Deemed export has been defined under Section 2(39) of CGST Act, 2017 as supplies of goods as may be notified under section 147 of the said Act. As per Sec 147 of CGST Act, the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, notify certain supplies of goods as deemed exports, where goods supplied do not leave India, and payment for such supplies is received either in Indian rupees or in convertible foreign exchange, if such goods are manufactured in India.
However, the notification is released after so much of wait; demand and pressure from all corners. Government released a Notification No. 48/2017-Central Tax, on 18th October, 2017 declaring certain categories of supplies as Deemed Exports.
As per the Notification following supplies are treated as Deemed Exports:
Further Government released Two other Notifications related to Refund of Taxes Paid.
GST Refund of Deemed Exports Supply can be claimed by either Recipient or Supplier:
Vide Notification No. 47/2017–Central Tax, 18th October, 2017, Central Goods and Services Tax (Tenth Amendment) Rules, 2017 was introduced. They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette. Through this notification in rule 89, in sub-rule (1), for third proviso, the following proviso shall be substituted, namely:-
“Provided also that in respect of supplies regarded as deemed exports, the application may be filed by, –
(a) the recipient of deemed export supplies; or
(b) the supplier of deemed export supplies in cases where the recipient does not avail of input tax credit on such supplies and furnishes an undertaking to the effect that the supplier may claim the refund”;
Before this notification in respect of supplies regarded as deemed exports, the application shall be filed by the recipient of deemed export supplies only, but now either Supplier or Recipient can file application for refund. Supplier can claim for refund only in case where the Recipient does not avail of input tax credit on such supplies and furnishes an undertaking to the effect that the supplier may claim the refund.
Evidences Required to be produced by Supplier of Deemed Export for Claiming Refund :
For claiming refund under Rule 89(2)(g) of the CGST rules, 2017, evidences as below are required to be produced by the supplier of deemed export supplies for claiming refund:
Other Procedures Related to Refund are Similar Like in case of Direct Exports:
All other procedures as prescribed under Rules 89 to 94 of CGST Rules are similar to Direct Exports. The sequence of Procedures is described below :
As per Para 7.02 of Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20,
A. Supply by manufacturer:
(a) Supply of goods against Advance Authorisation / Advance Authorisation for annual requirement / DFIA;
(b) Supply of goods to EOU / STP / EHTP / BTP;
(c) Supply of capital goods against EPCG Authorisation;
(d) Supply of marine freight containers by 100% EOU (Domestic freight containers-manufacturers) provided said containers are exported out of India within 6 months or such further period as permitted by customs;
B. Supply by main / sub-contractor (s) as enumerated are treated as Deemed Exports.
Where as in GST supplies only against Advance Authorization; against Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Authorization; to Export Oriented Unit; Supply of gold by a bank or Public Sector Undertaking against Advance Authorization are treated as Deemed Exports
As a result of this supplies against DFIA, Supplies against International bidding etc and supplies of un-registered person are not treated as Deemed Exports and denied the Deemed Export Benefits.
Normally the recipient of deemed supply prefer to claim Input Put Tax credit and utilize the same towards tax liability of outward domestic supplies rather interested to claim refund which takes longer time. Only in case the recipient has predominantly more exports than domestic sales only in such situations he may claim refund.
Disclaimer : The views and opinions; thoughts and assumptions; analysis and conclusions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any legal standing.
Author : SN Panigrahi, GST Consultant, Practitioner, Corporate Trainer & Author
Can be reached @ firstname.lastname@example.org