CS Jaymeen Patel
Section 197(3) of Companies Act, 2013:
Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), but subject to the provisions of Schedule V, if, in any financial year, a company has no profits or its profits are inadequate, the company shall not pay to its directors, including any managing or wholetime director or manager, by way of remuneration any sum exclusive of any fees payable to directors under sub-section (5) hereunder except in accordance with the provisions of Schedule V and if it is not able to comply with such provisions, with the previous approval of the Central Government.
Schedule V, Part II and Section II of Companies Act, 2013. — Remuneration payable by companies having no profit or inadequate profit without Central Government approval:
Where in any financial year during the currency of tenure of a managerial person, a company has no profits or its profits are inadequate, it may, without Central Government approval, pay remuneration to the managerial person not exceeding the higher of the limits under (A) and (B) given below:—
|Where the effective capital is||Limit of yearly remuneration payable shall not exceed (Rupees)|
|(i) Negative or less than 5 crores||30 lakhs|
|(ii) 5 crores and above but less than 100 crores||42 lakhs|
|(iii) 100 crores and above but less than 250 crores||60 lakhs|
|(iv) 250 crores and above||60 lakhs plus 0.01% of the effective capital in excess of Rs. 250 crores:|
Provided that the above limits shall be doubled if the resolution passed by the shareholders is a special resolution.
In the case of a managerial person who was not a security holder holding securities of the company of nominal value of rupees five lakh or more or an employee or a director of the company or not related to any director or promoter at any time during the two years prior to his appointment as a managerial person, — 2.5% of the current relevant profit:
Rule 7(2) The companies other than listed companies and subsidiary of a listed company may without Central Government approval pay remuneration to its managerial personnel, in the event of no profit or inadequate profit beyond ceiling specified in Section II, Part II of Schedule V, subject to complying with the following conditions namely:-
(i) payment of remuneration is approved by a resolution passed by the Board and, in the case of a company covered under sub-section (1) of section 178 also by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee, if any, and while doing so record in writing the clear reason and justification for payment of remuneration beyond the said limit; – Board Resolution is passed at Board Meeting
(ii) the company has not made any default in repayment of any of its debts (including public deposits) or debentures or interest payable thereon preference shares and dividend on preference shares for a continuous period of thirty days in the preceding financial year before the date of payment to such managerial personnel; – the Company is not in default.
(iii) the approval of shareholders by way of a special resolution at a general meeting of the company for payment of remuneration for a period not exceeding three years; – Special Resolution at General Meeting
(iv) a statement along-with a notice calling the general meeting referred to clause (iii) of sub-rule (2) above, shall contain the information as per sub clause (iv) of second proviso to clause (B) of section II of part-II of Schedule V of the Act including reasons and justification for payment of remuneration beyond the said limit; – Notice to Contain details.
Hence we need not to apply to Central Government for approval of increase in managerial remuneration, provided we comply with the above three conditions.
(Author is a Company Secretary at KYB-Conmat Pvt. Ltd.)