The Reserve Bank of India today clarified some of the provisions of Reserve Bank of India (Interest Rate on Advances) Directions, 2016 (hereinafter called the Directions) relating to the Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) system which comes into effect on April 01, 2016. The changes are:
1. Fixed Rate Loans
As per Section 13(d)(v) of the Directions, fixed rate loans are exempted from being linked to MCLR as the benchmark for determining interest rate. On a review, it has been decided that fixed rate loans upto three years shall be priced with reference to MCLR. Fixed rate loans of tenor above three years will continue to be exempted from MCLR system. Accordingly, Section 13(d)(v) of the Directions has been modified.
2. Computing Marginal Cost of Funds
As per Annex to Section 6(b) of the Directions, for computing Marginal Cost of Funds, balances of deposits and other borrowings outstanding as on the previous day of review shall be reckoned. On a review, it has been decided that banks will have the option to reckon the outstanding balances of deposits and other borrowings as on any day, not more than seven calendar days, prior to the date from which the MCLR becomes effective. The chosen time lag shall be maintained consistently for a period not less one year. Accordingly, Annex to Section 6(b) of the Directions has been modified.
3. MCLR of Various Maturities
As per Section 6(b)(viii) of the Directions, banks are required to publish MCLR for various tenors. It is clarified that the tenor of the MCLR calculated as per the Annex shall correspond to the following:
- the tenor of the funds in the single largest maturity bucket, provided it is more than 30 per-cent of the entire funds reckoned for determining the MCLR.
- the weighted average tenor of two or more maturity buckets that together account for more than 30 per-cent, if no single maturity bucket accounts for more than 30 per-cent of the funds. The maturity bucket shall be arrived at by calculating the cumulative weightage based on the descending order of the maturity time buckets.
Accordingly, Section 6(b)(vii) of the Directions has been inserted and Section 6(b)(viii) has been modified. Other sections have been renumbered.
4. Effective Date for applying MCLR on Floating Rate Loan
As per Section 9(a) and 9(b) of the Directions, MCLR prevailing on the day a floating rate loan is sanctioned shall be applicable till the next reset date. On a review, it has been decided that MCLR prevailing on the date of first disbursement, whether partial or full, shall be applicable on the floating rate loan and future reset dates determined accordingly. Accordingly, Section 9(a) and 9(b) of the Directions have been modified.
The updated Reserve Bank of India (Interest Rate on Advances) Directions, 2016 is now available on the Reserve Bank’s website www.rbi.org.in.
The Reserve Bank of India had issued guidelines on Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) vide circular DBR.No.Dir.BC.67/13.03.00/2015-16 dated December 17, 2015. The guidelines come into effect from April 1, 2016. These guidelines were incorporated in the Reserve Bank of India (Interest Rate on Advances) Directions, 2016.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)
1. The guidelines specify that MCLR calculated using methodology prescribed shall correspond to the tenor of funds in the single largest maturity bucket provided it is more than 30% of the entire funds reckoned for determining the MCLR. But my bank does not have a single time bucket which has more than 30% share of the funds reckoned for MCLR. In such a case, the MCLR calculated as per the methodology indicated shall correspond to which tenor?
Let’s assume a bank has following maturity profile of borrowings:
|Sr. No.||Original Maturity||Balance outstanding as a percentage of total funds (other than equity)||Cumulative weightage|
|1||5 years & above||15.1%||15.1%|
|2||3 years & above but less than 5 years||11.8%||26.9%|
|3||2 years & above but less than 3 years||9.3%||36.2%|
|4||1 year & above but less than 2 years||16.9%||53.1%|
|5||6 months & above but less than 1 year||24.3%||77.4%|
|6||91 days & above but less than 6 months||10.5%||87.9%|
|7||Up to 90 days||12.1%||100%|
In this case, the MCLR shall correspond to the weightage average of tenor of the first three time buckets.
2. Whether the tenor premium charged will be for contractual tenor or residual tenor?
Since floating rate loans are subject to periodic resets, the tenor premium will be the appropriate premium for the residual period up to the next reset date.
3. What will be the denominator used for arriving at the operating cost for computing MCLR?
Banks may calculate all operating costs as a percentage of marginal cost of funds for computing MCLR.
4. Clarify the definition of short term borrowings.
A short term borrowing means borrowing of tenor up to but less than one year.
5. Can components of spread be negative?
The components of the spread i.e. business strategy and Credit risk premium shall have either a positive value or be zero. In other words, the spread components cannot be negative.
6. Banks grant fixed rate loans to long term projects where initial debt facility consists of loan for a medium term say 5 to 7 years. These loans are then refinanced after the specified period. Will these types of loans be permitted under MCLR system?
Banks can grant fixed rate loans to long term projects wherein the interest rate are fixed till the loan is due for refinancing. The loan, at the time of refinancing, will be treated as a fresh fixed rate loan with a maturity period equal to the period upto the next date of refinancing. Such fixed rate loans will fall under the directions contained in Section 13(d)(v) of Reserve Bank of India (Interest Rate on Advances) Directions, 2016.
7. Will the interest rates on fixed rate loans (or fixed portion of hybrid loans) be based on the date of sanction or disbursement?
The interest charged on fixed rate loans as well as the fixed portion of hybrid loans will be the interest rate mentioned in the sanction letter.