CA Pratik Anand

This article describes the procedure for change in the Object Clause of the Memorandum of the company. First we should know how many clauses are there in the memorandum of any Company registered in India. The memorandum of Association (MOA) of any Company as per Companies Act’ 2013 has five clauses: 

  • Name Clause
  • Registered Office clause
  • Object Clause
  • Liability Clause
  • Capital Clause

Any of these clauses can be altered by the Company as and when it wants to do so. These clauses can be altered by passing a special resolution of the shareholders of the Company except in case of the capital clause which can be altered by passing an ordinary resolution by the shareholders of the Company.

Ques: What is the Object Clause of the Memorandum of the Company?

Ans: Object clause is the clause in the MOA of the Company which defines the main business activity of the company. It defines the main objects that the company is going to pursue after incorporation. The object clause also enlists the objects that are necessary/incidental for furtherance of the main objects i.e the objects which help in conduct of the Main Objects of the Company or are necessary for the conduct of the main objects.

Note that earlier under the Companies Act’ 1956 there used to be an Other Object Clause also which defined all other objects that the company could undertake other than the Main and Ancillary objects. This other object clause has now been done away with under the Companies Act’2013.

Ques: What is the procedure for change in the object clause of the MOA?

Ans: The procedure for change in object clause is as follows:

Step 1:  First call a board meeting for approval of change in object clause. The agenda of the board meeting will be to approve the change in object clause and to call an EGM to get the shareholder’s approval for change in object clause.

The board meeting should be called by giving at least 7 days notice.

The board will determine the changes in the object clause and will set the agenda for EGM.

The board will approve notice for calling EGM by fixing date, time and venue of EGM.

Sample Board Resolution: 

Change in Object Clause of the Company

“RESOLVED THAT pursuant to the provisions of Section 13 and other applicable provisions, if any, of Companies Act, 2013, (including any statutory modifications or re-enactment thereof, for the time being in force), and the rules framed there under, consent of the Board of Directors of the Company be and is hereby accorded, subject to the approval of the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi & Haryana and subject to the approval of Shareholders in General Meeting, to append following sub clause (3) after sub clause (2) of clause III (A) of the Memorandum of Association of Company:

 (4)To carry on the Business of ………”

FURTHER RESOLVED THAT for the purpose of giving effect to this resolution, _____________, Director of the Company be and is hereby authorized, on behalf of the Company, to do all acts, deeds, matters and things as deem necessary, proper or desirable and to sign and execute all necessary documents, applications and returns for the purpose of giving effect to the aforesaid resolution along with filing of necessary E-form as return of appointment with the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi and Haryana.”

Step 2:   The second step after the Board Resolution is to issue notice of Extraordinary Meeting to all Members, Directors and the Auditors of the company in accordance with the provisions of Section 101 of the Companies Act, 2013.

The Notice contains the date, time and venue of the EGM. The notice will be accompanied by an explanatory statement detailing the reasons for change in object clause. Interest of the director in the resolution should be disclosed in the explanatory statement. The Notice shall be issued at least 21 clear days before the EGM.

Step 3: The third step is to hold an Extraordinary General Meeting at the time, place and venue as given in the notice and to pass the necessary Special Resolution under section 13(1) of the Companies Act, 2013, for change in object clause of Memorandum.

Sample Shareholders Resolution: 

Change in Object Clause of the Company

“RESOLVED THAT pursuant to the provisions of Section 13 and other applicable provisions, if any, of Companies Act, 2013, (including any statutory modifications or re-enactment thereof, for the time being in force), and the rules framed there under, consent of the shareholders of the Company be and is hereby accorded, subject to the approval of the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi & Haryana, to append following sub clause (3) after sub clause (2) of clause III (A) of the Memorandum of Association of Company:

 (4)To carry on the business of…….”

FURTHER RESOLVED THAT for the purpose of giving effect to this resolution, __________, Director of the Company be and is hereby authorised, on behalf of the Company, to do all acts, deeds, matters and things as deem necessary, proper or desirable and to sign and execute all necessary documents, applications and returns for the purpose of giving effect to the aforesaid resolution along with filing of necessary E-form as return of appointment with the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi and Haryana.”

Step 4:  Once the necessary special resolution is passed at the EGM, the company needs to file the special resolution with the Registrar within 30 days of passing the resolution. Form MGT-14 is required to be filed for filing the resolution with the Registrar. Form MGT-14 contains details about the special resolution passed.

Attachments with form MGT-14

  • Certified copy of the resolution
  • Notice of Extra ordinary General Meeting (EGM)
  • Explanatory statement to the notice
  • Altered Memorandum of Association

Step 5: Registration of change in object clause by the Registrar

As per section 13(10), no alteration made under this section shall have any effect until it has been registered in accordance with the provisions of this section.

As per section 13 (9) The Registrar shall register any alteration of the Memorandum with respect to the objects of the company and certify the registration within a period of thirty days from the date of filing of the Special Resolution in accordance with clause (a) of sub-section (6) of this section.

Therefore once, form MGT-14 is filed, the Registrar will examine the form and register the change in object clause by issuing a fresh certificate of incorporation.

Another important point to remember

Here another thing to be kept in mind while altering the Object clause of Memorandum is that the Registrar may ask for adoption of new set of memorandum and articles in line with the new Companies Act’2013.

The statutory backing for adopting new set of memorandum and articles is given in Section 6 of the Companies Act’2013 which is given as follows:

“(b) Any provision contained in the memorandum, articles, agreement or resolution shall, to the extent to which it is repugnant to the provisions of this Act, become or be void, as the case may be.”

Therefore, the provisions under the old memorandum/articles may be repugnant i.e contradictory/inconsistent with the provisions of the Companies Act’2013 and hence may be termed as void therefore it is advisable to adopt new set of memorandum and articles as per Companies Act’2013.

Major reason for that is the change in format of Memorandum and articles under the previous act and the new act’2013.

Major difference between the memorandum under Companies Act’1956 and 2013 is the object clause. While the Object clause under the 1956 Format included three sub-clauses:

  • Main objects,
  • Incidental and ancillary objects and
  • Other objects

The format under the Companies Act’2013 includes only two sub clauses:

  • THE OBJECTS TO BE PURSUED BY THE COMPANY ON ITS INCORPORATION i.e Main Objects.
  • MATTERS WHICH ARE NECESSARY FOR FURTHERANCE OF THE MAIN OBJECTS.

Therefore while altering the object clause it is advisable for the company:

  • To amend the title of incidental object Clause of the Memorandum Of Association by passing the following resolution:

“Clause III (B) of the objects that are incidental or ancillary to the attainment of the main objects of the Memorandum of Association be and hereby replaced with the title “MATTERS WHICH ARE NECESSARY FOR FURTHERANCE OF THE OBJECTS SPECIFIED IN CLAUSE III (A) ARE:-“

  • To Delete the other objects clause of the Memorandum Of Association by passing the following resolution:

“Pursuant to the provisions of Section 4, 13 and all other applicable provisions, if any, of the Companies Act, 2013, (including any amendment thereto or re-enactment thereof), and subject to necessary approval(s) if any, from the competent authorities, the Other Objects Clause of the Memorandum of Association of the Company be removed by completely deleting the clause III (C)”.

 ADOPTION OF NEW SET OF ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 14 and other applicable provisions, if any, of the Companies Act, 2013, (including any amendment thereto or re-enactment thereof), the Articles of Association of the Company should be altered thereby replacing all the existing regulations with the new regulations.

Hope you find the above information in order.

(The author is a CA in practice at Delhi and can be contacted at: E-mail: capratikanand@gmail.com, Mobile: +91-9953199493)

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