CS Divesh Goyal

CS Divesh Goyal

The Directors’ Report is a document produced by board of directors under the requirements of Companies Act, 2013 and Rules, which details the state of the company and its compliance with a set of financial, accounting and corporate social responsibility standards.

The Directors’ Report arose out of a general move for greater transparency in corporate governance. It is useful for shareholders to find out issues such as whether the company has good finances, whether the market has potential, and whether the business has the structural capacity to expand into new opportunities. In order for shareholders to make informed decisions when casting their votes at annual or other meetings, the Directors’ Report provides part of that essential minimum standard of information. It is complemented by Company Accounts.

The Article discusses on how to Prepare Directors’ Report as Per Companies Act, 2013 and is as follows :-

I. ADDRESS TO MEMBERS:

Language:

How To Check The Financial Year

Your Directors have pleasure in presenting the (No. of Financial Years) Annual Report together with the Audited Statement of Accounts of your Company for the financial year ended March 31, 2016

i. Check from the Annual Return/Directors’ Report of previous financial year.

ii. Check the incorporation date and calculate to verify.

II. FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS:

Language:

How To Fill the Figures

The Company’s financial performance for the year ended March 31, 2016:

Check the Statement of Profit & Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016. You will find required figures on the FACE of Statement of Profit & Loss Account.

ParticularsYear ended

31st March 2016

Year ended

31st March 2014

Turnover
Profit Before Tax
Less: Current Tax
Deferred Tax
Income Tax earlier years
Profit For The Year
Add: Balance in Profit and Loss Account
Sub Total
Less: Appropriation
Closing Balance

Turnover: Section- 2(91)- Aggregate value of the realization of amount made from the sale, supply or distribution of goods or on account of services rendered, or both, by the company during a financial year

Deferred tax: As per Accounting Standard (AS) 22, deferred tax is the tax effect of timing differences.

III. STATE OF AFFAIRS: Section 134(3)(i)

Purpose

Language:

How to Check the Affairs of the Company

134(3)(I)

The State of The Company’s Affairs;

The Company is engaged in the business of ___________. There has been no change in the business of the Company during the financial year ended 31st March, 2016. Or there is ___________ Changes in the business of the Company during the financial year ended 31st March, 2016.

The highlights of the Company’s performance are as under:-

i. Revenue from operations increased by ______% from Rs. _______ lacs to Rs. _____ lacs.

ii. Net Profit for the year increased by _______% from Rs. _________ lacs to Rs. _____ lacs.

iii. Earnings per share have increased by _______% from Rs. ______ to Rs. _______.

The increase in revenue, net profit and EPS as mentioned above is accredited to increase in turnover in comparison to the last financial year.

OR

The decrease in revenue, net loss and EPS as mentioned above is debited to decrease in turnover in comparison to the last financial year.

i. Company can find the Affairs of the Company from the Notes to Accounts (attached as part of Balance Sheet).

ii. Company can find if there is any Change in the affairs of the Company by comparing the Notes to Account of Last financial year TO current financial year.

How to analyze the Companies Performance:

Check the Statement of Profit & Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016. All the adjacent required figures are available on the FACE of Statement of Profit & Loss Account. Compare the figures of Last financial year TO current financial year and calculate the increase/Decrease in Revenue from Operation/ Net Profit/ Earning per share.

Formula for calculating Percentage Change:

(Turnover of Current Financial Year- Turnover of Last Financial Year/ Turnover of Last Financial Year)*100

If value comes in Positive (+) that will be result of___________% increase in Revenue

If value comes in Negative (-) that will be result of___________% decrease in Revenue

SAME FORMULA FOR NET PROFIT AND EPS.

IV. DIVIDEND: Section 134(3)(k)

Purpose

Language:

From where to Check

The amount, if any, which it recommends should be paid by way of dividend;

In view of the sustained working results during the year under review, the Board of Directors are pleased to recommend a dividend of Rs ___/- per equity share

OR

In view of the planned business growth, your Directors deem it proper to preserve the resources of the Company for its activities and therefore, do not propose any dividend for the Financial Year ended March 31, 2016.

First:

Check the Face of Statement of Profit and Loss Account; Amount of Dividend will be mention there.

Second:

Check the Copy of General Meeting resolution in case of final Dividend and check the Board Meeting resolution in case of interim Dividend.

V. DETAILS OF SUBSIDIARY, JOINT VENTURE AND ASSOCIATE COMPANIES:

Purpose

Language:

How to find out Subsidiary, JV and Associates

Rule 8(5)(iv) The name of companies which have become or ceased to be its Subsidiaries, joint ventures or associate companies during the year;

The Company does not have any Subsidiary, Joint Venture or Associate Company.

OR

The names of companies which have become or ceased to be the Company’s subsidiaries, joint ventures or associate companies during the year under review is provided below:

S.NName of the CompanySubsidiary /JV /AssociateBecome/CeasedEffective Date
First Check:

Check the Investment of the Company from Non Current Investment in the Balance Sheet, check the relevant Note and analyze about Subsidiary, Associate and Joint Venture as per definition given u/s 2(87) and 2(6) of the Companies Act, 2013.

Second:

Check from the (Accounting Standard)

AS-18.

VI. INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROL:

Language:

How to Check?

Rule 8(5)(vii)

ICAI guidance note on adequacy of internal financial controls with reference to financial statements can be referred for this Purpose.

The Company has in place adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements. During the year, such controls were tested and no reportable material weakness in the design or operation was observed

Most listed companies are reading requirements related to IFC as those referring to IFC for financial reporting along with limited focus on the operational controls aspect.

Auditors are required to certify that the IFC are designed and operate effectively.

VII. PARTICULAR OF LOAN AND INVESTMENT:

Purpose

Language:

How to Check?

Section 134(3)(g) particulars of loans, guarantees or investments under section 186;

Particular of Loans given, investments made, guarantee given and securities provided along with the purpose for which the loan or guarantee or security is proposed to be utilized by the recipient are provided in the financial statement (please refer Note _______ to the standalone balance sheet).

Check the Loan and Investment from the Assets side of Balance sheet and relevant Notes.

Check the Guarantee from the Contingent Liabilities and schedule. Also check from the Notes to Financial Accounts.

VIII. CHANGE IN NATURE OF BUSINESS, IF ANY:

Purpose

Language:

How to check?

Rules 8(5)(i)

There is no change in the business of Company and its Subsidiary Company.

The Board may provide details relating to change in the business carried on by the company or its subsidiaries. This shall also contain details pertaining to classes of business in which the company has an interest.

Check the Followings:

i. Main object of the Company

ii. Notes of the Financial Statement

 

IX. AMOUNTS TRANSFERRED TO RESERVES, IF ANY:

Provision

Language:

How to check?

Section- 134(3)(J)

The Board of the company has decided/ proposed to carry Rs____

to its reserves

No amount was transferred to the reserves during the financial year ended 31st March, 2016.

The Board of the company has decided/proposed to carry Rs____ to its reserves.

Check the Assets side of Balance sheet, if there is increase in reserve other than the balance of profit and loss account.

X. CHANGES IN SHARE CAPITAL, IF ANY:

Language:

How to check?

During the Financial Year 2014-15, the share capital of the Company has been increased from ____ to ____, pursuant to

allotment of____ equity shares of Rs ____ each under Private Placement/Preferential allotment/Rights issue /Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company

Check the Followings:

i. Whether any PAS-3 filed

ii. Check from the Minutes of the Meeting

iii. Difference b/w amount of Capital in the Balance sheet (2016-2014).

XI. EXTRACT OF ANNUAL RETURN:

Provisions:

Language:

How to check?

Section 134(3)(a)

the extract of the annual return as provided under sub-section (3) of section 92;

The extract of Annual Return, in format MGT -9, for the Financial Year 2014-15 has been enclosed with this report

Format of MGT-9 given in Companies Act, 2013. For preparation of MGT-9 first prepare the MGT-7.

XII. NUMBER OF BOARD MEETING:

Purpose

Language:

How to check?

Section 134(3)(a)

number of meetings of the Board; held during the financial year 2014-15

During the Financial Year 2014-15, [**] meetings of the Board of Directors of the company were held. [Preferable to state the dates of meetings]Check the Minutes of the Board Meeting.

Get the Index of Board Meetings from the Company.

XIII. PARTICULARS OF CONTRACT AND ARRANGEMENT WITH RELATED PARTIES:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

Section- 134(3)(h)

The Particulars of contracts or arrangement s with related party referred to in Section 188(1) of the Companies Act, 2013 for the Financial Year 2014-15 in the prescribed format AOC-2, has been enclosed with the report.

All related party transactions that were entered into during the financial year ended 31st March, 2016 were on an arm’s length basis and were in the ordinary course of business. Therefore, the provisions of Section 188 of the Companies Act, 2013 were not attracted. Further, there are no materially significant related party transactions during the year under review made by the Company with Promoters, Directors, or other designated persons which may have a potential conflict with the interest of the Company at large. Details of the transactions are given in AOC-2

Check the following :

i. AS-18

ii. Minutes of Board Meeting & General Meeting (If any Resolution passed)

XIV. EXPLANATION TO AUDITOR’S REMARKS:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

Section 134(3)(f) Explanation or comment by the Board on every qualification, reservation, adverse remark or disclaimer made by the statutory auditor in his report and/or by the secretarial auditor in the secretarial Audit Report.

The observations of the Statutory Auditors, when read together with the relevant notes to the accounts and accounting policies are self explanatory and does not call for any further comment.

 

Check the Auditor Report

XV. MATERIAL CHANGES AFFECTING THE FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE COMPANY:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

134(3)(L)

Details regarding any material changes / events, if any, occurring after balance sheet date till the date of the report to be stated

No material changes and commitments affecting the financial position of the Company occurred between the end of the financial year to which this financial statement relates and the date of this report.

 

Check the following

i. Trial Balance

ii. Financial Position

iii. Market Condition

XVI. CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY, ABSORPTION, FOREIGN EXCHANGE

EARNINGS AND OUTGO:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

134(3)(M)

The details of Energy, Technology, Absorption, Foreign Exchange Earnings and Outgo are as under:

a) Conservation of Energy:

b) Technology Absorption:

c0 Foreign Exchange Earnings/ Outgo:

The particulars as required under the provisions of Section 134(3) (m) of the Companies Act, 2013 in respect of conservation of energy and technology absorption have been furnished considering the nature of activities undertaken by the company during the year under review.

Check the following

i. Financial of the Company.

ii. Check with directors.

XVII. RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

134(3)(N)

Statement indicating the development and implementation of the risk management policy of the company Moreover, in case the Company has constituted a risk management committee, then the constitution and the terms of reference of the same to be disclosed.

The Company has in place a mechanism to identify, assess, monitor and mitigate various risks to key business objectives. Major risks identified by the businesses and functions are systematically addressed through mitigating actions on a continuing basis.

Check the policy prepared by the Company.

DETAILS OF DIRECTORS AND KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

Rule 8(5)(iii)

Details of Directors and KMP appointed or resigned during the year.

Details of directors retiring by rotation in the ensuing Annual General Meeting

There has been no change in the constitution of Board during the year under review i.e. the structure of the Board remains the same

Check the Following:

i. DIR-12

ii. MCA

iii. Comparison from last annual return

iv. Register of Director

XVIII. DETAILS OF SIGNIFICANT & MATERIAL ORDERS PASSED BY THE REGULATORS

OR COURTS OR TRIBUNAL:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

Details of the order passed by the authorities which impacts the going concern status and company’s operations in future

No significant or material orders were passed by the Regulators or Courts or Tribunals which impact the going concern status and Company’s operations in future

Get the information from the Management of the Company.

XIX. VOLUNTARY REVISION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OR BOARD’S REPORT:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

This section is notified w.e.f. 01.06.2016

XX. DISCLOSURES UNDER SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE

(PREVENTION, PROHIBITION & REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

Section 22 of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace.

The employer shall include in its report the number of cases filed, if any, and their disposal under this Act in the annual report of his organization or where no such report is required to be prepared, intimate such number of cases, if any, to the District Officer.

The Company is committed to provide a safe and conducive work environment to its employees. During the year under review.

Your Directors further state that during the year under review, there were no cases filed pursuant to the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

Get the information from the Management of the Company.

XXI. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

Provision:

Language:

How to check?

The Board’s Report shall contain a Separate section wherein a report on the

performance and financial position of each:

i. Subsidiary

ii. Associate

iii. Joint venture companies, including in the consolidated financial statement is presented

Company doesn’t have any subsidiaries so there is no need to prepare consolidated financial statement for the F. Y. 2014-15. OR

Consolidated financial statement is prepared and attached with financials.

Check the followings:

i. Financial Statement

ii. Whether company have subsidiary or not

(Author – CS Divesh Goyal, ACS is a Company Secretary in Practice from Delhi and can be contacted at csdiveshgoyal@gmail.com)

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