As we all know the TDS compliance is one of the important compliances in current scenario. Many of the taxpayer are not as compliant and hence they need to face its adverse consequences, penalty or prosecution as per case to case basis. Hence today in this article we are Penalty, prosecution and adverse compliances faced by assessee in default in case of TDS compliance.

1. Interest Liability:

a) Section 201(1A)- Interest on failure to deduct tax and interest on failure to deposit deducted tax amount

Fail to deduct TDS – 1% from the due date of deduction till the date of deduction

Fail to Deposit TDS – 1 .5% from the date of deduction till the date of payment

b) Section 220(2)-Interest on failure to pay the amount demanded u/s 156 issued by way of notice of demand

1% from the due date of payment of demand (due date for payment of demand shall be 30 days from the date of notice of demand)

2. Late Fee under section 234E:

The Deductor or the Collector would be liable to pay a late fee for non-filing / late filing of TDS / TCS returns as per provisions of section 234E of the Income Tax Act.

In case of default in filing of TDS / TCS return, a late fee of Rs 200 per day is payable by the defaulter till the default continues. However, the maximum of late fees cannot exceed the amount of tax deductible (TDS) or collectible (TCS), as the case may be.

It is important to note that the provisions of section 234E of the Income Tax Act clearly states that in case of delay, the applicable late fee is to be paid before filing of the delayed TDS or TCS return.

3. Penalty:

a) Section 271C: Penalty for failure to deduct tax at source

  • Failure to deduct the whole or any part of the tax—
    • As required under the provisions of Chapter XVIIB, or
    • As required under section 115-O(2) or
    • As per second proviso to section 194B
  • Penalty of the sum equal to the amount of tax which was required to be deducted or paid shall be payable. Any penalty imposable shall be imposed by the Joint Commissioner.

b) Section 271H: Penalty for failure to furnish the statements

  • A person shall be liable to pay penalty, if
    • He fails to deliver a statement within the time prescribed in section 200(3)
    • He fails to deliver a statement within the time prescribed in section 200(3) or
    • Furnishes incorrect information in the statement which is required to be delivered
  • The penalty payable shall be a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 10,000 but which may extend to Rs. 1,00,000

C) Section 272A(2)(g) – Penalty for failure to furnish a certificate

If any person fails to furnish a certificate certificate as required by section section 203 (i.e. Form 16 or Form 16A) he shall be liable to pay a sum of Rs.100 for everyday during which the failure continues.

4. Prosecution under section 276B: Failure to pay tax to the credit of Central Government under Chapter XII-D or XVII-B

If a person deducts tax at source etc. but fails to pay the same to the credit of Central Government as prescribed, he can be sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than 3 months and extendable upon 7 years with fine as well.

5. Other Consequences of TDS Default:

Non allowance of expenditure u/s 40(a)(ia)

  • Failure to deduct tax on interest, commission, brokerage, rent, royalty or professional fees etc.
  • Having deducted, failure to pay the tax deducted within the dates prescribed or before the due date of filing the return of income u/s 139(1), results in disallowance of expenditure
  • If tax is deducted & paid in the subsequent year, or paid after the end of the previous year but after due date of return u/s 139(1) then expenditure is deductible in that year.

Republished with Amendments

More Under Income Tax


  1. Manoj Agarwal says:

    Dear Mr. Aseef,

    Yes, you can claim deduction under section 80C for amount invested in FDR (5 years). Further, you have to incorporate interest income on accrual basis for the period 25/JAN/2012 to 31/MAR/2012 in your income under the head Income from Other Sources. You can ask the bank for interest certificate for the period ending on 31.03.2012.

  2. Aseef says:

    Dear sir,
    I joined a 5 yr tax saving fd at sbi for 1 lakh @9.25% on jan 25 2012.
    will i get exemption of 100000 under 80c for AY 2012-2013?
    when i file returns for ay 2012-2013,should i include income from interests of this fd? If yes ,please tell me how much amount..thanks and regards…

  3. pawan kumar says:

    the interest rate for late deposit of TDS is 1.5 % per month (i e 18%) as per amended section 201(A). Plz dont provide wrong information to viewer , those possess lots of faith in the site.

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May 2021