FINANCIAL YEAR 2001-2002

  1. Instruction for deduction of tax at source from salaries during the Financial year 2001-2002 under section 192
  2. Reference is invited to Circular No. 798, dated 30-10-2000 wherein the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income under the head “Salaries” under section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, during the financial year 2000-2001, were intimated. The present Circular contains the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income chargeable under the head “Salaries” during the financial year 2001-2002 and explain certain related provisions of the Income-tax Act.

Finance Act, 2001

  1. According to the Finance Act, 2001, income-tax is required to be deducted under section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 from income chargeable under the head “Salaries” for the financial year 2001-2002 ( i.e., assessment year 2002-2003) at the following rates:

Rates of Income-tax

1. Where the total income does not Nil
exceed Rs. 50,000.
2. Where the total income  exceeds 10 per cent, of the amount by
Rs.  50,000  but  does  not exceed which the total income exceeds
Rs. 60,000. Rs. 50,000
3. Where  the total income exceeds Rs. 1,000 plus 20 per cent of the
Rs.  60,000  but  does  not exceed amount by which the total income
Rs. 1,50,000 exceeds Rs. 60,000
4. Where the total income exceeds Rs. 19,000 plus 30 per cent of
Rs. 1,50,000 the amount by which the totalincome exceeds Rs. 1,50,000.

Surcharge on income-tax

The amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the preced­ing provisions of this paragraph shall be reduced by the amount of rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIIIA and the income tax so reduced shall be increased by a surcharge at the rate of two per cent of such income-tax where the total income exceeds sixty thousand rupees.

However, the total amount payable as income-tax and surcharge shall not exceed the total amount payable as income-tax on a total income of Rs. 60,000 by more than the amount of income that exceeds Rs. 60,000.

Surcharge is payable by both resident and non-resident assessees.

Section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 : Broad Scheme of tax deduction at Source from “Salaries” etc.

3.1 Every person who is responsible for paying any income charge­able under the head “Salaries” shall deduct income-tax on the estimated income of the assessee under the head “Salaries” for the financial year 2001-2002. The income-tax is required to be calculated on the basis of the rates given above and shall be deducted on average at the time of each payment. No tax will, however, be deducted at source in any case unless the estimated salary income including the value of perquisites, for the finan­cial year exceeds Rs. 50,000. (Some typical examples of computa­tion of tax are given at Annexure I).

3.2 Sub-section (2) of section 192 deals with situations where an individual is working under more than one employer or has changed from one employer to another. It provides for deduction of tax at source by such employer (as the tax payer may choose) from the aggregate salary of the employee who is or has been in receipt of salary from more than one employer. The employee is now required to furnish to the present/chosen employer details of the income under the head “Salary” due or received from the former/other employer and also tax deducted at source therefrom, in writing and duly verified by him and by the former/other employer. The present employer will be required to deduct tax at source on the aggregate amount of salary (including salary received from the former or other employer).

3.3 Under sub-section (2A) of section 192 where the assessee, being a Government servant or an employee in a Company, Co-operative Society, Local Authority, University, Institution, Association or Body is entitled to the relief under sub-section (1) of section 89, he may furnish to the person responsible for making the payment referred to in Para (3.1), such particulars in Form No. 10E duly verified by him, and thereupon the person responsible as aforesaid shall compute the relief on the basis of such particulars and take into account in making the deduction under Para (3.1) above.

Explanation : For this purpose “University” means a University established or incorporated by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act, and includes an institution declared under sec­tion 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956), to be University for the purpose of the Act.

3.4 Sub-section (2B) of section 192 enables a tax payer to furnish particulars of income under any head other than “Salaries” and of any tax deducted at source thereon, in the prescribed Form (No. 12C) vide Annexure II. Such income should not be a loss under any such head other than the loss under the head “Income from house property” for the same financial year. The person responsible for making payment (DDO) shall take such other income and tax, if any, deducted at source from such in­come, and the loss if any, under the head “Income from house property” into account for the purpose of computing tax deducible under section 192 of the Income-tax Act. It is, however, provided that this sub-section shall not in any case have the effect of reducing the tax deductible except where the loss under the head “Income from house property” has been taken into account, from income under the head “Salaries” below the amount that would be so deductible if the other income and the tax deducted thereon had not been taken into account.

In other words, the DDO can take into account the loss from house property only for working out the amount of total tax to be deducted. While taking into the account the loss from house property, the DDO shall ensure that the assessee files declara­tion in Form No. 12C and encloses therewith a computation of such loss from house property.

Sub-section (2C) lays down that a person responsible for paying any income chargeable under the head “Salaries” shall furnish to the person to whom such payment is made a statement giving cor­rect and complete particulars of perquisites or profits in lieu of salary provided to him and the value thereof in such form and manner as may be prescribed.

(i)   For the purpose of computing loss under the head “Income from house property” in respect of a self-occupied residential house, the ceiling of deduction of interest on borrowed capital invested in the acquisition or construction of a self-occupied residential house has been enhanced to Rs. 1,50,000 w.e.f. assessment year 2002-2003. The enhanced limit of Rs. 1,50,000 is also applicable in cases where the house property cannot be occupied by the owner by reason of the fact that owing to his employment, business or profession carried on at any other place, he has to reside at that other place in a building not belonging to him. However, this deduction on account of interest up to a limit of Rs. 1,50,000, is available only if such loan has been taken for constructing or acquiring the residential unit on or after 1-4-1999 and the construction or acquisition of the residential unit out of such loan has been completed before 1-4-2003.

(ii)   The essential conditions necessary for availing higher deduction of interest are that the relevant loan must have been taken after 1-4-1999 and the acquisition or construction of residential unit must be completed before 1-4-2003. There is no stipulation regarding the date of commencement of construction. Consequently, the construction of the residential unit could have commenced before 1-4-1999 but, as long as its construction/acqui­sition is completed before 1-4-2003, the higher deduction would be available. Also, there is no stipulation regarding the con­struction/acquisition of the residential unit being entirely financed by loan taken after 1-4-1999. (The loan taken prior to 1-4-1999 will carry deduction of interest up to Rs. 30,000 only).

3.5 The provisions of sub-section (3) of section 192 allow the deductor to make adjustments for any excess or shortfall in the deduction of tax already made during the financial year, in subse­quent deductions during that financial year itself.

3.6 The trustees of a Recognised Provident Fund or any person authorised by the regulations of the fund to make payment of accumulated balances due to employees, shall, in cases where sub-rule (1) of rule 9 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule to the Act applies, at the time when the accumulated balance due to an employee is paid, make therefrom the deduction specified in rule 10 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule.

3.7 Where any contribution made by an employer, including interest on such contributions, if any, in an approved Superannuation Fund is paid to the employee, tax on the amount so paid shall be deducted by the trustees of the Fund to the extent provided in rule 6 of Part B of the Fourth Schedule to the Act.

3.8 For the purposes of deduction of tax on salary payable in foreign currency, the value in rupees of such salary shall be calculated at the prescribed rate of exchange.

Persons responsible for deducting tax and their duties

4.1 Under clause (i ) of section 204 of the Act the “persons responsible for paying” for the purpose of section 192 means the employer himself or if the employer is a company, the company itself including the principal officer thereof.

4.2 The tax determined as per para 7 should be deducted from the salary under section 192 of the Act.

4.3 Section 197 enables the tax-payer to make an application in Form No. 13 to his Assessing Officer, and, if the Assessing Officer is satisfied that the total income of the tax-payer justifies the deduction of income-tax at any lower rate or no deduction of income-tax, he may issue an appropriate certificate to that effect which should be taken into account by the Drawing and Disbursing Officer while deducting tax at source. In the absence of such a certificate from the employee, the employer should deduct income-tax on the salary payable at the normal rates : Circular No. 147, dated 28-10-1974.

4.4 According to the provisions of section 200, any person de­ducting any sum in accordance with the provisions of section 192 shall pay, within the prescribed time, the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government in prescribed manner (vide Rule 30 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). In the case of deductions made by, or, on behalf of the Government, the payment has to be made on the day of the tax-deduction itself. In other cases, the pay­ment has to be normally made within one week of the deduction.

4.5 If a person fails to deduct the whole or any part of the tax at source or, after deducting, fails to pay the whole or any part of the tax to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time, he shall be liable to action in accordance with the provisions of section 201. Sub-section (1A) of section 201 lays down that such person shall be liable to pay simple interest at fifteen per cent per annum w.e.f. 1-6-2001 on the amount of such tax from the date on which such tax was deductible to the date on which tax is actually paid. Section 271C lays down that if any person fails to deduct tax at source, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, a sum equal to the amount of tax not deducted by him. Further, section 276B lays down that if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years and with fine.

4.6 According to the provisions of section 203, every person respon­sible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a cer­tificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted and to specify therein the amount deducted and certain other particulars. This certificate, usually called the TDS certifi­cate, has to be furnished within a period of one month from the end of the relevant financial year. Even the banks deducting tax at the time of payment of pension are required to issue such certificates. In the case of employees receiving salary income including pension, the certificate has to be issued in Form No. 16 which has been prescribed under Board’s Notification No. S.O. 940(E), dated 25-9-2001. It is, however, clarified that there is no obligation to issue the TDS certificate (Form 16) in case tax at source is not deductible/deducted by virtue of claims of exemptions and deductions. As per the amended section 192, the responsibility of providing correct and complete particulars of perquisites or profits in lieu of salary given to an employee is placed on the person responsible for paying such income i.e., the person responsible for deducting tax at source. The form and manner of such particulars are prescribed in rule 26A, Form 12BA and Form 16 of the Income-tax Rules as amended by Notification No. 940(E), dated 25-9-2001. A new form (Form 12BA) stating the nature and value of perquisites is to be provided by the employer in case of salary above Rs. 1,50,000. In other cases, the informa­tion would have to be provided by the employer in the amended Form 16. In either case, Form 16 with Form 12BA or Form 16 by itself have to be furnished within a period of one month from the end of relevant financial year.

The newly amended section 192 casting an obligation on the em­ployer for providing a statement showing the value of perquisites provided to the employee is a serious responsibility of the em­ployer which is expected to be discharged in accordance with law and rules of valuation framed thereunder. Any false information, fabricated documentation or suppression of requisite information will entail consequences therefor provided under the law.

A specimen of these certificates is enclosed at Annexure III. These certificates are to be issued on the tax-deductor’s own stationery within one month from the close of the financial year i.e., by April 30 of every year. If he fails to issue these cer­tificates to the person concerned as required by section 203, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272A, a sum which shall be Rs. 100 for every day during which the failure continues.

4.7 According to the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to obtain and quote the Tax-deduction Account No. (TAN) in the Challans, TDS-certificates, returns etc. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in this Department’s Circular No. 497 (F. No. 275/118/87-IT(B) dated 9-10-1987). If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272BB, a sum of ten thousand rupees. Similarly, as per section 139A(5B), it is obligatory for persons deducting tax at source to quote PAN of the persons from whose income-tax has been deducted in the statement furnished under section 192(2C), certificates furnished under section 203 and all returns prepared and delivered as per the provisions of section 206 of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

4.8 According to the provisions of section 206 of the Income-tax Act, read with rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules, the prescribed person in the case of every office of Government, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case of every local authority or other pubic body or association, every private employer and every other person re­sponsible for deducting tax under section 192, from “Salaries” shall, after the end of each financial year, prepare and deliver, by 31st May following the financial year, an annual return of deduction of tax to the designated/concerned Assessing Officer. This return has to be furnished in Form No. 24. It may be noted that a copy of each of the TDS certificates issued during the financial year should be enclosed with the annual return. If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall be liable to pay by way of penalty under section 272A, a sum which shall be Rs. 100 for every day during which the failure continues, so, however that this sum shall not exceed the amount of tax which was deductible at source.

4.9 A return filed on a floppy, diskette, magnetic cartridge tape, CD-ROM or any other computer readable media as may be specified by the Board shall be deemed to be a return for the purposes of section 206 and the Rules made thereunder, and shall be admissible in any proceeding thereunder, without further proof of production of the original, as evidence of any contents of the original or of any fact stated therein. While receiving such returns on computer media, necessary checks by scanning the docu­ments filed on computer media will be carried out and the media may be duly authenticated by the Assessing Officer.

4.10 While making the payment of tax deducted at source to the credit of the Central Government, it may be ensured that the correct amount of income-tax is recorded in the relevant challan. It may also be ensured that the right type of challan is used. The relevant challan for making payment of tax deducted at source from salaries is No. 9 with “Blue colour Band”. Where the amount of tax deducted at source is credited to the Central Government through book adjustment, care should be taken to ensure that the correct amount of income-tax is reflected therein.

4.11 In the case of pensioners who receive their pension from a nationalised bank, the instructions contained in this circular shall apply in the same manner as they apply to salary-income. The deductions from the amount of pension on account of standard deduction under section 16 and the tax rebate under section 88B (in the case of pensioners, resident in India, who are 65 years of age or more : refer Para 6(17)) will be allowed by the con­cerned bank at the time of deduction of tax at source from the pension, before making payment to the concerned pensioner. As regards the tax rebate under section 88 on account of contribu­tion to Life Insurance, Provident Fund, NSC etc., if the pension­ers furnish the relevant details to the banks, the tax rebate at the specified rate may also be allowed. Necessary instructions in this regard were issued by the Reserve Bank of India to the State Bank of India and other nationalised Banks vide RBI’s Pension Circular (Central Series) No. 7/C.D.R./1992 (Ref. CO:DGBA:GA(NBS) No. 60/GA.64 (11CVL)-91/92), dated the 27th April, 1992, and, these instructions should be followed by all the branches of the Banks, which have been entrusted with the task of payment of pensions. Further all branches of the banks are bound under section 203 to issue certificate of tax deducted in Form 16 to the pensioners also vide CBDT Circular No. 761, dated 13-1-1998.

4.12 Where Non-Residents are deputed to work in India and taxes are borne by the employer, if any refund becomes due to the employee after he has already left India and has no bank account in India by the time the assessment orders are passed, the refund can be issued to the employer as the tax has been borne by it : Circular No. 707, dated 11-7-1995.

4.13 TDS certificates issued by Central Government Departments which are making payments by book adjustment, should be accepted by the Assessing Officers if they indicate that credit has been effected to the Income-tax Department by book adjustment and the date of such adjustment is given therein. In such cases the Assessing Officers may not insist on details like challan numbers, dates of payment into Government Account etc., but they should in any case satisfy themselves regarding the genuineness of the certificates produced before them : Circular No. 747, dated 27-12-1996.

4.14 There is a specific procedure laid down for refund of payments made by the deductor in excess of taxes deducted at source, vide Circular No. 285, dated 21-10-1980.

4.15 In respect of non-residents, the salary paid for services rendered in India shall be regarded as income earned in India, so as to specifically provide that any salary payable for rest period or leave period which is both preceded or succeeded by service in India and forms part of the service contract of em­ployment will also be regarded as income earned in India.

Estimation of income under the head “Salaries”

5.1 Income chargeable under the head “Salaries”.

(1) The following income shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head “Salaries”:

(a)   any salary due from an employer or a former employer to an assessee in the previous year, whether paid or not.

(b)   any salary paid or allowed to him in the previous year by or on behalf of an employer or a former employer though not due or before it became due to him.

(c)   any arrears of salary paid or allowed to him in the previous year by or on behalf of an employer or a former employer if not charged to income-tax for any earlier previous year.

(2) For the removal of doubts it is clarified that where any salary paid in advance is included in the total income of any person for any previous year it shall not be included again in the total income of the person when the salary becomes due. Any salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by, a partner of a firm from the firm shall not be regarded as “Salary”.

(3) “Salary” includes wages, fees, commissions, perquisites, prof­its in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, advance of salary, annuity or pension, gratuity, payments in respect of encashment of leave etc. It also includes the annual accretion to the employ­ee’s account in a recognised provident fund to the extent it is chargeable to tax under rule 6 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule of the Income-tax Act. Contributions made by the employer in excess of 12 per cent of the salary of the employee, alongwith interest applicable, shall be included in the income of the assessee for the previous year. Other items included in salary, profits in lieu of salary and perquisites are described in sec­tion 17 of the Income-tax Act. The scope of the term profit in lieu of salary has been amended so as not to include interest on contributions or any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy including the sum allocated by way of bonus on such policy. For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression Keyman insurance policy shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (10D) of section 10. It may be noted that, since salary includes pensions, tax at source would have to be deducted from pension also, if otherwise called for. However, no tax is required to be deducted from the commuted portion of pension as explained in clause (3) of para 5.2 of this Circular.

(4) Section 17 defines the terms “salary”, “perquisite” and “profits in lieu of salary”. “Perquisite”, includes the value of any benefit or amenity granted or provided free of cost or at concessional rate, in specified cases. Perquisites are charged to tax under the existing provisions for employees who are directors of companies or have substantial interest in a company, or have an income from salaries, excluding the value of all benefits or amenities, exceeding Rs. 24,000. The Finance Act, 2001 amends the provision to raise the monetary limit to Rs. 50,000. The defini­tion of “perquisite” has also been amended to include the value of any other fringe benefit or amenity as may be prescribed. The details of fringe benefits are to be calculated in the manner prescribed in the Income-tax Rules. It is further provided that ‘profits in lieu of salary’ shall include amounts received in lump sum or otherwise, prior to employment or after cessation of employment for the purposes of taxation. The new rules for valua­tion of perquisite have been prescribed in the amended Rule 3:—

  1. Accommodation – Under the old Rule 3 for purpose of valuation of the perquisite of unfurnished accommodation all employees were divided into three categories; Central and State Government employees, employees of Public Sector Undertaking and Semi-Government Organisation and others including, private sector employees. Under the new rule 3, for purposes of valuation of perqui­site of accomodation, employees are divided into two categories instead—Govt. and State Govt. employees; and Others.

For employees of the Central and State Government the value of perquisite shall be equal to the licence fee charged for such accommodation.

For all others, i.e., those salaried taxpayers not in employment of the Central Government and the State Government, the valuation of perquisite in respect of accommodation would be at prescribed rates. The rate is 10 per cent of ‘salary’ in cities having population exceeding four lakhs as per the 1991 census. For other places, the perquisite value would be 7.5 per cent of salary.

The scope of the word “accommodation” has been widened by clarifying that is includes a house, flat, farm house, hotel accommodation, guest house, a caravan, mobile home, ship etc. However, the value of any accommodation located in a ‘remote area’ provided to an employee working at a mining site or an on-shore oil exploration site or a project execution site or an accommodation provided in an offshore site will not be treated as a perquisite. A project site for the purposes of this sub-rule means a site of project upto the stage of its commissioning. A “remote area” means an area located at least 40 kilometres away from a town having a population not exceeding 20,000 as per the latest published all India census. Off-shore sites of similar nature do not have to meet any requirement of distance.

The definition of “salary” for calculating perquisite value is the same as per earlier Rules. The only change is that, medical allowances and reimbursement for treatment of serious illnesses as prescribed in proviso below section 17(2)(vi) have now been ex­cluded from the definition of salary for this purpose. For fur­nished accommodation, the provision of valuation of perquisite of furnishing, fittings and furniture at 10 per cent of original cost per annum or actual hire charges is continued.

If an accommodation is provided by an employer in a hotel the value of the benefit in such a case shall be 24 per cent of the annual salary or the actual charges paid or payable to such hotel, whichever is lower, for the period during which such accommoda­tion is provided as reduced by any rent actually paid or payable by the employee. However, where in cases the employee is provided such accommodation for a period not exceeding in aggre­gate fifteen days on transfer from one place to another, no perquisite value for such accommodation provided in a hotel shall be charged. It may be clarified that while services provid­ed as an integral part of the accommodation, need not be valued separately as perquisite any other services over and above that for which the employer makes payment or reimburses the employee shall be valued as a perquisite as per the residual clause. In other words, composite tariff for accommodation will be valued as per these Rules and any other changes for other facilities pro­vided by the hotel will be separately valued under the residual clause. Also, if on account of an employee’s transfer from one place to another, the employee is provided with accommodation at the new place of posting while retaining the accommodation at the other place, the value of perquisite shall be determined with reference to only one such accommodation which has the lower value as per the table prescribed, for a period upto 90 days. However, after that the value of perquisite shall be charged for both accommodations as prescribed.

  1. Motor Car – Under the old rules the basis of valuation of perquisite of a motor car provided by the employer was the sum actually expended by the employer, including expenditure on maintenance, running cost and remuneration of chauffeur, in case of exclusively personal use, and apportionment of the same in case of part personal and part official use. However, for simplicity it is also provided that where determination of the above basis is difficult, the valuation would be as per prescribed rates. The criteria for small and large cars have been revised on the basis of their engine capacity only. Where the car is used exclusively for personal purposes of the employee or any member of his house­hold, the perquisite value shall be taken to be the full amount of expenditure incurred by the employer including the remunera­tion paid to the chauffeur and the normal wear and tear calculated at 10 per cent of the cost of the car. However, the normal wear and tear cost will not be calculated in a hired car as the re­placement of the same is not the responsibility of the employer. The rates for part official and part personal use of motor cars have now been revised as follows:—
Small car (upto 1.6 ltrs. Engine capacity) Large car (above 1.6 ltrs. Engine capacity) Chauffeur where provided by employer to run the motor car an additional  amount as below is also charged
Car owned/hired Rs. 1,200 per Rs. 1,600 per Rs. 600 per
by employer and month month month
maintained and
run at their cost.
Car owned/hired by Rs. 400 per Rs. 600 per Rs. 600 per
employer but run month month month
at employees cost

However, where a second and additional cars are provided, such other cars shall be deemed to be for personal use and the value of perquisite shall be computed accordingly. Where fuel and upkeep cost of the employees’ car is borne or reimbursed by the employer, the amount reasonably attributable to business use is not to be charged as perquisite. For this, user details in the form of log books, odometer reading, etc. should be maintained. Where the car is used partly for purposes of official duties and partly for private or personal use and such details are not available or not properly maintained, the amount paid for or reimbursed less Rs. 1,200 per month for small car or Rs. 1,600 per month for large car would be valued as a perquisite. A higher amount may be deducted on the basis of proper maintenance of details of official use. For claiming higher amount of official use in respect of reimbursement of car expenses or wholly offi­cial use of car provided by an employer, the following details and documents need to be maintained:

(i)   the employer has maintained complete details of journeys undertaken for official purpose which may include date of journey, destination, mileage and the amount of expenditure incurred thereon;

(ii)   the employee gives a certificate that the expenditure was incurred wholly and exclusively for the performance of his official duty;

(iii)   the supervising authority of the employee, wherev­er applicable, gives a certificate to the effect that the expend­iture was incurred wholly and exclusively for the performance of official duties.

However, these rules of valuation for employee owned cars should not be taken to apply to conveyance allowance regularly paid or payable to the employee under terms of employment or otherwise. The conveyance allowance is a cash disbursement and is to be taxed separately as an allowance subject to the provisions con­tained in section 10(14). What the present rules provide for is the value of perquisite where the expenses on the running or maintenance of employee owned car is met or reimbursed by the employer.

III. Personal attendants etc. – The old rules provided for valua­tion of perquisite of free services of a sweeper, a gardener and a watchman at Rs. 120 per month. Under the new rules the value of free service of all personal attendants including a sweeper, gardener, and a watchman is to be at actual cost to the employer. Where the attendant is provided at the residence of the employee, full cost will be taxed as perquisite in the hands of the employ­ee irrespective of the degree of personal service rendered to him. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the above amount.

  1. Gas, electricity and water – For free supply of gas, electrici­ty and water for household consumption the old rules already provide that the amount paid by the employer to the agency sup­plying the amenity shall be the value of perquisite. However, when the supply is made from employer’s own resources, the value of perquisite was taken as Nil. The separate provision in the old rules of valuation at 6.25% of salary of the taxpayer for part official use is discontinued. Under the new rules even where the supply is made from the employer’s own resources, the manufactur­ing cost per unit incurred by the employer would be the value of perquisite. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the above amount.
  2. Free or concessional education – The old rules already provide that value of free education facility would be the expenditure incurred by the employer. Under the new rules, free or conces­sional education shall be valued in a manner assuming that such expenses are borne by the employee, and would cover cases where an employer, may be running, maintaining or directly or indirect­ly financing the educational institution. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the above amount. However, where such educational institution itself is maintained and owned by the employer or where such free educational facilities are provided in any institution by reason of his being in employment of that employer, the sub-rule shall not apply if the cost of such education or such benefit per child does not exceed Rs. 1,000 p.m.
  3. Free or concessional journeys – Under the old rules where an employee avails of free or concessional journeys in conveyance owned by the undertaking for the purpose of transport of passen­gers or goods, the value of perquisite was taken as Nil. However, under the new rules the value at which such benefit or amenity is offered by such undertaking to the public, the value of perqui­site shall now be taken as such value as reduced by any amount actually paid by the employee. The conveyance may be owned, leased or made available by any other arrangement by the under­taking. Journey tickets for leave travel, tours and transfers which are already exempt under sections 10(5) and 10(14) would continue to be exempt.

VII. Interest free or concessional loans – It is common practice particularly in financial institutions to provide interest free or concessional loans to employees. The value of such perquisite would be the excess of interest payable at prescribed interest rate over interest if any actually paid by the employee. The prescribed interest rate would now be 10% p.a. for loans for housing and conveyance and 13% p.a. for other loans. Perquisite value would be calculated on the basis of the maximum outstanding monthly balance by the simple interest method. Such housing or conveyance loans must be for “acquiring capital assets” i.e., house or conveyance, as the case may be, and not for repairs thereof, however extensive they may be. For valuing perquisites under this rule, any other method of calculation and adjustment otherwise adopted by the employer shall not be material for purposes of this rule. However, small loans upto Rs. 20,000 in the aggregate are exempt. Loans for medical treatment specified in Rule 3A are also exempt, provided the amount of loan for medical reimbursement is not reimbursed under any medical insur­ance scheme. Where any medical insurance reimbursement is re­ceived, the perquisite value at normal rates shall be charged from the date of reimbursement on the amount reimbursed, but not repaid against the outstanding loan taken specifically for this purpose. It is further clarified that the above sub-rule shall also apply to loans outstanding as on 1st April, 2001, (if the new rule is applied from that date) or 1st October, 2001 (if the new rule is applied from that date).

VIII. Travelling, touring, accommodation and other holiday ex­penses – It is increasingly common for employees to be provided with vacation and holiday facilities. The value of such perqui­site shall be the expenditure incurred by the employer. This would also apply to official tours extended as a vacation and family members accompanying taxpayers on official tours. However leave travel as per section 10(5) and enjoyment of holiday home facilities available uniformly to all classes of employees would remain exempt.

  1. Free meals – The provision of free meals varies widely from uniform canteen food, coupons etc. to lavish hotel meals. The scheme of free meals as a staff welfare measure had been recog­nised and was admissible upto Rs. 35 for each meal. The new rule does not treat as perquisite free meals if the cost per meal does not exceed Rs. 50. Where any amount is recovered from the employ­er, such amount shall be reduced from the value of perquisite. Such free or subsidised meal should, however, be provided at office premises or through non-transferable vouchers meant for only meals during working hours. These vouchers should be provid­ed by employers encashable only at an eatery, a restaurant or a cafe. Tea or similar non-alcoholic beverages and snacks – in the form of light refreshments during working hours are not charged as perquisite. Also, arrangements for meals in ‘remote areas’ as prescribed in para 5.1 and similar off-shore sites as specified, shall be exempt. However, expenditure on provision of free meals by the employer in excess of Rs. 50 should be treated as perqui­site, as reduced by recoveries made from the employee.
  2. Gift, voucher or token in lieu of gift – It is customary in India, as it is in other parts of the world, to provide presents directly or indirectly in the form of vouchers or tokens to employees on social and religious occasions like Diwali, Christ­mas, New Year, the anniversary of the organization etc. Such gifts upto Rs. 5,000 in the aggregate per annum would be exempt, beyond which it would be taxed as a perquisite. However, gifts made in cash or convertible into cash, like gift cheques etc. do not fall in the purview of this sub-rule.
  3. Credit card and Club expenses – Credit card expenses of employ­ees both business and personal, are often borne by employers. Such credit card payments would ordinarily be chargeable to tax as a perquisite. However, these expenses are often incurred to entertain customers and clients for the purposes of business. Therefore where such expenses on entertainment including meals are for purposes of business and proper records for the same are maintained no perquisite would arise.

Club expenses of employees borne by employers are already charged as perquisite by virtue of section 17(2)(iv). To formalize the issue, it has been specified that annual and periodical club fees paid by the employer is chargeable as a perquisite. However to ensure that basic facilities for the health and recreation of employees are not hit, health clubs, sports facilities etc. pro­vided uniformly to all classes of employees by the employer at the employer’s premises are exempt. The initial one time deposits or fees for corporate or institutional membership, where the benefit does not remain with a particular employee after cessa­tion of employment, are exempt. Where such expenses on entertain­ment including meals are for purposes of business and proper records for the same are maintained no perquisite would arise.

For credit card and club expenses to be exempt for business purposes, the following documentation needs to be maintained:

(a)   complete details in respect of such expenditure maintained by the employer including the date of expenditure and the nature of expenditure;

(b)   it is certified by the employee that such expenditure was incurred wholly and exclusively for the performance of offi­cial duty;

(c)   the supervising authority of the employee, wherever applicable, gives a certificate for such expenditure to the effect that the same was incurred wholly and exclusively for the performance of official duties;

(d)   where an employee incurs expenditure on entertainment and claims the same to have been incurred wholly and exclusively in the performance of his duties, details of such entertainment expenses including the nature and purpose of entertainment and persons entertained.

XII. Use of assets – It is common practice for an asset owned by the employer to be used by the assessee. This perquisite is to be charged at the rate of 10% of the original cost of the asset as reduced by any charges paid for such use. However, Computers and laptops are exempt. Further, the value of perquisite for an asset used for income for more than ten years would be taken as Nil.

XIII. Transfer of assets – Often an employee or member of his household benefits from the transfer of movable asset (not being shares or securities) at no cost or at a cost less than its market value from the employer. The difference between the origi­nal cost of the movable asset (not being shares or securities) and the sum, if any, paid by the employee, shall be taken as the value of perquisite. In case of a movable asset, which has al­ready been put to use, the original cost shall be reduced by a sum of 10% of such original cost for every completed year of use of the asset. Owing to a higher degree of obsolescence, in case of computers and electronic gadgets, however, the value of per­quisite shall be worked out by reducing 50% of the actual cost by the reducing balance method for each completed year of use. Electronic gadgets in this case means data storage and handling devices like computer, digital diaries and printers. They do not include household appliance (i.e. white goods) like washing machines, microwave ovens, mixers, hot plates, ovens etc. In case of cars, similarly, the value of perquisite shall be worked out by reducing 20% of its actual cost by the reducing balance method for each completed year of use.

XIV. Prior to Finance Act, 2000, stock options were taxed at two stages i.e., as perquisite (on the amount representing the dif­ference between the exercise price and the fair market value on the date of exercise), and as capital gains. With effect from 1-4-2001 (relevant to assessment year 2001-2002) onward, stock options issued as per guidelines of the Central Government are to be taxed only once, at the time of sale, as capital gains. In cases, where perquisite has been assessed with reference to exercise of the option by the employee under section 17(2), the fair market value at the time of exercise of the option shall be the cost of acquisition of share for working out the capital gains. The relevant guidelines of the Central Government have been issued vide Notification No. 1021(E), dated 11-10-2001. Stock options not in conformity with the above guidelines (non-qualified stock options) shall continue to be taxed at both the stages.

  1. Residual clause – A benefit or amenity not included in the rules shall be valued at the cost to the employer where the employer pays for the benefit or amenity. Otherwise, it would be valued at the amount the employee could reasonably be expected to pay to acquire such benefit or amenity from the market. However, the benefit of conveyance to and from residence to place of work, periodicals and journals required for discharge of work and expenses on telephones including a mobile phone shall not be included in calculating perquisite value.

While this Rule shall come into force with effect from the 1st day of April, 2001 it has been provided that the employee may, at his option, compute the value of perquisites made available to him or any member of his household for the period beginning on 1st day of April, 2001 and ending on 30th day of September, 2001 in accordance with the Rules, as they stood prior to this amend­ment. It may, therefore, be desirable for the employer to obtain a declaration from each employee as to the option he wants to follow for purposes of tax deduction at source. However, it should be noted that the option to the taxpayer of using the old or new rules for the period specified above shall be applied uniformly in respect of all perquisites, in case of a particular taxpayer. In other words, one cannot selectively value a particu­lar perquisite by the old rule and another one by the new rule. It is pertinent to mention that benefits specifically exempt under section 10(13A), 10(5), 10(14 ), 17 etc. would continue to be exempt. These include benefits like travel on tour and trans­fer, leave travel, daily allowance to meet tour expenses as prescribed, medical facilities subject to conditions. However, administrative circulars and instructions relating to perquisites falling under the purview of Rule 3 issued before the adoption of the new rules, shall stand superseded or modified, as the case may be.

Income not included in the head “Salaries” (Exemptions)

5.2 Any income falling within any of the following clauses shall not be included in computing the income from salaries for the purpose of section 192 of the Act :—

(1) The value of any travel concession or assistance received by or due to an employee from his employer or former employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding (a) on leave to any place in India or (b) on retirement from service, or, after termination of service to any place in India is exempt under clause (5) of section 10 subject, however, to the condi­tions prescribed in rule 2B of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. For the purpose of this clause, “family” in relation to an individual means :

(i)   The spouse and children of the individual; and

(ii)   The parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them, wholly or mainly dependent on the individual.

It may also be noted that the amount exempt under this clause shall in no case exceed the amount of expenses actually incurred for the purpose of such travel.

(2) Death-cum-retirement gratuity or any other gratuity which is exempt to the extent specified from inclusion in computing the total income under clause (10) of section 10.

(3) Any payment in commutation of pension received under the Civil Pension (Commutation) Rules of the Central Government or under any similar scheme applicable to the members of the civil services of the Union, or holders of civil posts/posts connected with defence, under the Union, or civil posts under a State, or to the members of the all India Services/Defence Services, or to the employees of a local authority or a Corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10A) of section 10. As regards payments in commu­tation of pension received under any scheme of any other employer, exemption will be governed by the provisions of sub-clause (ii) of clause (10A) of section 10.

(4) Any payment received by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government, as cash-equivalent to the leave salary in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his retirement on superannuation or otherwise, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10AA) of section 10. In the case of other employees, this exemption will be determined with reference to the leave to their credit at the time of retirement on super­annuation, or otherwise, subject to a maximum of ten months’ leave. This exemption will be further limited to the maximum amount specified by the Government of India Notification No. S.O. 1015(E) dated 27-11-1997 at Rs. 2,40,000.

(5) Under section 10(10B), the retrenchment compensation received by a workman is exempt from income-tax subject to certain limits. The maximum amount of retrenchment compensation exempt is the sum calculated on the basis provided in section 25F(b) of the Indus­trial Disputes Act, 1947 or any amount not less than Rs. 50,000 as the Central Government may by notification specify in the Official Gazette, whichever is less. These limits shall not apply in the case where the compensation is paid under any scheme which is approved in this behalf by the Central Government, having regard to the need for extending special protection to the workmen in the undertaking to which the scheme applies and other relevant circumstances.

(6) Under section 10(10C), any payment received by an employee of the following bodies at the time of his voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of public sector company, a scheme of voluntary separation, is exempted from income-tax to the extent that such a mount does not exceed five lakh rupees :

(a)   A public sector company;

(b)   Any other company;

(c)   An Authority established under a Central, State or Provincial Act;

(d)   A Local Authority;

(e)   A Cooperative Society;

(f)   A university established or incorporated or under a Central, State or Provincial Act, or, an Institution declared to be a University under section 3 of the University Grants Commis­sion Act, 1956;

(g)   Any Indian Institute of Technology within the meaning of clause (g) of section 3 of the Institute of Technology Act, 1961;

(h)   Such Institute of Management as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

It may also be noted that where this exemption has been allowed to any employee for any assessment year, it shall not be allowed to him for any other assessment year. The exemption of amount received under VRS is extended to employees of the Central Gov­ernment w.e.f. assessment year 2002-2003 and State Government employees w.e.f. assessment year 2001-2002.

(7) Any sum received under a Life Insurance Policy, including the sum allotted by way of bonus on such policy other than any sum received under sub-section (3) of section 80DDA.

(8) Any payment from a Provident Fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (19 of 1925), applies (or from any other provident fund set up by the Central Government and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette).

(9) Under section 10(13A) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, any special allowance specifically granted to an assessee by his employer to meet expenditure incurred on payment of rent (by whatever name called) in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee is exempted from income-tax to the extent as may be prescribed, having regard to the area or place in which such accommodation is situated and other relevant con­siderations. According to rule 2A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the quantum of exemption allowable on account of grant of special allowance to meet expenditure on payment of rent shall be :

(a)   The actual amount of such allowance received by an employer in respect of the relevant period; or

(b)   The actual expenditure incurred in payment of rent in excess of 1/10 of the salary due for the relevant period; or

(c)   Where such accommodation is situated in Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi or Madras, 50% of the salary due to the employee for the relevant period; or

(d)   Where such accommodation is situated in any other place, 40% of the salary due to the employee for the relevant period.

whichever is the least.

For this purpose, “Salary” includes dearness allowance, if the terms of employment so provide, but excludes all other allowances and perquisites.

It has to be noted that only the expenditure actually incurred on payment of rent in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee subject to the limits laid down in Rule 2A, qualifies for exemption from income-tax. Thus, house rent allowance granted to an employee who is residing in a house/flat owned by him is not exempt from income-tax. The disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves in this regard by insisting on production of evidence of actual payment of rent before excluding the house rent allowance or any portion thereof from the total income of the employee.

Though incurring actual expenditure on payment of rent is a pre-requisite for claiming deduction under section 10(13A), it has been decided as an administrative measure that salaried employees drawing house rent allowance upto Rs. 3,000 per month will be exempted from production of rent receipt. It may, however, be noted that this concession is only for the purpose of tax-deduction at source, and, in the regular assessment of the em­ployee, the Assessing Officer will be free to make such enquiry as he deems fit for the purpose of satisfying himself that the employee has incurred actual expenditure on payment of rent.

(10) Clause (14) of section 10 provides for exemption of the following allowances :—

(i)   Any special allowance or benefit granted to an employee to meet the expenses incurred in the performance of his duties as prescribed under Rule 2BB subject to the extent to which such expenses are actually incurred for that purpose.

(ii)   Any allowance granted to an employee either to meet his personal expenses at the place of his posting or at the place he ordinarily resides or to compensate him for the increased cost of living, which may be prescribed and to the extent as may be prescribed.

However, the allowance referred to in (ii) above should not be in the nature of a personal allowance granted to the assessee to remunerate or compensate him for performing duties of a special nature relating to his office or employment unless such allowance is related to his place of posting or residence.

The CBDT has prescribed guidelines for the purpose of clauses (i ) and (ii) of section 10(14) vide Notification No. SO 617(E), dated 7th July, 1995 (F. No. 142/9/95-TPL) which has been amended vide Notification SO No. 403(E), dated 24-4-2000 (F. No. 142/34/99-TPL). These Notifications may be referred to in Annexures IV and V. The transport allowance granted to an employee to meet his expenditure for the purpose of commuting between the place of his residence and the place of duty is exempt to the extent of Rs. 800 per month vide Notification SO No. 395(E), dated 13-5-1998 (Annexure VI).

(11) Under section 10(15)( iv)(i) of the Income-tax Act, interest payable by the Government on deposits made by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government or a public sector company from out of his retirement benefits, in accordance with such scheme framed in this behalf by the Central Government and notified in the Official Gazette is exempt from income-tax. By Notification No. F. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 7-6-1989, as amended by Notification No. F. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 12-10-1989, the Central Government has notified a scheme called Deposit Scheme for Retir­ing Government Employees, 1989 for the purpose of the said clause.

(12) Clause (18) of section 10 provides for exemption of any income by way of pension received by an individual or family pension received by any member of the family of an individual who has been in the service of the Central Government or State Gov­ernment and has been awarded “Param Vir Chakra” or “Maha Vir Chakra” or “Vir Chakra” or such other gallantry award as may be specifically notified by the Central Government. Such notifica­tion has been made vide Notifications No. SO 1948(E),  dated 24-11-2000 and 81(E), dated 29-1-2001 which are enclosed as per Annexure VII.

(13) Under section 17 of the Act, exemption from tax will also be available in respect of :—

(a)   the value of any medical treatment provided to an employee or any member of his family, in any hospital maintained by the employer;

(b)   any sum paid by the employer in respect of any expenditure actually incurred by the employee on his medical treatment or of any member of his family :

(i)   in any hospital maintained by the Government or any local authority or any other hospital approved by the Government for the purposes of medical treatment of its employees;

(ii)   in respect of the prescribed diseases or ailments, in any hospital approved by the Chief Commissioner having regard to the prescribed guidelines :

Provided that, in a case falling in sub-clause (ii), the employee shall attach with his return of income a certificate from the hospital specifying the disease or ailment for which medical treatment was required and the receipt for the amount paid to the hospital.

(c)   premium paid by the employer in respect of medical insurance taken for his employees (under any scheme approved by the Central Government) or reimbursement of insurance premium to the employees who take medical insurance for themselves or for their family members (under any scheme approved by the Central Government);

(d)   reimbursement, by the employer, of the amount spent by an employee in obtaining medical treatment for himself or any member of his family from any doctor, not exceeding in the aggre­gate Rs. 15,000 in an year.

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(e)   As regards medical treatment abroad, the actual expenditure on stay and treatment abroad of the employee or any member of his family, or, on stay abroad of one attendant who accompanies the patient, in connection with such treatment, will be excluded from perquisites to the extent permitted by the Reserve Bank of India. As regards the expenditure incurred on travel abroad by the patient/attendant, it shall be excluded from perquisites only if the employee’s gross total income, as computed before including the said expenditure, does not exceed Rs. 2 lakhs.

Deductions under section 16 of the Act

5.3 Under section 16 of the Income-tax Act, the standard deduc­tion available is as under :—

“in the case of an assessee whose income from salary, before allowing a deduction under this clause :—

(a)   does not exceed one lakh fifty thousand rupees, a deduction of a sum equal to thirty-three and one-third per cent of the salary or thirty thousand rupees, whichever is less :

(b)   exceeds one lakh fifty thousand rupees but does not exceed three lakh rupees, a deduction of a sum of twenty five thousand rupees.

(c)   exceeds three lakh rupees but does not exceed five lakh rupees, a deduction of a sum of twenty thousand rupees;

No standard deduction is available to an assessee whose income from salary exceeds 5 lakh rupees.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, where salary is due from, or paid or allowed by, more than one employer, the deduction under this clause shall be computed with reference to the aggregate salary due, paid or allowed to the assessee and shall in no case exceed the amount specified under this clause”.

A deduction is also allowed under clause (ii) of section 16 in respect of any allowance in the nature of an entertainment allow­ance specifically granted to the assessee by his employer, who is in receipt of a salary from the Government, a sum equal to one-fifth of his salary (exclusive of any allowance, benefit or other perquisite) or five thousand rupees whichever is less. The deduc­tion hitherto available to non-Government employees has been withdrawn.

The tax on employment within the meaning of clause (2) of Article 276 of the Constitution of India leviable by or, under any law, shall also be allowed as a deduction in computing the income under the head “Salaries”.

Deductions under Chapter VI-A of the Act

5.4 The following deductions under Chapter VI-A of the Act are available :

(1) As per section 80CCC, where an assessee being an individual has in the previous year paid or deposited any amount out of his income chargeable to tax to effect or keep in force a contract for any annuity plan of Life Insurance Corporation of India or any other insurer for receiving pension from the Fund referred to in clause (23AAB) of section 10, he shall, in accordance with, and subject, the provisions of this section, be allowed a deduction in the computation of his total income, of the whole of the amount paid or deposited (excluding interest or bonus accrued or credited to the assessee’s account, if any) as does not exceed the amount of ten thousand rupees in the previous year.

Where any amount paid or deposited by the assessee has been taken into account for the purposes of this section, a rebate with reference to such amount shall not be allowed under section 88.

(2) Under section 80D, in the case of the following categories of persons, a deduction can be allowed for a sum not exceeding Rs. 10,000 per annum to the extent payment is made by cheque out of their income chargeable to tax to keep in force an insurance on the health of the categories of persons mentioned below provided that such insurance shall be in accordance with the scheme framed in this behalf by—

(a)   the General Insurance Corporation of India formed under section 9 of the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972 and approved by the Central Government in this behalf; or

(b)   any other insurer and approved by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Develop­ment Authority Act, 1999.

The categories of persons are :

(a)   where the assessee is an individual, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of the assessee or on the health of the wife or husband, dependent parents or dependent children of the assessee.

(b)   where the assessee is a Hindu Undivided Family, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of any member of the family.

However, the deduction can be allowed for a sum not exceeding Rs. 15,000 per annum where the assessee or his wife or husband, or dependent parents or any member of the family (in case the asses­see is a Hindu Undivided Family) is a senior citizen which means an individual resident in India who is of the age of sixty-five years or more at any time during the relevant previous year.

(3) Under section 80DD an assessee, who is a resident in India being an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family has during the previous year—

(a)   incurred any expenditure for the medical treatment (including Nursing), training and rehabilitation of a handicapped dependent; or

(b)   paid or deposited any amount under a Scheme framed in this behalf by the Life Insurance Corporation or any other insurer or Unit Trust of India subject to the conditions speci­fied in sub-section (2) and approved by the Board in this behalf for the maintenance of handicapped dependent—

shall in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section be allowed a deduction of a sum of forty thousand rupees in the previous year.

The handicapped dependent means a person who is a relative of the individual or a member of HUF and is not dependent on any person other than such individual or HUF for his support and maintenance and is suffering from permanent physical disability (including blindness or mental retardation, specified in rule 11A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). The deduction will be available to individuals without any restriction with regard to their total income. The permanent physical disability or mental retardation of the dependent relative has to be certified by a physician, surgeon, occulist or a psychiatrist as the case may be, working in a Government hospital, including a Departmental dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as per Explanation given below section 80DD. It would be sufficient if the employee furnishes a medical certificate from a Government Hospital and a declaration in writing duly signed by the claimant certifying the actual amount of expenditure on account of medical treatment (including nursing) training and rehabilitation of the handi­capped dependent and receipt/acknowledgement for the amount paid or deposited in the specified schemes of LIC or UTI. Therefore, DDOs may not insist on production of vouchers/bills by the em­ployees for having incurred expenditure on medical treatment of their handicapped dependents for allowing the deduction under section 80DD for the purpose of computing tax deductible at source. (Ref. CBDT Circular No. 775, dated 26-3-1999).

(4) Under section 80DDB, where an assessee who is resident in India has, during the previous year, actually incurred any ex­penditure on the medical treatment of such disease  or ailment as may be specified in rule 11DD made in this behalf by the Board—

(a)   for himself or a dependent relative, in case the assessee is an individual,

(b)   for any member of a Hindu Undivided Family in case the assessee is a Hindu Undivided Family—

The assessee shall be allowed a deduction of a sum of forty thousand rupees in respect of that previous year in which such expenditure was actually incurred. However, if the assessee or his dependent relative or any member of the Hindu Undivided Family of the assessee, is a senior citizen, deduction of a sum of Rs. 60,000 shall be allowed in respect of that previous year in which such expenditure was actually incurred. Such deduction shall be reduced by the amount received, if any, under an insur­ance from an insurer on the medical treatment of the person referred to above. The listed diseases as per the relevant Rule 11DD are specified neurological diseases, and 40% and above disability caused by cancer, full-blown AIDS, Chronic Renal Fail­ure, Nemophiha and Thalassaemia :

Provided that no such deduction shall be allowed unless the assessee furnishes a certificate in such form and from such authority as may be prescribed. The form is Form 10-1, and the prescribed authority is any doctor registered with the Indian Medical Association and holding Post-graduate qualifications.

For the purposes of this section, “dependant” means a person who is not dependant for his support or maintenance on any person other than the assessee.

(5) Under section 80E of the Act a deduction will be allowed in respect of repayment of loan taken for higher education, subject to the following conditions :

(i)   In computing the total income of an assessee, being an individual, there shall be deducted, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section, any amount paid by him in the previous year, out of his income chargeable to tax, by way of repayment of loan, taken by him from any financial institution or any approved charitable institution for the purpose of pursu­ing his higher education, or interest on such loan :

Provided that the amount which may be so deducted shall not exceed forty thousand rupees.

(ii)   The deduction specified above shall be allowed in computing the total income in respect of the initial assessment year and seven assessment years immediately succeeding the initial assessment year or until the loan referred to above together with interest thereon is paid by the assessee in full, whichever is earlier.

For this purpose—

(a)   “approved charitable institution” means an institution established for charitable purposes and notified by the Central Government under clause (2C) of section 10, or, an institution referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 80G.

(b)   “financial institution” means a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act); or any other financial institution which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(c)   “higher education” means full-time studies for any graduate or post-graduate course in engineering, medicine, management, or, for post-graduate course in applied sciences or pure sciences, including mathematics and statistics;

(d)   “initial assessment year” means the assessment year relevant to the previous year, in which the assessee starts repaying the loan or interest thereon.

(6) No deduction should be allowed by the D.D.O. from the salary income in respect of any donations made for charitable purposes. The tax relief on such donations as admissible under section 80G of the Act, will have to be claimed by the tax payer in the return of income. However, DDOs, on due verification may allow donations to the following bodies to the extent of 50% of the contribution  :

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund.
  2. The Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund.

iii.   The National Children’s Fund.

  1. The Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust.
  2. The Rajiv Gandhi Foundation.

and to the following bodies to the extent of 100% of the contri­bution :

  1. National Defence Fund or The Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund.
  2. The Prime Minister’s Armenia Earthquake Relief Fund.

iii.   The Africa (Public Contributions-India) Fund.

  1. The National Foundation for Communal Harmony.
  2. Chief Minister’s Earthquake Relief Fund, Maharashtra.
  3. National Blood Transfusion Council.

vii.   State Blood Transfusion Council.

viii.   Army Central Welfare Fund.

  1. Indian Naval Benevolent Fund.
  2. Air Force Central Welfare Fund.
  3. The Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister’s Cyclone Relief Fund – 1996.

xii.   The National Illness Assistance Fund.

xiii.   The Chief Minister’s Relief Fund or Lieutenant Governor’s Relief Fund, in respect of any State or Union Territo­ry as the case may be, subject to certain conditions.

xiv.   The university or educational institution of national eminence approved by the prescribed authority.

  1. The National Sports Fund to be set up by Central Gov­ernment.

xvi.   The National Cultural Fund Set up by the Central Gov­ernment.

xvii.   The Fund for Technology Development and Applica­tion set by the Central Government.

xviii.   The National Trust for Welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabili­ties.

(7) Under section 80GG of the Act, an assessee is entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him for his own resi­dence. Such deduction is permissible subject to the following conditions :—

(a)   the assessee has not been in receipt of any house rent allowance specifically granted to him which qualifies for exemp­tion under section 10(13A) of the Act;

(b)   the assessee files the declaration in Form No. 10BA. (Annexure VII).

(c)   He will be entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him in excess of 10 per cent of his total income, subject to a ceiling of 25 per cent thereof or Rs. 2,000 per month, whichever is less, the total income for working out these percentages will be computed before making any deduction under section 80GG.

(d)   The assessee does not own :

(i)   any residential accommodation himself or by his spouse or minor child or where such assessee is a member of a Hindu Undivided Family, by such family, at the place where he ordinari­ly resides or performs duties of his office or carries on his business or profession; or

(ii)   at any other place, any residential accommodation being accommodation in the occupation of the assessee, the value of which is to be determined under sub-clause (i) of clause (a) or as the case may be, clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 23.

The Drawing and Disbursing Authorities should satisfy themselves that all the conditions mentioned above are satisfied before such deduction is allowed by them to the assessee. They should also satisfy themselves in this regard by insisting on production of evidence of actual payment of rent.

(8) Section 80L of the Income-tax Act allows deduction of inter­est from certain specified investments including interest on bank deposits and certain securities. The limit of Rs. 12,000 deducti­ble on account of such interest hitherto available has been now reduced to Rs. 9,000. The deduction of Rs. 3,000 for Government Securities separately available shall, however, continue to be available.

(9) Section 80U allows deduction of forty thousand rupees in computing the total income of a resident individual, who at the end of the previous year, is suffering from a permanent physical disability (including blindness) or is subject to mental retarda­tion, being a permanent physical disability, or mental retarda­tion, specified in rule 11D of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, which is certified by a physician, surgeon, occulist or psychiatrist as the case may be, working in a Government hospital and which has the effect of reducing considerably such individual’s capacity for normal work or engaging in a gainful employment or occupa­tion. The expression ‘Government hospital’ will include a depart­mental dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as specified in section 80DD(4).

Tax Rebate

  1. An assessee, being an individual, will be entitled to tax rebates under Chapter VIII of the Act as given below :

(1) Payment of insurance premium to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the life of the individual, the wife or husband or any child of the individual.

(2) Any payment made to effect or to keep in force a contract for a deferred annuity, not being an annuity plan as is referred to in item (8) herein below on the life of the individual, the wife or husband or any child of the individual, provided that such contract does not contain a provision for the exercise by the insured of an option to receive a cash payment in lieu of the payment of the annuity;

(3) Any sum deducted from the salary payable by, or, on behalf of the Government to any individual, being a sum deducted in accord­ance with the conditions of his service for the purpose of secur­ing to him a deferred annuity or making provision for his wife or children, insofar as the sum deducted does not exceed 1/5th of the salary;

(4) Any contribution made :

(a)   by an individual to any provident fund to which the Provident Fund Act, 1925 applies;

(b)   to any provident fund set up by the Central Government, and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor, or of whom he is a guardian;

(c)   by an employee to a recognised provident fund;

(d)   by an employee to an approved superannuation fund;

It may be noted that “contribution” to any fund shall not include any sums in repayment of loan;

(5) Any deposit in a ten year account or a fifteen year account under the Post Office Savings Bank (Cumulative Time Deposit) Rules, 1959, as amended from time to time, where such sums are deposited in an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor, or of whom he is the guardian.

(6) Any subscription :—

(a)   to any such security of the Central Government or any such deposit scheme as the Central Government may, by notifica­tion in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(b)   to any such saving certificates as defined under sec­tion 2(c) of the Government Saving Certificate Act, 1959 as the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf. Interest on NSC (VI Issue) and NSC (VIII Issue) which is deemed investment also qualifies for the rebate.

(7) Any sum paid as contribution in the case of an individual, for himself, spouse or any child,

(a)   for participation in the Unit Linked Insurance Plan, 1971 of the Unit Trust of India;

(b)   for participation in any unit-linked insurance plan of the LIC Mutual Fund notified by the Central Government under clause (23D) of section 10.

(8) Any subscription made to effect or keep in force a contract for such annuity plan of the Life Insurance Corporation as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, specify;

(9) Any subscription not exceeding rupees ten thousand, made to any units of any Mutual Fund, notified under clause (23D) of section 10, by the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963, under any plan formulated in accordance with any scheme as the Central Government, may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(10) Any contribution made by an individual to any pension fund set up by any Mutual Fund notified under clause (23D) of section 10, or, by the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(11) Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme of, or, any contribution made to any such pension fund set up by, the Nation­al Housing Bank, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(12) Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme (not being a scheme the interest on deposits whereunder qualifies for deduc­tion under section 80L), as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify of the purpose of being floated by (a) public sector companies engaged in providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes, or, (b) any authority constituted in India by, or, under any law, enacted either for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development or improvement of ci­ties, towns and villages, or for both.

(13) Any sums paid by an assessee for the purpose of purchase or construction of a residential house property, the income from which is chargeable to tax under the head “Income from house property” (or which would, if it has not been used for assessee’s own residence, have been chargeable to tax under that head) where such payments are made towards or by way of any instalment or part payment of the amount due under any self-financing or other scheme of any Development Authority, Housing Board etc. The deduction will also be allowable in respect of re-payment of loans borrowed by an assessee from the Government, or any bank or Life Insurance Corporation, or National Housing Bank, or certain other categories of institutions engaged in the business of providing long term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India. Any repayment of loan borrowed from the employer will also be covered, if the employer happens to be a public company, public sector company or a university established by law or a college affiliated to such university, or a local au­thority or a cooperative society. The stamp duty, registration fee and other expenses incurred for the purpose of transfer shall also be covered. Payment towards the cost of house property, however, will not include, admission fee or cost of share or initial deposit or the cost of any addition or alteration to, or, renovation or repair of the house property which is carried out after the issue of the completion certificate by competent au­thority, or after the occupation of the house by the assessee or after it has been let out. Payments towards any expenditure in respect of which the deduction is allowable under the provisions of section 24 of the Income-tax Act will also not be included in payments towards the cost of purchase or construction of a house property. Where the house property in respect of which deduction has been allowed under these provisions is transferred by the tax-payer at any time before the expiry of five years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him or he received back, by way of refund or other­wise, any sum specified in section 88(2)(xv ), no deduction under these provisions shall be allowed in respect of such sums paid in such previous year in which the transfer is made and the aggregate amount of deduction of income-tax so allowed in the earlier years shall be added to the tax on the total income of the assessee with which he is chargeable for such assessment year. It may be noted that the amount which will qualify for tax rebate in respect of this item will not exceed Rs. 20,000. In respect of repayment of loans taken for the purchase or construction of a new residential house property, the construction of which does not get completed by the end of the financial year 2000-2001, no tax rebate in respect of these items shall be admissible to the employees.

(14) Subscription to equity shares or debentures forming part of any eligible issue of capital approved by the Board on an appli­cation made by a public company or as subscription to any eligi­ble issue of capital by any public finance institution in the prescribed form :

Provided that where a deduction is claimed and allowed under this clause with reference to the cost of any equity shares or deben­tures, the cost of such shares or debentures shall not be taken into account for the purposes of sections 54EA and 54EB.

Explanation : For the purpose of this clause—

(i)   “eligible issue of capital” means an issue made by a public company formed and registered in India or a public finan­cial institution and the entire proceeds of the purposes of developing, maintaining and operating an infrastructure facility or for generating, or for generating and distributing, power or for providing telecommunication services whether basic or cellu­lar ;

(ii)   “infrastructure facility” shall have the meaning as­signed to it in the Explanation to sub-section (4) of section 80(1A);

(iii)   “Public Company” shall have the meaning assigned to it in section 3 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);

(iv)   “Public Financial Institution” shall have the meaning assigned to it in section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956.

(15) Subscription to any units of any mutual fund referred to in clause (23D) of section 10 and approved by the Board on an appli­cation made by such mutual fund in the prescribed form:

Provided that where a deduction is claimed and allowed under this clause with reference to the cost of units the cost of such units shall not be taken into account for the purposes of sections 54EA and 54EB :

Provided further that this clause shall apply if the amount of subscription to such units is subscribed only in the eligible issue of capital of any company.

Explanation: For the purposes of this clause – “eligible issue of capital” means an issue referred to in clause (i ) of Explanation to clause ( xvi) in sub-section (2) of section 88.

(16) Subject to the limits mentioned for the various items, the entitlement to tax rebate will be calculated at the rate of 20% of the total amount of the aforesaid savings etc., in the case of individuals, and at the rate of 25% in the case of an author or playwright or artist or musician or actor or sportsman (including an athlete) whose income derived from the exercise of his profes­sion as such author/playwright/artist/musician/actor/sportsman/athlete consti­tutes twenty-five per cent or more of his total income.

The maximum tax-rebate allowable will be Rs. 16,000  generally, and Rs. 17,500 in the case of authors, playwrights, artists, musicians, actors, sportsmen and athletes. There will, therefore, be an overall limit for savings which will qualify for tax-rebate. In the case of individuals, the limit on investments made as above, excluding that mentioned in paras 14 & 15, will be Rs. 60,000 and in the case of authors, sportsmen etc. Rs. 70,000.

Further, in the case of a taxpayer having a gross salary of upto Rs. 1.00 lakh where atleast 90% of such income is from salary income, the amount of rebate under section 88 in such cases would be thirty per cent. This will, however, be effective from 1st April. 2002 and will, therefore, apply in relation to the assess­ment year 2002-2003 and onwards.

(17) Under section 88B, and assessee, being an individual resi­dent in India, who is of the age of sixty five years or more at any time during the previous years shall be entitled to a deduc­tion from the amount of income tax (as computed before allowing the deductions under Chapter VIII) on his total income, with which he is chargeable for any assessment year, of an amount equal to one hundred per cent of such income-tax or an amount of fifteen thousand rupees, whichever is less.

(18) Under section 88C, as inserted by Finance Act, 2000, an assessee, being a woman resident in India, and below the age of sixty-five years, at any time during the previous year, shall be entitled to a deduction from the amount of income-tax (as comput­ed before allowing the deductions under Chapter VIII) her total income, with which she is chargeable for any assessment year, of an amount equal to hundred per cent, of such income tax or an amount of five thousand rupees, whichever is less.

(19) The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should satisfy them­selves about the actual deposits/subscriptions/payments made by the employees, by calling for such particulars/information as they deem necessary before allowing the aforesaid rebate. In case the DDO is not satisfied about the genuineness of the employee’s claim regarding any deposit/subscription/payment made by the employee, he should not allow the same, and the employee would be free to claim the rebate on such amount by filing his return of income and furnishing the necessary proof etc., therewith, to the satisfaction of the Assessing Officer.

Calculation of income-tax to be deducted

7.1 Salary income for the purpose of section 192 shall be esti­mated as follows :

(a)   First compute the gross salary as mentioned in para 5.1 excluding all the incomes mentioned in para 5.2;

(b)   Allow deductions mentioned in para 5.3 from the figure arrived at (a) above.

(c)   Allow deductions mentioned in para 5.4 from the figure arrived at (b) above ensuring that aggregate of the deductions mentioned in para 5.4 does not exceed the figure of (b) and if it exceeds, it should be restricted to that amount. This will be the amount of income under the head “Salaries” on which income-tax would be required to be deducted. This income should be rounded off to the nearest multiple of ten rupees.

7.2 Income-tax on the estimated income from salary as shown in para 7.1 shall be calculated at the rates given in para 2.

7.3 The amount of tax rebates computed under para 6 shall be deducted from the income-tax calculated according to para 7.2. However, it is to be ensured that the tax rebates given as per para 6 is limited to the income-tax calculated as per para 7.2. Further, tax payable so arrived at shall be increased by sur­charge at the rate of two per cent to arrive at the total tax payable.

7.4 It is also to be noted that deductions under Chapter VIA of the Act as mentioned in para 5.4 and the tax rebates as mentioned in para 6 are allowed only if the investments or the payments have been made out of the income chargeable to tax during the financial year 2001-2002.

7.5 The amount of tax as arrived at para 7.3 should be deducted every month in equal instalments. The net amount of tax deducti­ble should be rounded off to the nearest rupee.

Miscellaneous :

8.1 These instructions are not exhaustive and are issued only with a view to helping the employers to understand the various provisions relating to deduction of tax from salaries. Wherever there is any doubt, reference may be made to the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, the Income-tax Rules, 1962 and the Finance Act, 2001.

8.2 In case any assistance is required, the Assessing Officer/the local Public Relation Officer of the Income-tax Department may be contacted.

8.3 These instructions may please be brought to the notice of all Disbursing Officers and Undertakings including those under the control of the Central/State Governments.

8.4 Copies of this Circular are available with the Director of Income-tax (Research, Statistics and Publications and Public Rela­tions), 6th Floor, Mayur Bhavan, Indira Chowk, New Delhi-110 001.

Circular : No. 15/2001, dated 12-12-2001.

ANNEXURE I

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE – 1

Calculation of Income-tax in the case of an employee having gross salary income.

(i) up to Rs. 1,00,000.
(ii) More than Rs. 1,00,000 but less than Rs. 5,00,000 and
(iii) Exceeding Rs. 5,00,000
Particulars (Rupees) (Rupees) (Rupees)
(i) (ii) (iii)
Gross Salary Income 1,00,000 5,00,000 6,00,000
(including allowances)
Contribution to G.P.F. 10,000 20,000 30,000

COMPUTATION OF TOTAL INCOME AND TAX PAYABLE THEREON

(Rupees) (Rupees) (Rupees)
1. Gross Salary 1,00,000 5,00,000 6,00,000
2. Less Standard deduction
u/s 16 (i) 30,000 20,000 Nil
                           .
Taxable Income 70,000 4,80,000 6,00,000
Tax thereon 3,000 1,18,000 1,54,000
Less tax rebate u/s 88 3,000 4,000 6,000
Income-tax payable Nil 1,14,000 1,48,000
Add: Surcharge @ 2% 2,280 2,960
                             .
Total Tax Payable 1,16,280 1,50,960

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE 2

Calculation of Income-tax in the case of assessee having handi­capped dependent.

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Gross Salary 3,20,000
2. Amount spent on treatment of dependent who is handi­capped 7,000
3. Amount paid to LIC with regard to annuity for the
maintenance of handicapped dependent 40,000
4. G.P.F. contribution 25,000
5. LIP paid 10,000

COMPUTATION OF TAX

1. Gross Salary 3,20,000
2. Less Standard deduction 20,000
3,00,000
(Less: Deduction u/s 80DD(1) 40,000
(Restricted to Rs. 40,000 only)
Taxable Income 2,60,000
Income-tax thereon 52,000
Rebate u/s 88
GPF 25,000
LIP 10,000
Total 35,000
Rebate @ 20% on Rs. 35,000 7,000
Tax payable 45,000
Add: Surcharge @ 2% 900
Total Tax payable 45,900

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE 3

  1. Calculation of Income-tax in the case of an employee where Medical Treatment expenditure was borne by the employer.
Particulars (Rupees)
1. Gross Salary 3,00,000
2. Medical reimbursement by employer on the treatment of self and dependent family member 30,000
3. Contribution to GPF 20,000
4. LIP 20,000
5. Repayment of House Building Advance 25,000
6. Investment in infrastructure Bond u/s 88 (xvi) 20,000

COMPUTATION OF TAX

Gross Salary 3,00,000
Add : Perquisite in respect of reimbursement of Medical 15,000
Expenses in excess of Rs. 15,000 in view of Sec. 17(2)(v)
3,15,000
Less: Standard deduction 20,000
Taxable Income 2,95,000
Tax thereon 62,500
Rebate u/s 88
GPF 20,000
LIC 20,000
Repayment of House Building 20,000
Advance (Maximum)
Investment in Infrastructural
Bonds u/s 88 (xvi) 20,000
Total 80,000
16,000
46,500
930
47,430

 

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE – 4

Illustrating calculation of House Rent Allowance u/s 10 (13A) in respect of residential accommodation situated in Delhi.

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Salary 49,500
2. Dearness Allowance 43,680
3. House Rent allowance 9,600
4. C.C.A. 1,200
5. House rent paid 18,000
6. General Provident Fund 24,000
7. Life Insurance Premium 2,500
8. Cumulative Time Deposit 2,400
9. Contribution to Mutual Fund 12,000

COMPUTATION OF TOTAL INCOME AND TAX PAYABLE THEREON

1. Salary + D.A. + C.C.A. 94,380
House rent allowance 9,600
2. Total Salary Income 1,03,980
3. Less: House Rent allowance exempt u/s 10(13A) : Least of
(a) Actual amount of HRA received = 9,600
(b ) Expenditure of rent in excess of 10% of salary
(including D.A. as presumed that D.A. is taken
for retirement benefit (18,000—9,318 = 8,682) 8,682
(c) 50% of Salary (+Basic) – Rs. 46,590 95,298
Less : Standard deduction u/s 16(i) @ 33.33%
or 30,000 whichever is less 30,000
Total Income (rounded off) 65,300
Tax on Total Income 2,060
Rebate u/s 88
GPF 24,000
LIP 2,500
CTD 2,400
Contribution to Mutual Fund 10,000
U/s 88(xiiib) 38,900 @ 20% 7,780
Tax on Total Income 2,060
Less Tax rebate restricted to Rs. 2,060
Tax payable Nil

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE – 5

Illustrating valuation of perquisite and calculation of tax in the case of an employee of a private company in Mumbai who was provided accommodation in a flat at concessional rate for ten months and in a hotel for two months. Employee owns a car (cubic capacity of engine exceeds 1.61) used partly for personal and partly for official work and actual running and maintenance charges including chauffeur’s salary are reimbursed by employer, but no documents are maintained regarding details of journeys.

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Salary 1,08,000
2. Bonus 12,000
3. Free gas, electricity, water etc. (actual bills paid by Company) 6,000
4. (a) Furnished flat provided to the employee for which actual rent paid by the Company per annum 78,000
(b) Hotel rent paid by employer (for two months) 30,000
(c) Rent recovered from the employee 5,000
5. Car expenses reimbursed 40,200
6. Furniture at cost 50,000
7. Subscription of Mutual Fund u/s 88 (xvii) 12,000
8. Life Insurance Premium 3,000
9. Subscription to NSC VIII Issue 18,000
10. Contribution to Recognised PF 24,000
11. Contribution to infrastructure bonds u/s 88 (xvi) 15,000

COMPUTATION OF TOTAL INCOME AND TAX PAYABLE THEREON

1. Salary 1,08,000
2. Bonus 12,000
3. Total Salary for valuation of perquisite @ 10,000 p.m. 1,20,000
4. Valuation of perquisites:
(a) Perquisite for flat
Less of (10% of salary for ten months) =
Rs. 10,000 actual rent paid = Rs. 65,000) 10,000
(b) Perquisite for hotel
Less of (24% of salary of 2 months = Rs. 4,800,
actual payment = Rs. 30,000) 4,800
(c) Perquisite for furniture @ 10% 5,000
Less: Rent recovered from employee 5,000
(d) Add perquisite of free gas, electricity, water 6,000
(e) Add perquisite for car expenses reimbursement
(40,200 — 12(1600 + 600) 13,800
Gross total Income 1,54,600
Less Standard deduction u/s 16( i) 25,000
Total income 1,29,600
Tax on Total Income 14,920
Tax Rebate u/s 88
Provident Fund 24,000
Subscription to NSC VIII Issue 18,000
LIP 3,000
Subscription to Mutual Fund
approved by the Board 12,000
Contribution to Infrastructural Bond 15,000
72,000
Tax Rebate @ 20% 14,400
Tax on Total Income 14,920
Tax rebate (restricted) 14,400
Tax Payable 520
Surcharge @ 2% 10
Tax Payable 530

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE 6

Illustrating valuation of perquisite and calculation of tax in the case of an employee of a private company posted at Delhi and repaying Housing Building Loan.

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Salary 1,18,000
2. Dearness allowance 36,000
3. House Rent Allowance 12,000
4. Special Duties allowance 2,400
5. Provident Fund 20,000
6. L.I.P 10,000
7. Deposit in NSC VIII Issue 20,000
8. Rent paid by the employee for house hired by him 24,000
9. Repayment of House Building Loan taken by the employee from LIC 12,000
10. Subscription to eligible issue of capital of a Co. approved u/s 88(xvi ) 5,000
11. Subscription to units of mutual fund u/s 88(xvii) 15,000

COMPUTATION OF TOTAL INCOME AND TAX PAYABLE THEREON

1. Gross Salary 1,68,400
Less House rent allowance exempt u/s 10(13A)
(a) Actual amount of HRA received 12,000
(b ) Expenditure on rent in excess of 10% of
salary (including D.A.) as personal D.A.
is included for retirement benefits) 8,600
(c) 50% of salary (including D.A.) 77,000 (-) 8,600
Total Salary Income 1,59,800
Less: Standard deduction 25,000
Total Taxable Income 1,34,800
Tax on total income 15,960
Tax rebate u/s 88
(i) Provident Fund 20,000
(ii) LIP 10,000
(iii) NSC VIII Issue 20,000
(iv) Repayment of HBA 12,000
(v) Subscription to eligible issue of capital of a Co. approved u/s 88(xvi) 5,000
(vi) Subscription of units of mutual fund (u/s 88(xvii) 15,000
82,000 limited to 80,000 @20% 15,960
(restricted)
Net Tax Payable Nil

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE 7

Income-tax calculation in the case of an employee who claims loss under the head ‘Income from house property’.

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Gross Salary 4,00,000
2. Housing Loan repaid (principal) 30,000
3. Interest payable on housing loan
(Loan taken after 1-4-1999) 2,00,000
4. Donation paid to National Children’s Fund 5,000
5. N.S.C. purchased 10,000
6. G.P.F. 20,000

COMPUTATION OF TAXABLE INCOME AND TAX THEREON

1. Salary Income
Gross Salary 4,00,000
Less: Standard deduction 20,000
Taxable Salary 3,80,000
2. Income from house property
Annual value Nil
Interest payable on loan u/s 24 2,00,000
Loss from house property (maximum allowable) 1,50,000
Gross Total Income 2,30,000
Less: Deduction u/s 80G
50% of Rs. 5,000 2,500
Net Taxable Income 2,27,500
Tax thereon 42,250
Less: Rebate u/s 88
G.P.F. 20,000
N.S.C. 10,000
Housing loan repaid 20,000
Total 50,000
Rebate @ 20% of Rs. 50,000 10,000
Tax payable 32,250
Add: Surcharge @ 2% 645
Total Tax payable 32,895

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE – 8

Income-tax Calculation in the case of an employee who claims loss under the head ‘Income from house property’ loan taken before 1-4-1999

Particulars (Rupees)
1. Gross Salary 4,00,000
2. Housing Loan repaid (Principal) 30,000
3. Interest payable on Housing Loan (loan taken after 1-4-1999) 2,00,000
4. Donation paid to National Children’s Fund 5,000
5. N.S.C. purchased 10,000
6. G.P.F. 20,000

COMPUTATION OF TAXABLE INCOME AND TAX THEREON

1. Salary Income 4,00,000
Gross Salary
Less: Standard deduction 20,000
Taxable Salary 3,80,000
2. Income from House Property
Annual value Nil
Interest payable on loan u/s 24 2,00,000
Loss from House property (maximum
allowable for loans taken before 1-4-1999) 30,000
Gross total income 3,50,000
Less : Deduction u/s 80G 50% of Rs. 5,000 2,500
Net Taxable Income 3,47,500
Tax thereon 78,250
Less: Rebate u/s 88
G.P.F. 20,000
N.S.C. 10,000
Housing Loan repaid (maximum) 20,000
Total 50,000
Rebate @ 20% of Rs. 50,000 10,000
Tax payable 68,250
Add: Surcharge @ 2% 1,365
Total tax payable 69,615

FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2002-03

EXAMPLE – 9

Income-tax calculation in the case of a women assessee who is less than age of 65 years.

Particulars (Rupees)
Gross Salary 1,20,000
G.P.F. 10,000
N.S.C. purchased 10,000

COMPUTATION OF TAXABLE INCOME AND TAX THEREON

Gross Salary 1,20,000
Less Standard deduction u/s 16( i) 30,000
Taxable Income 90,000
Tax thereon 7,000
Less: Rebate u/s 88C (Being women) 5,000
Less: Rebate u/s 88
G.P.F. 10,000
N.S.C. 10,000
Total 20,000
Rebate u/s 88 @ 20% of Rs. 20,000 =
Rs. 4,000 restricted to Rs. 2000 2,000
Tax payable Nil

Note : In the case of a women assessee who is of 65 years’ age or more, she will be entitled to rebate only u/s 88B of the Act meant for Senior citizens and not u/s 88C of the Act.

ANNEXURE II

FORM FOR SENDING PARTICULARS OF INCOME U/S 192(2B) FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 2001

  1. Name and address of the employee
  2. Permanent Account Number
  3. Residential status
  4. Particulars of income under any head of income other than “salaries” (not being a loss under any such head other than the loss under the head “Income from house property”) received in the financial year
(i ) Income from house property …………………………….
(in case of loss, enclose computation thereof)
(ii) Profits and gains of business or profession …………………………….
(iii) Capital gains …………………………….
(iv) Income from other sources …………………………….
(a) Dividends
(b) Interest
(c) Other incomes (specify)
Total ……………………………

.

  1. Aggregate of sub-items (i) to (iv ) of item 4
  2. Tax deducted at source (enclose certificates) issued under section 203
Place : …………………………….
Date : ……………………………. . …………………………………………………
Signature of the employee

Verification

I, …………………………….., do hereby declare that what is stated above is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Verified today, the……………….day of…………..2001.

Place : …………………………….
Date : ……………………………. . …………………………………………………
Signature of the employee

ANNEXURE III-A

Form No. 12BA :  Statement showing particulars of perquisites, other fringe benefits or amenities and profits in lieu of salary with value thereof – See [2001] 118 Taxman 257 (St.)

ANNEXURE III-B

Form No. 16 : Certificate under section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 for tax deducted as source from income chargeable under the head “Salaries” – See [1991] 55 Taxman 21 (St.)

ANNEXURE IV

Rule 2BB : Amendment in rule 2BB – Income-tax (Eighth Amendment) Rules, 1995 – See [1995] 81 Taxman 18 (St.)

ANNEXURE V

Table of sub-rule (2) of Rule 2BB : Income-tax (Third Amendment) Rules, 2000 – See [2000] 109 Tax­man 421 (St.)

ANNEXURE VI

Rule 2BB : Amendment in rule 2BB – Income-tax (Seventh Amendment) Rules, 1998 – See [1998] 98 Taxman 31 (St.)

ANNEXURE VII-A

Notification SO 1048(E), dated 24-11-2000 : See [2000] 113 Taxman 52 (St.)

ANNEXURE VII-B

Notification SO 81(E), dated 29-1-2001 : See [2001] 115 Taxman 183 (St.)

ANNEXURE VIII

Form No. 10BA : Declaration to be filed by the assessee claiming deduction under section 80GG – Income-tax (Nineteenth Amendment) Rules, 1998 – See [1998] 100 Taxman 110 (St.).

More Under Income Tax

Posted Under

Category : Income Tax (25143)
Type : Circulars (7506) Notifications/Circulars (30263)

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