CA Mithun Khatry
Under the proposed GST regime, registered persons shall either pay the taxes under normal rates or he may opt to pay tax at special lower rates under composition scheme as specified in the act and rules there under.
Normal rates of taxes under GST is expected to be anywhere between 18% to 24%. However under composition scheme registered person may elect to pay tax between 0.5% to 2.5%. As there is a huge gap between the tax rates under normal provisions and those under composition levy. So many restrictions have also been imposed on the registered person to avail the benefit of paying taxes at these special rates.
Before we go further we must have a look at the benefits or special tax rates as announced by the government under composition scheme.
|Sl No.||Category of registered persons||Rate of tax|
|1||Manufacturers, other than manufacturers of such goods as may be notified by the Government||one per cent.|
|2||Suppliers making supplies referred to in clause (b) of paragraph 6 of Schedule II i.e. supply, by way of or as part of any service or in any other manner whatsoever, of goods, being food or any other article for human consumption or any drink (other than alcoholic liquor for human consumption), here such supply or service is for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration. [ SMALL RESTAURANTS]
No other service provider is eligible to opt for composition scheme [section 10(2)]
|two and a half per cent.|
|3||Any other supplier eligible for composition levy under section 10 and these rules||half per cent.|
1. Aggregate turnover of the registered person should not exceed Rs. 50 Lakhs in a year. [Section 10(1)].
The day aggregate turnover exceeds 50 Lakhs the registered person comes out of Composition Scheme [Section 10(3)] and he shall also file an intimation for withdrawal from the scheme in FORM GST CMP-04 within seven days of occurrence of such event. [Rule 4(2) of Composition Rules]
Central Government may increase limit to turnover upto 1 crore [Proviso to Section 10(1)]
2. Supplier of exempt goods is not eligible to apply for composition scheme. [Section (10)(2)(b)]
3. Supplier of inter-State outward supplies of goods is not eligible to apply for composition scheme. [Section (10)(2)(c)]
4. Supplier of goods through an electronic commerce operator is not eligible to apply for composition scheme. He is required to collect tax at source under section 52. [Section (10)(2)(d)]
5. A manufacturer of such goods as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council, cannot apply for Composition Scheme. [Section (10)(2)(e)]
6. In case more than one registrations are obtained by the same PAN holder, then composition scheme shall be opted by all the registrations i.e. Supplier cannot opt for composition scheme for some of his registrations e.g. branches etc. and leaving others. [Proviso to section 10(b)]. Any intimation to opt for composition scheme in respect of any place of business in any State or Union territory shall be deemed to be an intimation in respect of all other places of business registered on the same PAN. (Rule 1(5) of Composition Rules)
7. Casual taxable person cannot opt for composition scheme (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
8. A non-resident taxable person cannot opt for composition scheme (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
In case you satisfy all the conditioned mentioned above, you are eligible to opt for composition scheme under GST.
In case of Migration dealers:
File an intimation in FORM GST CMP-01 within 30 days of the appointed day. [Rule 1(1) of Composition Rules]
Furnish the details of stock, including the inward supply of goods received from unregistered persons, held by him on the appointed day in FORM GST CMP-03, within sixty days (Rule 1(4) of Composition Rules).
The goods held in stock by him on the appointed day should have not been purchased in the course of inter-State trade or commerce or imported from a place outside India or received from his branch situated outside the State or from his agent or principal outside the State. (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
In case of Fresh Registration under GST:
At the time of registration
Dealer may exercise his option to pay tax under composition scheme at the time of registration by mentioning the same in FORM GST REG-01 (Rule 1(2) of Composition Rules)
In case fresh registration is obtained under GST dealer may exercise his option to pay tax under composition scheme after obtaining registration by filing in FORM GST CMP-02 and shall furnish the statement in FORM GST ITC-3 in accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (4) of rule ITC.9 within sixty days from the commencement of the relevant financial year. (Rule 1(3) of Composition Rules)
ITC claimed on stock held as on date of opting composition scheme shall be reversed and paid by the supplier. (Rule 9(4) of ITC Rules)
The goods held in stock by him on the appointed day should have not been purchased from Unregistered dealer in case goods are purchased from unregistered dealer, tax under reverse charge has duly been paid (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
Withdrawal from Composition Scheme
(Rule 4 of Composition Rules)
Suo motto by Dealer
The registered person who is not eligible to continue under composition scheme (may be aggregate turnover crosses 50 Lakh or for any other reason) shall file an application in FORM GST CMP-04 within 7 days of occurrence of such event rendering him ineligible to continue under composition scheme.
The registered person who intends to withdraw from the composition scheme shall, before the date of such withdrawal, file an application in FORM GST CMP-04.
By Proper Office
Where the proper officer has reasons to believe that the registered person was not eligible to pay tax under composition scheme or has contravened the provisions of the Act or these rules, he may issue a notice to such person in FORM GST CMP-05 to ing the option to pay tax under composition scheme from the date of option or from the date of the event concerning such contravention, as the case may be.
Dealer shall furnish a statement in FORM GST ITC-01 containing details of the stock of inputs and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock by him on the date on which the option is withdrawn or denied(as the case may be), within 30 days, from the date from which the option is withdrawn or from the date of order passed in FORM GST CMP-07, as the case may be.
Any intimation for withdrawal under sub-rule (2) or (3) or denial of the option under sub-rule (5) in respect of any place of business in any State or Union territory, shall be deemed to be an intimation in respect of all other places of business registered on the same PAN.
Some Important points:
Composition scheme shall be effective only from the beginning of the financial year and cannot be opted in middle of the year, except for new registrations and migration cases. (Rule 2 of Composition Rules). However Composition Scheme may be withdrawn in the middle of the year. (Rule 4 of Composition Rules).
Composition scheme does not effect the liability of the dealer to pay tax under reverse charge mechanism u/s 9(3) (CG may specify categories of supply of goods or services or both ) & 9(4) (supply by a unregistered person to a registered person ) [Section 10(1)]
“input tax” does not include the tax paid under the composition levy. [Section (2)(62)] i.e. Tax paid under composition levy is not eligible for Input Tax Credit.
Composition dealer may not file a fresh intimation every year and he may continue to pay tax under composition scheme unless he withdraws from the scheme or he is prohibited to continue under the scheme due to some provisions of the Act and rules thereunder. (Rule 3 & 4 of Composition Rules).
Do’s & Donts’
Composition dealer shall not issue tax invoice but Issue Bill of Supply.
Composition dealer shall not collect any tax from the recipient on supplies made by him. [Section (10)(4)]
Composition dealer shall not be entitled to any credit of input tax. [Section (10)(4)]
Composition dealer shall mention the words “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies” at the top of the bill of supply issued by him (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
Composition dealer shall mention the words “composition taxable person” on every notice or signboard displayed at a prominent place at his principal place of business and at every additional place or places of business. (Rule 3 of Composition Rules).
Composition dealer shall furnish a quarterly return in FORM GSTR-4 (Rule 4 of Return Rules)
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