Composition Scheme would be available only to certain eligible taxable persons. This scheme is specifically introduced by government to give relief to the small businessman.  The best part of Composition Scheme is that this Scheme will be applicable for all goods however not applicable on Services except restaurant service provider.

Following Persons are not eligible to take benefit of composition scheme:

  1. Person making supply of goods which are not liable to GST
  2. Person making inter-State outward supplies
  3. Person making supplies through an e-commerce operator
  4. Manufacture of notified goods
  5. Person collecting GST
  6. Person taking input tax credit

Composition scheme is not available for services:

Suppliers of services i.e. service providers are excluded from opting to pay tax under composition scheme, except composite supply, by way of or as a part of any service, (i.e. food/restaurant services) for which specifically 5% rate has been prescribed.

Eligibility to pay tax under composition scheme:

Only those taxable persons whose ‘aggregate turnover does not exceed Rs. 75 lacs in the last financial year will be eligible to opt for the composition scheme.

The Government, by notification and with recommendation of Council, is empowered to increase this threshold limit up to Rs.1 crore.

Rate of tax:

The rate of tax would be as under:

  1. 2% of the turnover in case of MANUFACTURER.
  2. 5% of the turnover in case of Food/Restaurant Services.
  3. 1% of the turnover in case of other suppliers (like traders / agents).

Benefits of Registering under GST Composition Scheme:

  • Limited Compliance: Under the composition scheme, the taxpayer is required to furnish quarterly return only, and thus he need not worry on record keeping and can focus on his business.
  • Limited Tax Liability: Another benefit of getting registered under the composition scheme is that the tax rate for such taxpayer is nominal under the GST Law.

Drawback of Composition Scheme:

  • Limited Territory for Business:A taxpayer registered under the composition scheme is barred from carrying out inter-state transactions and cannot offer import-export of goods and services. Thus, he is compelled to carry out only intra-state transactions and this limits the territory of his business.
  • No Credit of Input Tax: There has been no provision of input credit on B2B transactions. Thus, if any taxable person is carrying out business on B2B model, such person will not be allowed the credit of input tax paid from the output liability. Also, the buyer of such goods will not get any credit on tax paid, resulting in price distortion and cascading. This will further result in a loss of business as a buyer registered as a normal taxpayer will not get any credit when buying from a person registered under composition scheme. Eventually, such buyers might avoid purchases from a taxpayer under composition scheme.
  • No Collection of Tax: Though the rate of composition tax is kept very nominal at  0.5%, 1% or 2.5%, a taxpayer under composition scheme is not allowed to recover such tax from his buyer, as he is not allowed to raise a tax invoice. Consequently, the burden of such tax is kept on the taxpayer himself and this has to be paid out of his own pocket.
  • Penal Provision: Another provision which is heavily debated is the penal provision for a taxpayer under composition scheme. As per the GST Law, if the taxpayer who has previously been given registration under composition scheme is found to be not eligible for the composition scheme or if the permission granted earlier was incorrectly granted, then such taxpayer will be liable to pay the differential tax along with a penalty which can extend up to the amount of total tax liability i.e 100%.
  • Not applicable to the supplier supplying goods through E-commerce

Some Other Points:

  1. he shall mention the words “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies” at the top of the bill of supply issued by him; and
  2. he shall mention the words “composition taxable person” on every notice or signboard displayed at a prominent place at his principal place of business and at every additional place or places of business.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: GGS and Co
Location: Delhi, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 28 Jun 2017 | Total Posts: 1

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Tags : goods and services tax (3143) GST (2730)

19 responses to “GST: Composition Scheme for Small Manufacturers, Traders and Food / Restaurant Services”

  1. PARAS CHHAJED says:

    A mine owner extracting stone slabs from mine and then cutting and polishing the same and sales the polished stone. Total sales is around 40 lacs per year. Whether he will be eligible to go for composition ?

  2. Tariq says:

    hello sir,
    my question is one of my client deals in chicken fried. and purchase raw chicken from unregistered person and meat is fully exempted , now can he go for composite scheme

  3. Bhushan Sharma says:

    सर मेरा प्रिंटिंग प्रेस का बिजनेस है। में एक वर्ष में करीब ३० लाख का प्रिंटिंग वर्क (टर्नओवर) है। क्या में कम्पोजीशन स्किम ले सकता हूँ.

  4. Nanda Kumar says:

    We are into Digital Printing Like Visiting cards / L.Heads / Brochures / Leaflets printing and bill book etc of various parties. in GST he want to go in composition scheme. can he avail the benefit of composition scheme in GST ?

  5. Rohit says:

    Cst items are in Stock can I am eligible for gst composition. Turnover is less then 50lac



  7. Maria Blesson says:

    can purchase inter state goods ?

  8. shrikant rathi says:

    I am manufacturer of cement pipes and my turnover is less than 75 lakhs. Can I get benefit of composition tax under GSt. How much I have pay tax.

    I am not selling out of state.

  9. SAILESH PATEL says:


  10. AMIT KUMAR says:


  11. AMIT KUMAR says:


  12. Vaibhav Gupta says:

    We provide food delivery through E Comm operators. Can we opt for composition scheme.

  13. Neelkant says:

    We provide food delivery through E Comm operators. Can we opt for composition scheme.

  14. T. GOWRISHANKAR says:

    Sir I am a packaged drinking water dealer involved in selling can water to homes and offices.i purchase the can water from a manufacturer who has opted for composition scheme.
    Can I opt for the composition scheme


    Sir assessee is engaged in wedding card printing and trading and also print bill book etc of various parties. in GST he want to go in composition scheme. can he avail the benifit of composition scheme in GST ? his activity of printing card is trated as mfg. in GST ?

    • prateek says:

      no concept of manufacturing is there in GST
      there is either supply of goods or service only since your supply is not of goods same is service hence, service provider except (restaurants) cann’t avail benifit of composition scheme

  16. sushil ladda says:

    in composition scheme can we purchase from unregistered dealer or composition dealer

    • prateek says:

      yes he can purchase but have to pay tax in RCM basis ( due to purcahse from unregistered dealer )
      and no credit of same allowed & also have to pay GST on @1% on the sale of the same

  17. CAMANOJ0211 says:

    very nice bhai..

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