CA Sandeep Kanoi
Article explains Procedure for Filing Online Request for Rectification of Mistake U/s. 154 of the Income Tax, Prerequisites for Filing Such Application, Common mistakes while filing Rectification, Important Notes before e-Filing Rectification, Tips on filling Income Tax Return to avoid mistakes.
Introduction – Rectification application maybe filed u/s 154 of the Income Tax Act by the taxpayer in case of any mistake apparent from the record. To file your Rectification, you should be a registered user in e-Filing application.
An Income Tax authority may:
a) amend any order passed by it under the provision of this Act
b) amend any intimation or deemed intimation under sub-section (1) of Section 143.
Subject to the other provisions of this section, the authority concerned,
a) may make an amendment under sub-section (1) of its own motion,
b) shall make such amendment for rectifying any such mistake which has been brought to its notice by the assessee.
Pre-Requisites to file online Rectification Request U/s. 154
1. The Income Tax Return for the Assessment Year should have been processed in CPC, Bangalore.
2. An Intimation under Section 143(1) OR an order under Section 154 passed by CPC, Bangalore for the e-Filed Income Tax return should be available with the taxpayer.
3. For Electronic returns filed and processed at CPC, only online rectifications will be considered.
4. If the refund arising out of return processed at CPC is adjusted against the demand of other Assessment Years and then the assessee is challenging the demand itself, in that case
i) Rectification application has to be filed for the demand year, if the demand was raised by CPC then online application has to be filed
ii) for the demand raised by the Field Assessing Officer, the application has to be filed before him.
5. No rectification has to be filed for giving credit to taxes paid after raising the demand.
6. To file your Rectification, you should be a registered user in e-Filing application
Below listed are the steps to file Rectification for Rectification:
Step 1 – Login to e-Filing application and GO TO -> My Account -> Rectification Request.
Step 2 – Select Return to be rectified as “Income Tax Return” from the drop down available.
Step 3 – Select the Assessment Year for which Rectification is to be e-Filed. Enter the Latest Communication Reference Number (as mentioned in the CPC Order)
Step 4 – Click “Validate”.
Step 5 – Select the ‘Rectification Request type’
Step 6 – On selecting the option “Taxpayer is correcting data for Tax Credit mismatch only”, three check boxes TCS, TDS, IT are displayed. You may select the checkbox for which data needs to be corrected. Details regarding these fields will be prefilled from the ITR filed. User can add a maximum of 10 entries for each of the selections. No upload of any ITR is required.
These Three fields are as follows :-
–> ‘Taxpayer Correcting Data for Tax Credit mismatch only’ − On selecting this option, three check boxes, TCS, TDS, IT, are displayed. You may select the check-box for which data needs to be corrected. You can add a maximum of 10 entries for each of the selections. No upload of an Income Tax Return is required.
–> ‘Taxpayer is correcting the Data in Rectification’ − select the reason for seeking rectification, Schedules being changed, Donation and Capital gain details (if applicable), upload XML and Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), if available and applicable. You can select a maximum of 4 reasons
–> ‘No further Data Correction required. Reprocess the case’ − On selecting this option, three check-boxes, Tax Credit mismatch, Gender mismatch, Tax/ Interest mismatch are displayed. You may select the check-box for which re-processing is required. No upload of an Income Tax Return is required.
Step 7 – Click the ‘Submit’ button.
Step 7 – On selecting the option “Taxpayer is correcting Data in Rectification”, select the reason for seeking rectification. Schedules being changed, Donation and Capital gain details (if applicable), upload XML and Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), if available and applicable. You can select a maximum of 4 reasons.
Select a Rectification Reason
Step 8 – On selecting the option “No further Data Correction Required. Reprocess the case”, checkboxes to select are: Tax Credit Mismatch, Gender Mismatch (Only for Individuals), Tax / Interest Mismatch are displayed. User can select the checkbox for which re-processing is required. No upload of any ITft is required. User can view their 26AS details by clicking on “Click here to view 26AS details” button and view their Tax Credit Mismatch details by clicking on “Click here to view Tax Credit Mismatch details” button.
Step 9 – Click the “Submit” button. A popup appears.
Step 10 – Click on “OK” button to submit the rectification.
Step 11 – On successful submission, following message is displayed.
Common Errors in Rectification
a. Important Notes before e-Filing Rectification Request
b. Tips to the user on filling the Income Tax Return
The complete Income Tax Return should be e-Filed and NOT just the schedules/ fields that need change/correction. However, there should NOT be any revision in Income or new claims of deduction/ exemption made in the Rectification request, as this would lead to rejection or delay in processing by CPC. Please note that this facility is only provided by Income Tax Department for correcting mistakes. In case you wish to make changes in Income or make new claims, a Revised Income Tax Return should be filed as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
c. Common mistakes while filing Rectification
Note: The Bank Account details and Address details as in the original Income Tax Return (processed) will be considered for any refund/demand notice, and not the bank account/address details mentioned in the Rectified Income Tax Return.
(Posted by Sandeep Kanoi with Inputs from Income Tax E-Filing website)