In addition to seven Central Government Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and 12 State/Private Sector SEZs set up prior to the enactment of SEZ Act, 2005, formal approval has been accorded to 582 proposals out of which 374 SEZs have been notified. A total of 130 SEZs have commenced export. Statements containing state-wise and sector-wise distribution of SEZs are enclosed.
As on 31st December, 2010, an investment of Rs. 1,95,348 crore has been made in SEZs and the total direct employment in SEZs is 6,44,073 persons. The total physical Exports of Rs. 2,20,711 crore approximately have been made from SEZs during the year 2009-10 registering a growth of about 121.40% over the exports for the previous financial year. A statement showing sector-wise distribution of exports for the financial year 2009-10 is also enclosed. Exports from SEZs have been 26.10% of the total exports of the country during the said financial year. The total physical exports from SEZs as on 31st December, 2010 i.e. in the first three quarters of the current financial year, has been to the tune of Rs. 2,23,132 crore approximately registering a growth of 46.7% over the exports of corresponding period of the previous financial year. Total land area of notified SEZs is 44,414 hectares. SEZ being set up under the SEZ Act, 2005 are primarily private investment driven. The fiscal concessions and duty benefits allowed to SEZs are in built into the SEZ Act, 2005.
The Approval Committees under the Development Commissioners constituted for each Zone, which comprise representatives from Customs, Income-tax, State Governments etc. have been directed to monitor the performance of the SEZ Units. This includes scrutiny of Annual Performance Report (APR), Quarterly Performance Report (QPR) and details of rent recovery. Failure to meet the requirements of the scheme or any violation attracts action under Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992.
On a request received from the developer, Board of Approval considers the request of extension of formal approval beyond the period of initial three years on case to case basis.
Citing global economic slowdown as the main reason, the requests for de-notification have been received from the developers. The Board of Approval has allowed 23 such requests in respect of SEZs located in various states and Union Territories. However, the final denotification is allowed only on receipt of certificate from the respective Development Commissioner that the Developer has refunded the duties/benefits, if any, availed by him.
|State-wise distribution of approved Special Economic Zones|
|State||Formal Approval||Notified SEZs||Operational SEZs (Central Govt. + State Govt./Pvt. SEZs + notified SEZs under the Act, 2005)|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli||3||1||0|
|Sector-wise Distribution of approved Special Economic Zones|
|Sectors||Formal approvals||Notified SEZs||Operational SEZs (Central Govt. + State Govt./Pvt. SEZs + notified SEZs under the Act, 2005)|
|Airport based multiproduct||3||0||0|
|Auto and related||3||1||1|
|Aviation/Aerospace/ Animation & Gaming/ Copper||3||2||2|
|Beach & mineral/ metals||2||2||0|
|Building prod./mal./ transport equt.||1||1||2|
|Gems and Jewellery||13||6||3|
|Handicrafts & Carpets||4||2||2|
|Petrochemicals & petro.||4||2||0|
|Power/alternate energy/ solar||3||1||1|
|Writing and printing paper mills||2||1||0|
|Granite processing Industries and other allied machinery/ manufacturing||1||1||0|
|Sector-wise Exports during the financial year 2009-10|
|( In Rs. Crore)|
|1||Multi Product SEZs||144971.77|
|5||Gem and Jewellery||14984.41|
|7||Auto and related items||226.07|
|9||Footwear and Leather Products||253.05|
|13||Animation & Gaming||0.45|
|14||Aluminium & Aluminium related Industries||8.78|
This information was given by Shri Jyotiraditya M Scindia, Minister of State for Commerce and Industry, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.