Supplies made by Government to a business entity are generally covered in GST under the Reverse charge mechanism (RCM) basis. However, there is a twist to the tale wherein certain supplies are liable to GST under Forward charge mechanism (FCM) as well.
In this article, I would like to clarify Entry No. 5 and 5A of Notification No. 13/2017 dated 28th June 2017. The bare text is reproduced as under:
5. Supplies of Services by the Central Government, State Government, Union territory or local authority to a business entity, except –
(1) Renting of immovable property, and
(2) The services specified below-
(i) Services by the Department of Posts by way of speed post, express parcel post, life insurance, and agency services provided to a person other than Central Government, State Government or Union Territory or local authority;
(ii) Services in relation to an aircraft or a vessel, inside or outside the precincts of a port or an airport;
(iii) Transport of goods or passengers.
5A. Services supplied by the Central Government, State Government, Union territory or local authority by way of renting of immovable property to a person registered under CGST Act, 2017.
We now discuss the same, point by point:
1. Renting of Immovable Property:
When provided to a registered person, liable under FCM (Point 5).
When provided to an unregistered person, liable under RCM (Point 5A).
2. Department of Posts:
Speed Post, express parcel, etc.
a. Provided to CG/SG/LA – Exempt
b. Provided to Others – FCM
3. Aircraft/Vessel, etc. – FCM
4. Transportation of goods/passengers – FCM.
Also, find attached the same in a diagram form for quick reference.