Balwant Jain

So the new Income Tax forms have been notified by the government after the forms notified earlier in April were withdrawn due to huge protest by the tax payers. Let us now understand the latest requirements as to the forms which you are required to file. I also intend to discuss other relevant matters relating to additional disclosure on bank accounts and foreign travels as originally proposed and  modified as per these modified ITR forms.

The government has notified four forms for  filing of yourn income tax returns which are applicable to Individual and/or HUF. Let us discuss as to which form you need to file?

Form No ITR 1: This is also known as Sahaj meaning easy. This form can only be filed by an Individual and no other assessee can use this form for filing of their return of income. It is not that every individual can use this form. This form can only be used by a person whose source of income is salary and  not business.  Even a pensioners can use this form. Moreover you can also  use this form in case you have any income under the head income from other sources which generally includes interest from various investment products like saving bank account, recurring bank account, fixed deposits with bank and post offices.  This form can be used by you even if you have any exempt income in addition to the taxable income from two of the sources discussed above. You can not use this form in case your agricultural income exceeds Rs. 5,000/- in the previous year as the same need to be added to your regular income for the purpose of determining the average rate of tax on which your other income shall be taxed.  So you can use this form even if your other exempt income exceeds the threshold of Rs. 5,000/- earlier there was a cap of Rs. 5,000/- of exempt income for using this form.

Please note that if you have won any lottery or have any income from house race  in the last year, you can not use this form. Moreover you can use this form only if you own one house property, so in case you own more than one house, you can not use this form. This can also not be used in case you have any asset outside India or any income from a source outside India.

In my opinion this is the forms which would be applicable to majority of the tax payers as most of the tax payers are salaried and do not own more than one house property and have only income taxable under the head “Income from other sources” in addition to receiving either salaries or pension.

Form No. ITR 2A : This is a new form introduced from this year.  This form can be used by Individual as well as an HUF unlike the form ITR 1 which can only be used by an Individual  and  who does not have any taxable income under the head “profits and Gains or business or Profession” or “capital Gains”. Moreover in case you have any foreign asset outside India or have income from any foreign source you still can not use this form for filing of your income tax return. It may be noted that you can use this form in case you have more than one house property or have agricultural income exceeding Rs. 5,000/- . This form is extended version of form No. ITR1 and can be used only if you either do not have business income or capital gains as well as do not own any foreign asset or have foreign income.

Form No ITR 2: This form can be used by Individual as well as an HUF.  This form can be used in case you have income taxable under the head Capital Gains in addition to the income taxable under the head “Salaries” and “Income from other Sources”. This form can be used by you even in case you have income from lotteries of horse races. This form can also be used by you in case you have agricultural income exceeding Rs. 5,000/- or you own more than one house property. However this  form  can not be used by you if you have any income taxable under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession howsoever small the amount taxable under this head.

This form can even be used by the resident tax payers who have any foreign asset or any income from foreign source.

Form No. ITR 4S: This is commonly called sugam. This form can be filed by any individual or an HUF who has   business income which is taxable at certain predefined basis either as certain percentage of your gross receipt/sales  or your income is presumed at fixed amount per income yielding asset owned by you like truck etc. So this form can be used only and only if your business income is taxable on  some presumptive basis. Broadly speaking this form can be filed  by a person who is otherwise entitled to file his return of income  in ITR 1 but can not file as he has certain business income taxable at predetermined way. So in case you have capital gains income or agricultural income exceeding Rs. 5,000 or own any foreign asset or have income from any foreign source you can not use this return to file your return of income. You can not use this form even if you have income from lottery or horse race.

Requirement of disclosure in respect of passport and bank accounts

The forms notified earlier had provisions for disclosure of foreign travels undertaken with details of expenses incurred by you. However the revised forms have done away with this requirement and you are only required to give details of your passport number.

As regards the other requirements of furnishing details of your bank account the earlier forms had requirement to furnish details of all the bank accounts held during the previous year  including the particulars of joint holders and closing balances in those bank account. The revised forms have the requirements to furnished the details of only active bank account and in case there are no transaction in the bank account during the last three year, you do not have to furnish the details of such dormant bank accounts. Moreover you are not required to furnish the details of balances at the year end and the details of the joint holder of the accounts.

However you are still required to furnish the  details of the bank name, IFSC code and account number of all your bank accounts whether saving or current account. It seems you are not required to furnish details of your recurring account or fixed deposits with banks held by you during the year.

The forms to be used by the person who has taxable income under the head profits and gains of business or profession  other than on presumptive basis are  not yet notified for the current filing.

I am sure the above discussion will help you in determining  which form you need to use for filing of your income tax return.

Balwant Jain is a CA, CS and CFP. Presently working as Company Secretary of Bombay Oxygen Corporation Limited. He can be reached at jainbalwant@gmail.com

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0 responses to “Which return form you need to use for filing of your return”

  1. Vaibhav says:

    Thanks for the information. I have income from House property, which was purchased against loan from the bank. Further I income from business which falls under presumptive business and Capital gain from securities. I want to know, which ITR shall I fill to file the return for FY 2014-15 (Asst 2015-16). Regards

  2. Bhalchandra says:

    Nice information. Thanks for update.
    Bhalchandra

  3. Ram says:

    Hi, I resigned to my previous company on 28-Oct 2014 & joined a new company. I didnt receive any salary for the month of october from my previous employer but they mentioned in the form 16 that i received salary for the month of october. This is making me to pay tax for the income that ive never earned. I have my salary account e-statements which stand as a proof that i didnt receive any salary for that month. could you please tell me a solution to deal with this which helps me not to pay tax for the income ive never earned & how can i take legal action over this on my previous employer

    Regards
    Ram

  4. Tapankanti Mandal says:

    I have pension income for which no one issue form 16 and interest income from savings bank and fixed deposit,exempt income like ppf interest and one time purchase i.e 33% of ICICI PRU LIFE. Hence I may use ITR 1.

  5. Kumar Patankar says:

    Thanks for giving very essential information on ITR. Further I have a query Can parent of unmarried or married girl take rent monthly rent from his/her daughter or son who is salaried asses see for using owned property of the parents in order to get HRA tax benefit as per sec.10(13A). However, parents is showing the income received from such rent in hit ITR and submitting Pan no and having legal contact for 11 months.pl.advise Also pl. let me know if this benefit to be utilized which was remained to be claimed with employer, this can be claimed in ITR filing, so which form to be used for Asst.Year 2015-16(fY.2014-15)Is it form 2A (new)Pl.advise. Thanks Sir.

  6. Dr Sudhir Gandhi says:

    Nice Information on ITRs

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