Whether you want to start a new business or a project or you want to expand your existing business, finance is the bloodline of any business. When you have a great idea but do not have any money to execute it, you could look for loan from banks & financial institutions.
Government has also come up with several schemes of loan & finances for various businesses especially the MSMEs. One could read about the benefits available to a MSME here
While there are many requirements to get a loan from bank and these requirements vary from bank to bank & according to the amount & type of loan you are looking for. In this article, we are going to discuss about how could a project report be prepared for the purpose of loan.
Project report for bank loan
A project report for bank loan is a document which details out about a business or project for which finance is being sought. It contains the details about the financial, economic, managerial, technical aspects of the project or business in question.
Illustrative inclusions in the project report
a. Summary of the business/project: This talks about what the business or the project is, about the requirement of finance etc.
b. Scope & prospects of the business: Describe about the scope of the project, it’s current status & the prospects of future. It is about the technical & financial feasibility of the project.
c. Details about the promoters & other significant executives: Details out the profile, educational qualification, experience of the promoters & key personnel.
d. Resources required: Infra, machinery, knowhow etc.: Describe about the Infrastructure & technical requirements of the project, along with the cost & capacity.
e. Details about the target & prospective customers: State the consumer profile of the project in question, about the prospects of scaling up & target customers.
f. Investment required: Specify the details about the investment required along with the specifications. This is essentially the cost of the project.
g. Sources of finance: How the required funds are being sourced. Details about the owned & external funds.
h. Project financial statement: It includes the financial statements such as Balance sheet, Profit & loss account
i. Financial Projections: Quantitative projection on Income, expenses, sources of funds & application of funds
j. Ratio analysis: Computation & analysis of financial statements through key ratio & their implications is required.
k. Funds flow Statement: Details about the funds- from where it is sourced and the application of funds are included.
l. Breakeven analysis: Analysis of the breakeven point of the project, it’s feasibility in terms of cost & benefits
m. Conclusion: Conclusion about the project, about its strengths, weakness, opportunities & threats
Who makes the project report?
Project report is a crucial document which requires expertise in terms of qualification & experience of the person preparing it. Thus, it is prepared by professionals such as CAs, Ex-bankers & other finance professionals.
Check out the worksheet which could be used to prepare a project report –
Disclaimer: The above post is only for the purpose of academic discussion and should not be construed as any legal opinion in any matter whatsoever.
(The author is a CA in practice at Delhi and can be contacted at: E-mail: [email protected], Mobile: +91-9811741451)