Follow Us :

Relief to sugar co-operatives from past demand – Budget 2023

Sugar factories operating in the co-operative sectors in certain States of India pay to sugarcane growers a final amount, often referred to as Final Cane Price (FCP) which is over and above the Statutory Minimum Price (SMP) fixed by the Central Government under the Sugarcane Control Order, 1996. FCP is decided on the basis of the particular factory’s working results which take into account all the revenues and expenditure incurred by the factory.

2. The payment of FCP by the co-operative sugar factories over and above the SMP for purchase of sugarcane had resulted into tax litigation. The co-operative sugar factories were claiming this excess payment as business expenditure whereas the same has been disallowed in the assessment on the ground that the excess price paid for purchase of sugar cane over and above SMP is in the nature of appropriation/distribution of profit and hence not allowable as deduction.

3. In order to provide certainty in this matter and to encourage co-operative movement in sugar sector, a new clause (xvii) was inserted to amend sub-section (1) of section 36 of the Act to provide that the amount paid for purchase of sugarcane by the co-operative societies engaged in the manufacture of sugar at a price which is equal to or less than the price fixed by or fixed with the approval of the Government shall be allowed as deduction for computing business income of the sugar co-operative factories. The said amendment came into force through the Finance Act 2015 on 01.04.2016 and was applicable from Assessment Year 2016-17 onwards. Pending demands and litigation still persisted in respect of AYs prior to 2016-17.

4. Therefore, to conclude the matter logically and to extend the benefit of the above-mentioned relief to all the applicable years, it is proposed to amend section 155 of the Act to insert a new sub-section (19). It shall provide that in the case of a sugar mill co­operative, where any deduction in respect of any expenditure incurred for the purchase of sugarcane has been claimed by an assessee and such deduction has been disallowed wholly or partly the Assessing Officer shall, on the basis of an application made by such assessee in this regard, recompute the total income of such assessee for such previous year. The Assessing Officer shall allow such deduction to the extent such expenditure is incurred at a price which is equal to or less than the price fixed or approved by the Government for that previous year. Also, the provision of section 154 shall, so far as may be, apply thereto, and the period of four years specified in sub-section (7) of section 154 shall be reckoned from the end of previous year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2022.

Relief to sugar co-operatives from past Income Tax demand

5. This amendment will take effect from the 1st day of April, 2023.

[Clause 74]

Extract of relevant clause of Finance Bill 2023

Clause 74 of the Bill seeks to amend section 155 of the Income-tax Act relating to other amendments.

Sub-section (11A) of the said section provides that where in the assessment for any year, the deduction under section 10A or section 10B or section 10BA has not been allowed on the ground that such income has not been or partly received in convertible foreign exchange in India and subsequently such income or part thereof has been received in, or brought into India, the Assessing Officer shall amend the order of assessment so as to allow such deduction later.

It is proposed to amend the said sub-section to give reference of section 10AA to allow the Assessing Officer to amend his assessment order later to provide deduction in respect of any income or part thereof not received in, or brought into India, within prescribed time limit, but has been subsequently realised.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2024 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2024-2025 and subsequent assessment years.

It is proposed to insert a new sub-section (19) in the said section so as to provide that where any deduction in respect of any expenditure incurred for the purchase of sugarcane has been claimed by an assessee, being a co-operative society engaged in the business of manufacture of sugar, and such deduction has been disallowed wholly or partly in any previous year commencing on or before 1st April, 2014, the Assessing Officer shall, on the basis of an application made by such assessee in this regard, recompute the total income of such assessee for such previous year after allowing such deduction to the extent such expenditure is incurred at a price which is equal to or less than the price fixed or approved by the Government for that previous year, and the provisions of section 154 shall, so far as may be, apply thereto, and the period of four years specified in sub-section (7) of section 154 shall be reckoned from the end of previous year commencing on the 1st April, 2022.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2023.

It is proposed to insert a new sub-section (20) in the said section so as to provide that where any income has been included in the return of income furnished by an assessee under section 139 for any assessment year (herein referred to as the relevant assessment year) and tax on such income has been deducted at source and paid to the credit of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions of Chapter XVII-B in a subsequent financial year, the Assessing Officer shall, on an application made by the assessee in the prescribed form within a period of two years from the end of the financial year in which such tax was deducted at source, amend the order of assessment or any intimation allowing credit of such tax deducted at source in the relevant assessment year, and the provisions of section 154 shall, so far as may be, apply thereto and the period of four years specified in sub-section (7) of that section shall be reckoned from the end of the financial year in which such tax has been deducted. However, the credit of such tax deducted at source shall not be allowed in any other assessment year.

This amendment will take effect from 1st October, 2023.

Extract of Relevant Amendment Proposed by Finance Bill, 2023

74. Amendment of section 155.

In section 155 of the Income-tax Act,–

(a) in sub-section (11A), after the words, figures and letter “section 10A or” at both the places where they occur, the words, figures and letters “section 10AA or” shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2024;

(b) after sub-section (18), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(19) Where any deduction in respect of any expenditure incurred for the purchase of sugarcane has been claimed by an assessee, being a co-operative society engaged in the business of manufacture of sugar, and such deduction has been disallowed wholly or partly in any previous year commencing on or before the 1st day of April, 2014, the Assessing Officer shall, on the basis of an application made by such assessee in this regard, recompute the total income of the assessee for such previous year after allowing deduction to the extent such expenditure is incurred at a price which is equal to or less than the price fixed or approved by the Government for that previous year, and the provisions of section 154 shall, so far as may be, apply thereto, and the period of four years specified in sub-section (7) of that section shall be reckoned from the end of previous year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2022.”;

(c) after sub-section (19) and before the Explanation, the following sub-section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2023, namely:–

‘(20) Where any income has been included in the return of income furnished by an assessee under section 139 for any assessment year (herein referred to as the relevant assessment year) and tax on such income has been deducted at source and paid to the credit of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions of Chapter XVII-B in a subsequent financial year, the Assessing Officer shall, on an application made by the assessee in such form, as may be prescribed, within a period of two years from the end of the financial year in which such tax was deducted at source, amend the order of assessment or any intimation allowing credit of such tax deducted at source in the relevant assessment year, and the provisions of section 154 shall, so far as may be, apply thereto and the period of four years specified in sub­section (7) of that section shall be reckoned from the end of the financial year in which such tax has been deducted:

Provided that the credit of such tax deducted at source shall not be allowed in any other assessment year.’.

*****

Source : Finance Bill 2023 / Union Budget 2023

Join Taxguru’s Network for Latest updates on Income Tax, GST, Company Law, Corporate Laws and other related subjects.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Post by Date
May 2024
M T W T F S S
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031