WHAT IS PAN?

Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the Income Tax Department, to any “person” who applies for it or to whom the department allots the number without an application.

PAN enables the department to link all transactions of the “person” with the department. These transactions include tax payments, TDS/TCS credits, returns of income/wealth/gift/FBT, specified transactions, correspondence, and so on. PAN, thus, acts as an identifier for the “person” with the tax department.

PAN was introduced to facilitates linking of various documents, including payment of taxes, assessment, tax demand, tax arrears etc. relating to an assessee, to facilitate easy retrieval of information and to facilitate matching of information relating to investment, raising of loans and other business activities of taxpayers collected through various sources, both internal as well as external, for detecting and combating tax evasion and widening of tax base.

A typical PAN is AFZPK7190K.

First three characters i.e. “AFZ” in the above PAN are alphabetic series running from AAA to ZZZ

Fourth character of PAN i.e. “P” in the above PAN represents the status of the PAN holder. “P” stands for Individual, “F” stands for Firm, “C” stands for Company, “H” stands for HUF, “A” stands for AOP, “T” stands for TRUST etc.

Fifth character i.e. “K” in the above PAN represents first character of the PAN holder’s last name/surname.

Next four characters i.e. “7190” in the above PAN are sequential number running from 0001 to 9999.

Last character i.e. “K” in the above PAN is an alphabetic check digit.

WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO HAVE PAN?

It is mandatory to quote PAN on return of income, all correspondence with any income tax authority. From 1 January 2005 it will be mandatory to quote PAN on challans for any payments due to Income Tax Department.

It is also compulsory to quote PAN in all documents pertaining to the following financial transactions :-

(a)   sale or purchase of any immovable property valued at five lakh rupees or more;

(b)  sale or purchase of a motor vehicle or vehicle, [the sale or purchase of a motor vehicle or vehicle does not include two wheeled vehicles, inclusive of any detachable side-car having an extra wheel, attached to the motor vehicle;]

(c)   a time deposit, exceeding fifty thousand rupees, with a banking company ;

(d)  a deposit, exceeding fifty thousand rupees, in any account with Post Office Savings Bank;

(e)a contract of a value exceeding one lakh rupees for sale or purchase of securities;

(f)  opening a bank account;

(g)   making an application for installation of a telephone connection (including a cellular telephone connection);

(h)  payment to hotels and restaurants against their bills for an amount exceeding twenty-five thousand rupees at any one time ;

(i)  payment in cash for purchase of bank drafts or pay orders or banker’s cheques for an amount aggregating fifty thousand rupees or more during any one day;

(j)     deposit in cash aggregating fifty thousand rupees or more with a bank during any one day;

(k)  payment in cash in connection with travel to any foreign country of an amount exceeding twenty-five thousand rupees at any one time.

PAN – LEGAL FRAMEWORK

The legal authority for allotment and use of the new series of PAN is derived from Section 139A of the Income-tax Act, 1961. This section lays down the framework for PAN, e.g, who is required to apply for PAN, who else can apply for PAN, who will allot PAN, transactions where PAN is required to be quoted, use of PAN in TDS certificates and TDS returns, that one person can have only one PAN and the manner of applying for PAN.

The manner of applying for PAN is laid down in Rule 114 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. This rule, amended in 2003, also specifies the copies of documents required to be submitted along with the PAN application as proof of identity and address of the PAN applicant.

Rule 114B lists down the documents in which PAN is required to be quoted while entering into specified transactions/activities. Persons who do not have PAN are exempted from quoting PAN on furnishing a declaration in Form 60. Rule 114C lists the persons to whom section 139A does not apply. These are persons who have agricultural income by furnishing declaration in Form 61, non-residents, and Central Govt./State Govt. and Consular offices, where they are payers.

Penalty of Rs.10,000/- is imposable u/s 272B for failure to comply with the provisions of section 139A.

PAN – ONLINE VERIFICATION

PAN can be verified online by filling out the core details mentioned in the PAN Card such as Name, Father’s Name and Date of Birth. Go to link mentioned below:-

https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/portal/knowpan.do

This facility can be used by the entities who receive copy of PAN application for any purpose. This facility can also be used by the PAN applicant to know their PAN.

For government users and financial institutions online bulk PAN verification facility is also available. Kindly write to the DIT(S)-III, Directorate of Income-tax(Systems), E-2, ARA Center, Ground Floor, Jhandewalan Ext., New Delhi – 110055.

Application for allotment of Permanent Account Number under section 139A of the Income-tax Act, 1961

Request For New PAN Card Or / And Changes Or Correction in PAN Data

Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by Individual who is Citizen of India located in India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Identity Copy of any of the following:
1 School leaving certificate
2 Matriculation certificate
3 Degree of a recognised educational institution
4 Depository account statement
5 Credit card statement
6 Bank account statement! bank pass book
7 Water bill
8 Ration card
9 Property tax assessment order
10 Passport
11 Voters Identity Card
12 Driving License
13 Certificate of identity signed by Member of Parliament or Member of Legislative Assembly or Municipal Councilor or Gazetted Officer.
Proof of Address Copy of any of the following
1 Electricity bill*
2 Telephone bill*
3 Depository account statement*
4 Credit card statement*
5 Bank account statement!bank pass book*
6 Rent receipt*
7 Employer certificate*
8 Passport
9 Voters Identity card
10 Property tax assessment order
11 Driving License
12 Ration card
13 Certificate of address signed by Member of Parliament or Member of Legislative Assembly or Municipal Councilor or Gazetted Officer.
* documents submitted as proof of address for serial numbers 1 to 7 should not be more than six months old from the date of application.

If the applicant is a minor (i.e. below 18 years of age at the time of application), any of the documents as per the lists specified below of any of the parents! guardian of such minor shall be deemed to be the proof of identity and address of the applicant.

Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by Citizen of India located outside India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Identity Copy of passport
Proof of Address Copy of any of the following
1 Copy of passport
2 Copy of bank account statement in country of residence
3 Copy of NRE bank account statement (showing at least two customer induced transactions in last six months period and duly attested by Indian Embassy / Consular office / High Commission or Apostille or by the manager of the bank in which the account is held. The applicant may be a joint holder.


Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by Foreign Citizen located in India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Address Copy of any of the following
1 Copy of passport
2 Copy of bank account statement in India
3 Residential permit issued by the State Police Authorities
4 Registration certificate issued by the Foreigner’s Registration Officer
5 Copy of Person of Indian Origin(PIO) card issued by Government of India
6 Copy of NRE bank account statement (showing at least two customer induced transactions in last six months period and duly attested by Indian Embassy / Consular office / High Commission or Apostille or by the manager of the bank in which the account is held. The applicant may be a joint holder.)
7 Copy          of          Visa          application          to          Indian          authorities          andCopy          of          Visa          granted          and

Copy of appointment letter/contract from Indian Company and Certificate (in original) of Indian address issued by employer (The certificate should be on employer’s letterhead mentioning PAN of the employer. Copy of PAN card for the PAN mentioned in the employer’s certificate should be submitted)

Note: If the applicant has provided an Indian office address, then all the following five documents are mandatory along with any of the first six above mentioned documents:-

1.     Copy of Visa application to Indian authorities and

2.     Copy of Visa granted and

3.     Copy of appointment letter/contract from Indian Company and

4.     Certificate (in original) of address in India of applicant issued by authorized signatory of employer on employer’s letter head mentioning the PAN of the employer.

5. Copy of PAN card for the PAN mentioned in the employer’s certificate.

Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by Foreign Citizen located outside India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Identity Copy of any of the following
1 Copy of passport
2 Copy of other National ID attested by Indian Embassy/Consulate/High Commission/Apostille
3 Copy of Person of Indian Origin(PIO)card issued by Government of India
Proof of Address Copy of any of the following
1 Copy of passport
2 Copy of other National ID attested by Indian Embassy/Consulate/High Commission/Apostille
3 Copy of bank account statement in country of residence, duly attested by Indian Embassy/High Commission/Consulate/Apostille in the country where applicant is located
4 Copy of Person of Indian Origin (PIO) card issued by Government of India
5 Copy of NRE bank account statement (showing at least two customer induced transactions in last six months period and duly attested by Indian Embassy / Consular office / High Commission or Apostille or by the manager of the bank in which the account is held. The applicant may be a joint holder.)

Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by persons other than Individuals (i.e. Firm, BOI, HUF, AOP, AOP(Trust), Local Authority, Company, Artificial Juridical Person) located in India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Identity and Address
HUF Any document prescribed in the case of individuals in respect of Karta of the HUF.
Company Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by Registrar of Companies.
Firms Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by Registrar of Firms or Copy of Partnership Deed.
AOP (Trusts) Copy of Trust Deed or Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by Charity Commissioner.
AOP/BOI/Local Authority/Artificial Juridical Person Copy of Agreement or Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by Charity Commissioner or Registrar of Co-operative Society or any other Competent Authority or any other document originating from any Central or State Government Department establishing identity and address of such person.

Documents to be submitted as Proof of Identity and Address by persons other than Individuals (i.e. Firm, BOI, HUF, AOP, AOP(Trust), Local Authority, Company, Artificial Juridical Person) located outside India at the time of application for PAN

Proof of Identity and Address Copy of any of the following
a) Copy of registration certificate of the respective country duly attested by Indian Embassy! Consulate! High Commission! Apostille in the country where applicant is located.
b) Copy of certificate of registration with the competent authority in India
c) Copy of approval issued by the competent authority in India
d) Copy of the accompanying documents alongwith the approval issued by competent authority in India
e) Copy of the application (duly acknowledged) made by the applicant before the competent authority in India

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers (FAQs)

1. How does Income Tax Department ensure that PAN is quoted on transactions mentioned above?

A. It is statutory responsibility of a person receiving document relating to economic or financial transactions notified by the CBDT to ensure that PAN has been duly quoted in the document. {Section139A (6)}

2. Is it compulsory to quote PAN on return of income?

Yes, it is compulsory to quote PAN on return of income. A penalty of Rs.10,000/- is leviable in case of any default. {Kindly refer Section 272B}

3. How will these authorities verify PAN?

A facility for verifying PAN is available on the website of the Income Tax department. Kindly click the following link:-

https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/portal/knowpan.do

4. Who must have a PAN?

Answer

i. All existing assesses or taxpayers or persons who are required to furnish a return of income, even on behalf of others, must obtain PAN.

ii.Any person carrying on any business or profession whose total sales, turnover or gross receipts are or is likely to exceed five lakh rupees in any previous year;

iii.           Any person, who intends to enter into financial transaction where quoting PAN is mandatory, must also obtain PAN.

iv.           The Assessing Officer may allot PAN to any person either on his own or on a specific request from such person.

5. Can a person obtain or use more than one PAN

A. Obtaining or possessing more than one PAN is against the law, for which penalty of Rs.10,000/- may be imposed.

6. Where to apply for PAN?

A. In order to improve PAN related services, the Income Tax department has authorized UTI Investor Services Ltd (UTIISL) to set up and manage IT PAN Service Centers in all cities or towns where there is an Income Tax office and National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) to dispense PAN services from TIN Facilitation Centers. For convenience of PAN applicants in big cities, UTIISL has set up more than one IT PAN Service Center and likewise there are more than one TIN Facilitation Centers.

7. How to apply for a PAN? Can an application for PAN be made on plain paper?

PAN application should be made only on Form 49A. A PAN application (Form 49A) can be downloaded from the website of Income Tax department or UTIISL or NSDL (www.incometaxindia.gov.in,www.utiisl.co.in or tin-nsdl.com) or printed by local printers or photocopied (on A4 size 70 GSM paper) or obtained from any other source. The form is also available at IT PAN Service centers and TIN Facilitation centers.

8. Can an application for PAN be made in Form 49A obtained from anywhere?

Yes, PAN application may be made on Form 49A obtained from any source other than IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers. For instance, a PAN application may be made on form downloaded from the website of Income Tax department or UTIISL or NSDL; or on form printed by local printers or a photocopy of downloaded or printed form.

9. Can an application for PAN be made through Internet?

Yes, application for fresh allotment of PAN can be made through Internet. Further, requests for changes or correction in PAN data or request for reprint of PAN card (for an existing PAN) may also be made through Internet. Online application can be made either through the portal of NSDL (https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/index.html ) or portal of UTITSL (http://www.utitsl.co.in/utitsl/uti/newapp/new-pan-application.jsp ). The charges for applying for PAN online are the same i.e. Rs. 94 (including service tax) for Indian communication address and Rs.744 (including service tax) for foreign communication address, i.e. there are no additional charges. Payment of application fee can be made through credit/debit card or net-banking. Once the application and payment is accepted, the applicant is required to send the supporting documents through courier/post to NSDL/UTITSL.

10. Is there any TATKAL facility for allotment of PAN?

No.

11. How to find an IT PAN Service Center or TIN Facilitation Center?

Location of IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers in any city may be obtained from local Income Tax Office or any office of UTI/UTIISL or NSDL in that city or from websites of the Income Tax department (www.incometaxindia.gov.in or UTIISL (www.utiisl.co.in) or NSDL (http://tin.nsdl.com)

12. What services are provided by these IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers?

IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers will supply PAN application forms (Form 49A) and forms forIReauest For New PAN Card Or/ And Changes In PAN Data, assist the applicant in filling up the form, collect filled form and issue acknowledgement slip. After obtaining PAN from the Income Tax department, UTIISL or NSDL as the case may be, will print the PAN card and deliver it to the applicant.

15. What if I submit incomplete Form 49A?

IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers shall not receive any incomplete and deficient PAN application. However, these centers will assist applicants to correctly fill up form 49A or  Reauest For New PAN Card Or/ And Changes In PAN Data, as the case may be.

16. What documents and information have to be submitted along with the application for Form 49A?

a.  Individual applicants will have to affix one recent, coloured photograph (Stamp Size: 3.5 cms x 2.5 cms) on Form 49A;

b.  Any one document listed in Rule 114 must be supplied as proof of Identity and AddressI; and

c. Designation and code of the concerned Assessing Officer of Income Tax department will have to be mentioned in Form 49A.

17. Which documents will serve as proof of ‘Identity’ in case of Individual applicants, including minors and HUF applicants?

Copy of school leaving certificate or matriculation certificate or degree of a recognized educational institution or depository account or credit card or bank account or water bill or ration card or property tax assessment order or passport or voter identity card or driving license or certificate of identity signed by a MP or an MLA or a Municipal Councilor or a Gazetted Officer;

In case the PAN applicant is a minor, any of above documents of any of the parents or guardian of such minor shall serve as proof of Identity;

In case PAN application is made on behalf of a HUF, any of above documents in respect of Karta of the HUF will serve as proof of Identity.

18. What is proof of ‘Address’ for Individual applicants, including minors and HUF applicants?

Copy of electricity bill or telephone bill or depository account or credit card or bank account or ration card or employer certificate or passport or voter identity card or property tax assessment order or driving license or rent receipt or certificate of address signed by a MP/ MLA/Municipal Councilor/ a Gazetted Officer;

In case the PAN applicant is a minor, any of above documents of any of the parents or guardian of such minor shall serve as proof of Address;

In case PAN application is made on behalf of a HUF, any of above documents in respect of Karta of the HUF will serve as proof of Address.

19. What documents will serve as proof of Identity and Address for other applicants?

Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Companies or copy of Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Firms or Copy of Partnership Deed or Copy of Trust deed or Copy of Certificate of Registration Number issued by Charity Commissioner or Copy of Agreement or Copy of Certificate of Registration Number issued by Charity Commissioner or Registrar of Co-operative Society or any other Competent Authority or any other document originating from any Central or State Government Department establishing Identity and Address of such person.

20. How to find ‘Assessing Officer code’?

Assessing Officer code may be obtained from Income Tax Office where you submit your return of income. Applicants who have never filed return of income may find out Assessing Officer code with the help of IT PAN Service Center or TIN Facilitation Center or jurisdictional Income Tax Office.

21. Is a photograph compulsory for making an application for PAN?

A photograph is compulsory only in case of Individual applicants.

22. What is the procedure for applicants who cannot sign?

In such cases, Left Hand Thumb impression of the applicant should be affixed on Form 49A or Request For New PAN Card Or& And Changes In PAN Data at the place meant for signatures and got attested by a Magistrate or a Notary Public or a Gazetted Officer, under official seal and stamp.

23. Is father’s name compulsory for female (including married/divorced/widow) applicants?

Only father s name is required to be filled in the PAN application (Form 49A). Female applicants, irrespective of marital status, should write only father s name in the PAN application

24. Is it compulsory to mention telephone numbers on Form 49A?

Telephone number is not compulsory, but if provided it may help in faster communication.

25. Who can apply on behalf of non-resident, minor, lunatic, idiot, and court of wards?

Section 160 of IT Act, 1961 provides that a non-resident, a minor, lunatic, idiot, and court of wards and such other persons may be represented through a Representative Assessee. In such cases, application for PAN will be made by the Representative Assessee.

26. I had applied to the department but I do not know my PAN?

Please contact the Aaykar Sampark Kendra (ASK) at 0124-2438000 (or 95124-2438000 from NCR) or visit the www.incometaxindia.gov.in and go to know your PAN .

27. Are there any charges to be paid at IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers?

UTIISL and NSDL have been authorized to collect Rs.85 + Service Tax as applicable, per PAN application and this includes cost of a tamper proof PAN card. This amount will have to be paid in cash at IT PAN Service Center or the TIN Facilitation Center.

28. Do you need to apply for a PAN when you move or transfer from one city to another?

Permanent Account Number (PAN), as the name suggests, is a permanent number and does not change during lifetime of PAN holder. Changing the address or city, though, may change the Assessing Officer. Such changes must, therefore, be intimated to nearest IT PAN Service Center or TIN Facilitation Center for required correction in PAN databases of the Income Tax department. These requests will have to be made in a form for Request For New PAN Card Or! And Changes In PAN Data

29. I had applied to UTITSL/ NSDL a month ago but I have not received my PAN card and I have to file my return of income.

Please contact Aaykar Sampark Kendra (0124-2438000 or 95124-2438000 from NCR) or www.incometaxindia.gov.in or send an email.

30. Will the existing PAN cards issued by the Department remain valid?

All PAN allotted and PAN card issued by the Department will remain valid. All persons who have been allotted a PAN need not apply again.

31. Income Tax Department has issued me a PAN card; can I obtain a new tamper proof PAN card?

For obtaining the tamper proof PAN card an application will have to be made in the form for Request For New PAN Card Or And Changes In PAN Data to IT PAN Service Center or TIN Facilitation Center, in which existing PAN will have to be indicated and old PAN card surrendered. The payment of Rs.60 + Service Tax as applicable, will also have to be made.

32. I had applied for PAN and received PAN number but have not received the PAN Card?

Apply in the form for Request For New PAN Card Or And Changes In PAN Data at any IT PAN Service Center or TIN Facilitation Center quoting the PAN allotted to you.

33. How will the new PAN card be delivered to me?

The UTIISL or NSDL, as the case may be, will ensure delivery of new PAN card at the address indicated by you in the PAN application form or form for Request For New PAN Card Or And Changes In PAN Data

34. I want to pay taxes today but I do not have a PAN?

It takes about 15 days to get a new PAN allotted. However, PAN can be obtained in around 5 days if application is made through Internet and processing fee paid through credit card. It is advisable to initiate action for obtaining PAN will in time.

35. Who should be contacted for inquiries regarding PAN applications?

All such inquiries should be addressed to:

Coupon number or Acknowledgement number, as the case may be, should be mentioned in all communications.

FOR UTISILThe Vice President

IT PAN Processing Centre,

UTI Investor Services Ltd

Plot No. 3, Sector – 11

CBD_ Belapur

Navi Mumbai-400 614

e-mail.- utiislgsd@

mail.utiisl.co.in

Tel No. 022-27561690

Fax No. 022-27561706FIR NSDLThe Vice President

Income Tax PAN Services Unit,

NSDL

4th Floor, Trade World, A Wing

Kamala Mills Compound,

S. B. Marg, Lower Parel,

Mumbai-400 013

e-mail.- tininfo@nsdl.co.in

Tel No. 022-2499 4650

Fax No. 022-2495 0664

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2 responses to “All about PAN, FAQ and documents required to issue PAN to resident and foreign resident”

  1. RAVI LAITU says:

    ● लेखन के क्षेत्र में लगे व्यक्ति प्रायःअपने वास्तविक नाम की जगह अपनी रचनाओं के साथ एक दूसरा ही नाम देते हैं ज़िसे छद्मनाम या अंग्रेजी में pseudonym कहते हैं l
    ● इसी आधार पर इन्हें लेखों और पुस्तकों के पारिश्रामिक के तौर पर प्रकाशक से जो चैक मिलते है वह अॉडिट के मददेनजर उसी नाम से मिलेंगे जो लेखों और पुस्तकों पर लिखा होगा l
    ● आय की सारी जानकारी चाहे वह वास्तविक नाम से हो या छद्मनाम से इसे रिकार्ड पर लाने के लिये पैंनन् कार्ड पर भी दोनों नाम समाहित होने ज़रूरी हैं l
    ● बैंक में छद्मनाम से तो खाता खुल नहीं सकता क्योंकि उसके लिये आधार कार्ड अौर पैन कार्ड जैसी कोई ऑपचारिकता पूर्ण करनी होती है और आधार कार्ड तो एक ही होगा वास्तविक नाम वाला l
    ● ऐसे में लेखक के छद्मनाम को वास्तविक नाम वाले आधार कार्ड अौर पैन कार्ड में कैसे समाहित किया जा सकता है — यह सिर्फ मेरी नहीं बल्कि छद्मनाम से लिखने वाले बहुत बड़े लेखक वर्ग की समस्या है ज़िसका समाधान आपसे अपेक्षित है क्योंकि जबतक बैंक के खाते में यह नाम जुड़ा नहीं होगा उस नाम का चैक जमा नहीं होगा l
    ● आशा है पैन कार्ड के संबंध में इसका कोई हल आप जरूर बतायेंगे …..

  2. Senthil says:

    I have a PAN card. My Name and Surname has been printed in Reverse Manner. So I need to change my Name and Surname in the pan card.If i update, my PAN number also will get update.?

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