Madhukar N Hiregange

GST liability on moulds, dies supplied but not despatched

Goods and Services Tax - Government should consider providing the benefit of zero tax even for the dies and moulds manufactured for further use in manufacture of goods for export. There are few countries who have already made such goods GST free....

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GST – Availing Missed ITC now in GSTR 3B?

Goods and Services Tax - One of the GST objectives is to ensure the seamless flow of the credit & avoiding the cascading effect. The success of ITC is directly proportionate to the success of GST and equally, the business pricing, hence any detriment caused by the ITC would directly impact the business. The ITC claim is the area where […]...

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Canteen Recovery: A ‘paraplegia’ under GST

Goods and Services Tax - Provision of canteen facility to employees, as a part of their pay package, is not a supply per se and accordingly no GST needs to be charged on such perquisites....

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Supply of food | Goods or Service under GST | Taking perspective from earlier laws

Goods and Services Tax - GST is a tax levied on supply of goods or services or both. The definition of ‘goods’ in the CGST Act, 2017 means every kind of movable property other than money and securities. So, from a small pencil to a huge bulldozer, everything is included in the category of goods. However, in case of food it cannot be considered as goods always...

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GST on Notice Period Recovery

Goods and Services Tax - The GST law was with also the objective of reducing multiple litigations pertaining to erstwhile regime like VAT, Service Tax, and Excise etc. being put to rest. However, there are still aspects like compensatory damages, employee notice period recovery which needs clarity. In many private organizations, employees would be legally bound t...

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Recent Posts in "Madhukar N Hiregange"

GST liability on moulds, dies supplied but not despatched

Government should consider providing the benefit of zero tax even for the dies and moulds manufactured for further use in manufacture of goods for export. There are few countries who have already made such goods GST free....

Read More

GST – Availing Missed ITC now in GSTR 3B?

One of the GST objectives is to ensure the seamless flow of the credit & avoiding the cascading effect. The success of ITC is directly proportionate to the success of GST and equally, the business pricing, hence any detriment caused by the ITC would directly impact the business. The ITC claim is the area where […]...

Read More

Canteen Recovery: A ‘paraplegia’ under GST

Provision of canteen facility to employees, as a part of their pay package, is not a supply per se and accordingly no GST needs to be charged on such perquisites....

Read More

Supply of food | Goods or Service under GST | Taking perspective from earlier laws

GST is a tax levied on supply of goods or services or both. The definition of ‘goods’ in the CGST Act, 2017 means every kind of movable property other than money and securities. So, from a small pencil to a huge bulldozer, everything is included in the category of goods. However, in case of food it cannot be considered as goods always...

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GST on Notice Period Recovery

The GST law was with also the objective of reducing multiple litigations pertaining to erstwhile regime like VAT, Service Tax, and Excise etc. being put to rest. However, there are still aspects like compensatory damages, employee notice period recovery which needs clarity. In many private organizations, employees would be legally bound t...

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Service Tax on Mining Royalty

In recent times, we have seen a spate of notices on the above subject proposing the huge demands. On the ground realities of being able to survive for some involved in this sector is itself in question. In terms of Notification No. 30/2012-ST dated 20.06.2012 read with amended Notification No. 7/2015-ST dated 01.03.2015 Central Government...

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GST – Another chance for claiming Transitional credit now

The taxpayers who have missed claiming transitional credits initially can now claim the same. The suggested course of action is as under: 1. Apply to the Nodal officer on or before 31.12.2019 for enabling the filing of Form GST Tran-1 online. 2. If the application is rejected or not acted in a reasonable time, file a writ petition before ...

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Impact of Kerala Flood Cess

In August 2018, the State of Kerala faced a devastating flood due to high rainfall which was the worst flood in nearly a century. There was huge loss to the assets, revenue of the State. As a result, the State of Kerala proposed for levy of additional cess in GST which was approved by the GST council in its 32nd Council meeting held on 1...

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High Sea Sales- Procedure & Implications under GST & Customs

The economy and the trade have grown to a greater extent as compared to the ancient period and people have come with many types of dealings and transactions over a period of time to either attract the customers, to reduce their costs or to make things easier for conducting their business. One such transaction is High Sea Sale....

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Service Under GST – An analysis

Article 366(12) of Constitution defines goods to include all materials, commodities and articles. Constitution (101 Amendment) Act, 2016 inserted in clause 366(26A) definition of services to mean anything other than goods....

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50 Practical issues & possible solutions on E-way bills under GST

The free movement of goods across India without any checkposts in between is one of the major objectives of GST. Nation-wide E-Way bill system under GST is set to be implemented from February 1, 2018. ...

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Transitional Credit of stocks older than one year – whether available in GST?

Transitional provisions in GST law provides the tax treatment for transitional transactions and issues arising thereof. One of the key transitional issues is whether input tax credit can be availed in respect of stocks lying with the business on the appointed day (i.e. 01.07.2017). This issue does not bother much to the manufacturers sinc...

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All you should know while filing GSTR – 3B Return

Filing of GSTR-3B return is the first formal communication of business transactions with the government machinery in the GST era. It holds lot of importance especially in the current scenario where many businesses are still struggling with the basics of this new law i.e. obtaining provisional id’s, issues in logins, interpretation issue...

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Decoding of ‘Place of Supply of Goods’ under GST

Conceptually GST is destination/consumption based tax i.e. person consuming the service/goods shall bear the burden of such tax and that revenue shall go to the corresponding state but no provision express this concept/ philosophy. However same was inherent and more adequately embodied in the provisions of Place of supply (POS)....

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CENVAT credit on deposits insurance – Banks v/s Departments

Banks are registered under service tax in the category of Banking and Financial Services. They collect and pay service tax on its various incomes such as commissions, bank charges, documentation charges, processing fees etc. levied on its customers....

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Impact of GST on Procurements

Organizations that will plan its business processes better in a manner to best suit the needs of the GST regime, then such organization will have competitive edge over others....

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Conflicts in Meaning of Supply & Scope of Supply under GST

The levy of GST is on supply of goods and/or services which is dealt with by Section 8 of the revised model GST law. Section 3 of the said law provides for meaning and scope of supply. In this article, we would be discussing on the relevance of two terms namely meaning and scope, similarities, conflicts and overriding nature of both the t...

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Transitional Challenges under Revised Model GST Law

India is committed to implement Goods and Service Tax (GST). GST is expected to be implemented from April 2017 or a little later. The tax system is currently in the drafting stages with a few undecided issues holding up the agreement between the states and the Centre. ...

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Impact of GST on Automobile Dealers Industry

Introduction of GST shall be a breather for Automobile sector wherein taxes on vehicle are largely expected to be @ 18% in GST regime except for luxury cars where the rate may go upto 28% plus cesses....

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Service tax liability on liquor license fee paid to state governments

One of recent trends has been enquiries and letters by service tax department to all restaurants/bars/wine shops demanding payment of service tax on liquor license fee paid to state government. ...

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POPS vs POS- full form- readers should understand

Section 66B of finance Act provides for levy of service tax on value of all services provided or agreed to be provided in the taxable territory by one person to another unless they are covered in negative list....

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Action Points before GST implementation

GST would become a reality and the nation could witness changes in the traditional ways of doing business. Businesses right now have the option to proactively embrace this reform, understand its intricacies and take a business advantage out of this change by acting immediately....

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Impact of GST on Real-Estate Sector

One of the most complex areas of the tax levied by the Centre and the States is works contract and sale of property. Currently, such transactions are broken into three parts – the value of goods and materials, value of services and value of land....

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Time of Supply of Services – Present Vs GST– 5

Time of supply of service refers to point of time when levy occurs. The liability to pay GST on the services shall arise at the time of supply as determined in terms of provisions of section 13 of the GST Act....

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Time of Supply of Goods – Present Vs GST – Part 4

The liability to pay CGST / SGST or IGST on the goods or service shall arise at the time of supply as determined in terms of the Model GST Act. The point of time of supply refers to the point of time when an activity attracts the levy of GST in terms of the provisions of section 12....

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Deemed Supply – Present Vs GST – 3

Once an activity is considered as supply, the next question would be whether such supply is of goods or services to decide on the place and time of supply. Though in most of the cases we could segregate the matters into either goods or services, there are certainly some grey areas where the segregation is not conclusive....

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Composition scheme under GST

GST is intend to cover larger number of people under its net and further keeping threshold exemption limit of 10Lakhs many people would come under GST net. Small tax payers may not have sufficient infrastructure, knowledge, awareness etc., in complying with various provisions of law including accounting, IT/ERP availability, and huge pa...

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Taxation Event – Levy: Present Vs GST– 2

The Goods and Service Tax is a levy on supply. All intra-states supplies attract Central and State GST whereas all the inter states supplies attract IGST. Hence, Supply is at the root of GST. This is our second article in the series wherein we discuss on the term supply and its relevance in current tax structure....

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Meaning and Scope of ‘Supply’ under GST

GST is said to be levied on supply in legal words taxable event is supply thereby dispensing with the existing different taxable events for different levies of duties/taxes like Manufacture for levy of excise duty, ‘sale’ for levy of VAT/sales tax etc., Therefore understanding of the expression ‘supply’ is highly important....

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Indirect Tax: Present Vs GST – 1

GST seems to be reality now. Many well run, anxious business entities are looking for the impact study to analyse how GST would impact their business in terms of pricing policies, procurement, sales, procedural compliances, cash flow and its internal control system and software....

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Transitional provisions: Carry forward of Credits under GST

The article is first in the series of articles to discuss intricacies of transitional provisions from existing indirect tax laws to Goods and Service Tax (GST) regime. This also highlights various open issues which need to be addressed timely by government so that there is smooth transition to Goods and Service Tax (GST) without any hiccu...

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Model GST Act- Important things to know

After issuing Joint Committee Reports on registration, refund, tax payment and filing of return last month, the government has issued draft model law on GST. There would be separate Acts for CGST, SGST and IGST. The model Act would guide for drafting GST Act for each of the state....

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Exemption to RMC manufactured at site– effect & FAQ’s

What is the present amendment? Upto 29.02.2016 only concrete mix manufactured and used at site was exempted from excise duty. However from 01.03.2016 the exemption is also extended to RMC manufactured and used at same site. ...

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Central Excise on Jewellery : Whether fears are real?

Excise Duty has been imposed on the article of jewellery in the Union Budget 2016-17. There has been protest by trade fearing the nuisances of excise. There fear is not without justifiable reasons considering the rigorous provisions of Gold Control Act, 1968 which they were subjected to. It is perceived that if the duty is reintroduced, t...

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Valuation of jewellery under excise: Practical scenarios

Valuation is one of the most crucial aspects for a manufacturer engaged in manufacturing of jewellery considering high value transactions and frequent fluctuation in prices leave little margin for error. This also necessitates that the value adopted for duty purpose is properly documented with supporting evidence so that the valuation is ...

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Registration under excise by jeweler: A Thoughtful Decision

Registration with tax authorities is first step for any assessee to make compliance with the law and similar is the case for jewelers who have been brought within excise ambit in Budget 2016-17. But it is very interesting that special provisions have been made for registration of person engaged in manufacturing of jewellery under excise a...

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Excise Duty on Textile Sector: Increased cost & Compliance Burden

CA Rajesh Kumar T R CA Ashish Chaudhary Textile has been subjected to duty of excise at different point of time. In 2004, exemption was granted on textile articles falling under chapter 61, 62 and 63 from duty of excise by issuing Notification No. 30/2004-CE. It was again subjected to duty in 2011-12. After remaining […]...

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Precaution in Information Return filing by RBI & Electricity Companies

Taxes are an important source of revenue to any Government. The government devises mechanism aimed at detecting cases of revenue leakage. It has been witnessed over last few years that there is increased emphasis on making interaction with taxpayers and requiring them to submit various information/records through online or electronic mode...

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Service tax Refund on expenses incurred beyond factory gate

One way of reducing burden of tax on export has been to grant refund of service tax under Notification No. 41/2012-ST on services used in relation to export of goods outside India. The refund was allowed in relation to taxable services used beyond the place of removal for export of goods. The intention was to grant refund of tax paid on s...

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Service Tax paid under wrong code- Remedies available?

Every assessee liable to pay service tax is to take registration with service tax department. Where assessee has been providing services from multiple premises, it may obtain separate registration for each of the premises or may obtain centralized registration for all the premises take together. Tax needs to be paid under the code for whi...

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Impact of imposition of Swachh Bharat Cess: Part 2

This festive season, service sector has witnessed imposition of Swachh Bharat Cess (SBC) in very hasty move by government. It was promised at the time of the budget that it would only be imposed on some services. Govt has gone back on its word. Further they have been left with very little time to prepare for this new tax. This owed to lac...

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Impact of Swachh Bharat Cess on various services: FAQs

Finance Act 2015 had provided provision for levy and collection of Swachh Bharat Cess (SBC) under section 119 of the Finance Act, 2015 at a rate not exceeding two percent on the value of services. The levy was to become effective from the date to be notified by the Government. The objective of behind introducing SBC was to fund for Govern...

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Disclosure Of Rule 6 Of Cenvat Credit in ST-3 Return- Practical Aspects: Part 3

In any value added tax system, credit of tax paid at input stage is eligible for adjustment against output liability. Cenvat credit rules have also been formulated based on the same principles (though have been made very complicated). One can follow a broad principle by looking at Profit & Loss Account that if credit side of P&L has some ...

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Cenvat Credit Disclosure In Service Tax Return- Practical Aspects: Part 2

Once eligible credit has been availed, it becomes part of a pool out of which credit can be utilised to pay output liability. There is no correlation required between availment and utilisation of credit. The disclosure requirement of utilisation/reversal of credit is as below:...

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Cenvat Credit Disclosure In Service Tax Return- Practical Aspects: Part 1

Tax credit in any value added taxation is the second most important aspect after the levy as it goes to reduce the basic cost. If credits are not available fully, it adds to the cost of the product or service resulting in cascading effect of taxes. It becomes imperative for assessee to ascertain the credit availability and to ensure that ...

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Avoiding common errors in filing of service tax return

Self assessment under service tax has been started in the year 2001. In any self assessement taxation system, the onus is on the assessee to make true disclosure of all statutory information required to be disclosed. Non/wrong disclosure of any material information could result in allegation of suppression or deliberate wrong disclosure w...

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Impact under GST on Job work transactions

Goods and Service Tax (GST) upcoming in India is likely to result in widening the tax base substantially by covering large number of potential taxpayers who are hitherto not covered in the tax net either due to their activity not being in the nature of taxable or due to some exemption being claimed. It is talked that the present assessee ...

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Back to Back Works Contract under Service Tax – Brief Analysis

Works contract, as understood in trade, means a composite contract involving both supply of goods and provision of service. As per Article 366(29A) of the Constitution of India, transfer of property involved in goods in the execution of works contracts are considered as deemed sale. The service tax levy on “works contract” was specifi...

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CENVAT Documents and Related Issues

MODVAT scheme came into existence in 1986 and over a period of 28 years lot of amendments took place, even got renamed as CENVAT, which became effective from 01.04.2000 late the cross availment of credit with service tax and central excise was introduced with effective from 10.09.2004....

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Service tax applicability on Short notice recovery

An employee is expected to intimate the company with a formal resignation well in advance and shall serve a period of at least two to three months before quitting the job and shall continue to work in the same role till completion of such period and this period is called as ‘notice period’. ...

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Renting of Motor Cars – VAT Vs. ST

Whether the above activity of providing motor cars to the customers under different business models attract service tax or VAT is a matter of debate since long but in order to understand the governing provisions of the statute which determines its taxability we shall understand the relevant provisions in the Service tax law and the Sales ...

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Do’s and Don’ts in Mandatory Pre-Deposit during Appeals under Service Tax

Litigation under service tax starts by issuance a “Show Cause Notice” under the provision of section 73 of the Finance Act, 1994, which could be a resultant of a Audit, ST-3 scrutiny, investigation or pending issues of previous period. This notice would be adjudicated by the Central Excise and Service Tax officer by following the [&he...

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Whether CESTAT Has Powers to Hear Cases Pertaining To Rebate under Service Tax

Of late there have been confusions as to jurisdiction before whom rebate cases pertaining to service tax should be filed when an order is passed by Commissioner of Central Excise (Appeals). In terms of first proviso to section 35B(1) of Central Excise Act, which states that no appeal shall lie before the Appellate Tribunal and […]...

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Legal Decisions Vs Departmental Circular

In the Indirect Tax Bracket net, there would be plethora of case laws passed by various Tribunals, High Courts and Supreme Court. Further, the CBEC also clarifies the issues to the Industry by way of Circular, Trade Instructions. There may be a scenario, where there would be contradictory view between the Legal Decisions and Departmental ...

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A brief on Service Tax Audit

Service tax in India was bought into existence in the year 1994. Initially, only 3 services were bought into the net, with effect from 1st July 2012 the new system of taxation of services known as Negative list came into existence under this scheme apart from those services listed in the negative list are taxable....

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Departmental Interaction/Professional Interaction with Service Tax Officers

Though the law and procedures under both service tax and central excise are made user friendly, assessee are still finding difficulties in interaction with the department officials. This may be because of lack of awareness of related law or the psychological image about the department. Sometime because of the fear in the minds of assessee...

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VCES – History, Need, Practical Problems, Clarifications / Issues Given By ICAI

1. HISTORY OF VARIOUS OTHER SCHEMES Under Direct & Indirect Taxes The problem of black money corroding the economy of the country is not a new or recent problem. It has been there almost since the Second World War and it has been continuously engaging the attention of the Government. The Government has adopted various […]...

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Download Free e-book – Central Excise Made Simple

Manufacture also constitutes a major part of the economic activity of our country. The Central Government had also realised that unless this sector is nurtured, there would be no inclusive growth. ...

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Best Practices – Reply to Show Cause Notice – Service Tax

CA Madhukar N Hiregange The service tax law has resulted in a large number of disputes [ more than 1 lakhs + pending as on date] mainly due to the fact that the law is changing frequently and drafting has been seen to have many loose ends. The trigger happy attitude of some of the […]...

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Download Free e-Book – ‘Understanding Service Tax Concepts’ Updated till June 2013

Service tax is a subject which has been posing quite a few problems to assessees since its introduction in the year 1994 through Chapter V of Finance Act 1994. Over Rs.131,000 Crores has been collected last year on this count. The service tax law like other tax laws prevalent in the country is not simple, not equitable, not certain and ta...

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