Circular No.15/2012-Custom Duty, Dated- 13th June, 2012
Subject: Review of Risk Management System (RMS) – regarding
As you are aware Self Assessment has been introduced vide Finance Act 2011. This marks a major change in the system of assessment of customs duty of imported and export goods. Self Assessment is trust based control with more reliance on declarations of the importer and exporters.
2. In order to implement self assessment effectively and to ensure its benefits to the trade, Board decided that current facilitation level under RMS should be enhanced significantly. Accordingly vide Board Circular 39/2011-Cus dated 2.09.2011 it was decided to enhance facilitation level up to 80%,70% and 60% in case of air cargo complexes, ports and ICDs respectively by rationalizing risk rules and risk parameters.
3. Risk Management Division has since carried out rationalization of risk parameters and it is reported that facilitation level of Bills of entry has been enhanced appreciably. This means that that more and more numbers of Bills of Entry are not subjected to examination and assessment.
4. Higher facilitation at the same time has led to a need for more scrutiny of Bills of Entry at Post Clearance Audit (PCA)/Post-Clearance Compliance Verification (PCCV) stage. It is therefore felt that percentage of Bills of entry selected for PCA need to be enhanced by concerned field formations. RMD has also reported that all Chief Commissioner should ensure that higher percentage of facilitated Bills of Entry should be subject to Post Clearance Audit/PCCV.
5. Board has also introduced ‘On Site Post Clearance Audit’ (OSPCA) vide Circular No 47/2011- Cus dated 21.10.2011. The Scheme currently covers ACP importers only. It was decided that in respect of ACP importers covered under OSPCA, transaction based PCA in vogue since 2005 after introduction of RMS should be phased out. However in respect of other importers, the same should continue to be operational.
6. Board is therefore of the view that till the time OSPCA is made applicable to other categories of importers, the percentage of Bills of Entry selected for PCA at a Customs house should be suitably enhanced to safeguard the interest of revenue. Board also desires that concerned Chief Commissioners of Customs should review the staff position in their jurisdiction and relocate more manpower for audit work as increased facilitation in terms of reduced examination have led to lesser requirement of staff for examination of goods. It is therefore imperative that excess staff should be diverted for activities such as PCA and SIIB in Customs Houses.
7. It is also reported that pendency in respect of transaction based PCA remain acute. Board has taken a serious note of it and desires that the work should be accorded due consideration and pendencies reduced.
8. These instructions should be complied with strictly and any difficulty in this regard may be brought to the notice of the Board immediately.