Article covers Limit under Composition scheme, What is Aggregate Turnover, Person not entitled to avail Composition scheme under GST, Condition & restriction for levy of composition scheme (under Rule 5 of chapter II of CGST Act 2017), Form to be submitted, Composition Rate of Tax, Penalty for delay in filing GSTR -4, Important Notes and Content of Bill of supply.

Section 10 of the CGST Act, 2017 provides for composition levy to such person. The composition scheme under GST is currently applicable to businesses with aggregate turnover of Rs. 1.5 crores or less (lower limit is applicable in case of special category states). Composition Scheme is a simple and easy scheme . A taxable person who opt composition scheme is not required to maintain detailed records and fling of detailed returns.

Composition Levy

1. Limit under GST Composition Scheme

As per Section 10(1) of CGST Act, 2017 A registered person whose aggregate turnover in the previous financial year did not exceed 1.5 crore (As amended by the Notification No. 14/2019 – Central Tax New Delhi, the 7th March, 2019.) The limits for special category states [(i) Arunachal Pradesh (ii) Uttarakhand (iii) Manipur (iv) Meghalaya (v) Mizoram (vi) Nagaland (vii) Sikkim (viii) Tripura] remains 75 lakhs.

2. What is Aggregate Turnover

As per section 2(6) of CGST Act 2017, “Aggregate Turnover” means the aggregate value of all taxable supplies (excluding the value of inward supplies on which tax is payable on reverse charge basis), exempt supplies, export of goods or services or both and interstate supplies of persons having the same PAN to be computed on all India basis but excludes (CGST,SGST,UTT,IGST,CESS).

Activities or transactions specified in Schedule III of CGST Act are to be treated as neither good nor services and turnover of these will not be includible in ‘aggregate turnover’.

It has been clarified vide order No. 01/2017 date 13 October 2017 that for computing the aggregate turnover for eligibility for the scheme, the turnover of exempted services, including services by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount, supplied by a taxpayer will not be included.(explanation 1 to section 10 of CGST Act, inserted vide Finance (No. 2) Act, 2019 ).

For the purposes of computing aggregate turnover of a person for determining the eligibility to pay tax under section 10 of CGST Act The expression “aggregate turnover” shall include the value of supplies made by such person from the 1st day of April of a financial year up to the date when he becomes liable for registration under this Act, but shall not include the value of supply of services provided by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount.

For Example, aggregate turnover in a state of Mr. Y for the financial year 2019-20 was Rs 38 Lakhs. His aggregate turnover as on 8th May 2020 has become Rs 42 Lakhs .He becomes liable for registration under GST on 8th May 2020. He is also engaged in extending loan, deposits, advances etc and interest received from such loan as on 8th May 2020 is Rs 110 lakhs. He is eligible for composition scheme as interest on loans, deposits etc. will not be considered for in computing aggregate turnover in order to determine eligibility for composition scheme. (Removal of Difficulties Order No. 1/2019-CT dated 1-2-2019) .

The supply of goods by job worker after completion of job work treated as a supply of goods by the principal as per section 143 of CGST Act 2017 and value of such goods shall not be included in the calculation of Aggregate Turnover of job worker but it will be included Aggregate Turnover of principal.

3. Supply of services under Composition Scheme :

The composition scheme is not available to supplier of services, except supply of food for human consumption. A trader under composition scheme was not allowed to provide any service till 01.02.2019.

Second proviso to section 10(1) of CGST Act has been inserted vide CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018 w.e.f. 1-2-2019.

Accordingly , a person who opts for composition scheme may supply services of value not exceeding ten per cent, of turnover in a State in the preceding financial year or five lakh rupees, whichever is higher .

As per the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, a composition dealer can also supply services to an extent of 10% of turnover, or `5 Lakhs, whichever is higher. This amendment is applicable from the 1st of Feb, 2019.

A new sub-section (2A) has been inserted in section 10 of the CGST Act vide Notification No. 2/2019-CT(Rate) dated 7-3-2019. to bring in an alternative composition scheme for supplier of services or mixed suppliers (not eligible for the earlier composition scheme) having an annual turnover in preceding financial year up to ₹ 50 lakhs.

This simplified scheme is introduced w.e.f. 1-4-2019 for small service providers (and those who are supplier of goods as well as services exceeding 10% of turnover within State/UT) whose aggregate turnover during previous financial year did not exceed Rs. 50 lakhs.

4. Persons not entitled to avail Composition Scheme

(a) A taxable person is engaged in making any supply of goods which are not leviable to tax under this act.

This condition means that if a registered person is engaged in supply of something not leviable to tax under CGST Act, he shall not be eligible for this scheme. “Not leviable to tax” under this Act does not mean exempted goods. It refers to goods which cannot be taxed under this Act. Thus, a person who is engaged in supply of alcoholic liquor for human consumption or a restaurant serving alcoholic liquor cannot opt for this scheme.

(b) A taxable person is engaged in making any interstate outward supplies of goods ( one state to another state )

(c) A taxable person is not engaged in making any supply of goods through an electronic commerce operator who is required to collect tax at source under Section 52 of the Act.

(d) A taxable person is not a manufacturer of such goods as may be notified by the Government on the recommendation of the GST.

Following manufacturers of goods will not be eligible for Composition Levy [Notification No. 8/2017-CT dated 27-6-2017]. [see also FAQ on GST Chapter 2 Q No. 20 issued by CBI&C on 15-12-2018.

(a) Ice cream and other edible ice, whether or not containing cocoa.

(b) Pan masala

(c ) Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes

(e) Where more than one registered person is having the same Permanent Account Number issued under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the registered person shall not be eligible to opt for the composition scheme unless all such registered persons are eligible under composition scheme and opt to pay tax under the scheme.

5. Conditions & Restrictions for GST Composition Levy

( As per Rule 5 of Chapter II of the CGST

The person exercising the option to pay tax under section 10 shall comply with the following conditions, namely:-

(a) he is neither a casual taxable person nor a non-resident taxable person;

(b) the goods held in stock by him on the appointed day have not been purchased in the course of inter-State trade or commerce or imported from a place outside India or received from his branch situated outside the State or from his agent or principal outside the State, where the option is exercised by a dealer migrating to GST scheme starting from appointed day;

(c) the goods held in stock by him have not been purchased from an unregistered supplier.

(d) he shall pay tax under sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) of section 9 on inward supply of goods or services or both;

(e) he was not engaged in the manufacture of goods as notified under clause (e) of sub-section (1)of section 10, during the preceding financial year;

(f) he shall mention the words “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies” at the top of the bill of supply issued by him; and

(g) he shall mention the words “composition taxable person” on every notice or signboard displayed at a prominent place at his principal place of business and at every additional place or places of ”

A casual taxable person, or a non-resident taxable person is not eligible for composition scheme.

Composition scheme can be opted on the condition that goods held in stock by the person opting for the scheme on the appointed day has not been purchased in course of inter-state trade, or imported from outside India. Further goods held in stock has not been purchased from unregistered dealer.

6. Form to be submitted:

(a) For persons already registered under Pre – GST regime
Sr. No. FORM Purpose for which form to be filed online Due date of filing
(i) GST-CMP-01 Intimation to pay tax under section 10 (composition levy) (Only for persons registered under the existing law migrating on the appointed day) Prior to appointed date or within 30 days of said date beginning of financial year
(ii) GST-CMP-03 Intimation of details of stock on date of opting for composition levy (Only for persons registered & unregistered under the existing law migrating on the appointed day Within 90 days of exercise option
(b) Person registered under GST and person switches to composition Scheme
(iii) GST- CMP- 02 Intimation to pay tax under section 10 (composition levy) (for person registered under the Act) Intimation of availed opt for scheme middle of the financial year Prior to commencement of Financial year*
*In the view of COVID-19 pandemic, Last date to opt for Composition Scheme has been extended till the last week of June, 2020 for Financial Year 2020-21.
Last date for making payments for the quarter ending on 31st march, 2020 and that for filing returns for the FY 2019-20 for Composition dealers have been extended till the last week of June, 2020.
(iv) GST- CMP- 04 Intimation/Application for withdrawal from Composition levy Within 7 days of occurrence of event
(v) GST- CMP- 05 Show Cause Notice issued by Proper officer in contravention of rules or Act (Notice for denial of option to pay tax under section 10) In contravention of rules or Act


GST- CMP- 06 Reply of show cause notice given by the taxable person Within 15 days of received of Show Cause Notice
(vii) GST- CMP- 07 Issue of Order for acceptance / rejection of reply to show cause notice Within 30 days of received of SCN
(viii) GST REG- 01 Registration Certificate under Composition Scheme (for person who applied for fresh register under GST to opt scheme) Prior to appointed date
(ix) GST ITC-01 Details of input in stocks, semi-finished and finished goods 30 days of composition scheme option withdrawn


GST ITC-03 Intimation of ITC (Input Tax Credit) available Within 60 days of commencement of the financial year.*
Due to COVID-19 outbreak, the taxpayer shall furnish the statement in Form GST ITC-03 within 31st July, 2020.

7. Composition Rate of Tax

Sr. No. Category of Registered Person Rate of CGST Rate of SGST Total
(a) Manufacturers other than manufacturers of such goods as may be notified by the Government. 0.5% 0.5% 1.0%
(b) Restaurant services and Outdoor catering services (not serving alcohol) 2.5% 2.5% 5.0%
(c ) Any other supplier eligible for composition levy (section 10) 0.5% 0.5% 1.0%

Rate of tax has been prescribed under Rule 7 of the CGST Rules [Notification No. 05/2019 – Central TaxNew Delhi, the 29th January, 2019], which is 0.5% on goods and 2.5% for restaurants. If services are supplied within the limits allowed in Section 10, such services shall attract a tax rate of 0.5%.

Tax of 1% (in case of manufacturer) and 5% (in case of restaurant) is payable even on exempted goods also – The tax is payable on ‘turnover in a State or Union Territory’. Thus, tax is payable even on goods which are otherwise exempt from GST.

In case of traders, tax @ 0.5% is payable on ‘turnover of taxable supplies’ w.e.f. 1-1-2018.

8. GST Composition Returns

Sr No. Returns to be filed Due Date for filing of Return
(a) CMP 08 (Quarterly return) 18th of the month after the end of the quarter
(b) GSTR – 4 (Annual return) within 30th April of the succeeding year

Due to COVID -19 outbreak, the taxpayer can file Form GST CMP-08 till 7th July, 2020 and Form GSTR-4 within 15th July, 2020.

9. Penalty for delay filing of GSTR 4:

GSTR 04 filed in Quarterly basis within the given time frame but if its not file than penalty levied on it.

Rs. 100 for CGST and Rs. 100 for SGST per day or Rs. 5000 each CGST & SGST whichever is lower.

10. Important Notes for Composition Dealers:

  • No Input Tax Credit (ITC) will be made available to composition levy of tax. Composition dealers cannot make interstate sales.
  • Composition dealers are not required to maintain detailed records. Composition dealers cannot issue Tax Invoice.
  • Composition dealers cannot charge tax from their customers. It should be pay tax out of their own pocket.
  • Composition dealers must issue Bill of Supply instead of Tax Invoice and should mention “composition taxable person” not eligible to collect tax on supplies on their top of Bill of supply.

11. Content of Bill of Supply:

  • Name, Address and GSTIN of the supplier
  • Bill of supply Number and Date of Issue (BOS will have a unique number in financial year)
  • If the recipient has registered then the Name, Address and GSTIN of the recipient. Description of goods/services
  • HSN Code for goods and Accounting code for Services.
  • Value of goods/services after adjusting any discount Signature or Digital signature of the supplier.

(Republished with Amendments. Amendments been made by CA Anita Bhadra)

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  1. Pankaj Kumar says:

    Any supply of goods or services is either leviable to tax under this act. or not leviable to tax under this act.

    please clarify in which category does exempt supply falls?

  2. CHIRAG SALES says:

    A composition dealer deals in exempted goods and also taxable goods.Please clear that he will pay tax 1% on only taxable sales or exempted sales also.

  3. divyak says:

    Very Good article. I had one doubt.
    I am a trader and want to opt for composition & I also provide renting of commercial property service which is less than 5 lakhs, will the gst rate on rent also be 1%?

  4. Rupal Jain says:

    Interest on loan/advances is excluded from aggregate turnover for the purpose of calculating limit but will it be included in ‘Turnover in State’ while calculating GST payable

  5. Kunal says:

    Dear Sir,

    Basis above, i understand that GSTR 4 is to be filed for FY 2019-20. Also the due date for the said filing has been extended due to covid till 30 June 2020. However, the said form (GSTR4 for FY 2019-20) has yet not be been available on the portal till now. Request if you could please provide your kind comments / analysis / guidance on this issue please

  6. Giriraj Deshpande says:

    A composite dealer cannot make non-taxable supplies i.e. a person who is engaged in the supply of alcoholic liquor for human consumption or any of the 5 petroleum products mention in section 9 (petroleum crude, high speed diesel, motor-spirit, natural gas and aviation turbine fuel) cannot opt for composition scheme for any of his other GST supplies. The words exempt supplies in point 3(b) should be replaced with non-taxable supplies.

  7. anish_kamath_95 says:

    In respect of Point no. 3 (b) i.e., persons not eligible for Composition Scheme:
    The bare Act states that persons not taxable under this Act are ineligible. However I think persons making exempt supplies are eligible for composition scheme.
    You have mentioned exempt supplies in bracket after the point. Due to this it is confusing. Please clarify..

  8. Nirav Jain says:

    Sir, the provision of section 10 (2) states that a person shall be ELIGIBLE TO OPT FOR composition scheme if fulfils the following conditions.

    Does this mean that these conditions are to be fulfilled in the previous F.Y. or in the current FY or both?

    For eg. A regd person shall be ELIGIBLE TO OPT FOR composition scheme if he doesn’t engage into inter state outward supply of goods in which year?

  9. vbnctd says:

    Oflate Uber eats, zomatto (I presume them as e commerce operator) are delivering foods to the customers through their web site. As such being the case is the Restaurant that supplies food through Uber, zomatto etc are eligible for composition scheme. As section 10(2)(d) prohibits it. Please clarify. I am of opinion that those hotels are not eligible for composition scheme.

  10. B C BHAT says:

    Excellent Article. Please clarify if I opt for Composite Levy of tax, whether I have to pay 1% GST for exempted goods also. For e.g. I am selling Rice, Dal etc. that is exempted from GST. I am also selling Coffee/Tea powder which is taxable. My total turnover is Rs.1.00cr. Should I pay GST for sale of Rice & Dal also at 1%. Your valued opinion can be sent through mail please

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September 2021