The Indian government under the UPA II has abolished the Cost Audit and Costing methods for various industries under ( Cost Record and Audit ) Rules -2014 . In my research I went in deep into the different countries, developed as well as emerging economies over the span of last 10 years I find the development/growth & increased demand of Cost Management and improvement related to that across industries and business. I will share the research details in phased manner so that India could understand that what ‘OPPORTUNITY LOSS’ we would be facing during the next couple of years.
In the developed and emerging economies cost management has gained more importance due to the domestic and global competition getting severer by globalization, decreasing profit margins, increasing input prices due the tightening energy sources, economic crises etc. Therefore, companies which were operating in developing countries have also begun to implement cost and management accounting practices which were first adopted by companies operating in developed countries. In my research I have found that through adoption and efficient use of Cost Management and Costing methods economies and industrial revolution has taken new shapes and sizes.
Among the developing economies I will not be giving the old examples of China rather I will discuss about Turkey. Turkey economy faced one of the similar banking crises like U.S during pre-2001. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Turkey relied heavily on foreign investment for economic growth and there was huge burden of fiscal deficit. During the 1990s, economic growth fluctuated between -5.5% and 9.3% and the Turkey’s government ran large budget deficits, up to 7% of GDP in 1997. Interest rates on government debt exceeded the inflation rate, on average, by more than 30 percentage points. In short the economy was in the worst phase. But after 2001 getting funds from IMF and efficient use of business strategies and economic growth policies the economy made a turn around. The manufacturing back bone made a turnaround through the implementation of Cost Management methods and its various accounting aspects.
Turkish accounting profession has been in progress since the establishment of Turkish Republic. As a result of industrialization, the need for accounting profession emerged. This was also the prime reason behind adoption and implementation of Cost Management methods. Academics and Journals were flooded with the research papers on adoption of cost methods and practices depicting the growth model for their industries and economies.
Moving ahead, after conducting information from 40 industrial companies in Egypt its being found that Cost Accounting and Cost Management was being used more for external (pricing) purposes than for internal (performance) purposes. Now they have even adopted Activity Based costing for improving their cost profitability and increasing export. 12 years before in one of the research by an media institute it was found that Turkey around 51 companies out of the largest 500 industrial enterprise showed that
(1) 29.5 percent of the respondents utilize process costing, followed by activity-based costing (25.5 percent) and job costing (23.5 percent),
(2) direct materials cost has the largest portion in manufacturing costs, followed by manufacturing overhead and direct labor costs,
(3) the most widely used overhead allocation base is units produced (30 percent), followed by direct labor hours (23 percent), direct machine hours (15 percent),
(4) the most frequently used management accounting practices are cost-volume-profit analysis (72.6 percent), strategic profitability analysis (47.1 percent), flexible budgeting (45.1 percent), and customer profitability analysis (45.1 percent)
(5) Currently this statistical is present 100% in every costing method alternatively among the largest 500 companies in Turkey.
The effect of adoption of cost management and costing methods by Turkey are as follows:
- Turkey received foreign investment inflows of only US$18m 33 years ago when it started to host foreign investors. Now, the cumulative value of foreign investments has surged to US$138.3b.
- Despite the global economic crisis and the political and social issues that have afflicted neighboring regions, Turkey exported more goods in 2012 than ever before. Total exports
valued at US$152.6b were supplied to 241 countries and regions worldwide.
Better pricing and improved margins helped the Turkey industries to become competitive through judicious mix of Costing Methods and Process.
Cost Audit have been marked that sharing of technical cost related details and hence leakage of valuable information. Now just tell me that if there is no cost audit then how companies would be able to analyze their competitiveness and face the Technology related extension of their products and services from the market over the long term. How government will be able to stop dumping of goods by global competitors. How the FICCI,CII, ASSOCHAM,AMCHAM and other business houses would be able to present report of their respective trade and industries competiveness. How these houses would justify their cost of production with global standards. If, globally Costing methods and Cost Management is being adopted and practiced, in that context, India where the same have been abolished- how the Industry houses would justify the prices.
Now being a journalist I find that is the abolishment of Cost Audit and Costing Methods by UPAII is the master of plans of some dangerous foul play for the Indian economy. Is this abolishment is to attract the inflow of capital to Indian market to their own markets like US and Europe. By making the Indian industry weak through intense price competition with global products, asking Indian manufactures to close their shops in India and open manufacturing hub in US and Europe and route the inflow of capital back into their own economy (US & Europe). Well tell me how many war tanks you would buy every year compared to how many foot wear the Indian population buys (Said by Mr. Vijendra Sharma). Are we planning to close the domestic industries and make Indian economy a fragmented economy in the long term? While writing this I came across questions by my wife where I was asked that if you’re Costing Methods are so powerful then why not the inflation coming down. Well with costing methods inflation is around 10% zone without that it would have been more than 20%. What we are trying to make India understand is that without Cost Management the condition of India would be like US where US companies manufacture products and in China and sell in US itself.
A special thank to Mr. Amit Apte, Mr.Sanjay Bharghav & Mr. Vijendra Sharma for their inputs support & inspiration.
Global Macro Economic Researcher and Business Strategist
Master of Economics, MBA in International Business Management, ICWAI (Final)/CWM Final/Journalist