Case Law Details

Case Name : Rohan Dyes and Intermediates Ltd. Vs Union of India (Gujarat High Court)
Appeal Number : R/Special Civil Appeal No. 19852 of 2018
Date of Judgement/Order : 11/03/2020
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : All High Courts (5574) Gujarat High Court (550)

Rohan Dyes and Intermediates Ltd. Vs Union of India (Gujarat High Court)

Conclusion: Assessee should upload the form GST TRAN1 within a period of two weeks from the date of receipt of the writ of this order as the delay was due to technical glitches in the GST portal.

Held: Assessee-company was entitled to carry forward credit of CENVAT as available/admissible on the day immediately preceding the appointed day i.e. 1st July 2017 read with Rule 117 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017 . According to assessee, it tried to upload form GST TRAN1 to claim credit amounting to Rs. 9,06,154/ and Rs. 38,83,511/for its Vatva Unit towards excise duty paid and Rs.13,53,244/towards service tax credit. However, due to technical glitches in the GST portal, assessee could not file / upload the form GST TRAN1. Assessee approached the GST Department as well as jurisdictional Nodal Officer appointed by the GST Department for redressal of its grievances. In spite of the efforts made by assessee, the case of assessee was not considered by the competent authority so as to enable the assessee to claim credit of CENVAT in view of transitional provisions of Section 140 of the Act, 2017 as on 1st July 2017. It was held that in view of the settled legal position, assessee was entitled to claim credit of CENVAT as well as service tax as on 30th June 2017 as per the provisions under Section 140(1) of the Act, 2017 read with Rule 117 of the Rules 2017. The jurisdictional officer, was directed to verify the claim of credit of CENVAT and service tax of assessee so as to enable assessee to carry forward by filing / uploading form GST TRAN1 on GST portal. The competent authority should complete the exercise of verification and permit assessee to upload the form GST TRAN1 within a period of two weeks from the date of receipt of the writ of this order so that assessee could upload the form GST TRAN1 on or before 31st March 2020.

FULL TEXT OF THE HIGH COURT ORDER /JUDGEMENT

1 Rule returnable forthwith. Learned advocate Mr. Ankit Shah waives service of notice of rule for and on behalf of the respondents.

2 By this petition under Article 226 of the Constitution of India, the petitioner has prayed for the following reliefs:

“A) Your Lordships be pleased to issue a writ of mandamus or any such appropriate writ order or direction directing the concerned respondents to immediately consider and allow the Transition credit to the petitioner, based on the manual TRAN 1 form, if so required, and transfer the entire Rs. 9,06,154/for Unit 1 and Rs.38,83,511 for their Vatva Unit, towards Excise Duty paid credit and Rs. 13,53,244/(Rs. 6,13,672/+ 7,39,572/) towards Service Tax Credit, in terms of Section 140(3) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 and allow filing / uploading of Form GST TRAN 1 no;

A1) That the amount of Rs.9.06,154 for Unit 1 and Rs.38,83,511 for credit of Excise Duty of Vatva Unit and Rs.13,53,244 for credit of service tax of Vatva Unit if not allowed as credit under TRAN1 due to technical glitches should be paid in cash to the petitioner under the GST Regime.

B) Any other further relief that may be deemed fit in the facts and circumstances of the case may also please be granted.”

3 The petitioner is a limited company registered under the Companies Act, 1956. The petitioner is also registered under the provisions of the Central Goods and Services Act, 2017 [for short, ‘the Act, 2017’].

4 It is the case of the petitioner that Section 140 of the Act, 2017 provides that the petitioner is entitled to carry forward credit of CENVAT as available/admissible on the day immediately preceding the appointed day i.e. 1st July 2017 read with Rule 117 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017 [for short, ‘the Rule 2017’]. According to the petitioner, the petitioner tried to upload form GST TRAN1 to claim credit amounting to Rs. 9,06,154/ and Rs. 38,83,511/for its Vatva Unit towards excise duty paid and Rs.13,53,244/towards service tax credit. However, due to technical glitches in the GST portal, the petitioner could not file / upload the form GST TRAN1.

5 It is the case of the petitioner that time and again the petitioner approached the GST Department as well as jurisdictional Nodal Officer appointed by the GST Department for redressal of its grievances. In spite of the efforts made by the petitioner, the case of the petitioner was not considered by the competent authority so as to enable the petitioner to claim credit of CENVAT in view of transitional provisions of Section 140 of the Act, 2017 as on 1st July 2017. Learned advocate Mr. Mishra for the petitioner submitted that the petitioner is entitled to credit of CENVAT as well as service tax as on 30th June 2017 as per the provisions under Section 140(1) of the Act, 2017 read with Rule 117 of the Rules 2017.

6 Learned advocate for the petitioner relied upon the decision of a Coordinate Bench of this Court in the case of M/s Siddharth Enterprises vs. The Nodal Officer in Special Civil Application No.5758 of 2019 and allied matters decided on 6th September 2019, wherein it is held that the petitioner is entitled to transitional credit of CENVAT as well as service tax as it is the legitimate right of the petitioner to carry forward credit of CENVAT as well as service tax under the Act, 2017:

“38 By not allowing the right to carry forward the CENVAT credit for not being able to file the form GST Tran1 within the due date may severely dent the writapplicants working capital and may diminish their ability to continue with the business.

Such action violates the mandate of Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution of India.

39 This High Court, in the case of Indsur Global Ltd. v. Union of India, reported in 2014 (310) E.L.T. 833 (Gujarat), has held as under:

“34. By no stretch of imagination, the restriction imposed under subrule (3A) of Rule 8 to the extend it requires a defaulter irrespective of its extent, nature and reason for the default to pay the excise duty without availing Cenvat credit to his account can be stated to be a reasonable restriction. It leads to a situation so harsh and a position so unenviable that it would be virtually impossible for an assessee who is trapped in the whirlpool to get out of his financial difficulties. This is quite apart from being wholly reasonable, being irrational and arbitrary and therefore, violative of Article 14 of the Constitution. It prevents him from availing credit of duty already paid by him. It also is a serious affront to his right to carry on his trade or business guaranteed under Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution. On both the counts, therefore, that portion of subrule (3A) of rule must fail.”

“40. The liability to pay GST on sale of stock carried forward from the previous tax regime without corresponding input tax credit would lead to double taxation on the same subject matter and, therefore, it is arbitrary and irrational.

41. C.B.E. & C. Flyer No.20, dated 1.1.2018 had clarified as under :

“(c) Credit on duty paid stock : A registered taxable person. Other than manufacturer or service provider, may have a duty paid goods in his stock on 1st July 2017. GST would be payable on all supplies of goods or services made after the appointed day. It is not the intention of the Government to collect tax twice on the same goods.

Hence, in such cases, it has been provided that the credit of the duty/tax paid earlier would be admissible as credit.”

42. Article 300A provides that no person shall be deprived of property saved by authority of law. While right to the property is no longer a fundamental right but it is still a constitutional right. CENVAT credit
earned under the erstwhile Central Excise Law is the property of the writapplicants and it cannot be appropriated for merely failing to file a declaration in the absence of Law in this respect. It could have been appropriated by the government by providing for the same in the CGST Act but it cannot be taken away by virtue of merely framing Rules in this regard.

43. In the result, all the four writ applications succeed and are hereby allowed. The respondents are directed to permit the writapplicants to allow filing of declaration in form GST TRAN1 and GST TRAN2 so as to enable them to claim transitional credit of the eligible duties in respect of the inputs held in stock on the appointed day in terms of Section 140(3) of the Act. It is further declared that the due date contemplated under Rule 117 of the CGST Rules for the purposes of claiming transitional credit is procedural in nature and thus should not be construed as a mandatory provision.”

7 Learned advocate for the petitioner submitted that the respondents may be directed to consider the case of the petitioner after verification of credit of CENVAT as well as service tax available to the petitioner as on 1st July 2017 so as to enable the petitioner to upload form GST TRAN1 on or before 31st March 2020 in view of the order No. 01/2020 GST dated 7th February, 2020 issued by Government of India, Ministry of Finance.

8 On the other hand, learned standing counsel Mr. Ankit Shah for the respondents submitted that as per the respondents, there are no technical glitches found in the case of the petitioner and therefore, the petitioner was not allowed to upload the form GST TRAN1. On a specific query put to the learned advocate for the respondents that whether the claim of transitional credit made by the petitioner is genuine or not, he submitted that on verification of such claim, if it is found to be genuine, the petitioner can file / upload GST TRAN1. Learned standing counsel for the respondents as regards genuineness claim submitted that the same shall be looked into by the respondent No.4.

9 Having considered the submissions made by the respective parties and having through the materials on record, it appears that if the petitioner could not upload the form GST TRAN1 due to technical glitches and in spite of various representations made by the petitioner, he was not allowed to upload the form GST TRAN1.

10 In view of the settled legal position as stated hereinabove, the petitioner is entitled to claim credit of CENVAT as well as service tax as on 30th June 2017 as per the provisions under Section 140(1) of the Act, 2017 read with Rule 117 of the Rules 2017.

11 In such circumstances, respondent No.4, who is the jurisdictional officer, is directed to verify the claim of credit of CENVAT and service tax of the petitioner so as to enable the petitioner to carry forward by filing / uploading form GST TRAN1 on GST portal.

12 Reliance placed by the petitioner on the order No.01/2020 GST dated 7th February 2020 of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs reads as under:

“F. No. CBEC-20/06/17/2018-GST(pt. I)
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
(Department of Revenue)
(Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs)

Order No. 01/2020 GST

Subject : Extension of time limit for submitting the declaration in Form GST TRAN1 under Rule 117(1A) of the Central Goods and Service Tax Rules, 2017 in certain cases

In exercise of the powers conferred by subrule (1A) of Rule 117 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017 read with Section 168 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, on the recommendations of the Council, and its super session of Order No.01/2019-GST dated 31.01.2019, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such super session, the Commissioner hereby extends the period for submitting the declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1 till 31st March, 2020, for the class of registered persons who could not submit the said declaration by the due date on account of technical difficulties on the common portal and whose cases have been recommended by the Council.

Sd/

(Yogendra Garg)
Principal Commissioner (GST)”

13 In view of the above facts, respondent No.4 shall complete the exercise of verification and permit the petitioner to upload the form GST TRAN1 within a period of two seeks from the date of receipt of the writ of this order so that the petitioner can upload the form GST TRAN1 on or before 31st March 2020.

14 With the aforesaid directions, petition stands disposed of. Rule is made absolute to the aforesaid extent. Direct service is permitted.

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