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Reports : Reports for Public Comments
May 29, 2017

CONSULTATION PAPER
On streamlining the process of monitoring of Offshore Derivative Instruments
(ODIs)/Participatory Notes (PNs)

A. Background

1. SEBI had set out Conditions for issuance of Offshore Derivative Instruments (ODIs) through Regulation 22 of SEBI (Foreign Portfolio Investors) Regulations, 2014.

2. SEBI has been taking steps for streamlining and tightening the conditions for issuance and reporting of ODIs by FPIs registered with SEBI. A list of the measures taken by SEBI in this regard during recent past is given as follows:-

(a) The Regulation 22 (2) of SEBI (Foreign Portfolio Investors) Regulations, 2014 (“FPI Regulations”) has been amended to ensure that transfer of ODIs are done to persons subject to fulfillment of Regulation 22 (1) of FPI Regulations and prior consent of the FPI is obtained for such transfer, except when the persons to whom the ODIs/PNs are to be transferred to are pre- approved by the FPI itself.

(b) Vide a circular dated June 10, 2016, SEBI has issued instructions on Know Your Client (KYC) norms for ODI subscribers, transfer ability of ODIs, reporting of suspicious transactions, periodic review of systems and modified ODI reporting format. The circular inter alia advises as follows:

  • Applicability of Indian KYC/AML norms for Client Due Diligence: ODI Issuers shall now be required to identify and verify the beneficial owners (BO) in the subscriber entities, who hold in excess of the threshold as defined under Rule 9 of the Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules, 2005 i.e. 25 % in case of a company and 15 % in case of partnership firms/ trusts/ unincorporated bodies.
  • KYC Review: The KYC review shall be done on the basis of the risk criteria as determined by the ODI issuers.
  • Suspicious Transactions Report: ODI Issuers shall be required to file suspicious transaction reports, if any, with the Indian Financial Intelligence Unit, in relation to the ODIs issued by it.
  • Reporting of complete transfer trail of ODIs: ODI issuers shall also be required to report all intermediate transfers during the month in the monthly reports on ODIs.
  • Reconfirmation of ODI positions: ODI Issuers shall be required to carry out reconfirmation of the ODI positions on a semi-annual In case of any divergence from reported monthly data, the same should be informed to SEBI in format provided.
  • Periodic Operational Evaluation: ODI Issuers shall be required to put in place necessary systems and carry out a periodical review and evaluation of its controls, systems and procedures with respect to the ODIs. A certificate in this regard should be submitted on an annual basis to SEBI by the Chief Executive Officer or equivalent of the ODI Issuer.

(c) Vide a circular dated June 29, 2016, it was further clarified that ODI subscribers who have subscribed to ODIs under SEBI (Foreign Institutional Investors) Regulations, 1995 can continue to subscribe to ODIs under the FPI regime, subject to the condition that they comply with Regulation 22 of FPI Regulations and meet the eligibility criteria as laid down in the SEBI circular dated November 24, 2014 along with other norms which may be notified by SEBI from time to time. Those ODI subscribers which do not meet the aforementioned norms, including unregulated funds whose investment manager is appropriately regulated, can continue to hold the position till the date of expiry of such positions or till December 31, 2020, whichever is earlier. Such subscribers cannot take fresh positions or renew the old positions.

(d) Pursuant to a meeting on April 26, 2017, the SEBI Board gave approval to insert an express provision in Regulation 22 (1) of the SEBI (FPI) Regulations, 2014 to prevent Resident Indians/NRIs or to the entities which are beneficially owned by Resident Indians/NRIs from subscribing to Offshore Derivative Instruments.

B. Impact of steps taken by SEBI in recent past.

As a result of the aforementioned steps taken by SEBI there has been a significant reduction in the notional value of Outstanding ODIs. The data in this regard is given as follows:-

Outstanding Notional Value of Offshore Derivative Instruments (ODIs) Vs Assets Under Custody (AUC) of
FPIs/deemed FPIs
[Rs. in Crore]
Month
Notional value of ODIs on
Equity, Debt & Derivatives *
Notional value of ODIs on Equity &
Debt excluding Derivatives *
Notional value of ODIs on
Equity *
Notional value of ODIs on Debt *
Notional value of ODIs on Derivatives *
AUC of
FPIs/ deemed FPIs #
Notional value of ODIs on
Equity, Debt & Derivatives as % of B
Notional value of ODIs on Equity &
Debt excluding Derivatives as % of B
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
B
C1
C2
Jan-16
231,317
171,732
141,679
30,054
59,585
2,200,837
10.5
7.8
Feb-16
217,740
160,946
132,063
28,883
56,794
2,043,139
10.7
7.9
Mar-16
223,077
169,470
137,779
31,692
53,606
2,224,537
10.0
7.6
Apr-16
212,132
161,280
131,627
29,653
50,852
2,281,346
9.3
7.1
May-16
215,338
160,867
131,951
28,916
54,471
2,348,618
9.2
6.8
Jun-16
210,731
161,379
133,294
28,085
49,352
2,387,685
8.8
6.8
Jul-16
212,179
162,921
136,032
26,889
49,257
2,514,038
8.4
6.5
Aug-16
216,232
158,848
132,857
25,992
57,383
2,565,304
8.4
6.2
Sep-16
212,509
152,624
126,049
26,575
59,885
2,556,450
8.3
6.0
Oct-16
199,987
143,235
124,760
18,475
56,752
2,577,073
7.8
5.6
Nov-16
179,648
126,596
114,466
12,130
53,052
2,409,042
7.5
5.3
Dec-16
157,306
112,243
100,927
11,315
45,063
2,348,007
6.7
4.8
Jan-17
175,088
119,309
108,576
10,733
55,779
2,456,716
7.1
4.9
Feb-17
170,191
115,413
103,712
11,700
54,778
2,563,431
6.6
4.5
Mar-17
178,437
124,277
111,803
12,475
54,160
2,705,729
6.6
4.6
Apr-17
168,545
128,380
109,541
18,839
40,165
2,786,083
6.0
4.6
*Figures compiled based on reports submitted by FP!s/deemed FP!s issuing OD!s
#Figures compiled based on reports submitted by custodians & does not includes positions taken by FP!s/deemed FP!s in derivatives.
Column A2 is being provided which depicts the Total Value of OD! issued -with underlying as only Equity & Debt excluding derivatives
Column A3 is being provided which depicts the Total Value of OD! issued -with underlying as Equity
Column A4 is being provided which depicts the Total Value of OD! issued -with underlying as Debt
Column A5 is being provided which depicts the Total Value of ODI issued -with underlying as derivatives.
Column C2 is being provided which depicts the Total Value of ODI issued -with underlying as only Equity &  Debt excluding derivatives- as percentage of Assets under custody
Note: The total value of ODIs excludes the ODIs issued on underlying such as portfolio hedging, unhedged ,  index etc., which FPIs/deemed FPIs are unable to segregate into equity, debt or derivatives.

C. Proposals for further tightening of ODI/PN Norms:-

In order to further enhance the transparency in the process of issuance and monitoring of ODIs being issued by the FPIs registered with SEBI, following steps are being proposed:-

1. Levy of Regulatory fees on FPIs issuing ODIs:-

As discussed above, in order to ensure that the ODI route is not misused, SEBI has been continuously making regulatory changes. These changes however, require investment in manpower and systems in order to make quick analysis of the voluminous data being submitted by the ODI issuing FPIs. SEBI incurs a significant expenditure in terms capital and manpower when it comes to monitoring of investments coming through the ODI route. SEBI has put in place dedicated IT systems for the ODI issuers to report the Beneficial Owners and other details of the ODI subscribers. We may therefore, levy regulatory fees on FPIs issuing ODIs and the group entities of such FPIs, which may be involved in taking underlying positions in Indian securities market. The proposal for implementation of fee on ODI issuing FPIs will require changes in SEBI (FPI) Regulations, 2014.

It is proposed that beginning April 01, 2017, for a period of every three years, regulatory fees of US$ 1,000 be levied on each ODI issuing FPI for each and every ODI subscriber coming through such FPI. We understand from the monthly ODI data reported by the ODI issuers that quite a few ODI subscribers invest through multiple issuers. It will discourage the ODI subscribers from taking ODI route and encourage them to directly take registration as an FPI.

2. Prohibit ODIs from being issued against derivatives except for those used for hedging:-

Presently, ODIs are being issued against derivatives along with equity and debt. As of April 2017, the ODIs issued against derivatives had a notional value of INR 40,165 Cr which is 24% of the total notional value of outstanding ODIs. SEBI proposes to prohibit ODIs from being issued against derivatives for speculative purpose. Further, the ODI issuers shall be given time till December 31, 2020 to wind up the ODIs issued against derivatives which are not for hedging purpose. It will be incumbent on ODI issuing FPI to ensure that ODI is issued against those derivatives which are purely for hedging purpose and not for naked speculation. The ODI issuing FPI shall put in place necessary system to ensure the same.

C. Public Comments:-

In light of the above, public comments are invited on the proposals given at 1 and 2 of C above. Comments/ suggestions may be provided as below:

S. No. Pertains to C.(1) / C.(2) Suggestions Rationale

Comments may be forwarded by email to odi-feedback@sebi.gov.inlatest by June12, 2017.

Issued on: May 29, 2017

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