(i) For the purpose of computing income / loss under the head ‘Income from House Property’ in respect of a self-occupied residential house, a normal deduction of Rs.30,000/- is allowable in respect of interest on borrowed capital. However, a deduction on account of interest up to a maximum limit of Rs.1,50,000/- is available if such loan has been taken on or after 1.4.1999 for constructing or acquiring the residential house and the construction or acquisition of the residential unit out of such loan has been completed within three years from the end of the financial year in which capital was borrowed. Such higher deduction is not allowable in respect of interest on capital borrowed for the purposes of repairs or renovation of an existing residential house. To claim the higher deduction in respect of interest upto Rs.1,50,000/-,the employee should furnish a certificate from the person to whom any interest is payable on the capital borrowed, specifying the amount of interest payable by such employee for the purpose of construction or acquisition of the residential house or for conversion of a part or whole of the capital borrowed, which remains to be repaid as a new loan.
(ii)The essential conditions for availing higher deduction of interest of Rs.1,50,000/- in respect of a self-occupied residential house are that the amount of capital must have been borrowed on or after 01.4.1999 and the acquisition or construction of residential house must have been completed within three years from the end of the financial year in which capital was borrowed. There is no stipulation regarding the date of commencement of construction. Consequently, the construction of the residential house could have commenced before 01.4.1999 but, as long as its construction/ acquisition is completed within three years, from the end of the financial year in which capital was borrowed the higher deduction would be available in respect of the capital borrowed after 1.4.1999. It may also be noted that there is no stipulation regarding the construction/ acquisition of the residential unit being entirely financed by capital borrowed on or after 01.4.1999.The loan taken prior to 01.4.1999 will carry deduction of interest up to Rs.30,000/ only. However, in any case the total amount of deduction of interest on borrowed capital will not exceed Rs.1,50,000/- in a year.