Article discusses Provisions and Scope  of Section 194-IA, Payments covered, Who is Payer/Payee, Conditions to be satisfied for applicability of section 194-IA, Time of deduction of tax, Rates of TDS, Effect of non-furnishing of PAN on rate of tax, Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number , Certificate/statement for tax deducted at source and Furnishing of statements by tax deductor to department.

Deduction of tax at source from payment on transfer of certain immovable property [AY 2017-18]

1. Provisions of Section 194-IA:

(1) Any person, being a transferee, responsible for paying (other than the person referred to in section 194LA) to a resident transferor any sum by way of consideration for transfer of any immovable property (other than agricultural land), shall, at the time of credit of such sum to the account of the transferor or at the time of payment of such sum in cash or by issue of a cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier, deduct an amount equal to one per cent of such sum as income-tax thereon.

(2) No deduction under sub-section (1) shall be made where the consideration for the transfer of an immovable property is less than fifty lakh rupees.

(3) The provisions of section 203A shall not apply to a person required to deduct tax in accordance with the provisions of this section.

Explanation — For the purposes of this section,—

(a) “agricultural land” means agricultural land in India, not being a land situate in any area referred to in items (a) and (b) of sub-clause (iii) of clause (14) of section 2;

(b) “immovable property” means any land (other than agricultural land) or any building or part of a building.

2. Scope of section 194-IA:

Section 194-IA, as inserted with effect from 1-6-2013 provides that any person, being a transferee, responsible for paying (other than the person referred to in section 194LA) to a resident transferor any sum by way of consideration for transfer of any immovable property (other than agricultural land) shall deduct an amount equal to one per cent of such sum as income-tax at the time of credit of such sum to the account of the transferor or at the time of payment of such sum in cash or by issue of cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier.

No deduction shall be made where consideration for the transfer of an immovable property is less than fifty lakh rupees.

3. What payment is covered by section 194-IA:

Any sum paid by way of consideration for transfer of any immovable property (other than agricultural land) is covered under section 194-IA, provided the consideration for transfer of an immovable property is not less than Rs. 50 lakhs.

3.1 Agricultural Land: Agricultural land means agricultural lands in India, not being a land situated in any area referred to in section 2(14)(iii)(a)/(b).

A land shall not be treated as Agriculture Land, if:

a)  It is situated within jurisdiction of Municipality or Cantonment Board which has a population of not less than 10,000; or

b)  It is situated in any area within below given distance measured aerially:

Population of the MunicipalityDistance from Municipal limit or Cantonment Board
More than 10,000 but does not exceed 1,00,000Within 2 kms.
More than 1,00,000 but does not exceed 10,00,000Within 6 kms.
Exceeding 10,00,000Within 8 kms.

3.2 Immovable Property: Immovable property means any land (other than agricultural land) or any building or part of building.

4. Who is the payer:

The payer is any person, being a transferee, responsible for paying (other than the person referred to in section 194-IA) to a resident transferor any sum by way of consideration for transfer of any immovable property (other than agricultural land).

5. Who is the payee:

The payee is resident transferor of any immovable property (other than agricultural land).

6. Conditions to be satisfied for applicability of section 194-IA:

For applicability of section 194-IA following conditions need to be satisfied:

•   The payer must be any person referred to in Para 4 above.

•   The payee must be a resident transferor of an immovable property (other than agricultural land).

•   The payment must be by way of consideration for transfer of any immovable property (other than agricultural land).

•   The quantum of payment must be Rs. 50 lakhs or more.

7. Time of deduction of tax:

Tax shall be deducted at the time of credit of such sum to the account of the transferor or at the time of payment of such sum in cash or by issue of a cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier.

8. Rate of TDS:

Tax shall be deducted at the rate of 1%.

9. Effect of non-furnishing of PAN on rate of tax:

Section 206AA, as inserted with effect from 1-4-2010, provides as under:

•   Every person whose receipts are subject to deduction of tax at source (i.e., the deductee) shall furnish his PAN to the deductor.

•   If such person does not furnish PAN to the deductor, the deductor will deduct tax at source at higher of the following rates:

(a) the rate prescribed in the Act;

(b) at the rate in force, i.e., the rate mentioned in the Finance Act; or

(c) at the rate of 20 per cent.

  •   Where the PAN provided to the deductor is invalid or does not belong to the deductee, it shall be deemed that the deductee has not furnished his PAN to the deductor and above provisions shall apply accordingly.

10. Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TDCAN):

Provisions pertaining to Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number, i.e., section 203A, shall not apply to a person deducting tax at source under Section 194-IA.

11. Deposit of tax to the credit of the Central Government:

Any sum deducted under section 194-IA shall be paid to the credit of the Central Government within a period of seven days from the end of the month in which the deduction is made and shall be accompanied by a challan-cum-statement in Form No. 26QB.

The sum so deducted shall be deposited to the credit of the Central Government by remitting it electronically to the Reserve Bank of India or the State Bank of India or to any authorised bank.

12. Certificate/statement for tax deducted at source:

Every person responsible for deduction of tax under section 194-IA shall furnish the certificate of deduction of tax at source in Form No. 16B to the payee within fifteen days from the due date for furnishing the Challan-cum-statement in Form No. 26QB under Rule 31A after generating and downloading the same from the web portal specified by the Director General of Income-tax (System) or the person authorised by him.

13. Furnishing of statements by tax deductor to department:

Every person responsible for deduction of tax under section 194-IA shall furnish to the Director General of Income-tax (System) or the person authorised by him a challan-cum-statement in Form No. 26QB electronically within seven days from the end of the month in which the deduction is made. CPC-TDS has also enabled the online functionality for correction in Form 26QB.

(Republished with Amendments)

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