Share Premium in excess of the Fair market value (FMV) to treated as income w.e.f. 01.04.2013 u/s 56(2). So What is the Method to calculate FMV of unquoted shares?
Introduction: Fmp Value Of Shares Is Acertained As Such:
The fair market value of the shares=
(i) as may be determined in accordance with such method as may be prescribed, or
(ii) as may be substantiated by the company to the satisfaction of the Assessing Officer, based on the value, on the date of issue of shares
As per Rule 11UA of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the FMV of unquoted shares is to be determined as under:
(a) Equity shares: Book value of the shares to be computed as follows:
(A-L) x PV
A = Book value of the assets in balance sheet as reduced by any amount paid as advance tax under the Income-tax Act and any amount shown in the balance sheet including the debit balance of the profit and loss account or the profit and loss appropriation account which does not represent the value of any asset.
L = Book value of liabilities shown in the balance sheet but not including the following amounts —
(i) the paid-up capital in respect of equity shares;
(ii) the amount set apart for payment of dividends on preference shares and equity shares where such dividends have not been declared before the date of transfer at a general body meeting of the company;
(iii) reserves, by whatever name called, other than those set apart towards depreciation;
(iv) credit balance of the profit and loss account;
(v) any amount representing provision for taxation, other than amount paid as advance tax under the Income-tax Act, to the extent of the excess over the tax payable with reference to the book profits in accordance with the law applicable thereto;
(vi) any amount representing provisions made for meeting liabilities, other than ascertained liabilities;
(vii) any amount representing contingent liabilities other than arrears of dividends payable in respect of cumulative preference shares.
PE = Total amount of paid-up equity share capital as shown in balance sheet.
PV = the paid-up value of such equity shares.
Conclusion- With effect from the 1st day of April, 2012 where a company, not being a company in which the public are substantially interested, receives, in any previous year, from any person being a resident, any consideration for issue of shares that exceeds the face value of such shares, the aggregate consideration received for such shares as exceeds the fair market value of the shares. FMV does not imply the actual market value of the shares at which shares may be transacted between parties. It is the value of shares as determined based on book value of the assets and liabilities of the company.
Author – Savan Somani, Designation: Corporate Manager Taxation, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org