Article discusses about Meaning of dividend, Head of taxability and applicable tax rate, Relief from double taxation, Concessional rate of tax to dividends received from foreign specified company,
Dividend received from an Indian company which has suffered dividend distribution tax is exempt from tax under section 10(34). However, as per section 1 15BBDA (as inserted by Finance Act, 2016), in the case of resident individual/HUF/firm, dividend shall be chargeable to tax at the rate of 10% if aggregate amount of dividend received from a domestic company during the year exceeds Rs. 10,00,000. Exemption under section 10(34) is granted to dividend received from an Indian company and not to a dividend received from a foreign company. Thus, dividend from a foreign company received by an Indian resident is taxable. In this part you can gain knowledge about tax treatment of dividend received from a foreign company.
Meaning of dividend
In common parlance ‘dividend’ means the profits distributed by a company to its shareholders. Apart from that, i.e., dividend paid by a company to its shareholders, section 2(22)(e) gives the definition of deemed dividend. Hence, under the Income-tax Act, dividend includes deemed dividend. As per section 2(22), “dividend” includes following payments or distribution to the extent of accumulated profits of the company [i.e. whether capitalised profit or not for section 2(22)(a) to (d)excluding capitalised profit in case of section 2(22)(e)] :
(e) Any payments in the form of loans or advances made by a closely-held company (i.e. a company in which public are not substantially interested) to its shareholder who is the beneficial owner of shares holding not less than 10% of voting power in such company or to any concern in which such shareholder is a member or a partner and which he has a substantial interest or any payment made by on behalf of such shareholder for his/her individual benefit. However, such payment would not amount to dividend, if such payment is made in the ordinary course of business and money lending is substantial part of the company’s business.
However, “dividend” does not include—
(iii) any dividend paid by a company which is set off by the company against the whole or any part of any sum previously paid by it and treated as a dividend within the meaning of sub-clause (e), to the extent to which it is so set off.
Head of taxability and applicable tax rate
Dividends are charged to tax under the head “Income from other sources” and hence dividend received from a foreign company is charged to tax under the head “Income from other sources”. Dividend received from foreign company will be included in the total income of the taxpayer and will be charged to tax at the rates applicable to the taxpayer.
Relief from double taxation
Dividend received from a foreign company is charged to tax in India as well as in the country to which the foreign company belongs. If the foreign dividend has suffered double taxation, then the taxpayer can claim double taxation relief either as per the provisions of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (if any) entered into with that country (if any) by the Government of India or can claim relief as per section 91 (if no such agreement exists).
To understand the tax treatment of the dividend received from a foreign company, the taxpayer should keep in mind the provisions of Income-tax Law as well as the provisions of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) (if any) entered into with that country (if any).
Concessional rate of tax to dividends received from foreign specified company
As discussed earlier, dividend received from a foreign company is taxed in the hands of a resident taxpayer at the normal rates applicable to his income. Normal tax rate applicable to an Indian company is 30% (plus surcharge and cess as applicable), hence, dividend received from a foreign company is charged to tax at 30% in the hands of an Indian company. However, section 11 5BBD provides a concessional rate of tax in respect of dividend received by an Indian company from a foreign company in which the Indian company holds 26% or more in nominal value of the equity share capital.
By virtue of section 11 5BBD, dividends [as defined in section 2(22) except dividend as defined in section 2(22)(e)] received by an Indian company from a foreign company in which the Indian company holds 26% or more in nominal value of the equity share capital is charged to tax at a flat rate of 15% (plus surcharge and cess as applicable).
It should however be noted that, in the above case no deduction on account of any expenditure or allowance will be allowed from the amount of the dividend covered under section 11 5BBD. In other words, the gross amount of dividend (without deducting any expenditure/allowance) will be taxed at the rate of 15% (plus surcharge and cess as applicable).
Republished with amendment.