JOINT VENTURE AGREEMENTS.

A joint venture is generally understood as technical and financial collaboration either in the form of projects, take-overs or alliances with existing companies.  Indian joint ventures usually comprise two or more individuals/companies, one of whom may be non-resident, who come together to form an Indian private/public limited company, holding agreed portions of its share capital.  A joint venture agreement primarily provides for how the shareholders of the joint venture company may transfer or dispose of their shares.  Joint ventures can exist in the form of companies, partnerships or joint working agreements.  Joint Venture generally has the following characteristics –

1. Contribution by partners of money, property, effort, knowledge, skill or other assets to the common undertaking.

2. A joint property interest in the subject matter of the venture.

3. Right of mutual control or management of the enterprise.

4. Right to share in the property.

A Joint Venture Agreement is a legal document where two or more entities combine to do business or undertake an economic activity together.  The parties agree to create a new entity by contributing equity and share the revenues, expenses and control of the enterprise in the proportion of their capital contribution.  The venture can be for one specific project only or a continuing business relationship.

Disclaimer – this legal form and document are for reference only. Any document that you enter into, should be in consultation with an Advocate or a Solicitor.  The author will not be responsible for any claim arising out of the use of the following document. 

*************

Joint Venture Agreement 

This Joint Venture Agreement (hereinafter called “Agreement”) is entered on the ………… day of ………….., 20……

Between

the GOVERNOR OF XXXXXXXXX represented by ………………..(hereinafter called “THE GOVERNMENT”) which expression shall, wherever the context so admits, mean and includes, also his successors in office and assigns, of the First Part;

And

————————————————————— Residing at —————————–(hereinafter referred to as the ”ABC”) which expression shall, wherever the context so admits, mean and includes, also his successors-in-title and assigns, of the Other Part;

Each of the “Government” and the ABC is also referred to herein as a “Party” and collectively as “Parties”.

WHEREAS the Government is engaged in the business of …………………. and have the necessary experience and expertise in that field;

AND WHEREAS the ABC are doing ………………………. and have the necessary experience and expertise in that field;

AND WHEREAS the parties hereto have decided to float a project of ……………………………(hereinafter referred to as the “PROJECT”);

AND WHEREAS the Government and ABC both having the necessary infrastructure and the capabilities of providing the services required for the project have agreed to form a Joint Venture Company for the project and Government and ABC are desirous of entering into an Agreement for constituting Joint Venture Company in terms hereof;

AND WHEREAS the parties hereto for the said Project have decided to form a Joint Venture Company and whereas subject to all necessary consents, licences, permissions and authorities to be procured for the formation and incorporation of the joint venture company in India, with the principal object, inter-alia, being that of ……………………….. ;

AND WHEREAS the Government and ABC are desirous of recording the Agreement with regard thereto and the agreement arrived at between them;

Now, this Agreement Witnessth as follows :

1. It is agreed between the parties hereto to constitute a new Company which will be incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (Central Act No. 18 of 2013) (hereinafter referred to as the “Said Act”) and the parties further agree that the said Company shall carry on its business in the name and style of “…………” or any other name as may be mutually agreed between the parties hereto, (hereinafter referred to as the “SAID COMPANY” or “JOINT VENTURE COMPANY”);

2. It is agreed that the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall govern the relationship of the Government and ABC and the rendering of services under this Agreement and any subsequent Agreement;

3. It is agreed between the parties hereto that the shareholdings of the said Company shall be held by the Government and ABC in the ratio of  ……. % belonging to the Government and ……. % belonging to ABC.

4. The Company shall be incorporated in the State of Tamil Nadu, after following all the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 including any amendments made from time to time, required for the incorporation thereof. The Registered Office of the Joint Venture Company shall be situated at ……….. ………………………… Road, …………… ;

5. It is agreed between the Parties hereto that the said Company shall have as its object of business recorded in the Memorandum of Association & Articles of Association inter-alia ………………………………… ;

6. It is agreed between the Parties hereto that the authorised capital of the said Company shall be Rs. ………/- (Rupees ………. only) divided into …….. equity share of Rs. …………./- (Rupees ……….. only) each;

7. The Parties hereto shall jointly approve the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the said Company taking into consideration the principle objectives as set out in Paragraph 5 above;

8. The Government shall on the incorporation of the Joint Venture Company subscribe to ___% of the authorised share capital and the ABC shall on the incorporation of the said Company subscribe to __% of the authorised share capital, and pay for such shares on-call made by the said Company towards the said shares, within the period prescribed;

9. The Parties further agree that the authorised capital of the said Company may be increased from time to time as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and as per the financial requirements of the said Company and as approved by the Board of Directors/General Body Meeting and it is further agreed that on the authorised capital being increased the Government and ABC will be entitled to subscribe thereto in equal ratio and only after the other party by written notice under acknowledgement rescinds the offer to apply for additional shares will the other be entitled to subscribe for those share not applied for;

10. The Government and ABC agree that till the project is being handled by the Joint Venture Company, the Government and ABC shall always have equal representation on the Board. ____________ (By Designation) shall be the Nominee Director of the Government and _________________ of ABC Group being the First Directors, who shall hold the office for the entire period of the project, save and except both of them will not be liable for retirement. The number of Directors will be ______in total, ___ from the Government and _____from ABC;

11. It is further agreed between the Parties that in the event of any of the Director from any of the group retiring/being removed/dying or becomes unable to perform the duties of a Director or for any reason ceases to be employed by the Party that nominated them then such party shall promptly by written notice served to the other party name in Successor thereof so that the strength of the Board of Directors remains same as before;

12. Meetings of the Board of Directors for the transaction of business of the Joint Venture may be called, subject to reasonable notice by the Directors of either party ;

13. The Board of Directors shall have full responsibility and authority for the performance of the Company including but not limited to the assignment of services between the Parties, preparation of the schedule of services, settlement of disputes and any other items affecting the performance of services under this Agreement;

14. The Board of Directors shall constitute a committee being the Executive committee for the execution of the work of the Project Agreement and the said committee shall consist of one representative of the Government and another from ABC and at all times there shall be equal representative on the said committee from the Government and the ABC;

15. The Executive Committee shall be:-

(a) responsible for the direction and management of the work in accordance  with the policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors;

(b) responsible for the coordination of the work; and

(c) the Board of Directors may from time to time change the existing Executive Committee by replacing its representatives; however the representation of Government and ABC shall always be equal on such committee;

16. Action and decisions of the Board of Directors shall be by a unanimous vote and shall be final, and conclusive and binding upon both the Government and ABC;

17. In the event of the Board of Directors being unable to reach any unanimous decision, the Government and ABC agree that the matter in controversy shall be referred to Mr.__________ with regards to matter relating to _________________________ and _____ Mr._____ with regards to matter relating _________________________________ who shall make an interim decision which may be subject to arbitration if the parties hereto do not accept the decision;

18. The Parties agree that the Board of Directors shall by and large conduct business of the said Company based on the Agreement arrived at between them under this Agreement or mutually agreed between them in writing from time to time between them, giving effect to the understanding arrived at between them under this Agreement;

19. The Parties further agree that until mutually agreed in writing by and between the parties hereto the said Company shall not,-

(a) increase or reorganise its authorised capital;

(b) amend the Memorandum of Association & Articles of Association;

(c) dissolve or liquidate the said Company;

(d) in any manner deal with and dispose of or create any charges with regards to the assets of the said Company or its business;

(e). Amalgamate with any other Company;

(f)  to stand and guarantee in any manner for any other parties or any other person/s without the prior consent and the Special Resolution of the General Body Meeting of the said Company;

20. Each of the Parties hereto agrees that they shall perform their obligations as set out in Clause 24, 25 and 26 with regards to the said Company to complete the project undertaken by the said Company as a successful venture;

21. The Parties further agree that as the nature of business undertaken by the Parties is relating to the Project to date which will get transformed to the said Company, any business which has been set out in the Memorandum of Association of the said Company shall be done by the Government and ABC through the said Company only;

22. The Government and ABC shall furnish all necessary know-how experience, expertise, manpower, managerial assistance to make a success of the project undertaken by the said Company;

23. The Joint Venture Company shall share, in the manner provided for in the Agreement, the obligations and responsibilities for the services to be performed for the Project as described in this Agreement. Both the Government and ABC shall give strategic input to the Joint Venture Company to perform the specific services as given below:

24. Both the Government and ABC will give their input for- Marketing, Project Management, (i.e.) monitoring of the execution of the project from the stage of commencement to completion and property management thereon,-

(i) Identifying Consultants and Contractors, finalisation and awarding tenders to all Contractors and Consultants;

(ii) Any other services required to fulfil the needs of the project;

25. The Government shall give their inputs on procurement and work of all design and technical consultants;

26. ABC shall give their input in liasoning with local authorities, Government for obtaining permissions for Plan sanction including all the approvals required from various Governmental Agencies for construction and completion of the Project;

27. Neither the Government nor ABC shall enter into any separate agreement/s with ______________ for services in connection with this Project as long as the association between the Government and ABC with regards to the Project is in existence;

28. The Services required of the parties to Joint Venture Agreement shall be limited to the performance of services required under this Agreement;

29. The Government and ABC intend that the responsibilities and obligations set out in this agreement shall be borne and performed by each of the party as stated herein and the financial contribution as and when required for the Company shall be in proportion of their participation as provided in clause 3 of this Agreement;

30. It is agreed between the Government and ABC that for ———————————— the same shall be done by the Government and ABC together and for the said purpose the Government and ABC will constitute and form another company in which both the Government and ABC will have equal shares and the Government and ABC will have equal representation on Board at all times;

31. The Parties agree that as the Parties shall be working in coordination with each other and for the furtherance of the interest of the said Company and during the course of work any information, expertise or knowledge material, documents or trade secret exchanged between the parties shall be kept secret and neither parties hereto shall divulge the same to any Third Party in any manner whatsoever and accordingly the parties shall on the incorporation of the said Company include a Clause in the Memorandum and Articles of Association to maintain the trade secret between the parties hereto/shareholder/Directors or anyone employed by the said Company and accordingly the parties shall also execute such document between them after incorporation of the said Company as may be necessary and as advised;

32. It is agreed between the Parties that amounts received by the Joint Venture Company will be allotted to the Government and ABC equally. The distribution so made will be irrespective of the expenses that may be incurred by either the Government or ABC towards their staff or expenses or any other head of account;

33. It is agreed between the Government and ABC that for the compliance of their respective obligation to be fulfilled in terms of this Agreement and after meeting the basic expenses of the joint venture company, the amounts in the hand of the Joint Venture Company will be distributed between the Government and ABC in the respective proportion outlined in Clause 3 of this Agreement. Upon completion of this Agreement, funds remaining after payments of outstanding indebtedness of the Joint Venture Company shall be distributed to the respective Parties in the same proportion as outlined in Clause 3 above;

34. Should the Board of Directors determine that additional funds are required for the performance of the Project Agreement for any reasons or to pay losses arising therefrom or to eliminate any deficits resulting from prior overpayments to the Government or ABC, the Parties shall within 14 working days after the decision of the Board of Directors contribute such funds in proportions outlined in Clause 3 of this Agreement;

35. In the event of any of the Party does not contribute for any reasons such funds as may be determined under Clause 34 above the other party may at its discretion bring in the amounts to be contributed by the other party or any part thereof at its discretion and in this event, the Other Party will be liable for payment of the amounts to the Party contributing in excess along with interest at the rate of ……….% per annum or any part thereof to be calculated from the date of contribution to repayment;

36. It is agreed between the parties that the amounts that may become payable in terms of Clause 34 above by the Party failing to contribute in terms of Clause 34 the Party contributing the amounts will be entitled to the said amounts at the first instance from the amounts to be disbursed and out of the share of the Party defaulting in payment along with the interest as stipulated in para 35 and thereafter if any amounts are balanced to the share of the party defaulting will be taken by him;

37. It is agreed between parties hereto that the Joint Venture Company will employ necessary persons for services to be rendered for the project and the purpose of the project and the said personnel will be employed by mutual consent of both the Government and ABC. The salary and payment with regards to the said employees shall be borne by the said Joint Venture Company;

38. It is agreed between the Government and ABC that if either the Government or ABC or its personnel are required to render service to the Joint Venture company either in sales promotion or any other area of work of the project, then in that event, all the actual expenses incurred will be reimbursed to either the Government or ABC, as the case may be. The nature of expenses permitted for reimbursement is set out in Annexure ______ hereto;

39. The Parties hereto agree that on the incorporation of the said Company, the said Company in its first meeting shall ratify what has been agreed hereunder;

40. The Parties after the execution of this agreement shall finalise between them the master plan charting out the plan for the execution of the project, setting goals, time frames, manner and method of implementation of the project, the day to day operations and how the said company would handle the entire project;

41. The said Company shall appoint an independent Chartered Accountant who shall perform such duties as determined by the Board of Directors which shall include regular audit accounts of the said Company, file all necessary forms, applications, accounts with the concerned authority as may be necessary and as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, or any other Statutory Authority with regards to the said Company. For this agreement the certified figure of the independent Chartered Accountant shall be final conclusive and binding upon the parties;

42. The Parties hereto agree that all the preliminary expenses with regards to the incorporation of the said Company including all the costs, charges, expenses, professional fees, out of pocket expenses that may be incurred during the incorporation and formation of the said Company and incidental to the establishment of the said Company shall be borne by and paid for by the said Company;

43. The Board of Directors shall appoint an Accountant for the Joint Venture Company who shall maintain the day to day books of the Company on the generally accepted accounting principles;

44. The Board of Directors may authorise one or more bank accounts in any bank nationalized or private and the said Bank account/s for all purposes shall be operative under the joint signature of the representative/s of the Government and ABC;

45. All payments received by the Joint Venture, in connection with this Agreement, shall be promptly deposited in the aforementioned Joint Account and invoices received by the Joint Venture shall be paid by Cheque drawn against the Joint account;

46. Records of the Joint Venture which are required according to law to be retained beyond the duration of this Agreement shall be retained at such place(s) as determined by the Board of Directors and the cost thereof shared by the parties in proportion to their respective interest as described in Clause 3 of this Agreement;

47. Joint Venture property shall consist of the capital contributions described in Clause 8 of this Agreement and any other property obtained with the funds of the Joint Venture. The Joint Venture property shall be identified and recorded in the Joint Venture accounts;

48. This Agreement represents the entire and integrated agreement between the Parties and supersedes all prior negotiations, representations and agreements, either written or oral. The Agreement may be amended only by a written instrument signed by each Party to this Agreement;

49. Neither party shall assign this Agreement without the written consent of the other;

50. The right of any person, firm or corporation, claiming by, through or under any Party (including, but not limited to judgement or other creditors, receivers, trustees, assignees, executors and administrators), to assert any claim against the right of interests if any Party shall be limited in any event to the right to claim or receive after completion of the Project Agreement, and after doing of the accounts of the Joint Venture, the proportional interest of such Party as described in Clause 3 of this Agreement, and then only subject to the equities of the other Party as outlined in this Agreement;

51. The Parties to this Agreement respectively bind themselves, their successors, assigns and legal representatives to the other Party concerning all covenants of this Agreement;

52. All public statements and releases, including the issuance of photographs, models and renderings, for all media for the duration of this Agreement, are subject to the prior approval of the Board of Directors;

53. In subsequent presentations made by the Joint Venture, in any brochures publicity material in any form of media with regards to the Project and any logo mark devised by the Joint Venture Company or any development/drawing that can be and which constitutes any intellectual property shall be the intellectual property of the Joint Venture Company and will be dealt in the manner set out herein;

54. If determined by the Board of Directors or required under the Project Agreement, intellectual property, reports, analysis, contracts, designs, drawings, specifications and other instruments of service prepared according to this Agreement shall be registered, patented, copyrighted and secured as intellectual property rights as per the provision of law and in the name of the Joint Venture. The Joint Venture Company shall have the ownership and rights and privileges of all intellectual property rights acquired in the course of the Project and in so far as it is consistent with this Agreement, the Government and ABC will be entitled to use such intellectual property for any of its purpose including to prepare documents for other projects based on such Project information without any payment thereof, so long as they are equal shareholders of the Joint Venture Company in terms of this agreement and not otherwise;

55. Neither of the Government nor ABC shall assign or transfer the intellectual property rights and interest so acquired or established according to this agreement by the Joint Venture Company in the course of its Project, nor permit reproduction of Project documents otherwise than stated in clause 53 above, in any manner resulting in infringement or violation of any of the intellectual property rights secured by the Joint Venture Company during the course of the Project except upon written consent of the other Party;

56. Documents prepared specifically for this project by one of the Parties to this Agreement may not be copyrighted solely by that Party. Each Party hereby grants the other and the Joint Venture a licence to use and reproduce such documents in furtherance of this Agreement and Project;

57. The Parties further agree that as far as the registered Office of the Company is concerned, the same shall be at ________________________________or at mutually agreed place provided always that the Registered Office shall be at __________ State of _________, India;

58. It is further agreed between the Parties hereto that during the existence of this Agreement and the incorporation of the said Company, if there being any change in Law which may affect the incorporation of the said Company as agreed between the Parties hereto then in that event, the Parties hereto may mutually agree to terminate this Agreement without any claim of damages by either party and in the event of there being any pre-incorporation expenses incurred by the Parties hereto, the same shall be shared equally between the Government and the ABC;

59. In the event of there being any dispute which may result into a deadlock situation between the Government and ABC, the Parties before invoking the rights set out in Clause 50 of this Agreement, the Party expressing that the other party is in breach shall give written notice of any situation likely to result in deadlock, putting forth all the details of the nature of the dispute and the Parties will resolve the said dispute between 14 days of such written notice being received after which period, the Parties may refer the dispute to Arbitration as per the provisions of Clause 70;

60. It is agreed between the parties that in the event of there being a deadlock situation concerning the management of Joint Venture Company then in that event it is agreed between the parties hereto that to remove the deadlock any one of the parties hereto who may choose to value the share held by it and on such valuation done by that party the other party will have the first option to either acquire at that price the shares of the party valuing it or sell its shares to the valuing party and the party valuing the shares will have no option but to either sell its share at the valuation set, to the other party or to acquire the shares of the other party at that value as the case may be;

61. No Party will be entitled to sell transfer, pledge, mortgage, charge, encumber or otherwise dispose off or create any lien on or interest in, any of its shares in the Joint Venture Company, save and except as per Clause 63 below;

62. In the event of any one of the Party decides to dispose off its shareholding, which shall always be the entire shareholding, it shall give notice of its intent of disposal to the other Party, and the other Party will have the right to acquire the entire shareholding on the valuation of the shares done by an Independent Chartered Accountant appointed by both the Parties or identify a buyer for the purchase of the entire shareholding within a period of 12 weeks from the receipt of the written notice from the Party intending to sell, after which period, the Party intending to sell its shareholding will be entitled to dispose of the shares to any third party. Any notice with regards to intending to sell the shareholding or refusal to acquire the shareholding shall be done through Registered Post Acknowledgement Due.

63. Notwithstanding the provisions set out in Clause 61, either of the Parties to this agreement would be entitled to transfer its shareholdings to any of its subsidiary or affiliate companies, maybe one or more such subsidiary or affiliate Companies and the shareholding of such transferee shall be clubbed for the total shareholding of the Government or ABC as the case may be. The Transferee shall be bound by the terms and conditions of this Joint Venture For this agreement parties hereto agree that the meaning subsidiary/affiliate companies shall mean such companies wherein the Party desiring to transfer the shareholding in the Joint Venture Company should have at least 51% shares in such affiliate or subsidiary, as the case may be;

64. In the event of the Project being completed and in the event of there being no other project being undertaken the ABC shall be entitled to take over the Joint Venture Company at ________ Value, however, the name of the Joint Venture Company will stand changed and ABC shall not use the name of the Joint Venture Company. If ABC does not desire to acquire the Company, the ABC and the Government shall jointly sell the Company to any Third Party and the sale proceeds to be shared equally. The Party shall not be permitted to use the name of ………………. ;

65. The Parties hereto agree that the address set out in the title of this Agreement are the true addresses and the notice/s may be issued to them at the said address in the event of there being any change of address, the same shall be intimated to all the Parties failing which any notice/s served on the existing address shall be deemed to be good service on the addressee;

66. Any amendments to this Agreement shall be done with the consent of the Parties and in Otherwise, nothing shall be binding on the Parties hereto;

67. This Joint Venture will commence as of the date of this Agreement. It is further agreed that the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall be an agreement governing the shareholder of the Joint Venture Company including where ever it relates to the provisions of shareholding its transfers, the conduct of the business by the parties hereto and conduct of the Board of Directors and the constitution of the Board of the Joint Venture Company and the terms set out herein;

68. This Agreement shall remain in full force and effect until terminated by written agreement of the Parties or until the Project has been completed and all Joint Venture Property and money has been distributed under this Agreement and even after the incorporation of the Joint Venture Company as a shareholders’ agreement;

69. The obligation of each party to contribute under this Agreement to the satisfaction of all debts and liabilities of the Joint Venture shall survive the termination of this Agreement;

70. It is further agreed between the Parties hereto that in the event of there being any dispute with regards to this Agreement or any of the terms hereof or the interpretation of any of the terms of the Agreement or any dispute arising under the said Agreement, the same shall be referred to the Arbitration of two Arbitrators appointed by each of the Parties hereto i.e., the Government and the ABC and the Arbitration proceedings shall be as per the provisions of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 and the venue of such Arbitration proceedings shall be held and conducted in _________________alone;

71. This Agreement shall be binding upon the Parties hereto and their successors in title and all the shareholders of the Joint Venture Company and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors in title and assigns as the case may be;

72. If any provision of this Agreement shall, under any circumstance, be deemed invalid/inoperative to an extent, such invalidity shall not invalidate the whole Agreement, but the said invalid or inoperative provision shall be construed as not to be contained in this Agreement;

73. The provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ((Central Act 18 of 2013) would apply concerning the governing of the Joint Venture Company otherwise than what has been agreed by and between the Parties hereto;

74. It is agreed by and between the Parties hereto that the Courts at____________________ alone shall have jurisdiction with regards to this Agreement and the seat of Arbitration shall be _________ and the Arbitration proceedings shall be in English;

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the PARTIES hereto have executed this AGREEMENT in the presence of the Witnesses attesting hereunder:

SIGNED SEALED AND DELIVERED

Designation

[ For and on behalf of and by the order and direction of
the GOVERNOR OF TAMIL NADU in the presence of ]

WITNESSES:

1)

2)

SIGNED SEALED AND DELIVERED

By the within named ABC Private limited represented

by its Managing Director in the presence of the following

WITNESSES:

1)

2)

Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Company: Practicing Company Secretary
Location: Jabalpur , Madhya Pradesh, India
Member Since: 27 Aug 2020 | Total Posts: 17
I am a Practising Company Secretary, Commerce & Law graduate and Founder of corporateguruji.com View Full Profile

My Published Posts

More Under Corporate Law

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

May 2021
M T W T F S S
 12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31