RESIDENTIAL STATUS & SCOPE OF TOTAL INCOME [SEC 5 TO 9)

Residential Status of an Individual Sec 6(1)

An individual is resident in India if he satisfies any one of the following two conditions:

i. He is in India for 182 days or more in the relevant previous year or

ii. He is in India for 60 days or more during the relevant previous year and for 365 days or more during 4 years immediately preceding the previous year.

If he does not satisfy any one of the conditions above, he shall be non-resident.

Condition (ii) above is not applicable in following cases (means in following cases a person shall be resident of India only when he is in India for 182 days or more in the previous year):

a. If Indian Citizen leaves India during the previous year for employment outside India or as a member of crew of an Indian Ship

b. If Indian citizen or person of Indian origin visits India during previous year.

Other points:

• Residential status is determined for every year separately

• India includes territorial waters of India.

• Employment includes self-employment

• In computing the period of 180 days, the day of entry into India and the day of exit from India shall be included.

• Person of Indian origin is a person who himself or any of his parents or any of his grandparents was born in undivided India before 15th August 1947.

• After determining the residential status of individual/HUF, these persons are further checked whether they are ordinarily resident or not ordinarily resident.

An individual who is resident in India shall be resident and ordinarily resident (ROR) in India if he satisfies both the following conditions:

i. He has been resident in India for at least 2 out of 10 previous years immediately preceding the relevant previous year

And

ii. He has been in India for 730 days or more during 7 previous years immediately preceding the relevant previous year.

If he does not satisfy any or both of the above conditions, he shall be resident but not ordinarily resident (RNOR) in India.

Residential Status of HUF – Sec 6(2)

A HUF is said to be resident in India when during that year control and management is situated wholly or partly in India. In other words it will be non-resident in India if no part of the control and management of affairs is situated in India.

Control and management lies at the place where decision regarding the affairs of the HUF are taken.

A resident HUF is said to be resident and ordinarily resident in India if the karta of the HUF satisfies both the following conditions:

i. He has been resident in India for at least 2 out of 10 previous years immediately preceding the relevant previous year

And

ii. He has been in India for 730 days or more during 7 previous years immediately preceding the relevant previous year.

If the karta of HUF does not satisfy any or both of the above conditions, then HUF shall be resident but not ordinarily resident in India.

Residential Status of Firms, AOP, BOI etc – Sec 6(2), 6(4)

A Firm, AOP, BOI etc is said to be resident in India when during that year control and management is situated wholly or partly in India. In other words it will be non-resident in India if no part of the control and management of affairs is situated in India.

Control and management lies at the place where decision regarding the affairs of the firms etc are taken.

Residential Status of Companies – Sec 6(3)

Indian Company is always resident in India

Foreign Company is resident in India if control and management of its affairs is situated wholly in India during relevant previous year i.e. if all the board meetings of the foreign company is held in India, then it shall be resident, otherwise non-resident.

Scope of Total Income/ Incidence of Tax [Sec 5)

Scope of total income is according to residential status of assessee.

1. Resident in India/ ordinarily resident in India

A person is assessable to tax in respect of income which

i. Is received or deemed to be received in India by him or on his behalf

ii. Accrues or arises or deemed to accrue or arise to him in India

iii. Accrues or arises to him outside India

2. Resident but not ordinarily resident in India

A person is assessable to tax in respect of income which

i. Is received or deemed to be received in India by him or on his behalf

ii. Accrues or arises or deemed to accrue or arise to him in India

iii. Accrues or arises to him outside India from a business controlled in or profession set up in India.

3. Non-resident in India

A person is assessable to tax in respect of income which

i. Is received or deemed to be received in India by him or on his behalf

ii. Accrues or arises or deemed to accrue or arise to him in India

Other points:

• Received in India means first receipt in India. If an income is received first outside India and then subsequently remitted to India, it shall be treated as received outside India.

• Past untaxed profits shall not be considered to be income of the current year in any case.

Particulars of Income ROR RNOR NR
Income received or deemed to be received in India Taxable Taxable Taxable
Income accrue or arises or deemed to accrue or arises in India Taxable Taxable Taxable
Income earned outside India Taxable Taxable (only which is earned from a business/profession controlled from India) Not Taxable

 Income received or deemed to be received in India [Sec 7)

Income received in India: Any income which is received in India is liable to tax in India, whether the person receiving income is resident or non- resident. ‘Received in India’ means first receipt.

Income deemed to be received in India: Following incomes shall be deemed to be received in India even in the absence of actual receipt:

i. Contribution by employer to recognized provident fund in excess of 12% of salary of employee

ii. Interest credited to RPF in excess of 9.5%

iii. Transferred balance from unrecognized PF to RPF

iv. Contribution by Government/Employer to notified pension scheme

Dividend Income (Sec 8 )

Dividends from Indian company shall always be deemed to accrue or arise in India. However, as per Sec 10(34), such dividend is exempt in the hands of shareholder.

Income deemed to accrue or arise in India (Sec 9)

Following income shall be deemed to accrue or arise in India:

i. Income from any property, asset or source of income in India

ii. Income from the transfer of any capital asset situated in India

iii. Any income from salary if it is payable for services rendered in India

iv. Salary (not allowances) payable by the government of India to an Indian citizen for services rendered outside India

v. Interest payable by

a. Government or

b. Resident in India if money is used by the borrower for the purpose of business or profession or earning any income from any source in India or

c. Non-resident in India if money is used by the borrower for the purpose of business or profession in India

vi. Royalty payable by

a. Government or

b. Resident in India if services are utilized for the purpose of business or profession or earning any income from any source in India or

c. Non-resident in India if services are utilized for the purpose of business or profession or earning any income from any source in India

vii. Fees for technical services payable by

a. Government or

b. Resident in India it services are utilized for the purpose of business or profession or earning any income from any source in India or

c. Non-resident in India it services are utilized for the purpose of business or profession or earning any income from any source in India

viii. Income from a business connection in India

Any income which arises, directly or indirectly, from any activity or a business connection in India is deemed to be earned in India. If all business activities are not carried out in India, then only such part of income, as is reasonably attributable to the operations carried out in India, is taxable

Examples of business connection includes

i. branch office in India,

ii. agent of non-resident entering into contracts,

iii. Subsidiary in India

iv. maintaining stocks etc

However in case of non-resident, following shall not be treated as business connection in India:

i. Purchase of goods in India for purpose of exports

ii. Collection of news and views for transmission outside India by non-resident who is engaged in the business of running news agency or of publishing newspapers, magazines or journals

iii. Shooting of films in India if

a. In case of individual – he is not a citizen of India

b. In case of Firm – none of the partner is citizen or resident of India

c. In case of company – none of the shareholder is citizen or resident of India

CA Rahul Jain – Ph: +91-9811613999

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Category : Income Tax (25057)
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0 responses to “Residential Status & scope of total Income”

  1. Akhil says:

    Dear Sir,

    I have a small query, I travel to USA for work on 04-July-2014 and return back to India on 28-March-2015, i only stay in India for 95 days in the FY 2014-2015, what will be my resident status?

  2. anand tiwari says:

    yes it is correct.. because, your payment will be considered to him as income in india either he/she might be resident or not…..

  3. ANIL PATIL says:

    one person who is not indian but he comes in india & provide a installation &commension service for machine installation – we deduct TDS on his paymnet – it is right Or wrong

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