Government of India

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion

(FC-I Section)

Press Note No. 7 (2014 Series)

Subject:   Review of the policy on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Defence sector   amendment to `Consolidated FDI Policy Circular 2014′.

1.0 Present position:

Paragraphs 4.1.3(v)(d) and 6.2.6 of ‘Consolidated FDI Policy Circular 2014’, effective from 17th April, 2014, relating to Defence Sector, presently read as below:

Para 4.1.3(v)(d):

In the I& B and Defence sectors where the sectoral cap is less than 49%, the company would need to be ‘owned and controlled’ by resident Indian citizens and Indian companies, which are owned and controlled by resident Indian citizens.

Para 6.2.6:

Sl. No. Sector/Activity % of Equity/FDI Cap Entry Route
6.2.6 Defence
6.2.6.1 Defence Industry subject to Industrial license under the Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951

26%

Government route up to 26%

Above 26% to Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country.

Note: (i) Investment by Foreign Portfolio Investors FPIs/FIIs(through portfolio investment) is not permitted.

(ii) FPI/FII(through portfolio investment) in companies holding defence licence as on 22 August, 2013 (date of issue of Press Note 6 of 2013) will remain capped at the level existing as on the said date. No fresh FPI/FII(through portfolio investment) is permitted even if the level of such investment falls below the capped level subsequently.

6.2.6.2 Other Conditions:
(i) Licence applications will be considered and licences given by the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, in consultation with Ministry of Defence.

(ii) The applicant should be an Indian company/partnership firm.

(iii) The management of the applicant company/partnership should be in Indian hands with majority representation on the Board as well as the Chief Executives of the company/partnership firm being resident Indians.

(iv) Full particulars of the Directors and the Chief Executives should be furnished along with the applications.

(v) The Government reserves the right to verify the antecedents of the foreign collaborators and domestic promoters including their financial standing and credentials in the world market. Preference would be given to original equipment manufacturers or design establishments, and companies having a good track record of past supplies to Armed Forces, Space and Atomic energy sections and having an established R & D base.

(vi) There would be no minimum capitalization for the FDI. A proper assessment, however, needs to be done by the management of the applicant company depending upon the product and the technology. The licensing authority would satisfy itself about the adequacy of the net worth of the non-resident investor taking into account the category of weapons and equipment that are proposed to be manufactured.

(vii) There would be a three-year lock-in period for transfer of equity from one non-resident investor to another non-resident investor (including NRIs & erstwhile OCBs with 60% or more NRI stake) and such transfer would be subject to prior approval of the Government.

(viii) The Ministry of Defence is not in a position to give purchase guarantee for products to be manufactured. However, the planned acquisition programme for such equipment and overall requirements would be made available to the extent possible.

(ix) The capacity norms for production will be provided in the licence based on the application as well as the recommendations of the Ministry of Defence, which will look into existing capacities of similar and allied products.

(x) Import of equipment for pre-production activity including development of prototype by the applicant company would be permitted.

(xi) Adequate safety and security procedures would need to be put in place by the licensee once the licence is granted and production commences. These would be subject to verification by authorized Government agencies.

(xii) The standards and testing procedures for equipment to be produced under licence from foreign collaborators or from indigenous R & D will have to be provided by the licensee to the Government nominated quality assurance agency under appropriate confidentiality clause. The nominated quality assurance agency would inspect the finished product and would conduct surveillance and audit of the Quality Assurance Procedures of the licensee. Self-certification would be permitted by the Ministry of Defence on case to case basis, which may involve either individual items, or group of items manufactured by the licensee. Such permission would be for a fixed period and subject to renewals.

(xiii) Purchase preference and price preference may be given to the Public Sector organizations as per guidelines of the Department of Public Enterprises.

(xiv) Arms and ammunition produced by the private manufacturers will be primarily sold to the Ministry of Defence. These items may also be sold to other Government entities under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs and State Governments with the prior approval of the Ministry of Defence. No such item should be sold within the country to any other person or entity. The export of manufactured items would be subject to policy and guidelines as applicable to Ordnance Factories and Defence Public Sector Undertakings. Non-lethal items would be permitted for sale to persons/entities other than the Central of State Governments with the prior approval of the Ministry of Defence. Licensee would also need to institute a verifiable system of removal of all goods out of their factories. Violation of these provisions may lead to cancellation of the licence.

(xv) All applications seeking permission of the Government for FDI in defence would be made to the Secretariat of Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in the Department of Economic Affairs.

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(xvi) Applications for FDI up to 26% will follow the existing procedure with proposals involving inflows in excess of ₹ 1200 crore being approved by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA). Applications seeking permission of the Government for FDI beyond 26%, will in all cases be examined additionally by the Department of Defence Production (DoDP) from the point of view particularly of access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology.

(xvii) Based on the recommendation of the DoDP and FIPB, approval of the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) will be sought by the DoDP in respect of cases which are likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country.

(xviii) Proposals for FDI beyond 26% with proposed inflow in excess of ₹ 1200 crores, which are to be approved by CCS will not require further approval of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).

(xix) Government decision on applications to FIPB for FDI in defence industry sector will be normally communicated within a time frame of 10 weeks from the date of acknowledgement.

2.0  Revised position:

The Government of India has reviewed the FDI policy in this regard and amended certain paragraphs of the `Consolidated FDI Policy Circular 2014′. Para 4.1.3 (v) (d) and 6.2.6 of the Circular will now read as under-

Para 4.1.3(v)(d):

In the I& B sector where the sectoral cap is less than 49%, the company would need to be `owned and controlled’ by resident Indian citizens and Indian companies, which are owned and controlled by resident Indian citizens.

Para 6.2.6 :

Sl. No. Sector/Activity % of Equity/FDI Cap Entry Route
6.2.6 Defence
6.2.6.1 Defence Industry subject to Industrial license under the Industries (Development& Regulation) Act, 1951

49%

Government route up to 49%

Above 49% to Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country.

Note (i) FDI limit 49% is composite and includes all kinds of foreign investments i.e. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs), Non Resident Indians (NRIs), Foreign Venture Capital Investors (FVCI) and Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs) regardless of whether the said investments have been made under Schedule 1 (FDI), 2 (FII), 2A (FPI), 3 (NRI), 6 (FVCI) and 8 (QFI) of FEMA (Transfer or Issue of Security by Persons Resident Outside India) Regulations.

(ii) Portfolio investment by FPIs/FIIs/QFIs and investments by FVCIs together will not exceed 24% of the total equity of the investee/joint venture company. Portfolio investments will be under automatic route.

6.2.6.2

 Other Conditions :

(i) Licence applications will be considered and licences given by the Department of Industrial  Policy & Promotion,  Ministry of Commerce & Industry, in consultation with Ministry of Defence and Ministry of External Affairs.

(ii)  The applicant company seeking permission of the Government for FDI up to 49% should be an Indian company owned and controlled by resident Indian citizens.

(iii) The management of the applicant company should be in Indian hands with majority representation on the Board as well as the Chief Executives of the company/partnership firm being resident Indians.

(iv)  Chief Security Officer (CSO) of the investee/ joint venture company should be resident Indian citizen.

(v)   Full particulars of the Directors and the Chief Executives should be furnished along with the applications.

(vi)  The Government reserves the right to verify the antecedents of the foreign collaborators and domestic promoters including their financial standing and credentials in the world market. Preference would be given to original equipment manufacturers or design establishments, and companies having a good track record of past supplies to Armed Forces, Space and Atomic energy sections and having an established R & D base.

(vii) There would be no minimum capitalization for the FDI. A proper assessment, however, needs to be done by the management of the applicant company depending upon the product and the technology. The licensing authority would satisfy itself about the adequacy of the net worth of the non-resident investor taking into account the category of weapons and equipment that are proposed to be manufactured.

(viii) The Ministry of Defence is not in a position to give purchase guarantee for products to be manufactured. However, the planned acquisition programme for such equipment and overall requirements would be made available to the extent possible.

(ix) The capacity norms for production will be provided in the licence based on the application as well as the recommendations of the Ministry of Defence, which will look into existing capacities of similar and allied products.

(x) Investee/joint venture company should be structured to be self-sufficient in areas of product design and development. The investee/joint venture company along with manufacturing facility, should also have maintenance and life cycle support facility of the product being manufactured in India.

(xi)  Import of equipment for pre-production activity including development of prototype by the applicant company would be permitted.

(xii) Adequate safety and security procedures would need to be put in place by the licensee once the licence is granted and production commences.   These would be subject to verification by authorized Government agencies.

(xiii) The standards and testing procedures for equipment to be produced under licence from foreign collaborators or from indigenous R & D will have to be provided by the licensee to the Government nominated quality assurance agency  under appropriate confidentiality clause.  The nominated quality assurance agency would inspect the finished product and would conduct surveillance and audit of the Quality Assurance Procedures of the licensee. Self-certification would be permitted by the Ministry of Defence on case to case basis, which may involve either individual items, or group of items manufactured by the licensee. Such permission would be for a fixed period and subject to renewals.

(xiv) Purchase preference and price preference may be given to the Public Sector organizations as per guidelines of the Department of Public Enterprises.

(xv) Arms and ammunition produced by the private manufacturers will be primarily sold to the Ministry of Defence. These items may also be sold to other Government entities under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs and  State Governments with the prior approval of the Ministry of Defence. No such  item should be sold within the country to any other person or entity. The export  of manufactured items would be subject to policy and guidelines as applicable  to Ordnance Factories and Defence Public Sector Undertakings. Non-lethal  items would be permitted for sale to persons/entities other than the Central of  State Governments with the prior approval of the Ministry of Defence. Licensee would also need to institute a verifiable system of removal of all  goods out of their factories. Violation of these provisions may lead to  cancellation of the licence.

(xvi) All applications seeking permission of the Government for FDI in defence  would be made to the Secretariat of Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in the Department of Economic Affairs.

(xvii) Applications for FDI up to 49%  will follow the existing procedure with proposals involving inflows in excess of ₹ 1200 crore being approved by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).

(xviii) Based on the recommendation of the Ministry of Defence and FIPB, approval  of the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) will be sought by the Ministry of  Defence in respect of cases seeking permission of the Government for FDI  beyond 49% which are likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country.

(xix) Proposals for FDI beyond 49% with proposed inflow in excess of Rs.  1200 crores, which are to be approved by CCS will not require further approval of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).

(xx) Government decision on applications for FDI in defence industry sector will be  normally communicated within a time frame of 10 weeks from the date of  acknowledgement.

(xxi) For the proposal seeking Government approval for foreign investment beyond  49% applicant should be Indian company/foreign investor. Further condition at  para (iii) above will not apply on such proposals.

3.0    The above decision will take immediate effect.

(Atul Chaturvedi)

Joint Secretary to the Government of India


D/o IPP File No.: 5/5/2014-FC-I dated: 26th  August, 2014

Copy forwarded to:

1. Press Information Officer, Press Information Bureau- for giving wide publicity to the above Press Note.

2. Reserve Bank of India, Foreign Exchange Department, Mumbai- for suitably  incorporating the policy changes in Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or issue of security by a person resident outside India) Regulations,  2000 and the relevant schedules thereof.

3. NIC Section in the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion- for uploading the Press Note on DIPP’s website.

4. Hindi Section, DIPP- for providing Hindi version

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