The provisions of section 194H of the Income Tax Act, 1961 governs the TDS deductible on commission or brokerage income.
The present article briefs the basic provisions of section 194H of the Income Tax Act; explains the meaning of commission / brokerage; provides TDS deduction rate and time of deduction of TDS and also provides the list of cases wherein TDS is not deductible under section 194H.
Basic provisions of section 194H
As per the provisions of section 194H of the Income Tax Act, 1961, any person making payment of any income in respect of commission / brokerage is required to deduct TDS.
In case of Individual / Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) provisions of section 194H applies only if the total sales / gross receipts or turnover exceeds the monetary limit specified under section 44AB (a) or (b).
Meaning of commission / brokerage –
At the time of understanding the provisions of TDS on commission / brokerage, firstly, it is essential to understand what is commission / brokerage?
Explanation (i) to Section 194H of the Income Tax Act, 1961 contains the meaning of the term ‘Commission or Brokerage’. As per the said Explanation, Commission or Brokerage includes any payment received / receivable (directly or indirectly) by a person acting on behalf of another person for –
TDS deduction rate –
The person liable to deduct TDS under section 194H of the Income Tax Act is required to deduct TDS @ 5%. No additional surcharge, Education Cess or SHE Cess is to be added to the TDS rate of 5%.
However, in the absence of PAN, the Deductor would be liable to deduct TDS at the maximum marginal rate i.e. 20%.
Time of TDS deduction –
Section 194H of the Income Tax Act, 1961 requires the Deductor to deduct TDS within earlier of the following dates –
Cases wherein TDS not to be deducted under section 194H
TDS is not liable to be deduction under Section 194H of the Income Tax Act in the following cases –
1. The aggregate amount of commission or brokerage credited / paid to the account of the payee doesn’t exceed INR 15,000.
2. The Commission or brokerage payable by the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) or Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) to their public call office franchisees.
3. The Bank guarantee commission.
4. The cash management service charges.
5. TDS on insurance commission is not deductible under section 194H, the same is specifically covered under section 194D.
6. The payee has applied for and obtained a certificate from the Assessing Officer under section 197 for NIL or lower deduction of TDS.
7. TDS on commission paid by the employer to its employee is deductible as per provisions of section 192 and not under section 194H.
Certain important points –
Frequently Asked Questions with reference to Section 194H of the Income Tax Act, 1961 –
1. What is section 194H?
Section 194h underlines the provisions regarding deduction of TDS on commission / brokerage.
2. What is limit of TDS deduction on commission?
Section 194H provides the exemption limit of INR 15,000 on TDS on commission i.e. TDS is deductible only if the aggregate amount of commission exceeds INR 15,000 during the Financial Year.
3. What happens if TDS is not deducted?
If TDS is not deducted, then as per provisions of section 201(1A), the Deductor is liable to pay interest @ 1% per month from the date on which TDS was to be deducted till the date of actual deduction of TDS.
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|Section 193: TDS on Interest on Securities|
|Section 194 – TDS on dividend|
|Section 194A: TDS on interest other than interest on securities|
|Section 194B and Section 194BB – TDS|
|Section 194C – TDS on Contractors|
|Section 194D – TDS on insurance commission|
|Section 194DA – TDS in respect of Life Insurance Policy|
|Section 194E – TDS on payment to Non-resident Sportsmen or Sports Association|
|TDS under Section 194EE and Section 194F|
|Section 194G TDS on Commission on Sale of Lottery Tickets|
|Section 194I of Income Tax Act, 1961 – TDS on Rent|
|Section 194IA TDS on transfer of immovable property|
|Section 194IB – TDS on Rent paid by Individual / HUF|
|Section 194LA: Payment of Compensation on acquisition of certain immovable property|
|TDS under Section 194LB, 194LBA, 194LBB and 194LBC|
|Section 194LC: TDS on income by way of interest from an Indian Company or a business trust|
|Section 194LD TDS on income by way of interest on certain bonds and Government Securities|
|Section 194J TDS on Fees for Professional or Technical Services|
|Section 194N – TDS on Cash Withdrawals|
|Section 194M: TDS on Payment of certain sum by certain Individual / HUF|
|Section 195 TDS on payment of any other sum to a non-resident|