Overview of TDS
TDS is one of the modes of collection of taxes, by which a certain percentage of amounts are deducted by a person at the time of making/crediting certain specific nature of payment to the other person and deducted amount is remitted to the Government account. It is similar to “pay as you earn” scheme also known as Withholding Tax in many other countries, one of the countries is USA. The concept of TDS envisages the principle of “pay as you earn”. It facilitates sharing of responsibility of tax collection between the deductor and the tax administration. It ensures regular inflow of cash resources to the Government. It acts as a powerful instrument to prevent tax evasion as well as expands the tax net.
Who shall deduct tax at source?
Every person responsible for making payment of nature covered by TDS provisions of Income Tax Act shall be responsible to deduct tax.
However in case of payments made under sec. 194A, 194C, 194H, 194I and 194J in respect of individual and HUF, only if the turnover or professional receipt exceeds sum of Rs. one crore rupees in case of business or Rs. fifty lakh rupees in case of profession in previous year, he is required to deduct tax at source.
These persons are mainly:
– Principal Officer of a company for TDS purpose including the employer in case of private employment or an employee making payment on behalf of the employer.
– DDO (Drawing & Disbursing Officer), In case of Govt. Office any officer designated as such.
– In the case of “interest on securities” other than payments made by or on behalf of the Central govt. or the State Government, it is the local authority, corporation or company, including the Principal Officer thereof.
Such person is called Deductor while the person from whom the tax is deducted is called Deductee.
Tax must be deducted at the time of payment in cash or cheque or credit to the payee’s account whichever is earlier. Credit to payable account or suspense account is also considered to be credit to payee’s account and TDS must be made at the time of such credit.
What a deductor must do?
1. Obtain TAN
Every deductor is required to obtain a unique identification number called TAN (Tax Deduction Account Number) which is a ten digit alpha numeric number e.g.DELH90468K.
This number has to be quoted by the deductor in every correspondence related to Income Tax matters concerning TDS.
2. He/She should obtain PAN of the deductee.
3. He/She should deduct the tax at correct rate.
4. The tax deducted has to be deposited in the designated banks within specified time. (Govt. deductors shall transfer the tax deducted through book entry in Government account).This is detailed below:
▬ By or on behalf of the Government : on the same day,
▬ By or on behalf of any other person : before the 7th of the following month.
However, if the amount is credited in the books in the month of March then the tax should be remitted by 30th April.
Note: w.e.f., 01.04.2008 electronic payment of tax has to be done by all corporate assesses and all persons whose cases are auditable under section 44B.
5. Use challan no. 281 for depositing TDS amount.
6. File statements of tax deduction in the prescribed time.
The due dates for filing of TDS/TCS statement are :
31st of July for Quarter 1,
31st of October for Quarter 2,
31st of January for Quarter 3 and
31st May for last Quarter
Note: Kindly note that due to COVID-19 the due dates to file the TDS returns for FY 2019-20 has been extended and the revised dates are as under:
31st of March 2021 for Quarter 1,
31st of March 2021 for Quarter 2,
31st of January 2021 for Quarter 3 and
31st May 2021 for last Quarter
7. Use correct form to file TDS/TCS Returns. They are:
Form 24Q – for salaries
Form 26Q – for non salaries
Form 27Q – For payment made to NRI
Form 27EQ – for TCS
Form 27A – Control sheet for electronic TDS/TCS
It may be noted that the following persons have to compulsorily file e-TDS /e-TCS statements
Dos & Dont’s for filing TDS Returns
The process of filing of e-TDS /e-TCS returns is available in detail at following websites www.incometaxindia.gov.in or http://tin-nsdl.com.
8. Issue TDS certificates as per existing procedure and within the time prescribed as stated below:
|Sl. No.||Form No.||Periodicity||Due date|
|1.||16||Annual||By 15th of June of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted|
|2.||16A||Quarterly||Within fifteen days from the due date for furnishing the statement of tax deducted at source under rule 31A.|
9. File e-TBAF (In case of Govt. DDO’s where TDS is credited in Central Govt. account through book adjustments)
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(Republished with Amendments by Team Taxguru)