CS Santosh Pandey

As per the provision of Section 185 of the Companies Act, 2013-

No Company shall directly or indirectly give loan to any of its directors or any other person in whom the director is interested, or provide any guarantee or security in connection with the loan taken by him or other person.

The definition of “Any other person in whom the director is interested” can be described by the chart prepared below-


Loan to Directors


1. Giving of loan to Managing Director or Whole-time Director, pursuant to conditions of services extended by the Company to all other employees or, any scheme specially approved by members Special Resolution (SR).

2. Loan given by the Company in the Ordinary Course of Business but the amount of interest on such loan shall be atleast the rate of interest prescribed by RBI.

3. Loan given to Wholly-owned Subsidiary Company (WOS), or guarantee given to WOS against the loan taken by it.

4. Guarantee given by the Holding company against the loan taken by its Subsidiary Company from bank or financial institutions.

Provided the loan made under point 3 and 4 above must be utilized for the furtherance of its principle business activities.

Further, Ministry had exempted the following companies from the applicability of Section 185 of the Companies Act, 2013 vide its notification dated 05.06.2015

a) Government Companies – Provided such company had attained the approval from the concerned ministry or department of Central Government and/or State Government prior to giving of any loan or guarantee or security.

b) Nidhi Companies– Provided the loan given to director or its relative has been given in their capacity as member, and such transaction is given as a note in the Annual Accounts of the Company.


c) Private Companies– Subject to fulfillment of following conditions-

i. No body corporate should have invested in the Share Capital of the Company,

ii. The borrowing of such company from bank and financial institutions or any other body corporates is not equal to or more than twice of its paid-up share capital or INR 50 Crore, whichever is less, and

iii. No default has been made in the repayment of such borrowings which are subsisting at the time of making transaction under this section.


Parties in the default Punishment
1. Company Minimum INR 5 Lacs and Maximum INR 25 lacs.
2. Director or the other person Imprisonment of maximum 6 months,


Fine of Minimum INR 5 Lacs and Maximum INR 25 lacs.


The Offence, if any, which occurred in the contravention of Section 185 of the Companies Act, 2013 is of Compoundable Nature.

Note- The above article is being shared with the intention of sharing knowledge and shall not be taken as legal opinion. Further, any technical query can be mailed at cs.santosh.com@gmail.com.

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