Mahak Vijay

While starting up a company one has to decide which business organization they want to incorporate and carry on. The choice of business organization is very important to give shape to your business motive. Here, if one has to choose between the Private limited company registration and LLP one can see the advantages and the difference so as to choose what’s best for them.

Private company are those companies where the all shares of the company are held privately. They can operate their business themselves or hire directors to manage the company on their behalf. It is a business entity which is privately held by some share holders. It limits the owner liability to the extent of their shareholding and limits the no. of shareholders to 50 only. It also restricts shareholders to trade shares publically.

Advantages:

  • The liability of the shareholders is limited to the extent of their shareholding their personal assets are not taken to repay the debts of the company.  Although this has one exception where there is fraud committed in relation to the company it will negate the owner’s liability protection.
  • There is restricted trade of shares, It is an advantage to the shareholders who do not want to sell the shares to the outsiders. So the risk of hostile takeover is low.
  • It has perpetual succession and has an independent identity which is different from its owners or shareholders. It means that the company will still and continue to exist even if the members die or ceases to be a member. The change in shareholders will not bring any effect on the identity of the company. It will be the same with same privileges, immunities, estates and possessions. It will continue to exist till wound up is there according to the Companies Act 2013 or any relevant act.
  • It is a Separate legal entity.  It has its own assets and liability is a legal entity which can be sued or sue or can hold and dispose of property of the company. It is capable of owing the funds and other properties. It is a legal person under whose name the company’s property is vested and is not of the shareholders.
  • There are few shareholders the decisions taken are quick and prompt. They are governed by the Companies Act 2013 and have to follow the procedures and disclosure norms under the act.
  • Income tax act 1961 provides a lower tax burden and rates for the companies compared to other type of business.
  • A company being a legal entity has the power to sue in its name and can be sued by others.

LLP

LLP Registration is limited liability partnership. It is new form of business where both partnership and corporation exists. Here the partnership is with limited liability. It is registered under LLP Act, 2008 and with Ministry of corporate affairs.

  Advantages of LLP:

  • LLP can be formed by any amount of capital. There is no need for minimum capital for LLB. It is so set up hassle free and not burdensome on the owners.
  • It requires a minimum of 2 partners and there is no limit on the maximum number of partners of the LLP.
  • The cost of registering LLP is low as compared to a company.
  • All limited companies have to get their accounts audited but in case of LLP hther is no such requirement. Although it is required to audit when the contributions of LLP exceeds Rs. 25 lakh or annual turnover exceeds Rs. 40 lakh.
  • The LLP has to file only two i.e. annual return and statement of accounts and solvency.
  • LLP is treated in par with the partnership firm. The provision of dividend distribution tax is not payable on LLP. Also under Section 40(b) deductions are allowed on the interest given to partners, any payment of salary bonus commission or remuneration.

Problems with LLP:

  • LLP can be bind by the act of one partner without the other partner i.e. one partner can make all other liable or bind them.
  • They cannot raise money from public.

Difference between the LLP and Private Limited Co.

S. No. Factors of comparison Private limited company Limited liability partnership
1. Maximum number of members 200 None
2. Requirements for compliance Annual return filling  borad meetings and general meetings Annual return filling and Statement of Account & Solvency.
3. Audit compulsory Only if contribution more than Rs. 25 lakhs or turnover exceeds Rs. 40 Lakhs
4. Lower cost of Formation MyOnlineCA.in charges – Rs. 4000

Legal charges – Rs. 12,000

MyOnlineCA.in charges- Rs. 3000

Legal Charges- Rs. 7000

5. Conversion Can be converted to LLP Cannot be converted into a company
6. Procedure Obtain DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) Obtain DIN (Directors Identification Number) Name Approval Filing for Incorporation Obtain DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) Obtain DPIN (Designated Partner Identification Number) Name Approval Filing for Incorporation File LLP Agreement
7. Time for registration 15-20 days 10-15 days
8. Dividend distribution tax Apply Not apply

So the choice of the business organization depends upon the owners need like if one is considering raising funds in India you should register as a company and not LLP. Private companies are considered more credible by the investors then the LLP.

(About the Author :- Mahak Vijay is content manager at myonlineca (a leading online business legal registration portal).

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Category : Company Law (3257)
Type : Articles (12908)
Tags : Companies Act (1732) Companies Act 2013 (1508) LLP (177)

2 responses to “Difference between Private limited company Vs LLP”

  1. SRIKANTH NNS says:

    Hi author i differ in opinion with the difference table with 5 & 7 points .

    Act is yet to get the clarity on conversion from LLP to Company. But there is no restriction of it anywhere.

    7 th point – Registration of a Company can be done in few days with the speed of the MCA right now. definitely i will say LLP takes more time than the Company Incorporation.

    good job by the way .

  2. Sudeep Jain says:

    Private Ltd Company (limits the no. of shareholders to 50 only).
    please correct it to 200.

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