CA Pradeep Jain

CA Preeti Parihar

Jitesh Bhandari

Preface:-

The Budget, 2016 brought about a series of changes in various sectors of the industry. In this article we will focus on the various changes made through notification No. 32/2016 – Customs (N.T.). This notification has been issued to supersede the existing Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty for Manufacture of Excisable Goods) Rules, 1996. The new rules will be known as Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty for Manufacture of Excisable Goods) Rules, 2016 and are applicable w.e.f. 1.4.2016.

Existing rules – an overview:-

Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty for Manufacture of Excisable Goods) Rules, 1996 are explained as follows:-

1) Application:-

These rules are applicable if the following conditions are satisfied:-

  • The importer intends to avail the benefit of exemption notification which is dependent upon the end use condition for the imported goods.
  • The notification specifically prescribes that these rules shall be applicable.
  • These rules will apply even if the final product is not chargeable to excise duty or are wholly exempted.

2) Registration: –

The manufacturer importer has to obtain registration from the Assistant or Deputy Commissioner having jurisdiction over his factory. The registration certificate is to be issued by AC/DC containing the details like Name and address of the manufacturer, description of the final product produced and the nature and description of the goods intended to be imported at concessional rate.

3) Application to be made by the manufacturer: –

After obtaining the registration certificate, at the time of import, the manufacturer has to file an application stating the intent to import the specified goods mentioning the following particulars therein:-

  • Whether the application is in respect of single consignment or whether it is for a specified quantity which may be imported for a particular period (upto one year).
  • The estimated quantity, value of goods to be imported, particulars of the notification applicable and the port of Import are to be specified.
  • Undertaking is to be given that the imported goods shall be used for the intended purpose.
  • The application should have to be countersigned by the Assistant or deputy commissioner of central excise certifying that the bond has been executed in respect of end use of imported goods; and mentioning therein the particulars of such bond.

4) Procedure to be followed by Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs: –

The Assistant/Deputy Commissioner of Customs has to accomplish the following tasks:-

  • On the basis of the countersigned application so filed by the importer, the AC/DC of Customs shall allow the benefit of the exemption notification.
  • Where the application is for specified period, the quantity and value of import are to be debited in the total quantity and value mentioned in the application.
  • A copy of the Bill of Entry is to be forwarded to the assistant or deputy commissioner of excise containing the relevant particulars.

5) Procedure to be followed by the Assistant Commissioner of Central Excise or Deputy Commissioner of Central Excise: –

The copy of bill of entry as forwarded by the AC/DC of Customs is to be acknowledged by the AC/DC of Central Excise.

6) Procedure to be followed by Manufacturer after import of goods:-

The manufacturer importer has to follow the following procedure after the goods are imported:-

  • The intimation of the receipt of goods is to be given within 2 days of the receipt to the Superintendent of central excise.
  • Proper records are to be maintained indicating receipt and consumption of imported goods and other particulars.
  • A quarterly return is to be filed in specified format to AC/DC of Central Excise.

7) Re-export of unutilised goods: –

The manufacturer may re-export the unutilised or defective imported goods with the permission of the AC/DC of Central Excise within 6 months from the date of import. However, the re-export value should not be less than the value of the goods at the time of import.

8) Recovery of duty in certain case: –

In case the imported goods are not used for the intended purpose then the AC/DC of central excise shall recover the amount equal to the difference between the concessional amount paid and the duty leviable if the notification was not adhered to by the manufacturer importer along with interest at the specified rates.

The above procedure is applicable as on date and it will not be applicable w.e.f. 1.4.2016.

New rules w.e.f. 1.4.2016:-

The new rules namely, Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty for Manufacture of Excisable Goods) Rules, 2016 shall come into force on 1.4.2016. As per new rules, following procedure is to be followed:-

1) Application: –

These rules are applicable if the following conditions are satisfied:-

  • The importer intends to avail the benefit of exemption notification which is dependent upon the end use condition for the imported goods.
  • The notification specifically prescribes that these rules shall be applicable.
  • These rules will apply even if the final product is not chargeable to excise duty or are wholly exempted.

2) Information about intent to avail benefit of exemption notification:-

The manufacturer who intent to avail the benefit of exemption notification shall provide information to the AC/DC of central excise regarding his name & address, excisable goods produced in his factory, nature and description of goods to be imported. If the manufacturer importer is not registered then he shall obtain registration under Rule 9 of Central excise rules, 2002. The particulars of said registration are also to be submitted.

3) Procedure to be followed at the time of import: –

The manufacturer importer shall follow the following procedure when if he intends to import the goods:-

  • An information in duplicate; about estimated quantity, value, particulars of exemption notification and port of import and an indication to the affect whether it is for a particular consignment or for a period upto one year; is to be filed to AC/DC of Central Excise & one set to the AC/DC of Customs at port of import.
  • A bond or security as deemed appropriate by AC/DC of Central Excise is to be furnished to him undertaking to pay the duty leviable on default alongwith interest.
  • The AC/DC of Central Excise shall forward one copy of information so received to the AC/DC of Customs at the port of import.
  • On receipt of the copy of the information, the AC/DC of customs at the port of importation shall allow the benefit of the exemption notification to the manufacturer. Further the manufacturer while filing bill of entry shall provide the details of his registration number of the factory where the inputs are meant to be used.

4) Procedure to be followed by manufacturer importer after import:

The manufacturer shall give information about the receipt of goods within 2 days of the receipt to the Superintendent of central excise. He will also maintain accounts as specified and submit a quarterly return in a specified format.

5) Re-export or clearance of unutilised or defective goods: –

The manufacturer may re-export the unutilised or defective imported goods with the permission of the AC/DC of Central Excise within 3 months from the date of import. However, the re-export value should not be less than the value of the goods at the time of import.

The manufacturer may also clear the unutilised or defective imported goods with the permission of the AC/DC of Central Excise within 3 months from the date of import by paying the differential duty alongwith interest.

6) Recovery of duty in certain case: –

In case the imported goods are not used for the intended purpose; AC/DC of central excise shall recover the amount equal to the difference between the concessional amount paid and the duty leviable, by invoking the Bond to initiate the recovery proceedings, along with interest at the specified rates.

Comparision of old v/s new rules:-

The basic theme of new rules is the same as applicable now. However, the new rules have incorporated some simplifications and beneficiary provisions. A comparison between the two is given as follows:-

  1. In the old rules, there was requirement of taking the new registration from AC/DC of Central Excise if the benefit of these rules is to be availed. However, the new rules omit the requirement of separate registration if the manufacturer is already registered with AC/DC of Central Excise which is a big relaxation given to the importer manufacturers.
  1. In the old rules the intimation of import was countersigned by the AC/DC of Central Excise which was to be submitted to the AC/DC of Customs. However, in the new rules, the import intimation is to be filed to AC/DC of Central excise in duplicate who will forward one copy to the AC/DC of customs at the port of importation.
  1. The new rules reduces the time limit for re-export of the unutilised or defective imported goods from 6 months to 3 months
  1. The new rules specify that the defective or unutilized imported goods may be cleared on payment of differential import duty along with interest at specified rates.
  1. The new rules provide that the AC/DC of Central Excise may require the importer to furnish security also which was not provided in the old rules.

While Parting:-

The new rules are more or less framed on the same lines as the old rules. Some modifications are there on procedural aspects which are welcome step. The important provision added in the new rules is the clearance of defective or unutilized imported goods domestically on payment of differential duties alongwith interest. This provision has been added for the ease of manufacturers where the re-export is not possible for some reasons. However, one major drawback in the new rules is the reduction of time limit of re-export of the defective or unutilized imported goods from 6 months to 3 months. This reduction in time limit will lower down the popularity of exemption notifications where these rules are applicable, particularly in the industries where the production cycle is longer. Except this, the rules are modified for the sake of betterment and it is reflected by the framing of the new rules.

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Category : Custom Duty (6183)
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Tags : Budget 2016 (434) CA Pradeep Jain (134)

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