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In India, there are 3 legal forms exist for an NGO or Non-Profit Organizations i.e Trusts, Societies and Section 8 Companies.

Indian Trusts have no central law; Indian Societies have different legal and institutional frameworks from state to state while Section 8 companies have one uniform law across the country – Companies Act, 2013. It is this robust Act that regulates the formation, management and accountability of a Section 8 Company, thus making it more closely regulated and monitored than trusts and societies, and recognized all over the world.

A Non-profit Company or Section 8 Company is a Company which:

  • Has in its objects the promotion of commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object;
  • Intends to apply its profits, if any, or other income in promoting its objects; and
  • Intends to prohibit the payment of any dividend to its members.

The fundamental aspect of Section 8 Company is that it is created for the non-profit motive and it forbids the payment of divided. That means income, if any of Section 8 Company must be used for the objects for which Section 8 Company is created.

Procedure for registration of Section 8 Company

1. Application for name availability in form RUN

Application for name availability must be made in “RUN” facility. The name of Section 8 Company shall include the words Foundation, Forum, Association, Federation, Chambers, Confederation, Council, Electoral Trust, and the like etc. One can propose maximum 2 names at a time and 1 resubmission is allowed in RUN facility. Fees for RUN is Rs. 1000/-. It is advisable to attach the object clause of the proposed company. Name once approved is valid for 20 days.

2. Getting Digital Signatures of First Directors

The next step is to get class 3 digital signatures of first subscribers and directors which are required for filing incorporation form with the ROC.

3. Preparation of Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association and other documents

MOA is the charter of the company and defines the scope of its activities. An AOA is a document which regulates the internal management of the company. MOA of Section 8 Company must be in form INC-13 while there is no format prescribed for AOA for Section 8 Company. One can adopt table F provisions. MOA & AOA of the company shall be signed by each subscriber who shall mention his name, address, description and occupation in the presence of at least one witness who shall attest the signature and shall likewise sign and add his name, address, description and occupation.

4. Filing of SPICe 32 Form

After getting proposed name approval, one may go ahead with filing of form SPICe 32.

Attachments of SPICe 32:

The following are the documents which are required to be attached with the SPICe form for incorporation of Section 8 Company.

1. Memorandum of Association in Form INC-13;

2. Articles of Association; (No Specified format)

3. Declaration in Form INC-14 by CS/CA/CWA in practice, that the draft MOA & AOA have been drawn up in conformity with the provisions of Section 8 and rules made thereunder and that all the requirements of the Act and the rules made thereunder relating to registration of the company under Section 8 and matters incidental or supplemental thereto have been complied with;

4. Declaration by each of the persons making the application in Form INC-15;

5. An estimate of the future annual income and expenditure of the company for next three years;

6. Name Approval Letter received from CRC;

7. Consent and Declaration by first Directors in Form DIR-2;

8. Self-declaration by first subscribers in Form INC-9;

9. PAN card of first directors and subscribers;

10. Aadhar card of first directors and subscribers;

11. Proof of Registered office like Sale Deed/Lease Deed/Rent Agreement etc;

12. Latest Utility Bill of Registered office like Electricity Bill;

13. NOC of owner if registered office is taken on rent/lease.

SPICe 33 and 34 i.e e-MOA and e-AOA can’t be used for Section 8 Company. Section 8 companies are mandatorily required to file MOA and AOA as pdf attachments to SPICe-32.

Benefits of Section 8 Company Registration

  • Exemption from Stamp Duty.
  • Tax deductions to the donors of the Company u/s. 80G of the Income Tax Act.
  • Section 8 Companies can be formed with or without share capital, in case they are formed without capital, the necessary funds for carrying the business are brought in form of donations, subscriptions from members and general public.
  • Section 8 Companies are not required to add the suffix Limited or Private Limited at the end of their name.
  • A Section 8 Company has more credibility as compared to any other Non-profit organization structure like Trust or Society.

Checkout the Procedure for Incorporation of Company

(Republished with amendments)

Author Bio

CS Dhaval Gusani is a founder of DVG & Associates, Company Secretaries and Corporate Law Professionals. He is a Commerce and Law Graduate and an Associate Member of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI). He has cumulative experience of more than 8 years with Listed Company, Charte View Full Profile

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  1. Radhey shyam bundela says:

    Our ngo is registerested under societies registration act now we want to make it covert into company under section 8. What will be procedure.

  2. Rahul Naik says:

    Is it mandatory to open section 8 company in commercial complex if the total unit holder are only 6 as per RERA?
    What could be the cost of opening Section 8 company ?

  3. madhavi.lakhotia says:

    Hey. Very well written article. Could you please help me with this bit of information:

  4. vijay says:

    Dear Sir,

    I have applied for license in INC-12. In form i have mentioned the minimum authorised capital as rupees 1,00,000. But inadvertently i have mention authorized capital in inc-13 as rupees 10,000. form get approved. Now i have filed the spice for incorporation. i get the re-submission that the authorized capital mentioned in spice 32 and moa is different.

    So my question is that can i change the authorised capital in moa, which was earlier approved in inc-12

  5. Roshan Jain says:

    as per Faq’s provided on MCA site, it is not mandatory to file INC-12 when section 8 company is being incorporated through Spice. kindly clarify INC 12 is mandatory or not.

  6. Sarada says:

    Dear Dhaval,

    What will be the main differences between MOA and the note included on work to be done in the section 8 company. While we incorporated the section 8 company, we included detailed activities in “work to be done” document, but only a broad and minimal information in MOA. Do you think that restricts us to carry out activities not included in MOA?

  7. Sameen says:

    Hello Sir
    If i am changing name of Section 8 company so as per section section 8(4) we have to take CG Approval for that in order to alter MOA.
    How do we take CG approval? Whom do we need to apply?Please suggest

  8. Santosh Ambre says:

    Whether Aadhar card can be used as ID proof for subscribers. ? In Spice 32 only voter Id/Driving License /Passport is mentioned

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May 2024