Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2020 which seeks to replace the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 (Ord. 12 of 2020) provides for the following, namely:—

(i) substitution of section 3 to provide that the Act shall not apply to—

(a) a primary agricultural credit society; or

(b) a co-operative society whose primary object and principal business is providing of long term finance for agricultural development,

if such society does not use as part of its name, or in connection with its business, the words “bank”, “banker” or “banking” and does not act as drawee of cheques;

(ii) amendment of section 45 to address the potential disruptions in the financial system by providing for the Reserve Bank of India to prepare a scheme for the reconstruction or amalgamation of the banking company without the necessity of first making an order of moratorium;

(iii) amendment of section 56 to provide that notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the provisions of the Act shall apply to co-operative societies, subject to the modifications specified therein.

Full text of the bill as introduced in Lok Sabha on 14th September 2020 is as follows-

As INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA

Bill No. 114 of 2020

THE BANKING REGULATION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2020
A
BILL
further to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventy-first Year of the Republic of India as follows:—

1. Short title and commencement.

(1) This Act may be called the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Act, 2020.

(2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 26th day of June, 2020, except section 4, which, in so far as it relates to–

(i) primary co-operative banks, be deemed to have come into force on the 29th day of June, 2020;

(ii) state co-operative banks and central co-operative banks, come into force on such date as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:

Provided that different dates may be appointed for state co-operative banks and central co-operative banks and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.

2. Substitution of new section for section 3.

In the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), for section 3, the following section shall be substituted, namely:—

Act not to apply to certain cooperative societies.

“3. Notwithstanding anything contained in the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981, this Act shall not apply to–

(a) a primary agricultural credit society; or

(b) a co-operative society whose primary object and principal business is providing of long-term finance for agricultural development,

if such society does not use as part of its name, or in connection with its business, the words “bank”, “banker” or “banking” and does not act as drawee of cheques.”.

3. Amendment of section 45.

In section 45 of the principal Act,—

(i) in the marginal heading, for the word “reconstitution”, the word “reconstruction” shall be substituted;

(ii) in sub-section (3), after the words “other creditors”, the words “or grant any loans or advances or make investments in any credit instruments” shall be inserted;

(iii) in sub-section (4), after the words “During the period of moratorium”, the words “or at any other time” shall be inserted;

(iv) in sub-section (5), in clauses (e), (i) and (j), for the words “date of the order of moratorium”, the words “reconstruction or amalgamation” shall be substituted;

(v) in sub-section (6), in clause (a), for the word “amalgamation”, the words “reconstruction or amalgamation” shall be substituted;

(vi) in sub-section (15), the words “or a subsidiary bank” shall be omitted.

4. Amendment of section 56.

In section 56 of the principal Act,—

(A) in the opening portion, for the words “The provisions of this Act, as in force for the time being,”, the words “Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the provisions of this Act” shall be substituted;

(B) in clause (a), after sub-clause (ii), the following sub-clauses shall be inserted, namely:—

‘(iii) references to “memorandum of association” or “articles of association” shall be construed as references to bye-laws;

(iv) references to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, except in Part III and Part IIIA, shall be construed as references to the corresponding provisions, if any, of the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;

(v) references to “Registrar” or “Registrar of Companies” shall be construed as references to “Central Registrar” or “Registrar of Co-operative Societies”, as the case may be, under the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;’;

(C) clause (d) shall be omitted;

(D) in clause (e), sub-clauses (i) and (iii) shall be omitted;

(E) in clause (f), in section 7 as so substituted, in sub-section (2),—

(I) in clause (b), the words “or co-operative land mortgage banks” shall be omitted;

(II) in clause (c), in sub-clause (ii), the words “or a co-operative land mortgage bank” shall be omitted;

(F) clauses (fi), (fii) and (g) shall be omitted;

(G) for clause (i), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

‘(i) for section 12, the following section shall be substituted, namely:—

Issue and regulation of paid-up share capital and securities by co-operative banks.

“12. (1) A co-operative bank may, with the prior approval of the Reserve Bank, issue, by way of public issue or private placement,—

(i) equity shares or preference shares or special shares, on face value or at premium; and

(ii) unsecured debentures or bonds or other like securities with initial or original maturity of not less than ten years,

to any member of such co-operative bank or any other person residing within its area of operation, subject to such conditions and ceiling, limit or restriction on its issue or subscription or transfer, as may be specified by the Reserve Bank in this behalf.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act,—

(i) no person shall be entitled to demand payment towards surrender of shares issued to him by a co-operative bank; and

(ii) a co-operative bank shall not withdraw or reduce its share capital, except to the extent and subject to such conditions as the Reserve Bank may specify in this behalf.”;’;

(H) clauses (l), (n) and (p) shall be omitted;

(I) in clause (q), sub-clauses (ii) and (iv) shall be omitted;

(J) clauses (r), (ria) and (sa) shall be omitted;

(K) in clause (t), sub-clause (i) shall be omitted;

(L) clauses (u), (v), (x), (y), (z) and (za) shall be omitted;

(M) in clause (zaa),—

(a) in section 36AAA as so inserted,—

(i) for the words “multi-State co-operative bank”, wherever they occur, the words “co-operative bank” shall be substituted;

(ii) in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—

“Provided that in the case of a co-operative bank registered with the Registrar of Co-operative Societies of a State, the Reserve Bank shall issue such order in consultation with the concerned State Government seeking its comments, if any, within such period as the Reserve Bank may specify.”;

(iii) after sub-section (9), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:—

“(10) The provisions of section 36ACA shall not apply to a co-operative bank.”;

(b) section 36AAB as so inserted shall be omitted;

(N) for clause (zb), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

“(zb) Part IIC shall be omitted;”;

(O) in clause (zc), sub-clause (i) shall be omitted;

(P) clauses (zd) and (zf) shall be omitted;

(Q) for clause (zg), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

‘(zg) in section 49B, references to “Central Government” shall be construed as references to “Central Registrar” or “Registrar of Co-operative Societies”, as the case may be, under the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;’;

(R) clause (zh) shall be omitted;

(S) for clause (zj), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

‘(zj) after section 53, the following section shall be inserted, namely:—

Powers to exempt co-operative banks in certain cases.

“53A. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other provisions of this Act, the Reserve Bank may, from time to time, on being satisfied that it is necessary so to do, declare, by notification in the Official Gazette, that the provisions of item (iii) of clause (b) of sub-section (1) and sub-section (2), of section 10, clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 10A, sub-section (1A) of section 10B and clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 35B of this Act shall not apply to a co-operative bank or class of co-operative banks, either generally or for such period as may be specified therein, subject to such conditions, limitations or restrictions as it may think fit to impose.”;’.

5. Repeal and savings.

(1) The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 is hereby repealed.

(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, as amended by the said Ordinance, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of the said Act as amended by this Act.

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was enacted to consolidate and amend the law relating to banking. Section 3 of the said Act provides that the Act shall not apply to certain co-operative societies, except in the manner and to the extent specified therein. Section 45 empowers the Reserve Bank of India for suspension of business by a banking company and to prepare a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation during the order of moratorium. Part V thereof provides for the application of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 to co-operative banks, subject to certain modifications specified in section 56.

2. Certain amendments were considered necessary in the said Act to provide for better management and proper regulation of co-operative banks and to ensure that the affairs of the co-operative banks are conducted in a manner that protects the interests of the depositors, by increasing professionalism, enabling access to capital, improving governance and ensuring sound banking through the Reserve Bank of India. Accordingly, the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2020 was introduced in Lok Sabha on the 3rd March, 2020, but the same could not be passed.

3. Further amendments were proposed to be made in section 45 of the Act to enable the Reserve Bank of India to make a scheme to protect the interests of the public, the banking system, depositors or to secure the banking company’s proper management, without first making an order of moratorium so as to avoid disruptions in the financial system.

4. As the economic situation arising from the COVID-19 pandemic had increased the stress in both co-operative banks and banking companies, there was an immediate need for legislation in this regard. As Parliament was not in session, the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 was promulgated by the President of India on the 26th day of June, 2020 under clause (1) of article 123 of the Constitution.

5. The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2020 which seeks to replace the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 (Ord. 12 of 2020) provides for the following, namely:—

(i) substitution of section 3 to provide that the Act shall not apply to—

(a) a primary agricultural credit society; or

(b) a co-operative society whose primary object and principal business is providing of long term finance for agricultural development,

if such society does not use as part of its name, or in connection with its business, the words “bank”, “banker” or “banking” and does not act as drawee of cheques;

(ii) amendment of section 45 to address the potential disruptions in the financial system by providing for the Reserve Bank of India to prepare a scheme for the reconstruction or amalgamation of the banking company without the necessity of first making an order of moratorium;

(iii) amendment of section 56 to provide that notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the provisions of the Act shall apply to co-operative societies, subject to the modifications specified therein.

6. The Bill seeks to replace the aforesaid Ordinance.

NIRMALA SITHARAMAN.

NEW DELHI;
The 3rd September, 2020.

As PASSED BY LOK SABHA
ON 16.9.2020

THE BANKING REGULATION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2020
A
BILL
Bill No. 114-C of 2020

further to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventy-first Year of the Republic of India as follows:—

1. Short title and commencement.

(1) This Act may be called the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Act, 2020.

(2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 26th day of June, 2020, except section 4, which, in so far as it relates to––

(i) primary co-operative banks, be deemed to have come into force on the 29th day of June, 2020;

(ii) state co-operative banks and central co-operative banks, come into force on such date as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:

Provided that different dates may be appointed for state co-operative banks and central co-operative banks and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.

2. Substitution of new section for section 3.

In the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), for section 3, the following section shall be substituted, namely:—

Act not to apply to certain cooperative societies.

“3. Notwithstanding anything contained in the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981, this Act shall not apply to–

(a) a primary agricultural credit society; or

(b) a co-operative society whose primary object and principal business is providing of long-term finance for agricultural development,

if such society does not use as part of its name, or in connection with its business, the words “bank”, “banker” or “banking” and does not act as drawee of cheques.”.

3. Amendment of section 45.

In section 45 of the principal Act,—

(i) in the marginal heading, for the word “reconstitution”, the word “reconstruction” shall be substituted;

(ii) in sub-section (3), after the words “other creditors”, the words “or grant any loans or advances or make investments in any credit instruments” shall be inserted;

(iii) in sub-section (4), after the words “During the period of moratorium”, the words “or at any other time” shall be inserted;

(iv) in sub-section (5), in clauses (e), (i) and (j), for the words “date of the order of moratorium”, the words “reconstruction or amalgamation” shall be substituted;

(v) in sub-section (6), in clause (a), for the word “amalgamation”, the words “reconstruction or amalgamation” shall be substituted;

(vi) in sub-section (15), the words “or a subsidiary bank” shall be omitted.

4. Amendment of section 56.

In section 56 of the principal Act,—

(A) in the opening portion, for the words “The provisions of this Act, as in force for the time being,”, the words “Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the provisions of this Act” shall be substituted;

(B) in clause (a), after sub-clause (ii), the following sub-clauses shall be inserted, namely:—

‘(iii) references to “memorandum of association” or “articles of association” shall be construed as references to bye-laws;

(iv) references to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, except in Part III and Part IIIA, shall be construed as references to the corresponding provisions, if any, of the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;

(v) references to “Registrar” or “Registrar of Companies” shall be construed as references to “Central Registrar” or “Registrar of Co-operative Societies”, as the case may be, under the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;’;

(C) clause (d) shall be omitted;

(D) in clause (e), sub-clauses (i) and (iii) shall be omitted;

(E) in clause (f), in section 7 as so substituted, in sub-section (2),—

(I) in clause (b), the words “or co-operative land mortgage banks” shall be omitted;

(II) in clause (c), in sub-clause (ii), the words “or a co-operative land mortgage bank” shall be omitted;

(F) clauses (fi), (fii) and (g) shall be omitted;

(G) for clause (i), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

(i) for section 12, the following section shall be substituted, namely:—

Issue and regulation of paid-up share capital and securities by co-operative banks.

“12. (1) A co-operative bank may, with the prior approval of the Reserve Bank, issue, by way of public issue or private placement,—

(i) equity shares or preference shares or special shares, on face value or at premium; and

(ii) unsecured debentures or bonds or other like securities with initial or original maturity of not less than ten years,

to any member of such co-operative bank or any other person residing within its area of operation, subject to such conditions and ceiling, limit or restriction on its issue or subscription or transfer, as may be specified by the Reserve Bank in this behalf.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act,—

(i) no person shall be entitled to demand payment towards surrender of shares issued to him by a co-operative bank; and

(ii) a co-operative bank shall not withdraw or reduce its share capital, except to the extent and subject to such conditions as the Reserve Bank may specify in this behalf.”;’;

(H) clauses (l), (n) and (p) shall be omitted;

(I) in clause (q), sub-clauses (ii) and (iv) shall be omitted;

(J) clauses (r), (ria) and (sa) shall be omitted;

(K) in clause (t), sub-clause (i) shall be omitted;

(L) clauses (u), (v), (x), (y), (z) and (za) shall be omitted;

(M) in clause (zaa),—

(a) in section 36AAA as so inserted,—

(i) for the words “multi-State co-operative bank”, wherever they occur, the words “co-operative bank” shall be substituted;

(ii) in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—

“Provided that in the case of a co-operative bank registered with the Registrar of Co-operative Societies of a State, the Reserve Bank shall issue such order in consultation with the concerned State Government seeking its comments, if any, within such period as the Reserve Bank may specify.”;

(iii) after sub-section (9), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:—

“(10) The provisions of section 36ACA shall not apply to a co-operative bank.”;

(b) section 36AAB as so inserted shall be omitted;

(N) for clause (zb), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

“(zb) Part IIC shall be omitted;”;

(O) in clause (zc), sub-clause (i) shall be omitted;

(P) clauses (zd) and (zf) shall be omitted;

(Q) for clause (zg), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

‘(zg) in section 49B, references to “Central Government” shall be construed as references to “Central Registrar” or “Registrar of Co-operative Societies”, as the case may be, under the law under which a co-operative bank is registered;’;

(R) clause (zh) shall be omitted;

(S) for clause (zj), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:—

‘(zj) after section 53, the following section shall be inserted, namely:—

Powers to exempt co-operative banks in certain cases.

“53A. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other provisions of this Act, the Reserve Bank may, from time to time, on being satisfied that it is necessary so to do, declare, by notification in the Official Gazette, that the provisions of item (iii) of clause (b) of sub-section (1) and sub-section (2), of section 10, clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 10A, sub-section (1A) of section 10B and clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 35B of this Act shall not apply to a co-operative bank or class of co-operative banks, either generally or for such period as may be specified therein, subject to such conditions, limitations or restrictions as it may think fit to impose.”;’.

5. Repeal and savings.

(1) The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 is hereby repealed.

(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, as amended by the said Ordinance, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of the said Act as amended by this Act.

LOK SABHA

————

A
BILL
further to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

————

Also Read- Banking Regulation (Amendment) BIll, 2020 as passed by Lok Sabha

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