Certain circulars have been issued by CBIC today on 06.07.2022 clarifying various matters as discussed in the 47th GST Council Meeting held in Chandigarh. A brief summary of them all is as follows:
A. Circular No. 170/02/2022-GST, 06.07.2022: Mandatory furnishing of correct and proper information of inter-State supplies and amount of ineligible/blocked Input Tax Credit and reversal thereof in return in FORM GSTR-3B and statement in FORM GSTR-1
1. The registered persons making inter-State supplies –
2. Reversal of ITC which are absolute and not reclaimable like under Rule 38, Rule 42, Rule 43 and as per S.17(5) to be made in Table 4(B)(1).
3. Reversal of ITC which can be reclaimed later such as under Rule 37, S.16(2)(b) & S.16(2)(c) to be made in Table 4(B)(2).
4. ITC not available, on account of limitation of time period as delineated in sub-section (4) of section 16 of the CGST Act or where the recipient of an intra-State supply is located in a different State / UT than that of place of supply, may be reported by the registered person in Table 4D (2).
B. Circular No. 171/03/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Clarification on various issues relating to applicability of demand and penalty provisions under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 in respect of transactions involving fake invoices
5. Various case scenarios have been provided to clarify the matter of demand of tax and penalty in cases involving fake invoicing. However, it has also been mentioned that Actual action to be taken against a person will depend upon the specific facts and circumstances of the case which may involve complex mixture of above scenarios or even may not be covered by any of the above scenarios.
C. Circular No. 172/04/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Clarification on various issue pertaining to GST
Refund claimed by the recipients of supplies regarded as deemed export
The ITC availed by the recipient of deemed export supplies would not be subjected to provisions of Section 17 of the CGST Act, 2017.
ITC availed by the recipient of deemed export supply for claiming refund of tax paid on supplies regarded as deemed exports is not to be included in the “Net ITC” for computation of refund of unutilised ITC on account of zero-rated supplies under rule 89(4) or on account of inverted rated structure under rule 89(5) of the CGST Rules, 2017.
Interpretation of section 17(5) of the CGST Act.
The proviso after sub-clause (iii) of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 17 of the CGST Act is applicable to the whole of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 17 of the CGST Act.
The word “leasing” referred in sub-clause (i) of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 17 refers to leasing of motor vehicles, vessels and aircrafts only and not to leasing of any other items. Accordingly, availment of ITC is not barred under sub-clause (i) of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 17 of the CGST Act in case of leasing, other than leasing of motor vehicles, vessels and aircrafts.
Perquisites provided by employer to the employees as per contractual agreement.
The perquisites provided by the employer to the employee in terms of contractual agreement entered into between the employer and the employee, will not be subjected to GST when the same are provided in terms of the contract between the employer and employee.
Utilisation of the amounts available in the electronic credit ledger and the electronic cash ledger for payment of tax and other liabilities.
Any payment towards output tax, whether self-assessed in the return or payable as a consequence of any proceeding instituted under the provisions of GST Laws, can be made by utilization of the amount available in the electronic credit ledger of a registered person.
D. Circular No. 173/05/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Clarification on issue of claiming refund under inverted duty structure where the supplier is supplying goods under some concessional notification
The intent of para 3.2 of Circular No. 135/05/2020-GST dated 31.03.2020 was not to cover those cases where the supplier is making supply of goods under a concessional notification and the rate of tax of output supply is less than the rate of tax on input supply (of the same goods) at the same point of time due to supply of goods by the supplier under such concessional notification.
Therefore, it is clarified that in such cases, refund of accumulated input tax credit on account of inverted structure as per clause (ii) of sub-section (3) of section 54 of the CGST Act, 2017 would be allowed in cases where accumulation of input tax credit is on account of rate of tax on outward supply being less than the rate of tax on inputs (same goods) at the same point of time, as per some concessional notification issued by the Government providing for lower rate of tax for some specified supplies subject to fulfilment of other conditions.
E. Circular No. 174/06/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Prescribing manner of re-credit in electronic credit ledger using FORM GST PMT-03A
The taxpayer shall deposit the amount of erroneous refund along with applicable interest and penalty, wherever applicable, through FORM GST DRC-03 by debit of amount from electronic cash ledger.
Till the time an automated functionality for handling such cases is developed on the portal, the taxpayer shall make a written request, in format enclosed as Annexure-A, to jurisdictional proper officer.
The proper officer, on being satisfied that the full amount of erroneous refund along with applicable interest, as per the provisions of section 50 of the CGST Act, and penalty, wherever applicable, has been paid by the said registered person in FORM GST DRC-03 by way of debit in electronic cash ledger, he shall re-credit an amount in electronic credit ledger, equivalent to the amount of erroneous refund so deposited by the registered person, by passing an order in FORM GST PMT-03A, preferably within a period of 30 days from the date of receipt of request for re-credit of erroneous refund amount so deposited or from the date of payment of full amount of erroneous refund along with applicable interest, and penalty, wherever applicable, whichever is later.
F. Circular No. 175/07/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Manner of filing refund of unutilized ITC on account of export of electricity.
The applicant would be required to file the application for refund under “Any Other” category electronically in FORM GST RFD-01, on the portal.
The applicant would be required to furnish/upload the details contained in Statement 3B (and not in statement 3) of FORM GST RFD-01 (in pdf format), containing the number and date of the export invoices, details of energy exported, tariff per unit for export of electricity as per agreement.
The applicant will also be required to upload the copy of statement of scheduled energy for electricity exported by the Generation Plants (in format attached as Annexure-I)
The relevant date shall be the last date of the month, in which the electricity has been exported as per monthly Regional Energy Account (REA) issued by the Regional Power Committee Secretariat under regulation 2(1)(nnn) of the CERC (Indian Electricity Grid Code) Regulations, 2010.
Turnover of export of electricity shall be calculated using the lower of the quantum of electricity exported mentioned on the statement of scheduled energy exported and that mentioned on the invoice issued on account of export of electricity.
If the proper officer is satisfied that the whole or any part of the amount claimed is payable as refund, he shall request the applicant, in writing, if required, to debit the said amount from the electronic credit ledger through FORM GST DRC-03. Once the proof of such debit is received by the proper officer, he shall proceed to issue the refund order in FORM GST RFD-06 and the payment order in FORM GST RFD-05.
G. Circular No. 176/08/2022-GST, Dated: 06.07.2022: Withdrawal of Circular No. 106/25/2019-GST dated 29.06.2019
Rule 95A has been omitted, retrospectively w.e.f. 01.07.2019, vide notification No. 14/2022-Central Tax, dated 05.07.2022. Accordingly, Circular No 106/25/2019-GST dated 29th June, 2019 has been withdrawn ab-initio.
The views expressed are strictly personal. The above information is for educational purpose only and do not constitute any legal opinion or advice. The author can be reached at [email protected]