Press Release issued by Ministry of Finance

Govt Raises Threshold for Public Shareholding in Listed Companies All Listed Companies Required to Maintain 25% Public Holding

The Government has made amendments to the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules. The salient features of the amendment are as follows:

a)      The minimum threshold level of public holding will be 25% for all listed companies.

b)      Existing listed companies having less than 25% public holding have to reach the  minimum 25% level by an annual  addition  of  not less than 5%  to public holding.

c)       For new listing, if the post issue capital of the company calculated at offer price is more than Rs. 4000 crore, the company may be allowed to go public with 10% public shareholding and comply with the 25% public shareholding requirement by increasing its public shareholding by at least 5% per annum.

d)      For companies whose draft offer document is pending with Securities and Exchange Board of India on or before these amendments are required to comply with 25% public shareholding requirement by increasing its public shareholding by at least 5% per annum, irrespective of the amount of post issue capital of the company calculated at offer price.

e)      A company may increase its public shareholding by less than 5% in a year if such increase brings its public shareholding to the level of 25% in that year.

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f)        The requirement for continuous listing will be the same as the conditions for initial listing.

g)      Every listed company shall maintain public shareholding of at least 25%.  If the public shareholding in a listed company falls below 25% at any time, such company shall bring the public shareholding to 25% within a maximum period of 12 months from the date of such fall.

 

The Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules 1957 provide for the requirements which have to be satisfied by companies for the purpose of getting their securities listed on any stock exchange in India.  A dispersed shareholding structure is essential for the sustenance of a continuous market for listed securities to provide liquidity to the investors and to discover fair prices. Further, the larger the number of shareholders, the less is the scope for price manipulation. Accordingly, the Finance Minister in his Budget speech for 2009-10, inter- alia, proposed to raise the threshold for non- promoter, public shareholding for all listed companies. To implement the Budget announcement the Securities Contracts (Regulation) (Amendment) Rules, 2010 have been notified today.

________________________

The government today made it mandatory for all listed companies to have a minimum public float of 25 per cent. Those below this level will have to get there by an annual addition of at least 5 per cent to public holding. The move, was expected to result in equity dilution of about Rs 1,60,000 crore by 179 listed companies. These include Reliance Power, Wipro, Indian Oil Corporation, DLF and Tata Communications.

Nifty 50
Companies
free-
float %
Power Grid 13.64
SAIL 14.18
Reliance Power 15.22
NTPC 15.50
Wipro 20.48
DLF 21.36
As per shareholding pattern for March ‘10

“The minimum threshold level of public holding will be 25 per cent for all listed companies,” the finance ministry said in a statement, after notifying the Securities Contracts (Regulation) (Amendment) Rules, which describe requirements to be met by companies for getting their shares listed on stock exchanges.

According to the notification, ‘public’ will not include the promoter, promoter group, subsidiaries and associates of a company. ‘Public shareholding’ will mean equity shares of the company held by the public and not the shares held by the custodian against depository receipts issued overseas.

No exception now
Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee in his Budget speech for 2009-10 had proposed to raise the threshold for non-promoter, public shareholding. The rules till now had also set the minimum float at 25 per cent, but stock exchanges and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) had the power to waive or relax this for public sector undertakings and companies in the information technology, media, entertainment and telecommunications sectors. This leeway has been ended.

“A dispersed shareholding structure is essential for the sustenance of a continuous market for listed securities, to provide liquidity to the investors and to discover fair prices. Further, the larger the number of shareholders, the less is the scope for price manipulation,” the ministry said in the statement today. The requirement for continuous listing will be the same as the conditions for initial listing.

New listing
For new listing, if the post-issue capital of the company calculated at offer price is more than Rs 4,000 crore, it may be allowed to go public with 10 per cent public shareholding and comply with the 25 per cent public shareholding requirement by increasing the public float by 5 per cent annually.

This rule, however, does not apply to companies whose draft offer document was already pending with Sebi. Such companies, irrespective of the amount of post-issue capital, are required to comply with the 25 per cent norm by increasing the public shareholding by at least 5 per cent every year.

A company can increase its public shareholding by less than 5 per cent in a year if such increase brings its public shareholding to the level of 25 per cent in that year. If the public shareholding in a listed company falls below 25 per cent at any time, the company will have to bring the public shareholding to 25 per cent within 12 months from the date of such fall, compared with the two years allowed at present.

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Category : SEBI (2753)
Type : News (12609)
Tags : Government Policy (1824)

0 responses to “Listed Companies Required to Maintain 25% Public Holding”

  1. p s bhatt says:

    Dear Sirs,

    I refer to the minimum public holding act of 2010 where the listed

    companies are to have minimum of 25% public holding.

    But companies like Wipro,Thomas cook etc are not yet started dis investing or so

    to comply the rules.

    May I know Sir, from when this will become mandatory?

    or this is linked with the companies bill likely to be tabelled this winter session?

    It is more than one and half year and thereafter no body speaks about this.

    Can you pl. clarify to me by mail .

    I am interested as I am a share holder of a tea company where promoters hold 87%

    and I expect them to buy back as their shares are rarely traded but listed.

    Waiting for your reply sir.

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