Article explains How to Register a Private Limited Company in India and also answers some of the FAQs related to Private Company Registration in India under Companies Act, 2013.

After having a concrete idea for starting a company the most common question that arise is ‘How to Register a Company in India.’ Company registration in India is now a very transparent and easy process, as it is completely online. While registering a company in India it is important to choose your business structure carefully as each business structure has different levels of compliances to be met with. For example, Private Limited CompanyLimited Liability PartnershipOne Person Company. The most preferred structure of registering a company is Private Limited Company.

Private Limited Company

How to register Private Limited company in India?

Follow the simple steps to register your Private Limited Company:-

Step 1: Obtain DSC (Digital Signature Certificate)

Step 2: Apply for DIN (Director Identification Number)

Step 3: Reserve your unique Name

Step 4: Form SPICe (INC-32)

Step 5: e-MoA (INC-33) and e-AoA (INC-34)

Step 6: PAN and TAN Application

Step 1: Obtain DSC(Digital Signature Certificate

Digital signatures are required to file the forms for company formation. The registration process is online and the forms require a digital signature. DSC is mandatory for all subscribers and witnesses in the memorandum and articles of association. You can get your DSC online in just two days from here.

Step 2: Apply for DIN (Director Identification Number

DIN is a Director Identification Number. It has to be obtained by anyone who wants to be a director in an Indian company. One DIN is suffice to be a director in any number of companies.

Step 3: Reserve your unique Name.

Reserve unique via RUN (Reserve Unique Name) form: In an attempt to ease procedures for new as well as existing companies, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has introduced RUN web service for the incorporation of a company. DSC and DIN shall not be required for filling of RUN form for reservation of name. With effect from March 23, 2018, Ministry has decided to permit two proposed Names and one re-submission while reserving Unique Names for the Companies.

Step 4: Form SPICe (INC-32)

Ministry of Company Affairs has introduced Form SPICe (INC-32). It is a simplified proforma for incorporating a company electronically. It serves the following purposes with the benefit of a single application:

Application for allotment of DIN (Director Identification Number)

Reservation of company name

Incorporation of a new company

Application for PAN and TAN

The digital signature of a professional is required to file Form INC-32. The professional must certify that all the information given in the form is correct. The professional can be Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Cost Accountant or advocate.

Step 5: e-MoA (INC-33) and e-AoA (INC-34)

e-MoA refers to an electronic Memorandum of Association and eAoA is electronic Articles of Association. These forms have been introduced to simplify the process of company registration in India. Memorandum represents the charter of the company while articles of association contain the internal rules and regulations of the company.Earlier memorandum of association and articles of association were required to be filed physically. But now these forms are filed online on MCA portal as a linked form with SPICe (INC-32). Both these forms must be digitally signed by subscribers to the Memorandum and Articles of Association.

Step 6: PAN and TAN Application

Through this single form SPICe, you can also apply for company’s PAN and TAN.

FAQs on Private Company Registration

1. What is the meaning of a private limited company?

Private limited company, or LTD, is a type of privately held small business entity, in which owner liability is limited to their shares, the firm is limited to having 50 or fewer shareholders, and shares are prohibited from being publicly traded. A company becomes an independent legal structure when it incorporates.

2. What are the characteristics of a private limited company?

Characteristics of Private Limited Company. Members– To start a company, a minimum number of 2 members are required and a maximum number of 200 members as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. Limited Liability– The liability of each member or shareholders is limited.

3. What documents are required to register a company in India?

  • Photograph of all the Directors
  • PAN Card of all the Directors
  • ID Proof of all the Directors (Driving License/Passport/Voter ID)
  • Electricity Bill or any other utility bill for the address proof of the Registered Office

4. How much does it cost to register a private limited company in India?

Cost: One-time cost of registration at Ebizfiling is Rs. 6999/- for authorised capital up to Rs. 1 lakh, Inclusive of:

  • 2 Digital Signature Certificates
  • 2 Director Identification Numbers
  • 1 Name Approval Application under RUN
  • Stamp duty on INR 1 Lakh Authorized Capital
  • Company Incorporation using SPICe
  • MOA & AOA
  • PAN
  • TAN

5. Do I need to register my new business?

For Sole proprietors there is no formal registration, but they can get it registered through SSI/MSME Registration or GST Registration. However, if you’re starting a Private Limited Company or Limited liability partnership (LLP), you are legally required to register with Registrar of Companies.

About : is a motivated and progressive concept conceived by like-minded people, which helps small, medium and large businesses to fulfill all compliance requirements of Indian Laws.

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Author Bio

Qualification: Graduate
Company: ebizfiling India Private Limited
Location: Ahmedabad, Gujarat, IN
Member Since: 04 Oct 2017 | Total Posts: 51
Ishita is a young woman entrepreneur and currently the Operations Director at ebizfiling India Private Limited. In her entire career so far, she has led a team of 50+ professionals like CA, CS, MBAs and retired bankers. Apart from her individual experience on almost every facet of Indian Statutory View Full Profile

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    1. Ishita Ramani says:

      Hi satya, well, it is not mandatory that you register you business as a company only. You can choose to incorporate you business as any of the business structures, namely Sole proprietorship, Partnership, One Person Company if you are only one person, Limited Liability Partnership or Private Limited Company.

      You may get in touch with my team for more clarity at or on +919643203209

    2. Ishita Ramani says:

      Hi Satya, It is not mandatory to register your business as company. You can choose to register your business with any of the business structures available. namely, Private Limited company, Sole Proprietorship firm, Partnership firm, One Person Company.

    3. Ishita says:

      Hi Satya, It is not mandatory to register your business as a company. You can choose to register your business with any of the business structures available. namely, Private Limited company, Sole Proprietorship firm, Partnership firm, One Person Company etc.

  1. Ashish Pratap Garg says:

    It’s really a cool and helpful information. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful information with us. thank you for sharing. keep it up..

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January 2021