1. Background

MSME stands for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. In a developing country like India, MSME industries are the backbone of the economy.

The MSME sector contributes to 45% of India’s Total Industrial Employment, 50% of India’s Total Exports and 95% of all industrial units of the country and more than 6000 types of products are manufactured in these industries. These industries are also known as small-scale industries or SSI’s.

2. Statutory provision related to MSMEs

With a view to boost the development of small enterprises in the country, the Government of India has enacted “Micro Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 and set up a separate Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises, which came into force w.e.f. 02.10.2006.

3. Classification of MSMEs

1. Earlier scenario (till 13th May 2020): Classification of MSMEs have been done based on investments in plant and machineries.

MSME are classified into two categories:

a. Manufacturing enterprise; and

b. Service enterprise.

Classification Micro Small Medium
Manufacturing Enterprises 25 lakhs less than 50 lakhs less than 1 cr.
Service Enterprises less than 10 lakhs less than 20 lakhs less than 50 lakhs

2. Current Scenario (from 14th May 2020): Classification of MSMEs have been done based on investments in plant and machineries and Turnover and now there is no distinction between manufacturing enterprise and service enterprises.

Classification Micro Small Medium
Manufacturing & Services enterprises Investment less than 1 cr.

and

Turnover less than 5 cr.

Investment less than 10 cr.

and

Turnover less than 50 cr.

Investment less than 20 cr.

and

Turnover less than 100 cr.

4. Registration Process

The entire registration process for MSME have been made very simple and self-declaration basis. Applicant should visit www.udyogaadhaar.gov.in and following information should be kept ready before filing of registration e-form: –

1. Mobile No. & valid E-Mail ID of applicant.

2. Aadhar Number & PAN number.

3. Office Address.

4. Bank account details of applicant

5. Investment in Plant & Machinery above information will be helpful in easy filling of online e-form and after submission of form, Udhyog Aadhar Memorandum (UAM) certificate will be generated.

  5. Pros of being MSMEs

1. 50% Subsidy on Patent Registration if MSMEs have created something new (Product/models etc.)

2. MSMEs will get collateral free loans for running their businesses.

3. MSMEs will get exemption of interest on Overdraft if they have good credit history and have good relations with their banks.

4. Central government has reserved the purchase of more than 350 products exclusively from this sector.

5. The government helps MSME to upgrade their equipment through latest technology by helping them get low-interest loans from banks.

6. MSMEs will get protection against payments from buyer (i.e. buyer will pay within 45 days) irrespective of agreement between them.

6. Cons of being MSMEs

1. MSME have more difficulties to find funding as they do not have the financial power that large companies have

2. It may be difficult to reach many customers and earn their trust.

3. SMEs will have enormous impediments to benefit from the economy of scale, which will cause costs to be higher in certain types of business.

4. Despite being more flexible in dealing with changes, the lack of financial capability can cause major problems for an SME if it is forced to endure long periods of crisis.

5. MSME have low bargaining power with suppliers and customers.

6. MSMEs have limited Access to skilled personnel.

7. Relief provided to MSMEs due to Covid-19 pandemic

1. Collateral-free automatic loan which have 4 years tenor with moratorium of 12 months on principal repayment.

2. Subordinate Debt for Stressed MSMEs to be provided.

3. Equity infusion for MSMEs with growth potential through fund of funds model.

4. Definition of MSME to be revised to increase investment and turnover limit to expand the coverage (already discuss in classification of MSME).

8. Conclusion

To conclude, the MSME sector of India is today at the gateway of global growth on the strength of competitive and quality product range. However, facilitation from the Government is required to minimize the transaction costs of technology upgradation, market penetration, modernization of infrastructure etc. The MSME sector has often been termed the ‘engine of growth’ for developing economies. We begin with an overview of this sector in India and look at some recent trends which highlight the development and significance of this sector vis-à-vis the Indian economy. The factors like export promotion, reservation policy, tooling& technology, manpower training, technology and managerial skills gave enormous opportunities for growth and better performance in the economy. It is concluded that MSMEs in the Indian Economy have shown tremendous growth and excellent performance with the contribution of policy framework and efficient steps which had been taken by the government time to time for the growth and development of the MSMEs.

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7 Comments

  1. Ch Anand Babu says:

    Thank you for the Article on MSME. But we required one clarification as below.
    We are having 4 units in different locations in AP those are having Udyog Aadhar Numbers each under one GST Registration & PAN. Accounting is centralised as one companyfor 4 units. No separate transactions are shown except sales. If we consider investment in P&M and Turnover for each unit then we will be coming under MSME as per norms. But consider total units we are not coming under MSME norms. please clarify

    1. jigss18 says:

      No. The MSME/Udyog Aadhar certificate is for a single entity irrespective of multiple branches, unit and plants. However, information about multiple branches, units and plants must be furnished.
      Hence entity as a whole needs to fit under MSME criteria.

  2. Deepak says:

    Are MSMES Revised classification based on Turnover method effective from 14 may 2020 or same will be effevtive from date when MSME act 2006 is amended and passed in both houses i.e lok sabha and rajya sabha.Are MEMEs with investment in PM for RS 10 crores and turnover of more than 500 crores eligible for interest equilisation of 5% on rupee export credit facility as on date

  3. Deepak says:

    Are MSME Revised classification based on Turnover method effective from 14 may 2020 or same will be effevtive from date when MSME act 2006 is amended and passed in both houses i.e lok sabha and rajya sabha.Are MEMEs with investment in PM for RS 10 crores and turnover of more than 500 crores eligible for interest equilisation of 5% on rupee export credit facility as on date

  4. Dada Patil says:

    Thank you for the Article which helps us lot.

    I have one Question as below:

    If One MSME Supplier is registered with MSME for Service criteria and we are buying material as well as Services from same Vendor, then whether the MSME provisions is applicable to only Service bills or Material supplied bills also?

    Could you please explain ?

    Thank you,
    Best regards,

    Dada Patil

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