Case Law Details

Case Name : Dy. Director of Income Tax (E) Vs ICAI (ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : I.T.A. No. 6526/Del/2013
Date of Judgement/Order : 02/06/2016
Related Assessment Year : 2010-11
Courts : All ITAT (1731) ITAT Delhi (428)

Brief Facts of the Case

In this case Assessing Officer has observed that the assessee is established by the Act of Parliament of ICAI Act of 1949 and the assessee comes under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The assessee is registered u/s. 12A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred the Act) and has been claiming exemption u/s. 11 of the Act which has been denied by the Assessing Officer mainly on the ground that the assessee is involved in commercial activities as the assessee receives coaching fees from the students of CA while giving coaching to the CA students. He further held that assesee’s case falls under the category of General Public Utility and proviso to section 2(15) of the Act is clearly applicable in this case. Accordingly, exemption u/s. 11 & 12 of the Act is denied to the assessee society and its income is computed as normal AOP. The Assessing Officer assessed the income of the assessee at Rs. 12305.37 lacs vide his order dated 21/3/2013 passed u/s. 143(3) of the I.T. Act, 1961.

Against the aforesaid order of the AO, assessee appealed before the CIT(A), who vide his impugned order dated 12.9.2013 has allowed the appeal of the Assessee.

Aggrieved with the order of the Ld. CIT(A) dated 12.9.2013,Revenue is in appeal before the Tribunal.

Contention of the Revenue

Ld. DR relied upon the order of the Assessing Officer and reiterated the contentions raised in the grounds of appeal and requested that Appeal filed by the Revenue may be allowed by setting aside the order of the Ld. CIT(A), because the activities of the assessee-society does not fall within the category of education covered by the definition of the expression ‘charitable purpose’. However, she submitted that the assessee’s activity falls under the category of “Advancement of any other object of general public utility”. Ld. DR has further stated that Department has filed an appeal against the order of the Hon’ble High Court which has been followed by the Ld. CIT(A) in the impugned order while allowing the Appeal of Assessee before the Hon’ble Supreme Court which is still pending, therefore, she requested that the decision of the Tribunal may be kept in abeyance till the outcome of the Hon’ble Supreme Court.

Contention of the Appellant

Ld. Authorised Representative of the Assessee has stated that the main activities of the assessee­society are to enroll CA students, to provide study material, to conduct classes, to conduct examination, to award degree of CA and other courses, to regular the profession of CA and to issue accounting standards etc. The coaching classes are conducted for the benefit of the CA students to make them professionally efficient and the coaching classes are integral part of imparting education and its activities come under the definition of education u/s. 2(15) of the Act. It was further submitted that the exemption to the assessee was denied earlier on the ground that the assessee is involved in commercial activities but the exemption has been granted to the assessee for the assessment years 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08 by the Ld. CIT(A) and the Tribunal and the High Court. Hence, the present issues in dispute is squarely covered by the various decisions of the Tribunal, Hon’ble High Court and the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India.

the AR pointed out para 4 to 8 of the order of ITAT ‘H’ Bench in ITA No. 1930/D/2011 (supra) wherein dismissing the appeal of the revenue, it has been held that the assessee institute is an educational institute, hence its income will be exempt u/s 11 as education falls within the meaning of charitable purposes u/s 2(15) of the Act. The relevant operative observations and findings part of this order read as under:-

“4 . Upon assessee’s appeal Ld. Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals), referred to his own appellate order for A. Y. 2006-07 as under:-

“I have considered the submissions made by the Ld. Authorised Representative of the appellant institution visa-vis finding of the Assessing Officer made out in the assessment order in respect of holding the income of coaching classes as an activity of business. The main emphasis of the Assessing Officer in arriving to conclusion that income of the appellant Institute from coaching classes is an activity of business, is the figure of earning from coaching classes as reflected by him in the table prepared in the assessment order giving detailed of gross income of coaching, expenditure incurred in coaching and net earning from coaching classes from assessment year 2002-03 to assessment year 2008- 09 and his remark that the appellant Institute is earning huge income over the years like any businessman earn from the activities of business. However, on the other side the Ld. Authorised Representative of the appellant emphasized that the conducting of coaching classes through Regional Councils, the appellant Institute, following its main purpose and objective of giving training to the future Chartered Accountants, for which it has been enacted by the Parliament and further emphasizing that CBDT while granting Notification u/s 1 0(23C) (iv) of the Act to the appellant Institute was well aware about the component of its income reflected in Annual accounts filed with the application for applying for exemption of income u/s. 10(23C)(iv) of the Act consistently to the assessment year 2005-06, and therefore the objection of the Assessing Officer in this respect is misconceived, even on the Principle of Doctrine of Consistency enunciated by Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Radhaswamy Satsang (cited supra). Pursing the Chartered Accountants regulations, annual accounts of the appellant Institute and written arguments of the Ld. Authorised Representative and judicial precedents brought to my notice on the issue involved, I am inclined to accept the argument of the ld. counsel that income of coaching classes of the appellant Institute is not an activity of business as alleged by the Assessing Officer in the assessment order, but the said income has arisen from the ancillary activity arisen from the main objects for which it has been enacted by the Parliament and further accepted as such by Central Board of Direct Taxes year to year, while notifying it for the purpose of Section 10(23C)(iv) of the Act. The observation of the Assessing Officer that the appellant Institute is earning huge income over the years and this surplus income is earned in a systematic and organized way, the way in which business activities are carried out is also misconceived as merely because profit has resulted from the activity of imparting education would not change the character of the Institution. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Surat Art Silk Cloth Manufactures Association and Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the very recent judgement in the case of sister concern of the appellant Institute ICAI Accounting Research Foundation reported at 321 ITR 73 held that the mere fact of generating income, while carrying out the ancillary objects for achieving the main objects, would not per se change the character of the assessee till the surplus received qua these activities are utilized for advancement of the objectives for which the assessee has been established. Hence, ground no. 6 is allowed in favour of the appellant.”

The Ld. Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) further took note that Hon’ble ITAT, Delhi Bench in ITA No. 1853/Del/2010 also held that:

“The institute as such merely it is receiving coaching fee from students for imparting education, cannot be said to have been carrying on the business and accordingly it is not required to maintain separate books of accounts as alleged by DIT(E). The income of the coaching classes earned by the assessee institute is within its objects and its regulations and further these activities are educational activity within the definition of section 2(15) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, and consequently therefore cannot be activity of business for which separate books of accounts are required to be maintained. The order of the DIT(E) is therefore not sustainable as the income of the institute is exempt not only u/s 10(23C)(iv) but also under section 11. The Institute is an educational institute and hence its income will also be exempt u/s. 11 as education falls within the meaning of charitable purpose under section 2(15) of the Act.”

5. Against the above order, the revenue is in appeal before us.

6. Ld. counsel of the assessee submitted that the issue is covered in favour of the assessee by the decision of this tribunal in assessee’s own case in ITA No. 1853/Del/2010 for A. Y. 2005-06. In this regard, ld. counsel of the assessee referred para 15 of the above said order which reads as under:-

“15. The Institute as such merely it is receiving coaching fee from students for imparting education, cannot be said to have been carrying on business and accordingly it is not required to maintain separate books of accounts as alleged by DIT(E). The income of the coaching classes earned by the assessee institute is within its objects and its Regulations and further these activities are educational activity within the definition of section 2(15) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, and consequently therefore cannot be activity of business for which separate books of accounts are required to be maintained. The order of the ld.DIT(E) is therefore, not sustainable as the income of the Institute is exempt not only u/s 10(23C)(iv) but also under section 11. The institute is an educational institute and hence its income will also be exempt under section 11 as education falls within the meaning of charitable purpose under section 2(15) of the Act.”

7. In light of the above, ld. counsel of the assessee contended that this issue stands covered in favour of the assessee by the decision of this tribunal as above.

7.1 Ld. Departmental Representative could not controvert this proposition. He fairly agreed that this issue stands covered by the said tribunal order.

8. Accordingly, in the background of the aforesaid discussion and precedent, we do not find any infirmity or illegality in the order of the Ld. Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals), hence, we uphold the same.”

Held by ITAT

In the light of above, ld. AR submitted that the sole issue agitated by the revenue in this appeal stands covered in favour of the assessee by above decision of this Tribunal. Ld. DR could not substantially controvert this proposition and has fairly agreed that this issue stands covered by the said Tribunal order in favour of the assessee and against the revenue. Accordingly, on the basis of discussion and earlier order of this Tribunal as reproduced hereinabove and respectfully following the same as an order of Coordinate Bench of this Tribunal as a precedent, we do not find any infirmity, illegality or any other valid reason to interfere with the impugned order of the Commissioner of Income Tax(A).

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Tags : ITAT Judgments (3705) section 11 (73) section 12a (60) Section 12AA (65)

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