CA Vinay Lunkad S

Vinay Lunkad S1. No change in the Income Tax Slab Rates for Individuals / HUF/BOP/AOP

2. In order to promote more Domestic Start Up Companies (Eligible Start Ups) the tax rate for such companies is reduced to 25% + Surcharge & Cess subject to certain restrictions

3. Reduced Tax rate for companies having Turnover less than 5 crores by 1%

4. Surcharge for Individuals having Income more than 1 crore is increased from 12 to 15 %

5. The effective Tax Rate after the amendment are as follows: –

A) Income is less than 1 crore: –

Tax Rate 1B) Income is greater than 1 crore: –

Tax Rate 2** After the exhaustion of Basic Exemption Limit available

6. Increase in Income Tax Rebate form 2,000 to Rs. 5,000/- if the Income is less than Rs. 5 Lakhs.

  • In nutshell if your income is less than 5 Lakhs then Tax will be paid only on Income over and above Rs. 3 Lakhs.

7. Period for construction of property enhanced from 3 years to 5 years, earlier in order to claim interest paid for Housing Loan the property had to be constructed within 3 Years from the end of the Financial Year in which the property was purchased.

8. Arrears of rent or unrealized rent to be taxed in the Year of receipt u/s 25A

9. Exempted Dividends received by a Resident Individual, HUF/Firms in excess of 10 Lakhs from a Domestic Company will now be further taxed @ rate of 10% + Applicable Surcharge & Cess on the Gross Dividend received, earlier any dividend received was exempted as the dividends have already suffered Dividend Distribution Tax(DDT) @ 15%+ Applicable Surcharge & Cess.

For Example: –

Note: The dividend received will be taxed on Gross Basis ie; If dividend received in Bank A/c is Rs.25 Lacs , then tax will be computed as follows:-

A) Dividend Received – 25 Lacs (Net)

B) Add: DDT Paid on above – 5.23 Lacs ( 25 *17.304/(100-17.304)

C) Gross Dividend – 30.23 Lacs

D)Tax @ 10 % on Gross Dividend – 3.023 Lacs + Applicable Surcharge and Cess

10. STT on Sale of Options is increased from 0.017% to 0.05%

11. Any payments made in excess of Rs.1,00,000 for online advertisements or for provision of digital advertising space to Non Residents will attract tax (equalisation levy) @ 6%, unlike TDS provisions under equalisation scheme ALL persons are liable for deduction failure of which will attract Interest and Penalty proceedings. The levy clearly is targeted to tax various online advertisements companies like Youtube , Google , Facebook , Twitter etc; ,

For Example :- Moon Cricket Pvt Ltd pays 2 crores as advertising fees to Google the possible tax implications if google accepts the levy and if it doesn’t are :-

ParticularsGoogle accepts the levy
Google not accepts the levy
Advertisement Cost         7,500,000         7,978,723{75,00,000*100/(100-6)}
Less:Levy @ 6%             450,000             478,723
Net Payment         7,050,000          7,500,000

 12. W.e.f 1st June 2016 in order to curb black money , the Seller of any goods or services have to collect Tax collected at source (TCS) @ of 1% from the buyer if the mode of payment is by cash on the following : –

  • On sale of Motor Vehicles, the value of which is exceeding 10 Lakhs
  • On sale of any Goods except bullion & Jewellery the value of which is exceeding 2 Lakhs
  • On supply of any service the value of which is exceeding 2 Lakhs, however in case if the service recipient deducts Tax under TDS provisions TCS need not be collected.

13. In the Finance Act 2015 Fin Min had proposed to reduce the corporate tax to 25% by phasing out certain exemptions and deductions, in line with the same in Budget 2016 the plan of phasing of certain exemptions and deductions over a period of time are laid down

14. Accelerated depreciation of 20% in order to promote advancement in technology now also available to Power generation, transmission or distribution assesses, earlier the same was available to only assesses manufacturing an article or a thing.

15. In order to promote India to be a Hub of Patent Holders, income from patent earned is proposed to be taxed @ 10% subject to the following conditions: –

  • Patent should be developed and granted under Patents Act 1970
  • Patentee should be a person resident in India and should be the true and first inventor.

16. In order to encourage more First time buyers of residential house property an additional deduction of 50,000/- is available for the interest paid u/s 80EE if any, subject to the following conditions: –

  • Loan is to be obtained from financial institutions
  • Loan has to sanctioned in the FY 2016-17
  • Maximum amount of loan sanctioned should not exceed 35 Lakhs and the value of property not to exceed 50 Lakhs
  • The assesse does not owns any residential property on the Date of acquisition of the property.

17. Limit of deduction for any persons paying rent paid is increased from Rs 24,000 to Rs 60,000 u/s 80GG, however no deduction will be available if House Rent Allowance is claimed or any other property is held.

18. Start-up India:

a. Scope of capital gains exemptions u/s54GB (Exemption of Long term capital Gains On sale of residential property or a plot of land) widened to boost more investments in Pvt Ltd companies: –

  • Period of exemption extended upto 31st March 2019
  • Definition of eligible assesse expanded to include any business earlier the eligible assesse were only assesse manufacturing an article or a thing
  • Earlier the company was required to be an MSME the requirement is done away and replaced with eligible start up
  • Definition of eligible assets widened to include computer or computer software for a technology driven start up certified by Inter Ministerial Board of certification

b. In order to facilitate start-ups a separate fund is established, yearly upto   2,500 crores for 4 years will be raised by issuing units under such fund. In order to encourage investments in such unit’s exemption is provided under capital gains for sale of Long Term Capital Asset to ALL assesses subject to the following conditions: –

  • Maximum Investments by an assesse is restricted to 50 Lakhs for one or more Long Term Capital Assets
  • The second investment made for any further sale of Long Term Capital Assets will be eligible for exemption only after exhaustion of 2 Financial Years (ie; 1st Year of claiming exemption + 2nd Financial Year)
  • Exemption will be available only upto 1st April 2019
  • Units cannot be sold or mortgaged for a period of 3 Years from the date of its acquisition

19. In order to encourage more eligible start-ups deduction of 100% of profits is made available for a period 3 consecutive years out of 5 Years from the date of incorporation u/s 80IAC of Income Tax Act

Eligible Start Up: –

a. Company incorporated on or after 1st April 2016 but before 1st April 2019

b. The turnover of the company should not exceed 25 Crores in any of the Financial Years starting from FY 2016-17 to FY 2020-21

c. Company holds a certificate of eligible business from the Inter Ministerial Board of certification.

Eligible Business: –

Business which involves innovation, development, deployment or commercialisation of new products, processes or services driven by technology or intellectual property.

20. Employment Generation: –

In order to generate more employment opportunities deductions of 30% of the additional employee costs (on the salary paid to new employees) is provided for a period of 3 Financial Years subject to following conditions u/s 80JJAA: –

  • There should be an increase in number of employees which stood on the last day of the Financial Year
  • The employee should work for atleast 240 days in the Financial Year
  • The salary is less than or equal to 25,000
  • Salary is paid by Account Payee Cheque or Account Payee Bank Draft or by use of electronic system channel
  • Salary paid to employee who does not contributes to recognised Provident fund are excluded from the above

21. Tax Audit Limit u/s 44AB for Professionals enhanced from 25 Lakhs to 50 Lakhs

22. Amendments in presumptive Taxation for businesses u/s44AD (Scheme for business carrying on Business having turnover below a limit need not maintain books of accounts): –

  • Limit enhanced from 1 crore to 2 crores
  • Remuneration or Interest paid by partnership firms not be allowed as deduction, earlier the same was allowed as deduction
  • Additional parameter for applicability S-44AD introduced
  • Advance Tax Provisions made applicable for assesses falling u/s 44AD earlier the same was excluded

23. Presumptive taxation for professionals introduced whereby any professional (as per S-44 AB (1)) having gross receipts less than 50 Lakhs need not maintain books of accounts, by declaring flat 50% as the deemed profits from the profession.

24. The Income Declaration Scheme 2016 to be introduced for voluntarily disclosures of unreported income, salient features of which are as below: –

  • Any undisclosed income prior to AY 17-18 can be offered for tax by paying 30% tax, 25% surcharge as Krishi Kalyan Cess on the tax and 25% Penalty on the tax totalling up to 45% of Tax.
  • No Interest, penalty and prosecution.
  • If the undisclosed income is in the form of investments or assets then the Fair Market Value as on the date of scheme will be the undisclosed income.
  • A declaration to be made in the prescribed format
  • Tax paid under this scheme shall not be refunded
  • Exemption from wealth tax for the assets declared

25. For speedy resolution for Tax cases lying under 1st Level of appeals (Commissioner Appeals) a new scheme “Direct Tax Dispute Resolution scheme is introduced)

26. Scope of S-143(1) widened to include further 5 clauses

27. Time Limit for filing belated returns u/s 139(4) reduced from 1 year from the end of the Assessment Year to end of the Assessment Year

For Example: –

For AY 2015-16 belated returns can be filed upto 31st March 2017 however

For AY 2016-17 belated returns can be filed upto 31st March 2017

28. S-139(5) – time limit for filing revised return has been amended so as to include belated returns under its purview

29. In case of tax or interest not paid at the time of filing of income tax return will not be regarded as defective return u/s 139(9) , earlier many of the returns due to shortfall in payment of taxes at the time of filing Tax returns were treated as defective returns.

30. All payments outstanding as on the last day of the year to railways for use of Railways Assets now brought under the ambit of S-43B whereby if the payments are not made within the due date of filing the Income Tax return , the corresponding expense will not be allowed as a deduction in the respective Financial Year however same can be claimed in the Year of Payment

31. Applicability of Form 15G/H extended to S-194I (TDS on payments of Rent)

32. In cases of refund determined in pursuance to an appeal the rate of interest is being increased from 6 to 9 %

33. Quoting of PAN for a non-resident or a foreign company are relaxed subject to furnishing of a prescribed declaration , earlier Non residents were taxed at a higher rate of tax irrespective of Double Tax Avoidance Agreements

34. Interest received Under Gold monetization scheme 2015 is Exempted from Income Tax and the corresponding gains arising on transfer of such bonds by an individual is also excluded from the definition of transfers u/s 47 under capital gains

35. E-Assessment: –

In order to facilitate e-assessments statutory recognition is given by amending various sections of Income Tax Act

36. Slab Rates for the F.Y.2015-16 (A.Y.2017-16) for Individuals/HUF

  • For Individuals (Age < = 60 years)
LimitRate
Upto Rs. 2,50,000Nil.
Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,00010 per cent
Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,00020 per cent.
Above Rs. 10,00,000.30 per cent
  • For Senior Citizens
LimitAmount
Upto Rs. 3,00,000Nil.
Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,00020 per cent.
Above Rs. 10,00,000.30 per cent
  • For Super Senior Citizens
LimitAmount
Upto Rs. 5,00,000Nil.
Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,00020 per cent.
Above Rs. 10,00,000.30 per cent

37. Changes in TDS Provisions.

  • Increase in threshold limit of deduction of tax at source on various payments mentioned in the relevant section Act:
SectionHeadsExisting Threshold

Limit (Rs.)

Proposed Threshod Limit (Rs.)
192APayment of accumulated balance due to an employee30,00050,000
194BBWinnings from Horse Race5,00010,000
194CPayments to ContractorsAggregate annual

limit of 75,000

Aggregate annual limit of 1,00,000
194LAPayment of Compensation on acquisition of certain Immovable Property2,00,0002,50,000
194DInsurance commission20,00015,000
194GCommission on sale of lottery tickets1,00015,000
194HCommission or brokerage5,00015,000
  • Revision in rates of deduction of tax at source (TDS) on various payments mentioned in the relevant sections of the Act:
SectionHeadsExisting Rates (Rs.)Proposed Rates (Rs.)
194DA

 

Payment in respect of Life Insurance Policy2%1%
194EEPayments in respect of NSS Deposits20%10%
194DInsurance commissionRate in force (10%)5%
194GCommission on sale of lottery tickets10%5%
194HCommission or brokerage10%5%

38. Changes in Advance Tax Payment Due dates for All assesse **

InstalmentDue DateRate
1st15th June15%
2nd15th September45%
3rd15th December75%
4th15th March100%

** Except for Individuals opted Sec.44AD (Presumptive Income) – Due Date is 15th March.

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  • Ataurrehman Ansari

    Very Good Analysis. Thanks

  • Sahil

    Freind,

    Whether limit of Rs. 2 lacs under follwing amendment, is to judge on aggregate basis or single transaction basis.

    On sale of any Goods except bullion & Jewellery the value of which is exceeding 2 Lakhs.

    On supply of any service the value of which is exceeding 2 Lakhs, however in case if the service recipient deducts Tax under5 TDS provisions TCS need not be collected.

    • Vinay Jain S

      From the provision there can be divergent views , however given the back drop and the hassleness to the general assessee should be interpreted as per transaction.

      Yes its true the same was not included because generally all those transactions get reported easily.

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