CA Sanjeev Singhal

CA Sanjeev Singhal

Supply is wider term used in GST law as the GST is based on Supply only. Now the question arises what is supply. Supply is transfer of goods and services on which GST will be imposed. Supply has been mainly defined in Section 3 of GST law subject to Schedule- I to IV. Supply has been further elaborated in IGST law whether the supply is interstate supply or Intra-State supply. This is important because if the supply is Intra- State, then CGST and SGST will be attracted otherwise if the supplly is Inter State then IGST will be levied. To understand whether the transaction is Inter State or Intra-State or Import or Export,  it is important to understand the provision of Place of Supply which has been narrated in Section- 3 to 4 and 7 to 10 of the IGST Law.

Supply has been defined in Section 2[26] of IGST Law as follows;

“Supply” shall have the meaning as assigned to it  in Section 3 of the CGST Act .

Provision of Supply of Goods and /or Services in the course of Inter State Trade or Commerce [ Section -3 ]

  • Location of the supplier and recipient should be in different states
  • Import of goods and services in to India shall be treated as interstate trade or commerce.
  • Supply of Goods or Services from India to place outside India shall be treated as Inter State trade or commerce.
  • Supply of goods or services to SEZ developer or SEZ unit shall be treated as Inter State trade or commerce.
  • Any supply of goods or services which is not an Intra State supply shall be treated as Inter State Trade or Commerce.

Provision of Supply of Goods and /or Services in the course of Intra State Trade or Commerce [ Section-4 ]

  • Intra state supply of goods means supply of goods where the location of supplier and place of supply are in the same State. But does not include
  • Supply to or by SEZ developer and SEZ Unit
  • Supply of goods brought into India in the course of import till they cross the custom frontier of India.
  • Intra State supply of services means any supply of services where the location of supplier and place of supply is in the same State but does not include supply to or by SEZ Developer or SEZ unit.

Place of Supply of Goods other than import and export [ Section-7 ]

      Situation    Place of Supply
1.Movement of goods by supplier or recipient. Where the movement of goods terminate for delivery to recipient.
2. where the goods are delivered to recipient or any person on the direction of third person by way of transfer of title or otherwise, it shall be deemed that third person has received the goods shall be principal place of business of such person
3. where there is no movement of goods either by supplier or recipient Location of such goods at the time of delivery to recipient
4. where goods are assembled or installed at site Shall be where the goods are assembled or installed
5. where the goods are supplied on board a conveyance, like vessel, aircraft, train or motor vehicle Shall be goods where taken on board

Place of supply of Goods import into and export from India [ Section -8 ]

  • Place of supply of goods imported in to India shall be the location of importer.
  • Place of supply of goods exported from India shall be the location outside India.

Place of supply of Services where the location of supplier of services and location of recipient of services is in India. [ Section -9 ]

Situation Place of Supply
1. Except the specific services  mentioned below , the place of supply of services to registered person Shall be the location of such person
2. Except the specific services mentioned below , the place of supply of services to unregistered person Location of recipient of services where the address exist

Location of supplier otherwise

3.a] services in relation to immovable property including services by Architect, interior decorator, surveyor, engineers, estate agent, grant of right to use immovable property for carrying out or co-ordination of construction work

b]  lodging accommodation by hotel, inn, guest house, home stay, club or campsite, house boat or other vessel

c] accommodation in immovable property for marriage or reception or matter related therewith , official, social , cultural , religious or business function including service for such functions.

d] ancillary to above services in a, b and c

Location of Immovable property, boat or vessel

If immovable property, boat or vessel is located outside India then location of the recipient.

If the services are provided in more than one State, proportion of service provided in each State.

4. restaurant and catering service, personal grooming , fitness, beauty treatment, health services including cosmetic and plastic surgery Where the services are actually performed
5. training and performance appraisal Location of registered person.

Location where the service are performed in case of unregistered person.

6. Admission to cultural, artistic, sporting ,scientific, educational or entertainment event or amusement park or any other place Where the event is actually held
7. organizing of a cultural, artistic, sporting ,scientific, educational or entertainment including supply of services to exhibition, conference, fair, celebration or similar events If to registered person, location of such person

Other than registered person, place of such event actually held

If event is held outside India then location of the recipient

If the services are provided in more than one State, proportion of service provided in each State

8. transportation of goods including by mail or courier In case to registered person, location of such person.

Otherwise , location where the goods are handed over.

9. Transportation of passenger In case to registered person, location of such person

Otherwise , place where person embark  on conveyance for continuous journey

Return journey shall be treated as separate journey

10. services on board a conveyance such as vessel, aircraft, train or motor vehicle First schedule departure point of the conveyance
11.telecommunication including data transfer, broadcasting, cable and DTH television services

a] fixed line, leased circuit , internet lease circuit, cable or dish antenna-

b] Mobile connection for telecommunication, internet on post paid basis-

c] Mobile connection for telecommunication, internet and DTH on prepaid basis-

 i] through selling agent or reseller or distributor of SIM or recharge voucher

 ii] by any person to the final subscriber

d] any other case other than b and c above

 

 

 

Where it is installed

Billing Address

Address of seller , reseller or distributor as per the record of supplier

Where prepayment is received or voucher is sold

Address of recipient as per the record of supplier

Where the address of the recipient is not known , location of supplier.

If prepaid service or recharge is made on internet banking, address of recipient.

12. banking and other financial services including stock broking Location of recipient of services, if recipient location not known then location of supplier
13. Insurance services In case to registered person, location of such person.

Otherwise , location of the recipient of services.

14. advertisement service to State Govt. or Central Government, statutory body or local authority for identifiable States and the value of such supply identifiable to each State Proportion to amount attributable to service provided by way of dissemination in the respective State as per the contract.

Place of Supply of services where the location of the supplier or location of recipient is out of India. [ Section -10 ]

Situation Place of Supply
1. Except the specific services mentioned below Location of recipient of services where the address exist

Location of supplier otherwise

2.a] Goods required to be made available for providing services to the supplier of services

Where services are provided from remote location by way of electronic means

b] service supplied to individual , represented either as recipient of service or person acting on behalf of recipient which required the physical presence of receiver.

Location where the services are performed.

Location where the Goods are situated.

This clause shall not apply in services supplied in respect of goods temporarily imported in to India and are exported after repair.

Location where the service are performed

3. services in relation to immovable property including services in this regard by expert and   estate agent, supply of hotel  accommodation by hotel, inn, guest house, home stay, club or campsite, grant of right to use immovable property, services for carrying out or coordination of construction work, including Architect or interior decorator. Location of Immovable property.

 

4. admission to or organizing of a cultural, artistic, sporting ,scientific, educational or entertainment, exhibition, conference, fair, celebration or similar events Where the event is actually held
5. where the services referred to in 2,3 and 4 is supplied at more than one location, including in taxable territory Location shall be taxable territory where the greatest proportion of service is provided.
6. where the services referred to in 2,3,4 and 5 is supplied at more than one State Proportion to amount attributable to service provided by way of dissemination in the respective State as per the contract
7.a]Service by banking company or financial institution or non banking finance company

b] Intermediary services

c] hiring of means of transport other than aircraft and vessel except yacht up to one month.

Location of Supplier
8. transportation of goods including by mail or courier Place of Destination
9. Transportation of passenger Where the passenger embark on conveyance for continuous journey.
10. services on board a conveyance such as vessel, aircraft, train or motor vehicle First schedule departure point of the conveyance
11.a] service of “ online information and Database access or retrieval “

b] for the purpose of this sub section, person receiving such services shall be deemed to be located in taxable territory, if following two condition are being satisfy

i]location of address presented by the recipient via internet

ii] payment settle by recipient by any card has been issued in taxable territory

iii]billing address of recipient of service is in taxable territory

iv] internet address protocol of the device used by recipient is in taxable territory

v] the bank of recipient of service is in taxable territory

vi] country code of SIM used by recipient of service is in taxable territory

vii]location of the fixed land line use by recipient is in taxable territory

Location of recipient of services

Disclaimer : 

The contents of this article are solely for information and knowledge and does not constitute any professional advice or recommendation. Author does not accept any liability for  any loss or damage of any kind  arising out of this information set out in the article and any action taken based thereon.

About the Author:

Author is practicing chartered accountant in  Gurugram [ Haryana ] and having practice  in Service Tax and Haryana VAT. He can be reached at  sanjeev.singhal@skaca.in     WWW. skaca.in

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Sanjeev Kavish and Associates
Location: Gurgaon, Haryana, IN
Member Since: 14 Jul 2017 | Total Posts: 70

My Published Posts

More Under Goods and Services Tax

Posted Under

Category : Goods and Services Tax (5337)
Type : Articles (14970)
Tags : CA Sanjeev Singhal (71) goods and services tax (3882) GST (3474)

One response to “Supply and Place of Supply of Goods and Services in IGST Law”

  1. Vinod Kumar Tyagi says:

    Besides the determination of the applicability of the type of tax, what is the significance of place of supply of service?
    Do a labour contractor need to get registration in the state of supply of the services, if he is registered in a different state?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *