Medical Services, Kidwai Cancer Institute, General Hospital, Community Health Centre as per their requirements. These goods are supplied to various Government organizations. We are charging and paying tax at the rate of 12% on the supplies made.
11 Training Manuals, Journals, Flags 8s Posters, Karnataka
Examination information Book,
Award Certificates, MB Books, Employment Cards, Compendiums, Manuals,    Reports of RTI, Annual performance & compendium, Audit accounts, Receipt Books, Challans and paper testing Reports.
These goods are also supplied to many Government Departments and also to autonomous bodies. We are charging and paying tax at the rate of 12% on the supplies made to autonomous bodies. However, we are claiming exemption on the supplies made to Government Departments.
12 Legislative Assembly & Council Debates, lists, Bills 86 Brouchers, KCSRs The Printed materials are supplied to Legislative Assembly and Legislative Councils. We are claiming exemption on the supplies made to them.
13 Supply of Government of Karnataka Calendars Engagement Pads, Diary to Government Departments 861-ligh Courts. We are claiming exemption on the supplies made. But a Small Portion of Calendars, Ordinary Diaries and Engagement Pads are Sold through Book Depots to the General Public and collecting tax @12% on the sales made.
14 Envelops, various forms, Visiting cards, Letter heads, coves, file wrappers, invitation cards, Scribbling pads, Rubber stamps and Calendars On these supplies we are collecting tax at 12% and paying it to the Government at the time of filing returns. On the supplies made to High Court, Raja Bhavans, and Secretariat Departments as we are not raising an invoice hence we are not charging for these supplies & also claiming exemption.
15 Main Answer Booklets, Additional Answer Sheets & Practical Answer Sheets These goods are supplied to PU Board against their orders. On these supplies we are calculating the cost incurred on the booklets and collecting COST & SGST at 12%.
16 Sale of waste paper, old sweepings, old & obsolete forms & books unusable articles as waste and sale of plates & old machinery These goods are sold through public auction as scrap and tax @ 5% is collected from the successful bidders and paid to the Department.
17 Transportation Charges Transportation of text books & other printed forms/PUC answer booklets are supplied to various Departments as per the requirements.. These goods are supplied by us and we are Paying Transportation Charges along with the GST @5%.
18 Calendars to Specific Departments as per their Requirements Supplied to Library, RDPR and Legal Service Authority-we are charging and paying tax on the supplies made at 12%.

High Courts We are not charging for the supplies made hence we are claiming exemption

19 Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka Supplies are made on non-chargeable bases

A small portion is sold through Book Depots to the General Public and tax is charged at 12%.

20 Receipt Books, Measurement         Books, File Wrappers, Log Books, Registers,     Bill Forms, etc. We are charging tax @ 12% GST on these supplies made to Autonomous Bodies sold through our Book Depots. We are claiming exemption on these materials supplied to Government Departments. We are also selling the same to the public and collecting tax (p 12% GST
21 Receipt Book (KFC- I) Printed and supplied to Chamtuideshwari Electricity Supply Company, Universities, Hospitals, Davanagere Smart City, Electronic City Industrial Township Authority, Legal Services Authority, Technical Service Centre etc. and collecting tax at 12% under GST.
22 Measurement Book Printed and supplied to Karnataka Neravari Nigama, PWD, Zilla Parishad, Panchayal Raj Engineering Division, Grameena Drinking Water and Nyrrnalya, N1MHNS, Shishu Abhivrudhi Yojane, Karnataka Maha Risha Valainiki Parishishta Pangadagala Abhivrudhi Niyamitha & collecting tax at 12%.
23 Indian Law Reports High Court of

Karnataka

We are Claiming Exemption on these Supplies as they are Supplied at Free of Cost.
24 Karnataka Gazette We    Issue NOUS to Private Person’s for Change of Name at Rs100 for
which we do not charge GST hence claiming Exemption.
25 Text Books Printed and supply to KTBS for which we are charging GST @ 12%.
26 Bus Tickets Printed and supply to Bangalore Metro Transport Corporation for which we are charging GST @ 12%.
27 Log Books Printed and supplied to Karnataka, PWD, at free of cost. However, tax at 12% is collected on the supplies made to Karnataka Kolageri Abhivruddi mandali, Karnataka State Aids Prevention Society, Karnataka Vasathi Shiksharta Samsthe, Karnataka Sarvajanika Arogya Sanisthc.

6. In view of the above, the applicant sought for advance ruling in respect of the following questions along with their Interpretation of Law to the said questions.

Table

PERSONAL HEARING

7. Sri. Y C Shiva Kumar, Advocate and duly authorised representative of the applicant appeared for personal hearing proceedings held on 21.11.2019 86 reiterated the facts narrated in their application.

FINDINGS 86 DISCUSSION:

8.1 We have considered the submissions made by the Applicant in their application for advance ruling as well as the submissions made by Sri. Y C Shiva kumar, duly authorised representative of the applicant during the personal hearing. We have also considered the issues involved, on which advance ruling is sought by the applicant, and relevant facts.

8.2 At the outset, we would like to state that the provisions of both the CGST Act and the KGST Act are the same except for certain provisions. Therefore, unless a mention is specifically made to such dissimilar provisions, a reference to the CGST Act would also mean a reference to the same provisions under the KGST Act.

8.3 The applicant is a printing press under the Government of Karnataka, catering to the printing needs of various departments of Karnataka Government, Government of India, High Court of Karnataka and other autonomous bodies/corporations. The applicant seeks advance ruling in respect of the questions mention at para 6 supra. It could be seen that the applicant’s activities are predominantly concerned with printing. In this regard we draw attention to the Circular No. 11/11/2017-GST dated 20.10.2017, wherein clarification on taxability of printing contracts has been issued.

8.4 Para 2 of the circular clarifies that supply of books, pamphlets, brochures, envelopes, annual reports, leaflets, cartons, boxes etc., printed with logo, design, name, address or other contents supplied by the recipient of such printed goods, are composite supplies and the question, whether such supplies constitute supply of goods or services would be determined on the basis of what constitutes the principal supply.

8.5 The principal supply, in terms of Section 2(90) of CGST Act 2017, is supply of goods or services which constitutes the predominant element of composite supply and to which any other supply forming part of that composite supply.

8.6 Para 4 of the circular specifies that in the case of printing of books, pamphlets, brochures, annual reports, and the like, the supply of printing [of the content supplied by the recipient of supply] is the principal supply and therefore such supplies would constitute supply of service, falling under heading/SAC 9989, subject to the following conditions namely

a) The content is supplied by the publisher or the person who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs.

b) The physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the

8.7 Para 5 of the circular specifies that in the case of supply of printed envelopes, letter cards, printed boxes, tissues, napkins, wall paper etc., falling under Chapter 48 or 49, printed with design, logo etc., supplied by the recipient of goods but made using physical inputs including paper belonging to the printer, predominant supply is that of goods and the supply of printing of the content [supplied by the recipient of supply] is ancillary to the principal supply and therefore such supplies would constitute supply of goods falling under respective headings of Chapter 48 or 49 of the Customs Tariff.

8.8 In the light of the aforesaid circular, we proceed to examine the issues and related questions, one at a time. The Applicant submits that they are engaged in rendering the services of printing the printed materials & printing of text books to various Government departments. The contents of the printed material are provided by recipients. The nature of supply, as admitted by the applicant, includes Printing & Supply of State Budget Documents, Printing of Text books to Government departments, Training manuals, other books, calenders, Journals, Flags & posters, Karnataka Examination Authority Information Book, other Forms, Award certificates, Measurement Book, Employment Cards, Compendium, manuals, Reports( RTI, Annual & Performance & Compendium) Audit accounts, Annual & Performance, Compendium, Receipt Books, Challans, Paper Testing Reports, Legislative Assembly & Council Debates, Lists, Bills & Brouchers, Various Types of Registers & Forms, Karnataka Civil Service Rules.

8.9 Issue No.1

The applicant raised the following 3 questions with regard to printing of text books & printed material.

1. Whether the activity of printing & supply of text books & printed materials, provided by the applicant to various Departments of Government of Karnataka, is entitled to exemption under entry No.8 of the Notification No. No.12/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017, read with para 4 of the Circular No. 11/11/2017-GST dated 20.10. 2017?

2. If the text books are supplied to public or recognised book stalls, whether it is treated as taxable /exempted goods or services. If it is goods, can we claim exemption under Sl. No.119 of the Notification No.2/2017?

3. If these services are taxable services, what is the rate of tax?

8.10 Issue No.2

This issue is related to printing of Karnataka Kaipidi / Karnataka Gazzettes, of the contents provided by the recipient. This transaction is between the applicants (one Government Department) to another Government Department. The applicant raised the following 3 question in this regard.

4. Whether the service of printing & supply of Karnataka Kaipidi / Karnataka Gazettes, provided by the applicant amounts to be services provided by one Government Department to another? If so, whether the said supply is exempted as per entry No. 8 of the notification No. 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017?

5. Whether the supply of said Karnataka Kaipidis to public or recognised bookstalls be treated as supply of printed books and qualifies for exemption under SI.No.119 of Notification No.2/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017?

6. If Karnataka Gazettes are sold to public as goods whether it is taxable under entry 201 of the schedule I of Notification No.1/2017 dated 29/06/2017 or exempt under SL.No.119 of notification No.2/2017 dated 28/06/2017 under the KGST & CGST Acts?

8.11 Issue No.3

This issue is related to printing of Annual Reports to Government departments, autonomous undertakings and Zilla panchayats. The content is provided by the recipients. In this regard the applicant raised the following 4 questions.

7. When such annual reports are sold to Government departments is it an exempted service under SL.No.8 of notification 12/2017?

8. If such annual reports are sold to Government undertakings and autonomous bodies, can we claim such sales as exempted sales under entry No.8 of notification No.12/2017?

9. Whether the supply of annual reports to Zilla Panchayaths by the applicant is considered as services provided by one state Government Department to another state Government Departments & exempted under SL.No.8 of the notification No.12/ 2017?

10. If these are considered as goods, under which entry these goods are taxable and at what is the rate of tax of these goods under GST?

8.12 Issue No.4:

This issue is related to printing & supply of Answer booklets, Visiting cards, Letter heads, Forms, Covers, File wrappers, invitation cards, Scribbling pads, and Rubber stamps. The applicant raised the following 2 questions, in this regard.

11. Whether the aforesaid items that are supplied by the Government Press (applicant) to various Government departments, against the orders given by them, amounts to supply of goods, in terms of para 5 of circular 11/11/2017 dated 20.10.2017? If so, whether the said supply is entitled for exemption under Sl. No. 150 of the Notification 2/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017?

12. What is the relevant notification & entry number therein, if the aforesaid goods are taxable?

8.13 Issue No.5:

This issue is related to sale of waste paper, old sweepings, old & obsolete forms & books, unusable articles as waste and sale of old machinery. The applicant being a Government organisation sells the paper waste in as is where condition through public auction. In this regard the applicant raised the following question.

13. Whether the applicant’s understanding of rate of tax (GST) of 5% is correct or not, on sale of waste paper?

8.14 Issue No.6:

This issue is related to sale of old machinery as scrap. The applicant further states that the old machinery, if sold in the same form, is taxable @ 18% GST, in terms of SI.No.335 of Schedule III of CGST Act 2017. The applicant raises the following question, with regard to sale of old machinery as scrap.

14. What is the rate of GST applicable, if old machinery is sold as scrap & what is the relevant notification number and entry number therein?

8.15 Issue No.7:

This issue is related to stationery articles, purchased by the applicant from the registered dealers and supplied as it is to the Government departments against the orders, at no profit or no Loss. The applicant claims that such transactions are exempted as the applicant is acting as a pure Agent. Thus the applicant raised the following question in this regard.

15. Whether the aforesaid transaction / activity qualifies to be a Pure Agent transaction and eligible for exemption? If not, what is the rate of tax & relevant entry & Notification under which this transaction is liable for tax?

8.16 Issue No.8:

This issue is related to the transportation charges paid by the applicant. The applicant pays the transportation charges for supply of text books to various Government Departments & also to the recognised book sellers. At present the applicant is paying tax g5Y0 on the transportation paid to the private party. In this regard the applicant raised the following 2 questions.

16. Is the Applicant liable to pay tax on the transportation charges paid to the service provider?

17. Can the Applicant deduct the tax element on the transportation paid as TDS and deposit at the time of filing returns?

8.17 Issue No.9:

This issue is related to printing of Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka. The Finance Department designated this work to the applicant & they prepare the Economic Survey books as per the requirements of the Finance Department. The contents of the material is provided by the Government of Karnataka & hence, this product is categorized as Service of printed materials. In this regard, the applicant raises the following 2 questions.

18. Whether the aforesaid transaction of printing & supply of Economic Survey books to Government of Karnataka is entitled for exemption vide Entry 8 of the Notification No.12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017.

19. If the aforesaid printed materials are sold to the public directly by the Applicant, whether, the same is exempted or taxable under the GST Act?

8.18 Issue No. 10:

This issue is related to printing & supply of receipt books (KFC-1) to Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company, Universities ,Hospitals, Davanagere Smart City, Electronic City Industrial Township Authority, Legal Services Authority, Technical Service Centre etc., The contents of the receipt books is provided by receipients and the printed receipt books are supplied to Government Departments and Autonomous bodies. The applicant contends that the supply of receipt books is treated as supply of service and eligible for exemption vide entry no. 8 of the Notification No.12/2017 dated 28/06/2017 and raises the following question.

20. Whether the aforesaid supply of receipt books, to Government Departments & Autonomous bodies, is eligible for exemption under the GST Act or not?

8.19 Issue No. 11:

This issue is related to printing & supply of measurement books to Karnataka Neravari Nigama, PWD,lla Parishad, Panchayat Raj Engineering Division, Grameena Drinking Water and Nyrmalya, NIMHNS, Shishu Abhivrudhi Yojane, Karnataka Maha Risha Valamiki Parishishta Pangadagala Abhivrudhi Niyamitha, for which the content is provided by the Government Departments. The applicant raises the following question in this regard.

21. Whether the supply of printed materials (measurement books) qualifies to be supply of service & is exempted vide entry No.8 of the Notification 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017, when the same is supplied by one Government Department to another Government Department?

8.20 Issue No. 12 :

This issue is related to printing & supply of Indian Law Reports to the Honble High Court of Karnataka. The contents of the Law reports are provided by the Honble High court of Karnataka. The applicant supplies the said printed material (Law Reports), at free of cost. In this regard, the applicant raises the following question.

22. Whether the aforesaid supply qualifies to be supply of service & is entitled for exemption under entry No.8 of the Notification No.12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017?

8.21 Issue No. 13 :

This issue is related to issuance of No Objection Certificates (NOCs) to Private Persons for Change of Name, at Rs.100, for notifying the said change of name in the Karnataka Gazette. The applicant states that at present they are not charging any GST, on the said amount collected and the contents are provided by the recipient. In this regard, the applicant raises the following 3 questions.

23.Whether the aforesaid activity amounts to supply of goods or services & are exempted under the Act?

24. If the activity amounts to supply of goods & the said supply is taxable then what is the rate of tax of GST and the relevant Notification & entry number?

25. If the activity amounts to supply of services & are taxable then what is the rate of tax of GST and the relevant Notification & entry number?

8.22 Issue No. 14:

This issue is related to supply of text books, printed by the applicant under the orders of Government of Karnataka, to the Karnataka Text Books Suppliers. The contents of the text book is provided by the Government of Karnataka. The applicant states that at present they are charging GST g 12%, as the text books are supplied to Karnataka Text Books suppliers to sell them on behalf of the Government. Further as the applicant contends that per entry No.8 of the notification No.12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017, the printing & supply of text books by one Government Department to another Government Department is exempted under the CGST Act and KGST Acts. In this regard the applicant raised the following 3 questions.

26. Whether the aforesaid activity is exempted under the CGST & KGST Acts or not?

27. The text books are supplied to recognised book stalls to sell them to the public on behalf of the Government whether it is treated as taxable or exempted goods or services. If it is goods, can we claim exemption under Sl. No.119 of the Notification No.2/2017?

28. If these services are taxable services, what is the rate of tax?

8.23 Issue No. 15 :

This issue is related to printing & supply of bus tickets to the BMTC, Bengaluru. The Logo and the content of bus tickets is provided by the receipient. The applicant contends that the contents are negligible compared to materials, the activity qualifies to be treated as goods and stats that they are collecting GST @,12%, at present. In this regard, the applicant raises the following 2 questions.

29. Where the afroresaid supply qualities to be supply of taxable goods or services?

30.What is the rate of tax & under which entry these goods/services are taxable?

8.24 Issue No. 16

This issue is related to printing & supply of Log Books to Karnataka PWD, Karnataka Kolageri Abhivruddi mandali, Karnataka State Aids Prevention Society, Karnataka Vasathi Shikshana Samsthe, Karnataka Sarvajanika Arogya Samsthe. The Log books are supplied to various Government Departments and the contents are provided by Government Departments. The applicant contends that since the contents are negligible compared to the materials used, the activity amounts to supply of goods and also states that, at present, they are claiming exemption on the supply of these goods to KPWD. However, they are collecting tax @l 2% on the sale made to Autonomous bodies. In this regard, the applicant raises the following 3 questions.

31. Whether these are taxable or exempted goods/ services?

32 If these are taxable under which entry these are taxable?

33. Since these materials are supplied by one Government Department to another department or Autonomous bodies controlled by the Government, can we claim exemption on the supply of these materials?

9. It could be seen from above that some questions are repetitive in nature as they are in relation with different printed materials such as text books & other printed material, Karnataka Kaipidis, Karnataka gazettes, Annual reports, Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka, etc., Therefore we examine and divide the questions into the following categories.

Supply to Various Departments of Government of Karnataka

a. Printing & supply of Text books/ Karnataka Kaipidis/Karnataka Gazettes/ Annual Reports & Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka to various Departments, where the content is provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka. (Service)

b. Printing & supply of Answer sheets/visiting cards/ letter heads/ forms/covers/file wrappers/invitation cards/ scribbling pads / rubber stamps/ receipt books/ measurement books & log books to various Departments, where the content is provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka(goods).

Supply to Autonomous bodies

c. Printing & supply of Annual Reports to Autonomous bodies, where the content is provided by the recipient. (service)

d. Printing & supply of Receipt books & Log books to Autonomous bodies, where the content is provided by the recipient (Goods)

Supply to Public as Recognised Book Stalls

e. Printing & supply of Text books/ Karnataka Kaipidis/Karnataka Gazettes & Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka to Public & recognised book stalls, where the content is provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka. (Goods)

Miscellaneous Supplies

f. Supply of waste paper, old sweepings, old & obsolete forms and books, unusable articles as waste.

g. Supply / sale of old machinery as scrap

h. Supply of Stationery articles to Government Departments

i. Taxability of Transportation charges paid by the Applicant

j. Printing & Supply of “Indian Law Reports” to the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka

k. Issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) to private persons, for change of name

l. Printing & Supply of Bus Tickets to BMTC, Bengaluru.

10. We proceed to examine & take up each category, one at a time, in the following paras.

a. Supply of Service to Various Departments of Government of Karnataka:

This category covers the questions bearing numbers 1,4,7,9,18,20,21,26,31,32 & 33 as mentioned above. In all these questions the applicant is engaged in printing of text books & printed material / Annual Reports / receipt books/ measurement books & log books; content is provided by any of the Department of Government of Karnataka; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

The printing of books / annual reports and like, where content is supplied by the persons who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs, while the physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the printer would constitute a composite supply, where the principal supply is that of supply of printing service and merits classification under SAC 9989, in terms of Para 4 of the Circular No. 11/ 11/ 2017-GST dated 20.10. 2017.

In the instant case the applicant being Government Press, established by the Government of Karnataka, under the control and supervision of Primary & Secondary Education Secretariat and since does not have an independent existence, what so ever, from the Government of Karnataka becomes part of Government of Karnataka. Further the provider of the content is also another Department of same Government of Karnataka. Therefore the activity is between the two/more departments of the same Government of Karnataka and hence there is no distinct supplier / recipient, either real or deemed, involved in the transactions, as contemplated under the GS t’ Acts.

Now proced to examine whether the instant activity of printing and supply of text books & printed material / Annual Reports / receipt books/ measurement books & log books to other departments of same Government of Karnataka, who have not obtained separate registration under the GST Act, amounts to supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act 2017 or not.

Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act, 2017 stipulates that any transaction must consists of following three components to get qualify as ‘supply’.

i. The transaction must involve a supply of goods or services or both, such as sale, transfer, barter, echange, licence, rental, lease or disposal made or agreed to be made.

ii. The transaction must be for a consideration by a person

iii. The transaction must be in the course or furthrence of business

In the instant case , the first condition is undoubtedly satisfied as the applicant is involved in of the aforesaid service. The second condition being receipt of consideration. In this regard we refer section 15 of the CGST Act, 2017 which deals with the value of supply i.e. consideration

Section 15 (1) of the said Act read as under:

The value of a supply of goods or services or both shall be the transaction value, which is the price actually paid or payable for the said supply of goods or services or both where the supplier and the recipient of the supply are not related and the price is the sole consideration for the supply”

It could be inferred from the above that for the transaction to qualify as a supply, a supplier and receipient are required,whether real or deemed. In the instant case the applicant as well as the receipient are both different part of the Government of Karnataka, which is a single entity. Therefore in the absence of distint supplier and receipient , the instant transaction does not qualify to be a supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act,2017.

Further, the third condition is not required to be discussed as the second condition is not satisfied.

However, If the activity of printing and supply is done to the Departments of same Government of Karnataka who have obtained separate

registration under the GST Act, then the said activity amounts to supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act 2017 and exigible to tax.

The applicant claims exemption for the above said activity under entry No.8 of the Notification No.12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017. This entry exempts only the services provided by the State Government to another State Government and hence the said entry is not relevant to the instant issue.

b. Supply of Goods to Various Departments of Government of Karnataka:

This category covers the question number 11. In all these questions the applicant is engaged in supply of printed material i.e. answer sheets/visiting cards/ letter heads/ forms/covers/file wrappers/invitation cards/ scribbling pads / rubber stamps; content is provided by any of the Department of Government of Karnataka; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

Para 5 of the circular specifies that in the case of supply of printed envelopes, letter cards, printed boxes, tissues, napkins, wall paper etc., falling under Chapter 48 or 49, printed with design, logo etc., supplied by the recipient of goods but made using physical inputs including paper belonging to the printer, predominant supply is that of goods and the supply of printing of the content [supplied by the recipient of supply] is ancillary to the principal supply and therefore such supplies would constitute supply of goods falling under respective headings of Chapter 48 or 49 of the Customs Tariff

In the instant case, the applicant is engaged in printing & supply of Answer sheets/visiting cards/ letter heads/ forms/covers/file wrappers/invitation cards/ scribbling pads / rubber stamps to various Government Departments, where the content is provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka and hence supply of the said items amounts to supply of goods, in terms of para 5 of the aforesaid circular.

The applicant claims exemption, in relation to supply of items of this category, under SI.No.150 of Notification 2/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017, which exempts supply of goods by a Government Entity to the State Government i.e. Government of Karnataka. In the instant case the applicant is not a Government Entity and hence the said entry is not relevant to the instant issue.

Thus the impugned activity of printing and supply of Answer sheets/visiting cards/ letter heads/ forms/covers/file wrappers/invitation cards/ scribbling pads / rubber stamps to other Departments of same Government of Karnataka who have not obtained separate registration under the GST Act does not qualify as supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act 2017, as explained in para 10(a) supra. However, if the said supply is done to the other Departments of Government of Karnataka who have obtained separate registration under the GST Act, said transaction qualify as supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act 2017 and liable to tax under GST.

c. Supply of Service to Autonomous bodies:

This category covers questions bearing numbers 8 & 20, which deals with printing & supply of Annual Reports / Receipt Books respectively, to autonomous bodies i.e. BRTS Company, Hubli-Dharwad Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission, Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company, Power Company of Karnataka Limited, BESCOM / HESCOM / MESCOM / KPTCL, Udupi / Bellary Nagarabhivrudi Pradhikara, Higher Education Council; content is provided by autonomous bodies; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

The printing of books / annual reports and like, where content is supplied by the persons who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs, while the physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the printer would constitute a composite supply, where the principal supply is that of supply of printing service and merits classification under SAC 9989, in terms of Para 4 of the Circular No. 11/ 11/ 2017-GST dated 20.10. 2017.

The applicant states that they are charging @12% on the supply of Annual Reports & Receipt Books to Autonomous bodies, at present. However, they contend that the impugned supply is entitled for exemption under entry No.8 of the Notification No.12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017, which exempts only the supply of services provided by the State Government to another State Government etc., but not to the autonomous bodies. Thus the said entry is not relevant to the instant issue & the exemption is not available to the applicant and hence the impugned supply is exigible to tax.

The impugned supply is that of services, classified under SAC 9989 and attracts 12% GST, in terms of Sl.No.27 of Notification No.11/2017- Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017.

d. Supply of Goods to Autonomous bodies :

This category covers questions bearing numbers 31,32 & 33, which deals with Printing & supply of Log Books to autonomous bodies i.e. Karnataka Kolageri Abhivruddi mandali, Karnataka State Aids Prevention Society, Karnataka Vasathi Shikshana Samsthe, Karnataka Sarvajanika Arogya Samsthe; content is provided by Government of Karnataka; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

In the instant case, the applicant is engaged in supply of Log Books to autonomous bodies, where the content is not provided by the recipient but

provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka. The applicant supplies the Log Books itself out of the readily available stock and hence supply of the said items amounts to supply of goods.

Log book is nothing but a register to maintain the details of movement of the vehicle; merits classification under Chapter Heading 4820 and gets covered under entry No.154 of Schedule III to Notification 01/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 and thereby attracting GST @ 18%.

e. Supply to Public & Recognised Book Stalls

This category covers questions bearing numbers 2,5,6,19 & 27, which deals with printing & supply of Text books/ Karnataka kaipidis/Karnataka gazettes & Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka to Public & recognised book stalls, where the content is provided by any of the department of Government of Karnataka and physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant. In this case, the applicant supplies the aforesaid items out of the readily available stock, for which the content does not belong to the recipient and hence supply of the said items amounts to supply of goods.

All the items in the instant issue, i.e. Text books/ Karnataka kaipidis/ Karnataka gazettes & Economic Survey of Government of Karnataka, are nothing but printed books and merits classification under Chapter Heading 4901. Entry No.119 of Notification 02/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 exempts the printed books i.e. goods falling under heading 4901. The impugned items are squarely covered under the said entry and hence are exempted.

f. Supply of waste paper etc.,

This category covers question number 13, which deals with supply of waste paper, old sweepings, old & obsolete forms and books, unusable articles as waste. The applicant has not provided any relevant information with regard to unusable articles as to whether they are of paper only or not. Hence it is considered that the unusable articles & old sweepings are of paper only as the question raised in this regard is “Whether the applicant’s understanding of rate of tax of 5% is correct or not, on sale of waste paper?”

“Recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paper board” is classified under Tariff Heading 4707 of Customs Tariff Act 1975. Entry No.198 B of Schedule I to Notification No.1/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 as amended by the notification 34/2017 Central Tax (Rate) Dated 13/10/2017 covers the goods Recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paper board, falling under heading 4707 and in terms of the said entry the applicable rate of GST is 5% (CGST 2.5% & KGST 2.5%)

In the instant case it could be inferred from the question that the applicant seeks advance ruling with regard to rate of GST applicable on the sale/ supply of waste paper. Waste 86 scrap paper is classified under heading 4707 and attract 5% GST, as discussed above.

g. Supply/sale of old machinery as scrap

This category covers question number 14, which deals with supply of old machinery as scrap. The applicant seeks the rate of tax along with the relevant entry/ Notification number, if the old printing machinery is sold as scrap. The applicant has not furnished information as to whether the said machinery is of ferrous or non-ferrous material and hence the impugned machinery is considered as old printing machinery of ferrous material.

“Ferrous waste and scrap” is classified under Tariff Heading 7204 of Customs Tariff Act 1975. Entry No.199 of Schedule-III to Notification 1/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 covers the goods “Ferrous waste and scrap”, falling under heading 7204 and in terms of the said entry the applicable rate of GST is 18% (CGST-9% & KGST-9%).

In the instant case, the old printing machinery of ferrous material is intended to be sold/ supplied as scrap and the said old machinery, if sold as scrap, is considered as Ferrous Waste and Scrap. Thus the rate of GST applicable on the said Ferrous Waste and Scrap is 18% in terms of the aforesaid notification/entry number.

h. Supply of Stationery articles to Government Departments

This category covers question number 15, which deals with supply of stationery articles that are purchased from the registered dealers and supplied, as it is, to the Government departments, against the orders, at no profit or no Loss. The applicant contends that such transactions are exempted as the applicant is acting like a pure Agent. Thus the applicant raised question as to whether it is pure agent transaction and eligible for exemption or not and if taxable, the relevant entry / notification number.

Pure agent”, in terms of Rule 33 of CGST Rules 2017, means

a) a person who enters into a contractual agreement with the recipient of supply to act as his pure agent to incur expenditure or costs in the course of supply of goods or services or both;

b) neither intends to hold nor holds any title to the goods or services or both so procured or supplied as pure agent of the recipient of supply;

c) does not use for his own interest such goods or services so procured; and

d) receives only the actual amount incurred to procure such goods or services in addition to the amount received for supply he provides on his own account.

It could be seen from the above that for a person to act as a pure agent he must be a supplier of goods or services or both and then he must procure certain goods or services for the said supply, for which, he incurs expenditure, under the agreement, and collects the said expenditure in addition to the value of his supply, from the recipient. The amounts so collected are called reimbursable expenses and the person is called pure agent.

In the instant case the applicant, being the part of Government of Karnataka, procures the required stationery and distributes the same to various departments, but does not procure any other services or goods or both for the supply / distribution of the stationery items and hence the applicant does not qualify to be a pure agent.

Thus the impugned activity of supply of stationary items to other Departments of same Government of Karnataka who have not obtained separate registration under the GST Act does not qualify as supply in terms of Section 7(1) (a) of the CGST Act 2017, as explained at para 10(a) supra. However, if supply of stationary items is done to the other Departments of Government of Karnataka who have obtained separate registration under the GST Act, then the transaction qualify as supply in terms of Section 7(1)(a) of the CGST Act 2017 and liable to tax under GST.

i. Taxability of Transportation charges paid by the Applicant

This category covers question number 16 & 17, which deals with transportation services received by the applicant. The Applicant supplies the text books & other printed forms/PUC answer booklets to various Departments, as per the requirements, located at different parts of the state. During this process applicant receives the transportation service from the service provider. At present applicant is paying transportation charges along with the GST (it5% to the service provider.

The applicant seeks advance ruling on the issue that whether they are liable to pay GST on the transportation charges paid to the service provider, in relation to transportation of the text books & other printed forms/PUC answer booklets. The applicant has not clearly specified whether the service provider is a Goods Transport Agency or otherwise. Therefore two situations arise out of the question. The first being the service provider is GTA, a registered person and the other being a non GTA.

We consider the first situation i.e. the service provider is the GTA and also the applicant is receiver of the service of Transport of Goods by Road. In this case the applicant, being the receiver of the service, if falls under the specified 7 categories mentioned at column 4 of the Notification No. 13/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28-06-2017, then the applicant is liable to pay GST on the service of GTA, under Reverse Charge Mechanism, in terms of the said Notification. The applicable rate of GST, on the said service is as per item (iii) of entry no 9 of the notification 11/2017 Central tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017 as amended by the notification 20/2017 Central tax (Rate) dated 22/08/2017.

The applicant, in the second situation, if receives the service of transportation of goods [the text books & other printed forms/PUC answer booklets] by road from other than the GTA and Courier agency, such transportation service is exempted from payment of GST as per entry no. 18 of the notification 12/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017.

The applicant also seeks advance ruling on the issue that whether they can deduct TDS on the transportation charges paid. The applicant has to pay GST, under RCM, in the first situation and not required pay in the second situation. Therefore in either of the situation the applicant not paying the tax (GST) to the provider of the service and hence the question of deduction of TDS on the transportation charges paid does not arise.

J. Printing & Supply of “Indian Law Reports” to the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka:

This category covers the question number 22, which deals with printing & supply of Indian Law Reports to the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka, Bengaluru at free of cost; content is provided by Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

The printing of books / annual reports and like, where content is supplied by the persons who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs, while the physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the printer would constitute a composite supply, where the principal supply is that of supply of printing service and merits classification under SAC 9989, in terms of Para 4 of the Circular No. 11/ 11/2017-GST dated 20.10. 2017.

In the instant case the applicant being a Government press, established by the Government of Karnataka, under the control and supervision of Primary & Secondary Education Secretariat and hence becomes part of Government of Karnataka. Applicant printing & supply the Indian Law Reports to the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka, Bengaluru; content is provided by Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant. Therefore, in the instant activity, the principal supply is that of supply of printing service and transaction becomes supply of service.

The entry no 6 of the notification 12/2017 Cenrtal Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017 provides that the services by the Central Government, State Government, Union territory or local authority are exempted from GST excluding the following services;

a. services by the Department of Posts by way of speed post, express parcel post, life insurance, and agency services provided to a person other than the Central Government, State Government, Union territory;

b. services in relation to an aircraft or a vessel, inside or outside the precincts of a port or an airport;

c. transport of goods or passengers; or

d. any service, other than services covered under entries (a) to (c) above, provided to business entities

Therefore from the said entry it is observed that any service provided by the Government of Karnataka to business entity is excluded from exemption. Now we proced to determine the whether the Honourable High Court is business entity or not. The term ‘business entity’ is defined under the GST Act, means any person carrying out busness. However, Honourable High Court is not included in the definition of the ‘person’ as defined under section 2(84) of the GST CGST Act 2017and hence Honourable High Court Karnataka is not a business entity. The definition of ‘person’ as per section 2(84) of the CGST Act, 2017 is as under;

2 (84) “person” includes— (a) an individual; (b) a Hindu Undivided Family; (c) a company; (d) a firm; (e) a Limited Liability Partnership; (f) an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, in India or outside India; (g) any corporation established by or under any Central Act, State Act or Provincial Act or a Government company as defined in clause (45) of section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013; (h) any body corporate incorporated by or under the laws of a country outside India; (i) a co­operative society registered under any law relating to co-operative societies; (j) a local authority; (k) Central Government or a State Government; (1) society as defined under the Societies Registration Act, 1860; (m) trust; and (n) every artificial juridical person, not falling within any of the above;

From the above, the printing & supply of Indian Law Reports to the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka, Bengalure by the applicant is exempted from GST in terms of entry no 6 of the notification 12/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017.

K. Issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) to private persons, for change of name

This category covers the questions bearing number 23, 24 & 25, which deals with issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) to private persons, for change of name. Private individual who intended to change their name approach the applicant for publishing their present and proposed name in the official Gazette. Since the private individual name is not published in the official Gazette, applicant issues No Objection Certificate to the private individual which enable them to publish their name in the newspapers. Presently applicant is charging Rs.100/-, for each NOC and not paying GST on this amount.

The applicant being the Department of Government of Karnataka, issues the No Objection Certificate to the private individuals and collects an amount of Rs.100/-. This activity of the applicant amounts to provision of service by the State Government to an individual. The services provided by the State Government, where the consideration for such service does not exceed five thousand rupees are exempted from GST, in terms of entry number 9 of the Notification No.12/2017 Central tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017. Thus impugned activity of issuing NOC to the private individuals for the consideration of Rs.100/- is exempted from GST.

l. Printing & Supply of Bus Tickets to BMTC, Bengaluru.

This category covers the questions bearing number 29 & 30, which deals with printing & supply of bus tickets to BMTC, Bengaluru; Logo & Content of the bus tickets are provided by the BMTC; physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant.

The printing of books / annual reports and like, where content is supplied by the persons who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs, while the physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the printer would constitute a composite supply, where the principal supply is that of supply of printing service and merits classification under SAC 9989, in terms of Para 4 of the Circular No. 11/ 11/2017-GST dated 20.10. 2017.

In the instant case the applicant is involved in printing & supply of bus tickets; content is provided by the BMTC (recipient); physical inputs including paper belong to the applicant and hence the impugned activity amounts to supply of service, in terms of para 4 of the circular supra. The impugned supply is that of services, classified under SAC 9989 and attracts 12% GST, in terms of Sl.No.27 of Notification No.11/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017.

11. The applicant raised the questions bearing numbers 3, 10, 12 & 28, which are related to different issues. In all these questions the applicant raises same type of question whether the activity in these different issues amounts to supply of goods or services. These questions have been already answered in the relevant issues and hence they are redundant.

12. In view of the foregoing, we pass the following

RULING

The rulings in respect of all the questions raised by the applicant have been given & tabulated which are as under:

Table 1

Download Judgment/Order

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