CA Bimal Jain
Since, the dispute arose as to whether the Respondent was entitled for concessional rate of duty or not, the Respondent paid normal rate of 15% ad valorem duty and sought for refund of the extra duty paid amounting to Rs. 27,66,970/-. However, the Ld. Commissioner of Central Excise refused to release this refund claimed on the ground that the Respondent had passed on the burden and therefore refunding the extra duty paid would result in unjust enrichment. On appeal being filed to the Ld. Commissioner of Central Excise (Appeal) Chennai, wherein also refund was rejected.
Thereafter, the Respondent preferred an appeal before the Hon’ble CESTAT, where the appeal was allowed in favour of the Respondent by holding that the Capital goods viz. ESPs have been only used captively for pollution control purpose and the same is not used for processing or manufacturing of any other final product and therefore there is no question of passing on the burden of duty to anyone. Being aggrieved, the Revenue preferred an appeal before the Hon’ble Supreme Court.
The Hon’ble Supreme Court relying upon the decision in the case of Indian Farmers Fertiliser Coop. Ltd. Vs. C.C.E. Ahmedabad [1996 (86) ELT 177 (S.C.)] and Union of India Vs. Solar Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.[(2000 (2) SCC 705] (Solar Pesticides Case), held as under:
- If a particular material is used for manufacture of a final product that has to be treated as the cost of the product. Insofar as cost of production is concerned, it may include Capital goods which are a part of fixed cost as well as raw material which are a part of variable cost;
- Therefore, the principle laid down in Solar Pesticides Case that unjust enrichment applicable in case of captive consumption, would extend to Capital goods which are used in the manufacture of a product and have gone into the costing of the goods;
- In order to come out of the applicability of the doctrine of unjust enrichment, it therefore becomes necessary for the assessee to demonstrate that in the costing of the particular product, the cost of Capital goods was not taken into consideration;
- The observation of the Hon’ble Tribunal that Capital goods viz. ESPs have been only used captively for pollution control purpose and the same is not used for processing or manufacturing of any other final product and therefore there is no question of passing on the burden of duty to any one is erroneous in law.
Thus, the Hon’ble Supreme Court allowed the appeal in favour of the Revenue by setting aside the decision the Hon’ble Tribunal and held that Doctrine of Unjust Enrichment will be applicable in case of refund of duty paid on Capital goods, which are used captively.
(Bimal Jain, FCA, FCS, LLB, B.Com (Hons), Mobile: +91 9810604563, Email: email@example.com)