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Tax Benefit on Home Loan

Repayment of housing loan is through Equated Monthly Installments (EMI) which consists of principal and interest component. As the repayment comprises of 2 different components, the tax benefit on home loan is governed by different sections of the Income Tax Act and these are claimed as tax deductions under different sections while filing the Income Tax Return.
CA Tejinder Pal Singh

Repayment of housing loan is through Equated Monthly Installments (EMI) which consists of principal and interest component. As the repayment comprises of 2 different components, the tax benefit on home loan is governed by different sections of the Income Tax Act and these are claimed as tax deductions under different sections while filing the Income Tax Return.

The Sections under which Tax Benefit on Home Loan can be claimed are explained below:-

Section 80C: Tax benefit on Principal amount on Home Loan

The maximum tax deduction allowed under Section 80C is Rs. 1,50,000. This tax deduction under Section 80C is available on payment basis irrespective of the year for which the payment has been made. The Amount paid as Stamp Duty & Registration Fee is also allowed as tax deduction under Section 80C even if the Assessee has not taken Loan.

However, tax benefit of home loan under this section for repayment of principal part of the home loan is allowed only after the construction is complete and the completion certificate has been awarded.

Section 24: Income Tax Benefit on Interest on Home Loan

The maximum tax deduction allowed under Section 24 of a self-occupied property is subject to a maximum limit of Rs. 2 Lakhs. Moreover, if the property is not acquired/constructed completed within 3 years from the end of financial year in which the loan was taken, the interest benefit in this case would be reduced from 2 Lakhs to Rs 30,000 only. This limit of 3 years has been increased to 5 years from Financial Year 2016-17 and onwards.

In case the property for which the Home Loan has been taken is not self-occupied, no maximum limit has been prescribed in this case and the taxpayer can take tax deduction of the whole interest amount under Section 24.

It is also important to note that this tax deduction of Interest on Home Loan under Section 24 is deductible on payable basis, i.e. on accrual basis. Hence, deduction under Section 24 should be claimed on yearly basis even if no payment has been made during the year as compared to Section 80C which allows for deduction only on payment basis.

Amendment in Budget 2017

In case of non-self occupied property, the interest paid is reduced from the Rent paid to arrive at the Income from House Property. In some cases, it may happen that the Interest paid is more than the Rent earned which will result in Loss from House Property. This Loss is allowed to be set-off with Income from any other head.

The Finance Act 2017 announced on 1st Feb 2017 has put a restriction to the maximum amount of Loss under head House Property that can be set-off from other heads of Income. From Financial Year 2017-18 onwards, Loss of a maximum of Rs. 2 Lakhs is allowed to be set-off with Income from other heads. The amount which is not set-off shall be carried forward to future years.

Let’ say Mr. A has house has a rental income of Rs 40,000 per month and he is paying home loan interest of Rs 10 lakhs p.a. He has income from remaining heads of Rs 12 Lakhs p.a.

Income from house property

FY 2016-17 FY 2017-18
Rental Income

(40,000*12)

4,80,000 4,80,000
Less : Municipal Taxes Paid 10,000 10,000
Less: Standard Deduction(30% * 4,80,000) 1,44,000 1,44,000
Less: Interest  on House loan 10,00,000 10,00,000
Loss from house property eligible to be set off (6,74,000) (no limit)

 

(2,00,000)

(maximum limit allowed )

 

 Home loan in Joint Names

Tax benefits get divided among co-applicants in case of a joint loan. The division takes place in the same proportion in which the asset is owned by each co-applicant. Each co-applicant can claim a maximum tax rebate of up to Rs. 1.50 lakh for principal repayment (Section 80C) and Rs. 2 lakh for interest payment (Section 24). The very first condition is the house property has to be bought by the individuals jointly, and this should be in their joint names. The share of each holder should be clearly mentioned so that there is absolute clarity on the percentage ownership of each co-owner.

Section 80EE: Income Tax Benefit on Interest on Home Loan (First Time Buyers)

Re-introduced in Budget 2016

Maximum tax deduction allowed under Section 80EE is Rs. 50,000.  This incentive would be over and above the tax deduction of Rs. 2,00,000 under Section 24 and Rs. 1,50,000 under Section 80C.

Conditions for availing deduction under section 80EE:-

  1. Purchaser should be first time buyer i.e. he has never purchased any house and now he is going to purchase a house.
  2. This deduction would be allowed only if the value of the property purchased is less than Rs. 50 Lakhs and the value of loan taken is less than Rs. 35 Lakhs.
  3. The loan should be sanctioned between 1st April 2016 and 31st March 2017.
  4. The benefit of this deduction would be available till the time the repayment of the loan continues.
  5. This Deduction would be available from Financial Year 2016-17 onwards
Categories: Income Tax

View Comments (17)

  • We have one house in Joint name with wife self occupied against which home loan got diluted. I have booked an another under construction flat in Joint name with first name of wife(housewife) and living at working place away from home. Loan of 28.5 lakh is w.e.f Sep 2016 which is also in joint name but EMI paid by me from my salary income. Can I claim principal repayment & interest payment both regarding sanctioned home loan u/s 80c, 24 & 80EE of income tax act. Please guide me.

    Pl. inform can my wife claim the same u/s 80c, 24 & 80EE of income tax act.

    Thanks..

  • For the same home, the home loan and renovation loan of same, the interest of both home loan and renovation loan can be deducted in income tax under section 24(b)
    That is interest of 80000/- on home loan and interest of 30000/- on renovation loan.
    Total of 110000/- interest can be deducted in income tax.

  • Hello Sir,
    Could you please help me on the below query.

    I have purchased a Residential Property (1st time Buyer) worth 30 Lakhs, Housing loan sanction: 27 Lakhs in June 2016. I have now let out the property.
    Total Interest paid during the year is Rs. 2,30,000. Rent received for letting out is Rs 45,000 after standard deduction.

    I want to now claim balance Interest of Rs. 45,000 under section 80 EE.

    Whether I am eligible to claim u/s 80 EE as I have let out the property.

  • I brought house in FY16-17, even my loan was sanctioned during the same year. I'd also got the deduction u/s80EE during the year. Now shall i get the same deduction for FY17-18 as it is mentioned in the point number 3 and 4 of the conditions? or Will this deduction be applicable for the loan taken in FY17-18?

    • you can claim in every financial year till the time your loan is repaid..but remember first your sec 24 , 2 lac limit should be exhausted

  • Dear sir
    Good evening,
    I had taken a housing loan worth to Rs 20 Lakh.
    The loan was sanction on February 09, 2016,
    I want to whether I am also entitled to take benefits u/s 80EE or any other section?
    please confirm.
    Thanking you,
    With warn regards

    ALOK KUMAR SINHA

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